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Shilajit

Shilajit
Shilajit is a mineral based extract which is pale-brown to blackish-brown in color. It is found in the Himalayan rocks and is composed of a gummy substance. Shilajit contains humus, organic plant materials and fulvic acid. It consists of more than 84 minerals including copper, silver, zinc, iron, and lead.
Shilajit is a health rejuvenator that improves sexual stamina and also improves energy levels. This helps manage chronic fatigue, tiredness, lethargy and fatigue due to diabetes. Shilajit is known to improve the testosterone level and enhance male fertility. It is also beneficial in anemia and memory loss[2][5][6][13].

What are the synonyms of Shilajit?

Asphaltum punjabinum, Black bitumen, Mineral pitch, Memiya, Silajat, Shilajatu, Silajatu, Kanmandam, Saileya Shilaja, Shiladhatuja, Shilamaya, Shilasweda, Shilaniryasa, Asmaja, Asmajatuka, Girija, Adrija, Gaireya [1]

What is the source of Shilajit?

Metal & Mineral based

Benefits of Shilajit

What are the benefits of Shilajit for Fatigue?

scientific
Scientific View
Fatigue occurs when your body cells do not produce enough energy. Shilajit is used as a revitalizer to enhance physical performance and relieve fatigue. This is due to the presence of fulvic and humic acid which helps the mitochondria present in the cells to produce energy[13].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Shilajit is useful in managing fatigue in the day to day life. Fatigue refers to a feeling of tiredness, weakness or lack of energy. According to Ayurveda, fatigue is referred to as 'Klama' which is due to imbalance in the Kapha dosha. Shilajit helps to reduce fatigue due to its Balya (strength provider) and Rasayana (rejuvenating) properties. It also helps balance Kapha and thus reduce fatigue.
Tip:
1. Take 1 Shilajit capsule with lukewarm milk after meals.
2. Continue this once a day for 2-3 months for better results.

What are the benefits of Shilajit for Alzheimer's disease?

scientific
Scientific View
Shilajit might reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s disease. In Alzheimer’s patients, there is an increase in the production of a protein called amyloid beta protein leading to the formation of amyloid plaques or clusters in the brain. A study states that fulvic acid present in Shilajit can reduce the formation of amyloid plaques in the brain. This might make Shilajit a promising therapy for Alzheimer’s disease[10].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Alzheimer's disease is an age-related, irreversible, nervous disorder. Some of the symptoms of Alzheimer's disease are memory loss and a change in behavior.
Shilajit helps to reduce the symptoms of Alzheimer's disease by balancing Vata dosha. It also has Rasayana (rejuvenating) property that reduces weakness of the nervous system and improves its functioning.
Tip:
1. Take 2-4 pinch of Shilajit powder.
2. Mix it with honey or take with lukewarm milk.
3. Take it twice a day after meals.

What are the benefits of Shilajit for Respiratory tract infection?

scientific
Scientific View
Shilajit might help manage respiratory tract infections most prevalent in children. A study states that Shilajit can act against HRSV, a virus that causes respiratory tract infections commonly in children due to its antiviral property[11].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Shilajit helps to remove the obstruction in the respiratory tract. This is because the main doshas involved in respiratory problems are Vata and Kapha. The vitiated Vata combines with deranged Kapha dosha in the lungs causing obstruction in the respiratory passage.
Shilajit helps to balance Vata-Kapha and remove the obstruction in the respiratory passage. It also helps to increase immunity to fight against infection due to its Rasayana (rejuvenating) property.
Tip:
1. Take 2-4 pinch of Shilajit powder.
2. Mix it with honey.
3. Take it twice a day after meals.

What are the benefits of Shilajit for Cancer?

scientific
Scientific View
Free radicals which are generated during cancer chemotherapy can damage the normal cells around the vicinity of the tumor cell. This makes cancer treatment painful. Fulvic and humic acid present in Shilajit destroys the free radicals with its antioxidant property. This helps in minimizing the pain in cancer treatment[12].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
In Ayurveda, Cancer is described as inflammatory or non-inflammatory swelling and is called either as ‘Granthi’ (minor neoplasm) or ‘Arbuda‘ (major neoplasm).
In the case of cancer, all three doshas, Vata-Pitta-Kapha gets out of control. This leads to a loss in mutual coordination among cells leading to tissue damage. Shilajit helps to build mutual coordination and prevents tissue damage because of its Balya (strength provider) and Rasayana (rejuvenating) properties.

What are the benefits of Shilajit for Heavy metal toxicity?

scientific
Scientific View
Shilajit might help detoxify the body because of the presence of fulvic and humic acids as they are porous in nature. They absorb harmful chemicals and toxins that build up in the body including heavy metals like lead and mercury and eliminates them[2].

