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Exenatide

INFORMATION

Uses

Exenatide is used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

How it works

Exenatide increases the amount of insulin released by the pancreas in order to lower the blood glucose.

Common side effects

Gastrointestinal discomfort, Constipation, Diarrhoea, Dizziness, Belching, Fall in blood sugar level, Fatigue, Gastro-esophageal reflux disease, Headache, Indigestion, Injection site itching, Injection site rash, Injection site redness, Loss of appetite, Nausea, Sleepiness, Vomiting, Weakness

AVAILABLE MEDICINE

Expert advice

  • Type 2 diabetes can be controlled with a proper diet alone or a diet along with exercise. A planned diet and exercising are always important when you have diabetes, even when you are taking antidiabetic medicines. 
  • It should be injected under the skin and not into the veins or muscles.
  • Exenatide does not help patients who have type 1 diabetes. 
  • Use this medicine at any time within  60 minutes before your meal. 
  • Do not use this medicine after your meal. 
  • If you have severe problem with slow stomach emptying (gastroparesis) or food digestion, then the use of this medicine is not recommended. 

Frequently asked questions

Exenatide

Q.Is exenatide insulin?
Exenatide is not insulin. Exenatide is synthetic version of exendin-4 (a hormone) and works by stimulating pancreatic beta-cells to secrete insulin when blood sugar levels are high

Q.Is exenatide safe?
Exenatide is safe if used at prescribed doses for the prescribed duration as advised by your doctor

Q.Does exenatide cause hypoglycemia?
Exenatide itself does not cause hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), but may cause low blood sugar when taken with other antidiabetic medicines

Q.How does exenatide cause pancreatitis?
Few patients can suffer from pancreatitis

Q.How is exenatide administered?
Exenatide is administered as 2 mcg subcutaneous injection once weekly

Q.How is exenatide metabolized?
It is not metabolized in body and excreted unchanged in urine.


Content on this page was last updated on 05 December, 2016, by Dr. Varun Gupta (MD Pharmacology)