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Miglitol

Information

Uses

Miglitol is used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes

How it works

Miglitol is active in the small intestine, where it inhibits enzymes which are responsible for the breakdown of complex sugar into simple sugars such as glucose. Which thereby slows the digestion of sugar in the intestines and primarily lowers the post-meal rise in blood sugar levels.

Common side effects

Skin rash, Flatulence, Abdominal pain, Diarrhoea

Available Medicine

  • ₹167 to ₹280
    Glenmark Pharmaceuticals Ltd
    2 variant(s)
  • ₹94 to ₹155
    Lupin Ltd
    2 variant(s)
  • ₹52 to ₹95
    Unichem Laboratories Ltd
    2 variant(s)
  • ₹50 to ₹90
    Abbott India Ltd
    2 variant(s)
  • ₹59 to ₹108
    Biocon
    2 variant(s)
  • ₹51 to ₹93
    Unichem Laboratories Ltd
    2 variant(s)
  • ₹3 to ₹90
    Orchid Chemicals & Pharmaceuticals Ltd
    4 variant(s)

Expert advice

  • It is very common to have flatulence, abdominal pain, diarrhoea as a side effect. To prevent this it should be taken just before each meal.
     
  • It may cause low blood sugar level (hypoglycemia) if used with sulfonylureas.
  • You should avoid using bile acid resins and antacids with Miglitol.
  • Inform your doctor if you have ever been diagnosed with chronic intestinal disorders, hernias, intestinal obstruction and intestinal ulcers.
  • Inform your doctor if you have ever been diagnosed with kidney or liver disease. Dose of your medicine may need to be adjusted.

Frequently asked questions

Miglitol

Q. Is miglitol safe?
Yes, Miglitol is relatively safe if used at prescribed doses for the prescribed duration as advised by your doctor
Q. How does miglitol work?
Miglitol belongs to the class of anti-diabetic drugs called alpha-glucosidase inhibitor. It blocks an enzyme known as ?-glucoside hydrolase and thus delays glucose absorption from intestine, thereby reducing the excessive rise in blood sugar level after a meal.

Content on this page was last updated on 27 April, 2017, by Dr. Varun Gupta (MD Pharmacology)