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Ayurvedic View By
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23 Sep 2019 | 03:12 PM (IST)

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Vidanga

Vidanga
Vidanga, commonly known as false black pepper, has various medicinal properties and is used in various ayurvedic formulations.
Vidanga is generally used to expel worms and parasites from the stomach due to its anthelmintic properties. It is beneficial for indigestion and also helps to manage constipation due to its laxative property. Taking Vidanga churna regularly might help manage weight by lowering lipid levels and improving the metabolism of the body. It might also protect the heart against free cell damage by free radicals due to its cardioprotective and antioxidant activities. Vidanga might also be useful in managing depression by improving mood as well as brain functions due to its antidepressant activity.
Vidanga seed paste can be applied on the skin to help get rid of acne due to its antibacterial property. You can also apply Vidanga seed paste along with rose water on the skin to improve your complexion[1-3].

What are the synonyms of Vidanga?

Embelia ribes, Jantughna, Krmighna, Krmihara, Krmiripu, Vidang, Vavding, Vavading, Vayavadang, Vayavidanga, Bhabhiranga, Baberang, Vayuvilanga, Babading, Vizhalari, Bidanga, Babrung, Vavaring, Vayuvilangam, Vayuvidangam, Vayuvidangalu , Baobarang, Babrang

What is the source of Vidanga?

Plant Based

Benefits of Vidanga

1. Intestinal Worms
Vidanga is a useful herb to manage worm infestation that includes threadworms, roundworm and types of worms due to its Krimighna property.

2. Indigestion
Vidanga controls vomiting, nausea, indigestion, and flatulence due to its hot potency. It also helps manage constipation due to its Rechana (laxative) property.

3. Depression
Vidanga has an antidepressant effect which helps in managing depression due to its Vata balancing property.

4. Throat infection
Vidanga has Kapha pacifying property as a result of which it reduces cough and throat infection.

5. Obesity
Vidanga also works on reducing fat and clearing all toxins present in the body because of its hot potency that improves digestion and helps in the elimination of undigested foods.

6. Skin disease
Vidanga helps to control skin diseases by reducing toxins from the blood due to its Shodhan (purification) property.

Precautions when using Vidanga

Advice from Experts
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Avoid the use of Vidanga if you have low sperm count because it might impair the spermatogenesis process.
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Vidanga should be avoided if you have acidity or any gastric problems due to its Ushna virya (hot potency).
Breastfeeding
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Avoid taking Vidanga during breastfeeding.
Pregnancy
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Avoid taking Vidanga during pregnancy.

Recommended Dosage of Vidanga

  • Vidanga Churna - ¼-½ teaspoon twice a day.
  • Vidanga Capsule - 1-2 capsule twice a day.

How to use Vidanga

1. Vidanga Churna
a. Take ¼-½ teaspoon of Vidanga churna.
b. Take it along with honey or with lukewarm water preferably after meals.

2. Vidanga Capsule
a. Take 1-2 Vidanga capsule.
b. Swallow it with lukewarm water preferably after meals twice a day.

Benefits of Vidanga

1. Hyperpigmentation
A paste of Vidanga leaves help to improve skin complexion, reduce hyperpigmentation, and promote wound healing due to its Kashaya (astringent) and Rasayana (rejuvenating) properties.

2. Skin disease
Vidanga powder helps to manage skin problems like eczema and ringworm when dusted on the affected area with prior application of some oil.

Precautions when using Vidanga

Allergy
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Use Vidanga seeds paste or powder by adding coconut oil or rose water if you have a hypersensitive skin.

Recommended Dosage of Vidanga

  • Vidanga Paste - ½-1 teaspoon or as per your requirement.
  • Vidanga Powder - ½-1 teaspoon or as per your requirement.

How to use Vidanga

1. Vidanga Seed Paste
a. Take ½-1 teaspoon of Vidanga seed paste.
b. Mix it with rose water and apply evenly on the skin.
c. Let it sit for 5-7 minutes.
d. Wash thoroughly with tap water.
e. Use this remedy 1-2 times a week to improve your skin complexion.

2. Vidanga Seeds Powder
a. Take ½-1 teaspoon of Vidanga seeds powder.
b. Mix it with honey and apply evenly on the affected area.
c. Let it sit for 7-10 minutes.
d. Wash thoroughly with water.
e. Use this remedy 2-3 times a week to get rid of skin diseases[3].

Frequently asked questions

Q. What are the chemical constituents of Vidanga?

scientific
Modern Science View
The parts of this plant used are fruit, leaf, and root. Vidanga contains various chemical compounds like embelin, embelinol, embeliaribyl ester, embeliol, and vilangin that are responsible for its medicinal properties.

