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    Disodium Hydrogen Citrate

    Information about Disodium Hydrogen Citrate

    Disodium hydrogen citrate uses

    Disodium Hydrogen Citrate is used in the treatment of gout and kidney stone.

    How disodium hydrogen citrate works

    Disodium Hydrogen Citrate is a urine alkalizer. It works by increasing the pH of urine which makes it less acidic. This helps the kidneys get rid of excess uric acid, thereby preventing gout and certain types of kidney stones.

    Common side effects of disodium hydrogen citrate

    Diarrhea, Nausea, Stomach pain, Vomiting, Tiredness
    Content Details
    Written By
    Dr. Shreya Gupta
    MDS (Oral Pathology & Microbiology), BDS
    Reviewed By
    Dr. Shilpa Garcha
    MD (Pharmacology), MBBS
    Last updated on:
    14 Mar 2020 | 01:07 PM (IST)
    Want to know more?
    Read Our Editorial Policy

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    Expert advice for Disodium Hydrogen Citrate

    • It is advised to take the drug after meals and with plenty of plain water or juice to avoid stomach upset. 
    • Inform your doctor if you have severe kidney disorders e.g., decreased urine output, sodium-restricted diet, high sodium levels in blood 
    • Seek medical attention if you have a difficulty in breathing after taking the drug, or have low calcium levels, high blood pressure, heart problems (e.g., irregular heartbeat, heart failure), kidney disease, swollen ankles/legs/feet due to  water retention (peripheral edema).
    • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant or are breastfeeding.
    • Should not be given to patients allergic to disodium hydrogen citrate or any of its ingredients.
    • Should not be given to patients with history of high blood potassium levels, congestive heart failure, heart disease or severe kidney problems, or in case if you are dehydrated.
    • Pregnant and breastfeeding women should avoid the intake of disodium hydrogen citrate.
    • Patients suffering from severe bacterial infection should also avoid the intake of disodium hydrogen citrate.

    Frequently asked questions for Disodium Hydrogen Citrate

    Disodium Hydrogen Citrate

    Q. How do you use Disodium Hydrogen Citrate?

    Disodium Hydrogen Citrate should be used in the dose and duration as advised by your doctor. Shake the bottle well before each use. Mix it in a glass of water or juice as advised by your doctor. Avoid taking Disodium Hydrogen Citrate on an empty stomach if diarrhea occurs. Drink plenty of fluids while taking this medicine to avoid stomach upset.

    Q. How long does it take to work?

    Disodium Hydrogen Citrate taken few minutes to start working and its effect lasts for around four to six hours. Do not skip doses and use it for the duration prescribed by your doctor for maximum benefits.

    Q. What if I overdose?

    Taking Disodium Hydrogen Citrate in more quantity as recommended by your doctor, will not help you recover faster. However, it may only expose you to increased side effects only. Therefore, it is advised that you take it as per the directions given by your doctor and do not double the dose, even if you forget to take your usual dose.

    Q. What is the function of Disodium Hydrogen Citrate?

    Disodium Hydrogen Citrate is a urine alkaliser that decreases the production of uric acid. Therefore, it helps in the treatment and prevention of kidney stones and gout.

    Content on this page was last updated on 14 March, 2020, by Dr. Varun Gupta (MD Pharmacology)