Author Details
Scientific View By
M.Pharm, B.Pharm
Ayurvedic View By
BAMS
Reviewed By
MD (Pharmacology), MBBS
Last updated:
15 Feb 2021 | 10:42 AM (IST)

Want to know more?

Read Our Editorial Policy

Have issue with the content?

Report Problem

Yarrow

Yarrow
Yarrow is a flowering plant that commonly grows in the regions of North America, Europe, and Asia. It is also known as “nosebleed plant” as the leaves of this plant help in blood clotting and managing nose bleeds.
Yarrow is majorly consumed in the form of tea. Yarrow tea prepared from the Yarrow leaves helps manage fever by inducing sweating due to its antipyretic and diaphoretic properties. It is also used in diarrhea due to its antispasmodic property. Consuming Yarrow leaves might also help in digestion due to its carminative property.
Yarrow has various benefits for the skin. Being astringent in nature, it helps in skin tightening. It also manages skin conditions like acne when added as an ingredient in various skin care products. Yarrow leaves can also be chewed to manage toothache due to its analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties.
Yarrow should be used cautiously in people having hypersensitive skin as it might cause certain side effects like contact dermatitis, skin irritation, etc[2][3][4].

What are the synonyms of Yarrow?

Achillea millefolium, Biranjasipha, Gordaldo, Old man's pepper, Devil's nettle, Common Yarrow, Sneezewort, Soldier's friend, Thousand-leaf, Gandrain, Puthkanda, Bhut Kesi, Rojmaari, Achchilliya, Rajmari, Tukhm gandana, Buiranjasif, Brinjasuf, Gandana[4].

What is the source of Yarrow?

Plant Based

Benefits of Yarrow

What are the benefits of Yarrow for Fever?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yarrow tea might help manage fever due to its antipyretic and diaphoretic activity. It induces sweating and brings down the body temperature. This gives relief in symptoms of fever[3][5][6].

Tips for preparing Yarrow Tea
a. Take 3-5 gm of dried Yarrow flower.
b. Add them in 2 cups of boiling water.
c. Cover and allow it to steep for 30 minutes.
d. Strain it and have it twice a day (or as directed by the physician).

What are the benefits of Yarrow for Diarrhea?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yarrow helps to manage the symptoms of diarrhea due to its astringent and antispasmodic properties. It causes constriction of intestinal tissues and reduces the mucus secretions. It also reduces intestinal motility and reduces stomach pain and cramps[3][7].

Tips for using Yarrow Capsules
a. Take 1 Yarrow capsule twice a day (or as directed by the physician).
b. Swallow it with water after taking light food to control the symptoms of diarrhea.

What are the benefits of Yarrow for Flatulence (gas formation)?

scientific
Modern Science View
The leaf extract of Yarrow might help in gas due to its carminative property. It provides relief from flatulence by reducing the formation of gas in the intestines or facilitating its expulsion[3].

What are the benefits of Yarrow for Inflammatory bowel disease?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yarrow might be beneficial for inflammatory bowel disease due to its anti-inflammatory property. It inhibits the release of inflammatory mediators and reduces the pain and inflammation in the bowel[12].

How effective is Yarrow?

Insufficient evidence
Diarrhea, Fever, Flatulence (gas formation), Inflammatory bowel disease

Precautions when using Yarrow

Advice from Experts
Important
scientific
Modern Science View
Yarrow might slow the process of blood clotting and increase the risk of bleeding during and after the surgery. So, It is advisable to avoid the use of Yarrow at least 2 weeks before surgery[4].
Breastfeeding
scientific
Modern Science View
Since enough scientific information is not available for the use of Yarrow in breastfeeding. So, it is advisable to avoid or consult a physician before using Yarrow in Breastfeeding[2].
Minor Medicine Interaction
scientific
Modern Science View
Antacids decrease stomach acid while Yarrow increases stomach acid. So, Yarrow might interfere with the effectiveness of antacids[4].
Moderate Medicine Interaction
scientific
Modern Science View
Yarrow might cause sleepiness. So, it is advisable to consult a physician when taking Yarrow along with sedatives as it might cause too much drowsiness[4].
Patients with heart disease
scientific
Modern Science View
It is advisable to consult a physician before taking Yarrow along with antihypertensive drugs as it might cause too much of lowering of blood pressure levels[2].
Pregnancy
scientific
Modern Science View
It is advisable to avoid the use of Yarrow in Pregnancy as it might increase the uterine contractions and lead to misscarriage[2].