Q. What are the forms of Vidanga available in the market?

scientific
Modern Science View
Vidanga is available in the market in the following forms such as:
1. Capsule
2. Powder

Q. What is the price of Vidanga?

scientific
Modern Science View
1. Vidanga Powder ranges from Rs 500 to 600 for 300 grams.
2. Vidanga Capsule ranges from Rs 100 to 150 for a pack of 60 capsules.

Q. Can Vidanga cause loose motions?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Vidanga might cause loose motion if taken in high dose because of its Rechana (laxative) property.

Q. Does Vidanga help in constipation?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Vidanga has laxative properties which might be helpful in managing constipation. The presence of anthraquinone glycosides in Vidanga help promote bowel movement and easy excretion of stool[4][5].

Q. Does Vidanga help in weight loss?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, the ethanolic extracts of Vidanga have lipid-lowering activity which helps in reducing body mass and thus can be used to manage weight loss[6][7].

Q. Does Vidanaga help to manage depression?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Vidanga (Embelia ribes) can be used to manage depression. It contains a compound called embelin that possesses anti-depressant activity. Studies state that embelin inhibits the reuptake of neurotransmitters like serotonin and norepinephrine thus elevating the mood[8][9].

Q. Does Vidanga help to cure a sore throat?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, the demulcent (relieving inflammation and irritation) property of Vidanga helps relieve sore throat. It forms a film over the mucous membrane, protecting the underlying cells and relieving inflammation and minor pain[10].

Q. What are the uses of Vidangadi churna?

scientific
Modern Science View
Vidangadi churna has various medicinal benefits. It can be used to manage certain bacterial infection due to its antimicrobial activity. It also helps in weight loss by improving the metabolism of the body. It is used to manage abdominal problems and also acts as an anti-inflammatory and an antifertility agent[16-18].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Vidangadi Churna helps to manage certain problems such as indigestion, worm infestation or internal weakness which generally occur due to an imbalance of any of the three doshas. The Deepan (appetizer), Pachan (digestion) and Krimighna (anti-worm) properties of Vidanga help improve digestion. It also helps to improve the internal strength and maintains overall health due to its Balya (strength provider) and Rasayan (rejuvenation) properties.
Tips
1. Take ¼-½ teaspoon of Vidanga churna.
2. Take it along with honey or with lukewarm water preferably after meals.

Q. Is Vidanga beneficial for heart diseases?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Vidanga is beneficial for heart diseases as it contains certain constituents which have antioxidant activity. It fights against the free radicals causing cell damage and shows a cardioprotective effect[19].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Vidanga might be beneficial for managing heart disease which generally occurs due to an imbalance of Vata dosha. The Vata balancing, Balya (strength provider) and Rasayana (rejuvenation) properties of Vidanga help to provide internal strength to heart and maintains its proper function.

Q. Is Vidanga beneficial for worms in the stomach?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Vidanga is beneficial for worms in the stomach as it has anthelmintic activity. It helps to remove intestinal worms and parasites from the body[15-16].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Vidanga helps in case of worm infections which occur due to weak or poor digestion. Vidanga’s Deepan (appetizer), Pachan (digestion) and Krimighna (anti-worm) properties help to improve digestion and prevent the growth of worms in the stomach.

Q. Can Vidanga be used for teeth grinding in children?

scientific
Modern Science View
Enough scientific evidence is not available to support the role of Vidanga for teeth grinding in children.
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Teeth grinding, mostly seen in children, is a symptom of worm infestation. It generally occurs due to weak or poor digestion. Vidanga might help manage teeth grinding problems in children by improving digestion due to its Deepan (appetizer) and Pachan (digestion) properties. It also has Krimighna (anti-worm) property that helps to remove worms and parasites from the body.

Q. Can Vidanga be used for piles?

scientific
Modern Science View
Although enough scientific evidence is not available to support the role of Vidanga in piles, however, it has traditionally been used for piles[20].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Piles, generally occur due to weak or poor digestion which results in impairment of Vata and Pitta doshas. This further leads to pain, burning or sometimes bleeding from the anal region. Vidanga helps to manage piles due to its Vata balancing, Deepan (appetizer) and Pachan (digestion) properties helps by improving digestion. It prevents bleeding in piles and helps maintain the overall health due to its Kashaya (astringent) and Rasayana (rejuvenation) properties.

Q. Can Vidanga cause skin rashes?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Vidanga might cause skin rashes if your skin is hypersensitive to heat due to its Ushna (hot) potency.

