Information about Vildagliptin

Vildagliptin Uses

Vildagliptin is used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. It is used along with diet and exercise to improve blood sugar control in adults with type 2 diabetes.

How Vildagliptin works

Vildagliptin is an antidiabetic medication. It works by increasing the release of insulin from the pancreas and decreasing the hormones that raise blood sugar levels. This reduces the fasting and postmeal sugar levels.

Common side effects of Vildagliptin

Headache, Common cold, Cough, Constipation, Dizziness, Sweating, Hypoglycaemia (low blood sugar level) in combination with insulin or sulphonylurea
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MD (Pharmacology), MBBS
Last updated:
24 Feb 2020 | 07:34 AM (UTC)
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Available Medicine for Vildagliptin

135 to ₹4243 variant(s)
GalvusNovartis India Ltd
299 to ₹5982 variant(s)
VysovCipla Ltd
1351 variant(s)
VilnipLupin Ltd
1351 variant(s)
VildanatNatco Pharma Ltd
931 variant(s)
ZiglipProchem Bioceuticals Pvt. Ltd.
1201 variant(s)
DippiviJubilant Life Sciences
1201 variant(s)
ZavaIntas Pharmaceuticals Ltd
751 variant(s)
TorglipTorrent Pharmaceuticals Ltd
491 variant(s)
ViglidaArrient Healthcare Pvt Ltd
1201 variant(s)

Expert advice for Vildagliptin

  • Vildagliptin should be taken at the same time every day since this helps you remember to take it.
  • It may cause hypoglycemia (low blood sugar level) when used with other antidiabetic medicines, alcohol or if you delay or miss a meal.
  • Always carry some sugary food or fruit juice with you in case you experience hypoglycemia symptoms such as cold sweats, cool pale skin, tremor and anxiety.
  • Be careful while driving or operating machinery until you know how Vildagliptin affects you.
  • Your doctor may check your kidney and liver function before starting treatment and regularly thereafter. Inform your doctor if you develop symptoms such as abdominal pain, fatigue, loss of appetite, darkened urine or yellowing of the eyes or skin (jaundice).

Frequently asked questions for Vildagliptin


Q. When should I take Vildagliptin?

You can take Vildagliptin tablets before, with or after meals. If you have been prescribed to take this medicine once daily, then take it in the morning. In case you have to take it twice daily, then you should prefer taking the first dose in the morning and the second dose in the evening.

Q. Does Vildagliptin cause hypoglycemia?

Yes, Vildagliptin may cause hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), but the chances are lesser as compared to other antidiabetic drugs. Evidence suggests that treatment with Vildagliptin has been shown to cause hypoglycemia in very rare cases. The risk is low even in those who are prone to hypoglycemia like elderly people or people being treated with insulin. However, the chance of hypoglycemia increases if Vildagliptin is taken along with other antidiabetic drugs.

Q. Does Vildagliptin cause weight gain?

No, Vildagliptin does not cause weight gain. Moreover, medicines, such as Vildagliptin, are generally supposed to decrease weight since they act by increasing satiety (feeling of fullness) and delaying emptying of the stomach. This further decreases hunger, restricting the patient from eating more than required.

Q. Is Vildagliptin the same as Sitagliptin?

No, Vildagliptin is not the same as Sitagliptin, but both drugs belong to the same class. Additionally, these two drugs have a similar mechanism of decreasing the blood glucose levels. However, Vildagliptin when given twice daily is marginally better in controlling blood sugar when compared to Sitagliptin which is given once daily.


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