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    Information about Enalapril

    Enalapril uses

    How enalapril works

    Enalapril is an angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor. It works by reducing stress on the heart and relaxing blood vessel so that blood flows more smoothly and the heart can pump blood more efficiently.

    Common side effects of enalapril

    Cough, Decreased blood pressure, Dizziness, Fatigue, Increased potassium level in blood, Weakness
    Content Details
    Written By
    Dr. Anuj Saini
    Reviewed By
    Dr. Varun Gupta
    MD (Pharmacology), MBBS
    Last updated on:
    10 Dec 2019 | 12:25 PM (IST)
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    Read Our Editorial Policy

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    Expert advice for Enalapril

    • It should be taken with or without food, preferably at the same time each day.
    • Enalapril can make you feel dizzy for the first few days, so rise slowly if you have been sitting or lying down. You can also prefer taking it at bedtime to avoid dizziness throughout the day.
    • Let your doctor know about any cough, or throat irritation that does not go away.
    • It may increase the level of potassium in blood. Avoid taking potassium supplements and potassium-rich foods such as banana and broccoli.
    • Inform your doctor if you are pregnant, planning pregnancy or breastfeeding.

    Frequently asked questions for Enalapril


    Q. What is Enalapril used for?

    Enalapril is a medicine used to treat high blood pressure and prevent or treat heart failure. It helps reduce the chances of heart attack and stroke in high blood pressure patients. Enalapril belongs to ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitor group of medicines. It relaxes and widens the blood vessels and therefore blood passes more easily through them and heart does not have to work more to push the blood.

    Q. Does Enalapril cause excessive urination? Can it cause kidney damage?

    No, Enalapril is not a diuretic and does not cause excess loss of water through urination. The use of Enalapril may not affect a normal functioning kidney. However, damage to the kidney may occur when Enalapril is given with a diuretic. In such case, either the diuretic should be discontinued or its dose should be reduced. If you have severe heart failure or your kidneys are already affected, then there is a risk of kidney failure but timely and appropriate treatment can reverse the damage.

    Q. Can use of Enalapril affect my liver?

    In rare cases Enalapril may cause yellowing of skin and eyes, loss of appetite, and increase in liver enzymes. It can also cause considerable damage to liver and even death. Therefore, if you experience any such symptoms, call your doctor immediately.

    Q. Is it safe to use Enalapril along with hydrochlorthiazide?

    You have to be careful when taking Enalapril with hydrochlorthiazide, as it can further decrease your blood pressure. You may also develop symptoms of renal failure, especially if there is substantial water or salt loss prior to starting Enalapril. If you face any such issues contact your doctor who will either advice to discontinue hydrochlorothiazide or give a lower dose. The doctor may also advise you Enalapril in very low doses when used in combination with hydrochlorthiazide.

    Content on this page was last updated on 10 December, 2019, by Dr. Varun Gupta (MD Pharmacology)