Q. Does Vidanga help to cure acne?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Vidanga helps control acne due to the presence of a compound embelin in it. It inhibits the activity of acne-causing bacteria (Propionibacterium acnes) and reduces redness and swelling associated with acne[4][5].


Q. Does Vidanga help in hair fall?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Vidanga might help control hairfall due to the presence of a compound called embelin in it[6]. It also has anti-androgenic activity that helps in preventing male sexual disorders like androgenetic alopecia (male pattern baldness)[7].

References

  1. Karpakal S,Rajasekharan PE.A review on the pharmacology of Embelia ribes burm. F.-A threatened medicinal plant.IJPBS.2014;5(2):443 - 456.
  2. Biradar Y S.Phytochemical and pharmacological review of selected plants- Adhatoda zeylancia Nees and Embelia ribes Burm.f.Phytochemical and Pharmacological Review of Adhatoda zeylanica and Embelia ribes.2010.4:55-68.
  3. Karpakal S, Rajasekharan PE.Ethnopharmacological uses of Embelia ribes Burm. F.A Review. Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences.2014;9(3):23-30.
  4. Souravi K, Rajasekharan PE.Ethnopharmacological Uses of Embelia ribes Burm. F. - A Review.Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences.2014;9(3):23-30.
  5. Saraf A, Srinivas KS, Chaturvedi A.Phytochemical and elemental profile of Embelia ribes Burn. F.Res J Pharm Biol Sci.2016;7(4):471-476.
  6. Verma RK, Paraidathathu T.Herbal medicines used in the traditional Indian medicinal system as a therapeutic treatment option for overweight and obesity management:a review.Int J Pharm Pharm Sci.2014;6(2):40-47.
  7. Phadke AS.A review on lipid lowering activities of Ayurvedic and other herbs.Natural Product Radiance.2007;6(1):81-89.
  8. Bist M, Prasad SB.Embelia ribes: A valuable medicinal plant.J Chem Pharm Res.2016;8(4):1229-1233.
  9. Durg S, Kumar NB, Vandal R et al. Antipsychotic activity of embelin isolated from Embelia ribes: A preliminary study.Biomed Pharmacother.2017;19:328-331.
  10. Khan MA, Naidu MA, Akbar Z.In-vitro antimicrobial activity of fruits extract of Embelia ribes Burm.International Journal of Pharmaceutical & Biological Archives.2010;1(3):267-270.
  11. Patil V, Dhunjibhoy K, Dasgupta D.Novel antipropionibacterium activity of embelin and chebulagic acid on screening of Indian medicinal plants.Int Res J of Pharm.2017;8(5):45-52.
  12. Radhakrishnan N, Kavitha V, Raja STK.Embelin-a natural potential cosmetic agent.J Appl Cosmetol.2011;29:99-107.
  13. Goutam N, Singh RN, Madhuri K.A clinical study to establish the principle “Nasa hi shirso dwaram” with special reference to nasya in khalitya.International Ayurvedic Medical Journal.2016;4(7):1186-1192.
  14. Radhakrishnan N, Gnanamani A.2,5-dihydroxy-3-undecyl-1,4-benzoquinone(embelin)-a second solid gold of India-a review.Int J Pharm Pharm Sci.2014;6(2):23-30.
  15. Kekuda TRP, Kumar SVP, Nishanth BC.In vitro athelmintic activity of aqueous extract of Embelia ribes.BTAIJ.2009:3(2);87-89.External Link
  16. Mohandas S, SREEKUMAR TR, PRAKASH V.Anthelmintic activity of Vidangi churna. Asian J Pharm Clin Res.2013;6(3):94-95.External Link
  17. Satej Banne S, Toshikhane H, Amin H.Anti Microbial Activity of Vidanga Churna (Embelia ribes Burm.) by Cup Diffusion Technique.pharmagene.2016;3(2).External Link
  18. Pramodani MPN, Wickramarachchi WJ.A clinical study to evaluate the efficacy of vidangadi churna in the management of obesity. Int. J. Adv. Res.2017;5(9): 1631-1634.External Link
  19. Bhandari U, Ansari MN, Islam F.Cardioprotective effect of aqueous extract of Embelia ribes Burm fruits against isoproterenol-induced myocardial infarction in albino rats.Indian journal of experimental biology. 2008;46:35-40.External Link
  20. Ambati S, Jyothi V, Jyothi A.Pharmacological,pharmacognostic and phytochemical review of Embelia ribes. IJPT.2010;2(4):525- 539. External Link
Disclaimer
The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

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