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Cilnidipine

INFORMATION

Uses

Cilnidipine is used in the treatment of increased blood pressure , angina (chest pain), arrhythmias (abnormal heart beat) and hypertensive emergency.

How it works

Cilnidipine blocks the action of calcium on the heart and blood vessels. As a result, blood vessels are relaxed and heart beats with less force. This lowers the blood pressure, abnormally fast heart beat and protects the heart following a heart attack.

Common side effects

Palpitations, Frequent urge to urinate, Abnormal liver function tests, Blindness, Depression, Dizziness, Eye pain, Fever, Flushing, Gingival hyperplasia, Headache, Decreased blood pressure, Impotence, Lethargy, Muscle pain, Rash, Tremor

AVAILABLE MEDICINE

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Expert advice

  • Notify your doctor if you are or planning to become pregnant.
  • Cilnidipine can cause swelling in the ankle or feet. Notify your doctor if it bothers you.
  • The missing dose of the Cilnidipine can cause your blood pressure to go up suddenly, which raises the risk of heart attack and stroke. You can take the medicine at the same time every day to avoid forgetting it.
  • You may get a headache that lasts for a short time, after starting Cilnidipine. This should become less noticeable after a few days.
     
  • Cilnidipine may cause dizziness in the first few days of starting the treatment.
  • Your doctor may recommend a change in the lifestyle to lower your blood pressure. It may include: 
    • Maintain a normal body weight (body mass index, 18.5-24.9 kg/m2). 
    • Consume fruits, vegetables, low-fat dairy products, and reduce saturated-total fat.
    • Reduce daily dietary sodium intake as much as possible, ideally to 65 mmol/day (1.5 g/day sodium or 3.8 g/day sodium chloride).
    • Regular aerobic physical activity (at least 30 minutes/day, most days of the week).
    • Limit alcohol consumption to less than or equal to 2 drinks per day (1oz or 30ml ethanol eg 24oz beer, 10 oz wine, or 3 oz 80-proof whiskey).
     
  • Swelling, bleeding or tenderness of gums may occur after starting the treatment. Brushing and flossing of teeth carefully and regularly may prevent this.

Frequently asked questions

Cilnidipine

Q.Is cilnidipine US FDA approved?
It is not approved by FDA for the treatment of hypertension

Q.What are the uses of cilnidipine/Cilacar?
Cilnidipine/Cilacar is used for the treatment of hypertension

Q.Is cilnidipine is a novel dihydropyridine?
Yes, cilnidipine belong to the class of selective dihydropyridine derivative calcium-channel blockers.


Content on this page was last updated on 29 November, 2016, by Dr. Varun Gupta (MD Pharmacology)