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Modern Science View By
M.Pharm, B.Pharm
Ayurvedic View By
BAMS
Reviewed By
MD (Pharmacology), MBBS
Last updated on:
03 Dec 2019 | 05:09 PM (IST)
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Sheetal Chini

Sheetal Chini
Sheetal Chini or KababChini is a perennial woody climber with ash grey climbing stems and branches, rooted at the joints. The dried, fully-grown but unripe fruit is used for medicinal purposes. Fruits possess a spicy, aromatic odour and somewhat bitter and acrid in taste. The pharmacological activities possess by bioactive constituents are anaesthetic, antihelmintic, anti-asthmatic, antiemetic, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, appetizer, aromatic, astringent, cardiotonic, carminative, diuretic, emmenagogue, expectorant, rejuvenating, stomachic, thermogenic. These properties help to manage diseases like acute rhinitis, amenorrhoea, anorexia, asthma, cardiac debility, catarrh, chronic bronchitis, headache, cough, cystitis, diarrhoea, jaundice, dysentery, inflammation, urticaria[2].

What are the synonyms of Sheetal Chini?

Piper Cubeba, Kankolaka, Cinosana, Cinatiksna, Kakkola, Kankolika, Kakkol, Kababcheni, Kahabchini, Sugandhamaricha, Cubebs, Tailed Pepper, Chanakabab, Chinikabab, Kababchini, Gandhamenasu, Balamenasu, Kushfal, Cheenamulaku, Takkolam, Valmulaku, Kankol, Sardchini, Vaali milaku, Valmilagu, Chalavamiriyalu, Tokamiriyalu[1].

What is the source of Sheetal Chini?

Plant Based

Benefits of Sheetal Chini

What are the benefits of Sheetal Chini for Frequent Urination?

scientific
Modern Science View
Sheetal Chini helps in Increasing urination due to its diuretic property. It helps in increasing the excretion of sodium ions in urine by increasing urine production[5].

What are the benefits of Sheetal Chini for Dysentery?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Amoebic Dysentery is caused by a parasite (E. Histolytica) and is known as Pravahika in Ayurveda. It occurs due to vitiated Kapha and Vata doshas. In severe Dysentery, inflammation of the intestine causes the appearance of mucus and blood in the stool. Taking Sheetal Chini helps to control mucus by improving the digestive fire due to its Deepan (appetizer) and Pachan (digestive) properties. It also helps to remove the Dysentery-causing parasite from the body because of its Krimighna (anti-worm) nature.

What are the benefits of Sheetal Chini for Flatulence (gas formation)?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Flatulence or gas is caused due to an imbalance of Vata and Pitta dosha. Low Pitta dosha and aggravated Vata dosha results in low digestive fire, thus impairing digestion. Impaired digestion leads to gas formation or Flatulence. Sheetal Chini improves the digestive fire and prevents gas formation because of its Deepan (appetizer) and Pachan (digestive) properties.

What are the benefits of Sheetal Chini for Gonorrhea?

scientific
Modern Science View
Gonorrhea is an infection caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Sheetal Chini might help manage Gonorrhea due to its antimicrobial and antibacterial properties. It kills or stops the growth of microorganisms and minimize bacterial action, thereby managing Gonorrhea[8].

What are the benefits of Sheetal Chini for Asthma?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Sheetal Chini helps in loosening the mucus due to its antitussive and bronchodilator activities. It helps in dilating the bronchi and bronchioles which helps increase the flow of air to the lungs, thus providing relief from cough and making breathing easy. Sheetal Chini also promotes sputum secretion from the airways due to its expectorant property, thus further promoting ease of breathing[7].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Sheetal Chini helps to loosen mucus in case of problems related to the lungs such as asthma. According to Ayurveda, the main doshas involved in asthma are Vata and Kapha. The vitiated ‘Vata’ combines with deranged ‘Kapha dosha’ in the lungs causes an obstruction in the respiratory passage due to thickening of mucus. This results in difficulty in breathing. Sheetal Chini helps balance Vata and Kapha and also loosens mucus in the lungs, thereby giving relief from the symptoms of asthma.

How effective is Sheetal Chini?

