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    Canagliflozin

    Information about Canagliflozin

    Canagliflozin uses

    Canagliflozin is used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus.

    How canagliflozin works

    Canagliflozin is an anti-diabetic medication. It works by removing excess sugar from your body through urine.

    Common side effects of canagliflozin

    Frequent urge to urinate, Genital infection, Urinary tract infection, Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar level), Increased thirst, Nasopharyngitis (inflammation of the throat and nasal passages), Nausea
    Content Details
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    Written By
    Dr. Anuj Saini
    MMST, MBBS
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    Reviewed By
    Dr. Ashish Ranjan
    MD (Pharmacology), MBBS
    Last updated on:
    28 Nov 2019 | 05:25 PM (IST)
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    Expert advice for Canagliflozin

    • Canagliflozin is used alone or together with other diabetes medicines to control blood sugar and avoid long-term complications.
    • It may cause your body to lose too much fluid (dehydration) or you may urinate more often. Drink plenty of water and stay hydrated.
    • It may cause hypoglycemia (low blood sugar level) when used with other antidiabetic medicines, alcohol or if you delay or miss a meal.
    • Always carry some sugary food or fruit juice with you in case you experience hypoglycemia symptoms such as cold sweats, cool pale skin, tremor, and anxiety.
    • It can cause genital fungal and/or urinary tract infections (UTIs) in both females and males, so practice good hygiene.
    • Monitor your blood sugar regularly while taking this medicine.
    • Inform your doctor immediately if you experience constant dizziness, joint pain, cold-like symptoms, or unexplained nausea/vomiting.

    Frequently asked questions for Canagliflozin

    Canagliflozin

    Q. What is Canagliflozin used for?

    Canagliflozin is used in adults with type 2 diabetes to lower blood sugar levels. It works best when used along with diet and exercise. It is also used in adults having diabetes and cardiovascular disease together. Its use in such patients helps reduce the risk of heart attack, stroke or death due to these cardiovascular events.

    Q. Is Canagliflozin the same as metformin?

    No, Canagliflozin is not the same as metformin. Canagliflozin is a sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor whereas metformin is a biguanide. Canagliflozin lowers blood sugar by causing the kidneys to get rid of more glucose in the urine. On the other hand, metformin works by reducing the amount of sugar which your liver releases into your blood.

    Q. How do you take Canagliflozin?

    Take Canagliflozin exactly as advised by your doctor. You should swallow the tablet whole with water. You can take your tablet with or without food. It is best to take it before the first meal of the day. Try to take it at the same time each day. This will help you remember to take it.

    Q. What are the dangers of Canagliflozin?

    There are some risks involved with the use of Canagliflozin. Its use may cause dehydration (the loss of too much body water) in some people. Canagliflozin may also cause get vaginal yeast infection in women and yeast infection in the skin surrounding the penis in men. Furthermore, this medicine may increase the risk of lower limb amputations in patients who had a history of amputation or have major risk factors like peripheral vascular disease.

    Q. What are the serious side effects of Canagliflozin?

    The serious side effects of Canagliflozin include ketoacidosis (increased ketones in your blood or urine), some allergic reaction, sudden kidney impairment, serious urinary tract infections and low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). Though rare, Canagliflozin may also cause a serious bacterial infection that may damage the tissue under the skin in the area between and around the anus and genitals (perineum). This medicine may weaken your bones, increasing the risk of fractures, particularly in the upper arms, wrists, or hands.

    Q. Can Canagliflozin cause weight loss?

    Canagliflozin usually causes loss of fat mass which further leads to weight loss. However, this may vary from person to person depending upon the doses and whether it is being used alone or with other diabetes medications.

    Q. How do I know that Canagliflozin is working?

    Keep a record of your blood sugar levels, daily or at regular intervals. You can show this record to your doctor on your next visit. Your doctor will analyze these reports and tell you whether it is working or not.

    Q. What types of patients are more prone to amputation?

    Patients having a history of amputation are more prone to lower limb amputation. The risk is also high in patients with foot ulcers or sores or who have or had heart disease. Also, patients who have or have suffered from peripheral vascular disease (narrowing of blood vessels in feet, legs, or arms causing numbness, pain, or coldness) and neuropathy (nerve damage that causes tingling, numbness, and pain, usually in your hands and feet) also have a high risk of lower limb amputation.

    Content on this page was last updated on 28 November, 2019, by Dr. Varun Gupta (MD Pharmacology)