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Nitrazepam

INFORMATION

Uses

Nitrazepam is used in the treatment of insomnia (difficulty in sleeping) and short term anxiety.

How it works

Nitrazepam induces sleep and controls seizures or fits by increasing the action of GABA, a chemical messenger which suppresses the abnormal and excessive activity of the nerve cells in the brain.

Common side effects

Altered libido, Impaired concentration, Decreased blood pressure, Dizziness, Drowsiness, Difficulty in urination, Fatigue, Headache, Muscle weakness, Unsteadiness, Visual impairment

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Expert advice

  • Notify your doctor immediately if you are or are planning to become pregnant during the administration of this medicine.
     
  • Nitrazepam may be addictive, so take it as prescribed by the doctor. 
  • Do not discontinue the use of Nitrazepam, unless the doctor has advised you. Discontinuation may cause withdrawal symptoms, which may include seizures.
  • Nitrazepam may cause memory problems, drowsiness, confusion, especially in elderly patients. 
  • Most people may find that it gets less effective over time. 
  • Avoid driving after taking Nitrazepam as it may cause drowsiness, dizziness, and confusion. 
  • Avoid consuming alcohol when taking Nitrazepam, it may cause excessive drowsiness. 

Frequently asked questions

Nitrazepam

Q.Is nitrazepam a controlled drug?
Nitrazepam has a high potential for dependence and addiction when used at high doses and for long periods. Hence, its sale is controlled, so that it is available strictly as per the prescription of doctor

Q.Is nitrazepam legal in Singapore or is nitrazepam a controlled drug in Singapore?
Nitrazepam is a controlled drug. Use of nitrazepam is restricted to forbidden in Singapore

Q.Is nitrazepam the same as diazepam or is nitrazepam the same as Valium?
Nitrazepam and diazepam (Valium) both belongs to the class of medicines called benzodiazepine, but both are different as regards the duration of action and the diseases they treat

Q.Is nitrazepam a benzodiazepine?
Yes, nitrazepam is a benzodiazepine

Q.Is nitrazepam stronger than temazepam?
Nitrazepam and temazepam are both used to treat sleeplessness. The effects of nitrazepam last longer, whereas temazepam acts for a shorter duration. Day time sleepiness is therefore common with nitrazepam

Q.Is nitrazepam strong?
Nitrazepam can treat sleeplessness and its effects last for a long time, and therefore it can cause daytime sleepiness. In terms of side-effects, it is similar to other drugs of its class

Q.Is nitrazepam a sleeping tablet does nitrazepam help you sleep or what does nitrazepam treat?
Yes, nitrazepam is a sleeping tablet

Q.Can I take nitrazepam with amitriptyline or diazepam or paracetamol?
Nitrazepam when taken with amitriptyline can cause excessive sedation. It is not to be used with diazepam. It can be safely used with paracetamol

Q.Does nitrazepam work?
Nitrazepam belongs to a group of medication called benzodiazepine. It works by affecting the way certain brain chemicals (neurotransmitters called GABA) transmit messages, which calms the brain, resulting in sleepiness and relaxation. It works in individuals who have severe and diabling sleeplessness that causes distress

Q.Does nitrazepam cause weight gain?
No, nitrazepam does not cause weight gai

Q.Does nitrazepam get you high?
Nitrazepam has a calming effect on the brain which may be perceived by some individuals as ‘high’

Q.Does nitrazepam help with anxiety?
Yes, nitrazepam helps with anxiety

Q.How long does nitrazepam stay in your system?
Nitrazepam stays in the body for at least 30 hours after a single dose. The duration can increase as it accumulates in the body on repeated use.


Content on this page was last updated on 05 December, 2016, by Dr. Varun Gupta (MD Pharmacology)