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Piracetam is used in combination with other medicines to treat myoclonus (uncontrolled muscle jerk).

How it works

Piracetam belongs to class of medications called GABA (gamma amino butyric acid) analogues. It acts by protecting brain and nervous system against shortness of oxygen and it also affects various ion channels on nerve cell membrane.

Common side effects

Nausea, Nervousness, Rash, Abdominal pain, Anxiety, Confusion, Depression, Diarrhoea, Hallucination, Headache, Increased muscular activity, Insomnia, Walking difficulties, Movement disorder, Sleepiness, Vertigo, Vomiting, Weakness, Weight gain


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Expert advice

  • Do not take piracetam tablet/oral solution if you are allergic to piracetam, pyrolidone derivatives or any other ingredient of tablet/solution.
  • Do not use piracetam if you have serious kidney problem; brain hemorrhage or bleeding problems; or Huntington’s disease (neurodegenerative genetic disorder that affects muscle coordination and leads to behavioral symptoms).
  • Avoid using piracetam if you are pregnant or breast-feeding.
  • Do not stop taking piracetam tablet/solution unless your doctor asks you to do so.
  • Do not drive or operate heavy machinery if you experience side effects like sleepiness, nervousness and depression after taking piracetam.

Frequently asked questions


Q. Is piracetam natural?
Piracetam is not a naturally occurring substance.
Q. Is piracetam legal?
Piracetam is legal.
Q. Is piracetam a stimulant or addictive?
Piracetam is neither a stimulant, nor addictive.

Q. Does piracetam give you energy?
 Piracetam can increase alertness and person may feel energetic.
Q. Is piracetam safe and effective?
Piracetam is relatively safe and effective if used at prescribed doses for the prescribed duration as advised by your doctor.
Q. Does piracetam keep you awake or cause weight gain?
Piracetam can keep you awake and may cause weight gain.

Q. Does piracetam stop working?
 If piracetam stops working for you, do not stop taking it before consulting your doctor.
Q. Does piracetam need prescription?
Piracetam requires a prescription.

Content on this page was last updated on 15 October, 2016, by Dr. Varun Gupta (MD Pharmacology)