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Nitrendipine

INFORMATION

Uses

Nitrendipine is used in the treatment of increased blood pressure , angina (chest pain), arrhythmias (abnormal heart beat) and hypertensive emergency.

How it works

Nitrendipine blocks the action of calcium on the heart and blood vessels. As a result, blood vessels are relaxed and heart beats with less force. This lowers the blood pressure, abnormally fast heart beat and protects the heart following a heart attack.

Common side effects

Generalised swelling, Fluid retention, Headache, Skin redness

AVAILABLE MEDICINE

Expert advice

  • Notify your doctor if you are or planning to become pregnant.
  • Nitrendipine can cause swelling in the ankle or feet. Notify your doctor if it bothers you.
  • The missing dose of the Nitrendipine can cause your blood pressure to go up suddenly, which raises the risk of heart attack and stroke. You can take the medicine at the same time every day to avoid forgetting it.
  • You may get a headache that lasts for a short time, after starting Nitrendipine. This should become less noticeable after a few days.
     
  • Nitrendipine may cause dizziness in the first few days of starting the treatment.
  • Your doctor may recommend a change in the lifestyle to lower your blood pressure. It may include: 
    • Consume fruits, vegetables, low-fat dairy products, and reduce saturated-total fat.
    • Reduce daily dietary sodium intake as much as possible, ideally to 65 mmol/day (1.5 g/day sodium or 3.8 g/day sodium chloride).
    • Regular aerobic physical activity (at least 30 minutes/day, most days of the week).
     
  • Swelling, bleeding or tenderness of gums may occur after starting the treatment. Brushing and flossing of teeth carefully and regularly may prevent this.


Content on this page was last updated on 05 December, 2016, by Dr. Varun Gupta (MD Pharmacology)