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Glatiramer Acetate



Glatiramer Acetate is used in the treatment of multiple sclerosis (ms).

How it works

Glatiramer acetate belongs to a class of drugs called immunomodulatory agents. It works by modifying the body’s immune system and thereby preventing the damage to the insulating covers (myelin sheath) and protecting the brain and spinal cord cells, however the exact mechanism by which it modifies the body’s immune system is not known.

Common side effects

Nausea, Neck pain, Neoplasm of skin, Nervousness, Pain, Pale red skin, Palpitations, Itchy rash, Pus filled swelling of tooth, Rash, Abnormal liver function tests, Allergy, Anxiety, Joint pain, Back pain, Bone pain, Stiffness, Difficulty in controlling bowel movements, Bruise, Inflammation of the fluid-filled sacs of the joints, Chest pain, Chills, Constipation, Cough, Tooth decay, Depression, Double vision, Altered taste, Difficulty in swallowing, Shortness of breath, Ear inflammation, Fainting, Fever, Flank pain, Frequent urge to urinate, Headache, Inability to empty the urinary bladder, Increased sweating, Indigestion, Influenza, Injection site atrophy, Injection site reaction, Itching, Local reaction, Loss of appetite, Migraine, Muscle cramp, Nasal infection, Respiratory tract inflammation, Skin disorder, Speech disorder, Stomach inflammation, Intestinal inflammation, Swelling, Eye swelling, Ear disorder, Facial swelling, Tachycardia, Tissue growth, Tremor, Vaginal ulcers, Vasodilation, Viral infection, Vomiting, Weakness, Weight gain


Expert advice

  • Do consult your doctor if you experience symptoms such as relaxation of blood vessels (vasodilatation), reddening of face and other areas of skin (flushing), chest pain, breathlessness (dyspnea), increased heart rate that a person can feel (palpitations) or increased heart rate (tachycardia) after taking glatiramer acetate.
  • Do consult your doctor if you have a history of heart or kidney problems before taking glatiramer acetate.
  • Follow the instructions of doctor for proper injection technique and to rotate injection sites daily.
  • Tell your doctor if you are or planning to become pregnant or are breastfeeding.

Frequently asked questions

Glatiramer Acetate

Q.What is glatiramer acetate?
Glatiramer acetate is an immunomodulatory agent. It works by modifying the body's immune system and thereby preventing the damage to the insulating covers (myelin sheath) and protecting the brain and spinal cord cell

Q.What is glatiramer acetate used for?
Glatiramer acetate is used for the treatment of multiple sclerosis (disease in which the immune system i.e. the cells responsible for defense in the body and damages the insulating covers (myelin sheath) of the brain and spinal cord cells leading to different types of physical, mental and psychiatric problems) and to reduce the frequency of recurrences of the attacks of multiple sclerosis in ambulatory patients (i.e. who can walk without help) with relapsing, remitting multiple sclerosis characterized by at least two attacks in the past two year period.

Content on this page was last updated on 17 October, 2016, by Dr. Varun Gupta (MD Pharmacology)