Recommended Dosage of Yarrow

  • Yarrow Capsule - Take 1 capsule twice a day (or as directed by the physician). Swallow it with water after taking light food for healthy digestion.

How to use Yarrow

1. For Digestion
i. Take a few fresh leaves of Yarrow.
ii. Soak them in water overnight.
iii. Consume this infusion regularly before meals.

2. For Diarrhea
a. Yarrow capsules
i. Take 1 capsule twice a day or as directed by the physician.
ii. Swallow it with water after taking light food to control the symptoms of diarrhea.

3. For fever
i. Take 3-5 gm of dried Yarrow flower.
ii. Add 2 cup of boiling water.
iii. Cover and steep it for 30 minutes or till water remains one-fourth.
iv. Strain and have this Yarrow tea twice a day (or as directed by the physician) to get rid of the symptoms of fever.

Benefits of Yarrow

What are the benefits of Yarrow for Inflammation of gums?

scientific
Modern Science View
Although enough scientific evidence is not available to support the role of Yarrow in gingivitis. A certain study state that Yarrow grass water might help manage gingivitis due to its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties[2][3].

Tips for using Yarrow water for gargling
a. Pour boiling water over a handful of fresh/ dried Yarrow flowers and leaves.
b. Let it steep for 15 to 20 minutes before straining.
c. Allow the water to cool before you gargle with it.
d. Gargle with this Yarrow water once or twice a day to get relief from the symptoms of gingivitis.

What are the benefits of Yarrow for Hay fever?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yarrow might help in the management of symptoms related to hay fever due to its antiinflammatory property. It inhibits the mediators of inflammation responsible for stimulating allergic response. Inhaling the aroma of fresh Yarrow flowers added to boiling water promotes the secretion and removal of sputum from the air passages due to its expectorant property[3].

What are the benefits of Yarrow for Common cold symptoms?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yarrow essential oil, when used as a chest rub, might prevent the symptoms of the common cold. It helps to dissolve and remove the mucus from respiratory passages due to its anticatarrhal properties. It also has a diaphoretic property that induces sweating and reduces symptoms of the common cold[6][8][9].

Tips for using Yarrow oil in common cold.
a. Take a few drops of Yarrow oil (as per your requirement).
b. Mix it with eucalyptus or peppermint oil.
c. Apply this mixture on the chest and rub it to get relief in case of congestion.

What are the benefits of Yarrow for Toothache?

scientific
Modern Science View
Chewing fresh leaves of Yarrow might help to manage toothache due to its analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. It helps to reduce the pain and inflammation in the affected area[3][10].

Tips for using Yarrow in toothache
a. Take a few fresh leaves of Yarrow.
b. Chew them once or twice a day to get quick relief in toothache.

What are the benefits of Yarrow for Wound healing?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yarrow might help in wound healing due to the presence of certain constituents i.e., tannins. They promote contraction of wound and stimulates collagen synthesis. This helps in early wound healing[11].

Tips for using Yarrow leaves in wound healing
a. Take a few fresh leaves of Yarrow.
b. Wash them properly to clean.
c. Wrap these clean leaves over the affected area to get relief.

How effective is Yarrow?

Insufficient evidence
Common cold symptoms, Hay fever, Inflammation of gums, Toothache, Wound healing

Precautions when using Yarrow

Allergy
scientific
Modern Science View
It is advisable to avoid the use of Yarrow in people having hypersensitive skin or allergic to certain herbs like St. John’s wort as it might lead to allergic reactions[2].
Side Effects
Important
scientific
Modern Science View
1. Contact dermatitis
2. Skin irritation
3. Light sensitivity[2].

How to use Yarrow

1. For joint pain and swelling
a. Take a few drops of Yarrow oil (or as per your requirement).
b. Mix it with olive oil.
c. Apply or massage it on the affected area to get rid of the joint pain.