What are the benefits of Shilajit for Hypoxia (low oxygen in tissues)?

scientific
Scientific View
Hypoxia is a condition in which the body or some parts of the body do not receive enough oxygen. This might be due to an inadequate amount of blood in the body or inability of blood to carry enough oxygen. Fulvic acid present in Shilajit helps in blood formation and enhances the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood. Thus, it helps prevent hypoxia[2].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Shilajit is known as Yogavahi which means it has the ability to enhance the absorption of elements like iron as well as improves the oxygen-carrying capacity of blood.
Tip:
1. Take 1 Shilajit capsule.
2. Swallow it with lukewarm milk after meals, twice a day.

How effective is Shilajit?

Insufficient evidence
Alzheimer's disease, Cancer, Fatigue, Heavy metal toxicity, Hypoxia (low oxygen in tissues), Respiratory tract infection

Precautions when using Shilajit

Advice from Experts
scientific
Scientific View
Shilajit might increase the activity of the immune system. So it is generally advisable to consult a doctor before you take Shilajit if you are suffering from immunological disorders like multiple sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and rheumatoid arthritis(RA)[2].
Tip:
Use black pepper and ghee for managing Shilajit associated complications.
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Shilajit might impact the uric acid levels in the body. So it is generally advised to monitor the uric acid levels regularly if you are taking Shilajit or Shilajit supplements along with uric acid-lowering drugs[9].
Breastfeeding
scientific
Scientific View
Avoid Shilajit or Shilajit supplements if you are breastfeeding due to lack of scientific evidence[4].
Patients with diabetes
scientific
Scientific View
Shilajit may lower blood glucose level. So it is generally advised to monitor the blood glucose level regularly if you are taking Shilajit or Shilajit supplements along with anti-diabetic drugs[9].
Pregnancy
scientific
Scientific View
Avoid Shilajit or Shilajit supplements during pregnancy due to lack of scientific evidence[4].
Side Effects
Important
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Due to its hot potency, high dose of Shilajit can lead to a burning sensation in the body due to an imbalance of Pitta Dosha.

Recommended Dosage of Shilajit

  • Shilajit Powder - 2-4 pinch once a day or as directed by the doctor.
  • Shilajit Capsule - 1 capsule twice a day or as directed by the doctor.
  • Shilajit Tablet - 1 tablet twice a day or directed by the doctor.

How to use Shilajit

1. Shilajit Powder
a. Take 2-4 pinch of Shilajit Powder.
b. Mix it with honey or take with lukewarm milk.
c. Take it twice a day after meals[5].

2. Shilajit Capsule
a. Take 1 Shilajit capsule.
b. Swallow it with lukewarm milk after meals, twice a day[5].

3. Shilajit Tablet
a. Take 1 Shilajit Tablet.
b. Swallow it with lukewarm milk after meals, twice a day.

4. Shilajit Black Tea
a. Put 1.5 cups of water in a pan.
b. Add ½ teaspoon of tea and bring it to boil for 5 minutes.
c. Strain and add 2 pinch of Shilajit powder.
d. Mix well and drink Shilajit tea in the morning[7].

Frequently asked questions

Q. How to store Shilajit?

scientific
Scientific View
Shilajit should be stored in a cool and dry place at room temperature.

Q. Can I take Shilajit with Ashwagandha?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
It is advisable to consult a doctor before taking Shilajit with Ashwagandha. This is because both the ingredients have some common properties of strengthening the body. Taking Shilajit with Ashwagandha would exert a stronger effect on the body. Apart from this, the nature of your body and the status of digestive fire also plays a deciding factor in this.

Q. Can women take Shilajit gold capsule?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, women can take Shilajit gold capsule to maintain a healthy body. Shilajit helps to reduce joint pain and general weakness because of its Vata balancing, Balya and Rasayana (rejuvenating) properties.

Q. Can shilajit be taken in summers?

scientific
Scientific View
Yes, Shilajit can be taken in any season including summers. Although, it is advisable to consult your doctor before taking it.
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Shilajit can be taken in all seasons as it has Rasayana (rejuvenating) property. Even though it has Ushna Veerya (hot potency), it’s Laghu Guna (light in digestion) property makes it easily digestible if taken in adequate dosage in all seasons.

Q. Can Shilajit help in High-Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE)?

scientific
Scientific View
High-Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE) occurs when there is a swelling in the brain tissue due to low atmospheric pressure in high altitudes. Shilajit has diuretic property and removes excess fluids from the whole body including the brain. This might reduce swelling of the brain tissue and problems associated with HACE like loss of coordination and feeling of unconsciousness[2].

Q. Can Shilajit be used to treat anemia?

scientific
Scientific View
Yes, Shilajit is useful in case of anemia. Iron deficiency in the body leads to anemia or low red blood cell count. Fulvic acid in Shilajit helps in the absorption of iron making it available to the bone marrow cells for formation of blood[2][6]. This helps reduce the symptoms of anemia.

