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Dopamine is used in the treatment of heart failure and decreased blood pressure

How it works

Dopamine makes the heart pump blood with more strength and force, therefore, increasing the blood pressure.

Common side effects

Breathlessness, Headache, Palpitations, Increased heart rate, Arrhythmia, Vomiting, Nausea, Chest pain, Decreased blood pressure

Available Medicine

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Expert advice

  • Your breathing, blood pressure, oxygen levels, kidney function, and other vital signs will be watched closely while you are receiving dopamine.
  • Take precautions if you have or had any of the following medical conditions: coronary artery disease (hardened arteries), circulation problems such as Raynaud's syndrome, a history of blood clots, diabetes, frostbite, Buergers disease, asthma, sulfite allergy, or if you have used an MAO inhibitor in the last 21 days.
  • Tell your doctor if you are or planning to become pregnant or are breast-feeding.

Frequently asked questions



Is dopamine a hormone/ a neurotransmitter/ a catecholamine/ a monoamine/ a chemical/ a stimulant/ a protein/ a vasopressor?
Dopamine is not a protein; it is a chemical, hormone, neurotransmitter, stimulant, monoamine, catecholamine and a vasopressor


Does dopamine cause vasodilation/ anxiety/ make you tired/increase libido/ increase systemic vascular resistance (svr)/ cause addiction?
Dopamine causes vasodilation and may increase systemic vascular resistance possibly when taken in high amounts. Dopamine use can lead to addiction


Is dopamine inhibitory or excitatory/ does dopamine inhibit prolactin?
Dopamine is a special neurotransmitter because it is considered to be both excitatory and inhibitory. It is a prolactin inhibitor.

Content on this page was last updated on 20 February, 2017, by Dr. Varun Gupta (MD Pharmacology)