2. For cough, cold or influenza
a. Take a few drops of Yarrow oil (or as per your requirement).
b. Mix it with eucalyptus or peppermint oil.
c. Apply this mixture on the chest and rub it to get relief in case of congestion.

3. For cuts, scratches or wounds
a. Take a few fresh leaves of Yarrow.
b. Wash them properly to clean.
c. Wrap these clean leaves over the affected area to get relief.

4. For gingivitis
a. Pour boiling water over a handful of fresh/ dried Yarrow flowers and leaves.
b. Let it steep for 15 to 20 minutes before straining.
c. Allow the water to cool before you gargle with it.
d. Gargle with this Yarrow water once or twice a day to get relief from symptoms of gingivitis.

5. For dental problems
a. Take a few fresh leaves of Yarrow.
b. Chew them once or twice a day to get quick relief in toothache

Frequently asked questions

Q. Is Yarrow edible?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Yarrow leaves are edible. Yarrow leaves can be consumed in a raw or cooked form.

Q. Can you smoke Yarrow?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Yarrow can be smoked as a substitute for tobacco and sometimes might help to quit smoking.

Q. Is Yarrow useful in Diabetes?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Yarrow might help in the management of diabetes due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. It reduces the breakdown of carbohydrates and prevents the damage of pancreatic cells. It enhances the insulin secretion and thus lowers the blood sugar levels[1].

Q. Can Yarrow be used in gastritis?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Yarrow is helpful in gastritis due to its gastroprotective property. It protects the gastric mucosa against gastric acid and reduces inflammation due to its anti-inflammatory property[3].

Q. Can Yarrow be used for high blood pressure?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Yarrow might be used to manage high blood pressure due to the presence of certain constituents that has calcium chain blocking property. It slows down the movement of calcium in the blood vessels and widens them. It also helps the heart to pump blood easily and thus manages blood pressure[13].

Q. How to make Yarrow tea?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
The leaves and flowers of Yarrow can be made into tea. You can steep 1 to 2 teaspoons (5 to 10 grams) of dried Yarrow powder in boiling water for 5 to 10 minutes. Strain the mix into a cup and enjoy a healthy tea.

Q. Can Yarrow help improve loss of appetite?

scientific
Modern Science View
Certain constituents present in Yarrow may help with conditions like mild gastrointestinal disturbances, indigestion, and loss of appetite.[15]

Q. Is Yarrow beneficial in skin inflammations?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Yarrow is beneficial in for skin inflammation due to its anti-inflammatory property. It reduces pain and inflammation associated with the skin inflammation when used in the form of a Sitz bath or compress[3].

Q. Can Yarrow be used to manage skin infections?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Yarrow might help manage skin infections due to its antibacterial and antimicrobial properties. It fights against bacteria and microbes responsible for infections when used in the form of sitz bath[3].

Q. Is Yarrow useful in eczema?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Yarrow might be used in eczema. It helps to reduce inflammation and itchiness on the skin due to its anti-inflammatory and healing properties. Washing the affected area with an infusion prepared from Yarrow flowers helps in managing eczema[3].

Q. Can Yarrow be used in nose bleeding?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Yarrow might be used to manage nose bleeding due to its astringent property. Astringents help tighten the skin and decrease the blood supply. Inserting Yarrow leaf into the nostrils promotes clotting and stops bleeding[3].

Q. What are the benefits of Yarrow leaves?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yarrow leaves can be smoked to reduce congestion in the lungs. It clears the blockages in the air passages and help ease breathing. Smoking Yarrow leaves in pipes also help to relieve toothache[14].

Q. How do you use yarrow for healing

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
You can use Yarrow infused oil on the affected area to get quick healing once or twice a day.

Q. How do you use yarrow on hair?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yarrow is an effective remedy to clean the scalp and promote hair growth. Its astringent effect helps to remove excessive oil from the scalp which promotes the growth of hair follicles. The best way of using Yarrow infused shampoo or Yarrow oil. Apply any of them on the scalp once or twice a week to promote hair growth.