Q. What are the benefits of Shilajit gold for men?

scientific
Scientific View
Shilajit gold is beneficial for men in reducing the risk of fertility problems. Shilajit gold contains a biologically active substance di-benzo-alpha-pyrone (DBP) which is known to increase the sperm count. Studies state that Shilajit might also improve sperm motility and the level of testosterone in males[5].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Shilajit acts as Balya (tonic) and has Rasayana (rejuvenating) properties. This helps in improving energy levels and libido.

Q. Can Shilajit slow down the aging process?

scientific
Scientific View
Shilajit might help slow down the aging process. Fulvic acid present in Shilajit has an antioxidant property which destroys free radicals in the body and prevents cell damage. Oral consumption of Shilajit helps protect the skin from premature aging by reducing fine lines and wrinkles[7].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Shilajit helps to reduce the signs of aging such as fine lines and wrinkles. According to Ayurveda, it is due to an aggravated Vata and quick degeneration of cells. Shilajit helps in controlling the signs of aging because of its Balya (strength provider) and Rasayana (rejuvenating) properties. It helps to prevent the degeneration of cells and slow down the aging process.

Q. What are some of the best Shilajit brands?

scientific
Scientific View
Some of the best selling Shilajit brands in India are:
1. Dabur Shilajit Gold
2. Patanjali Shilajit

Q. Is Shilajit gold safe?

scientific
Scientific View
Shilajit gold is safe to take but consult your doctor if you have any health problems and in case of pregnancy or breastfeeding. It contains humic and fulvic acid, amino acids, trace elements, vitamins and enzymes. These constituents help your body to absorb nutrients from the food you eat. This helps reduce weakness and rejuvenates your body.

Q. Can Shilajit cause constipation?

scientific
Scientific View
No, Shilajit does not cause constipation. It contains many components having potent antioxidant property. Certain antioxidants neutralize and eliminate harmful chemicals and toxins from the body. Due to this, it is a rare possibility that Shilajit might cause constipation. However, different supplements act differently in every individual therefore it is advisable to consult your doctor before starting any health supplement[14].

References

  1. Dr. Reddy PS, ed. “Shilajatu”.A Textbook of Rasashastra.2017.
  2. Meena H, Pandey HK, Arya MC, et al.Shilajit: A panacea for high-altitude problems.Int J Ayurveda Res.2010;1(1):37–40.
  3. Khaksari M, Mahmmodi R, Shahrokhi N, et al.The effects of shilajit on brain edema, intracranial pressure and neurologic outcomes following the traumatic brain injury in rat.Iran J Basic Med Sci.2013;16(7):858-864.
  4. WebMD.Fulvic Acid:Uses, Side effects, Interactions, Dosage [Internet]. Atlanta [last updated in 2016].External Link
  5. Pandit S, Biswas S, Jana U, et al.Clinical evaluation of purified Shilajit on testosterone levels in healthy volunteers.Andrologia.2016;48(5):570-575.
  6. C Velmurugan, B VIvek, E Wilson, et al.Evaluation of safety profile of black shilajit after 91 days repeated administration in rats.Asian Pac J Trop Biomed.2012;2(3):210-214.
  7. Gallardo CC, Guzman L, Maccioni RB.Shilajit : A natural phytocomplex with potential procognitive activity.International Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease.2012:4.
  8. Bansal P, Banerjee S.Effect of Withinia somnifera and shilajit on alcohol addiction in mice.Pharmacogn Mag.2016;12(2):S121–S128.
  9. Patel DV, Chandola H, Baghel MS, et al.Clinical efficacy of Shankhapushpi and a herbo-mineral compound in type-II diabetes.Ayu.2012;33(2):230–237.
  10. Cornejo A1, Jiménez JM, Caballero L, et al.Fulvic acid inhibits aggregation and promotes disassembly of tau fibrils associated with Alzheimer's disease.J Alzheimers Dis. 2011;27(1):143-53.
  11. Cagno V, Donalisio M, Civra A, et al.In vitro evaluation of the antiviral properties of Shilajit and investigation of its mechanisms of action.J Ethnopharmacol. 2015;166:129-134.
  12. Pant K, Singh B, Thakur N.Shilajit: A humic matter panacea for cancer.International Journal of Toxicological and Pharmacological Research. 2012;4(2):17-25.
  13. Surapaneni DK, Adapa SR, Preeti K, et al.Shilajit attenuates behavioral symptoms of chronic fatigue syndrome by modulating the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and mitochondrial bioenergetics in rats.J Ethnopharmacol.2012;143(1):91-99.External Link
  14. Carrasco-Gallardo C, Guzmán L, Maccioni RB. Shilajit: a natural phytocomplex with potential procognitive activity. Int J Alzheimers Dis. 2012;2012:674142.
Disclaimer
The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

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