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Miglitol

INFORMATION

Uses

Miglitol is used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

How it works

Miglitol is active in the small intestine, where it inhibits enzymes responsible for the breakdown of complex sugar into simple sugars such as glucose. Thereby slows the digestion of sugar from intestine and primarily reduces the post meal rise of blood sugar levels.

Common side effects

Diarrhoea, Dizziness, Fall in blood sugar level, Flatulence, Increased bowel movements, Increased sweating, Irritation, Rash, Soft stools, Stomach pain, Abdominal pain

AVAILABLE MEDICINE

Expert advice

  • Type 2 diabetes can be controlled with a proper diet alone or a diet along with exercise. A planned diet and exercising are always important when you have diabetes, even when you are taking antidiabetic medicines. 
  • Miglitol is administered orally and should be chewed with the first mouthful of food, or swallowed whole with a little liquid directly before the meal.
  • Miglitol does not help patients who have type 1 diabetes.
  • Notify your doctor if you are or are planning to become pregnant.

Frequently asked questions

Miglitol

Q.Is miglitol safe?
Yes, Miglitol is relatively safe if used at prescribed doses for the prescribed duration as advised by your doctor

Q.How does miglitol work?
Miglitol belongs to the class of anti-diabetic drugs called alpha-glucosidase inhibitor. It blocks an enzyme known as ?-glucoside hydrolase and thus delays glucose absorption from intestine, thereby reducing the excessive rise in blood sugar level after a meal.


Content on this page was last updated on 05 December, 2016, by Dr. Varun Gupta (MD Pharmacology)