References

  1. Chavez Silva F, Ceron-Romero L, Arias-Duran L, et al. Antidiabetic effect of Achillea millefollium through multitarget interactions: α-glucosidases inhibition, insulin sensitization and insulin secretagogue activities. Journal of Ethnopharmacology.2018;212:1-7.External Link
  2. Ulbrich CE. Natural Standard Herb & Supplement Guide- An Evidence-Based Reference. 2010.
  3. Lakshmi T, Geetha RV, Anitha R et al. Yarrow (Achillea millefolium Linn.) A herbal medicinal plant with broad therapeutic use- A review. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences Review and Research.2011;9(2):136-141.External Link
  4. WebMD.Yarrow.: Uses, Side effects, Doses, Interactions [Internet].Atlanta [last updated in 2016].External Link
  5. Figueiredo AC, Pais MSS, Scheffer JJC. Achillea millefolium L. ssp. millefolium (Yarrow): In Vitro Culture and Production of Essential Oils. Springer. 1995;33:1-20.External Link
  6. Phelps K, Hassed C.General Practice: The Integrative Approach.Elsevier.2011.External Link
  7. Moradi MT, Koupaei MR, Rastabi RI, et al. Antispasmodic Effects of Yarrow (Achillea Millefolium L.) Extract in the Isolated Ileum of Rat.Afr. J Tradit Complement Altern Med. 2013;10(6):499-503.External Link
  8. Ross J.Achillea. Combining Western Herbs and Chinese Medicine.External Link
  9. Hoffmann D.Medical Herbalism: The Science and Practice of Herbal Medicine.Simon and Schuster.2003.External Link
  10. Quattrocchi U. CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants: Common Names, Scientific Names, Eponyms, Synonyms, and Etymology. CRC Press.2016.External Link
  11. Hemmati AA, Arzi A, Amin M. Effect of Achillea millefolium extract in wound healing of rabbit. Journal of Natural remedies.2002;2(2):164-167.External Link
  12. Benedek B, Kopp B, Melzig MF. Achillea millefolium L. s.l. – Is the anti-inflammatory activity mediated by protease inhibition?. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 2007;113(2007):312-317.External Link
  13. Khan AU, Gilani A. Blood Pressure Lowering, Cardiovascular Inhibitory and Bronchodilatory Actions of Achillea millefolium. Phytotherapy research. 2011;25:577-583.External Link
  14. Pennacchio M, Jefferson L, Havens K. Uses and Abuses of Plant-Derived Smoke: Its Ethnobotany as Hallucinogen. Oxford University Press. 2010External Link
  15. Applequist WL and Moerman DE. Yarrow (Achillea millefolium L.): A Neglected Panacea? A Review of Ethnobotany, Bioactivity, and Biomedical Research. Econ Botany. 2011. 65(2):209-225. External Link
Disclaimer
The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

INDIA’S LARGEST HEALTHCARE PLATFORM

150M+
Visitors
25M+
Orders Delivered
1000+
Cities
Get the link to download App
Reliable

All products displayed on 1mg are procured from verified and licensed pharmacies. All labs listed on the platform are accredited

Secure

1mg uses Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) 128-bit encryption and is Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) compliant

Affordable

Find affordable medicine substitutes, save up to 50% on health products, up to 80% off on lab tests and free doctor consultations.

India's only LegitScript and ISO/IEC 27001 certified online healthcare platform

Know More About 1mgdownArrow

Access medical and health information

1mg provides you with medical information which is curated, written and verified by experts, accurate and trustworthy. Our experts create high-quality content about medicines, diseases, lab investigations, Over-The-Counter (OTC) health products, Ayurvedic herbs/ingredients, and alternative remedies.

Order medicines online

Get free medicine home delivery in over 1000 cities across India. You can also order Ayurvedic, Homeopathic and other Over-The-Counter (OTC) health products. Your safety is our top priority. All products displayed on 1mg are procured from verified and licensed pharmacies.

Book lab tests

Book any lab tests and preventive health packages from certified labs and get tested from the comfort of your home. Enjoy free home sample collection, view reports online and consult a doctor online for free.

Consult a doctor online

Got a health query? Consult doctors online from the comfort of your home for free. Chat privately with our registered medical specialists to connect directly with verified doctors. Your privacy is guaranteed.