Insufficient evidence
Asthma, Dysentery, Flatulence (gas formation), Frequent Urination, Gonorrhea

Precautions when using Sheetal Chini

Advice from Experts
Important
scientific
Modern Science View
Sheetal Chini may irritate the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. So it is advisable to avoid taking Sheetal Chini if you have GI inflammation[3].
Breastfeeding
scientific
Modern Science View
Since enough scientific evidence is not available, it is advisable to avoid or consult a physician before taking Sheetal Chini during breastfeeding[3].
Minor Medicine Interaction
scientific
Modern Science View
1. Sheetal Chini may interact with antacids and decrease their effectiveness[3].
2. Sheetal Chini may interact with proton pump inhibitors and decrease their effectiveness[3].
3. Sheetal Chini may interact with H2 blockers and decrease their effectiveness [3].
Patients with diabetes
scientific
Modern Science View
Since enough scientific evidence is not available, it is advisable for diabetics to avoid or consult a physician before taking Sheetal Chini.
Patients with heart disease
scientific
Modern Science View
Since enough scientific evidence is not available, it is advisable for patients with heart disease to avoid or consult a physician before taking Sheetal Chini.
Patients with kidney disease
scientific
Modern Science View
Sheetal Chini might have adverse effects on the kidney. So it is generally advisable to avoid the use of Sheetal Chini in case of kidney disease[2,3].
Pregnancy
scientific
Modern Science View
Since enough scientific evidence is not available, it is advisable to avoid or consult a physician before taking Sheetal Chini during pregnancy[3].
Side Effects
Important
scientific
Modern Science View
Headache[2].

Benefits of Sheetal Chini

1. Bad Breath
Sheetal Chini helps in preventing bad breath (halitosis). Traditionally, a paste of Sheetal Chini had been used as a mouthwash for various oral problems including bad breath (halitosis).

Tip to use Sheetal Chini to get rid of Bad breath-
a. Take ½-1 teaspoon (or as per your requirement) of Sheetal Chini powder.
b. Mix water to it and make a paste.
c. Use this paste for gargling once or twice a day to get rid of the Bad breath.

Precautions when using Sheetal Chini

Allergy
scientific
Modern Science View
Enough scientific evidence is not available about allergies caused by Sheetal Chini. So, it is advisable to avoid or consult a physician before using Sheetal Chini.

Recommended Dosage of Sheetal Chini

  • Sheetal Chini Powder - 1/2-1 teaspoon (or as per your requirement) of Sheetal Chini fruit powder.
  • Sheetal Chini Oil - 2-5 drops or as per your requirement.

How to use Sheetal Chini

1. Sheetal Chini Powder:
a. Take ¼ - ½ teaspoon of Sheetal Chini paste or as per your requirement
b. Apply evenly on the affected area.
c. Use this remedy 1-2 times a day to get rid of pain and swelling.

2. Sheetal Chini Oil:
a. Take 2-5 drops (or as per your requirement) of Sheetal Chini oil.
b. Apply it on the affected area once or twice a day to get rid of pain and inflammation.

Frequently asked questions

Q. Can Sheetal chini be used for the treatment of loss of voice?

scientific
Modern Science View
Enough scientific evidence is not available for the role of Sheetal Chini in managing loss of voice. However, traditionally it has been used for treatment of loss of voice[10].

Q. Can Sheetal chini be used in foods?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Sheetal chini can be used in foods as a condiment and flavouring ingredient due to its carminative property. It might aid in digestion and prevent flatulence[3][10].

Q. What happens if you take Sheetal Chini in excess?

scientific
Modern Science View
Excess intake of Sheetal Chini can cause hyperacidity and regurgitation.

Q. Does Sheetal Chini act as a natural antioxidant?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Sheetal Chini might act as natural antioxidant due to its free radical scavenging activity. Various components present in Sheetal chini have the ability to fight the free radicals and prevent cell damage[7].

Q. Can Sheetal Chini help in skin diseases?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Sheetal Chini might help in managing skin diseases due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. It fights against free radicals and prevents cell damage. Sheetal chini also reduces pain and inflammation by decreasing the activity of inflammatory proteins[9].

Q. What are the benefits of Sheetal Chini for rheumatoid arthritis?

scientific
Modern Science View
Sheetal Chini might help manage the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. It helps in reducing joint pain and inflammation associated with rheumatoid arthritis[10].

Q. Is Sheetal Chini useful in case of kidney failure?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Sheetal Chini helps in minimizing the risk of kidney failure. It decreases the levels of serum urea and creatinine which helps in maintaining the normal structure of the kidney[6].

Q. Is Sheetal Chini oil helpful in worm infestation?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Sheetal Chini oil might help manage worm infestation due to its anthelmintic properties. It expels the parasitic worms or intestinal worms from the body by killing them[10].

Q. Is it safe to take Sheetal Chini by mouth?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, it is safe to take Sheetal Chini by mouth in prescribed doses[3].

Q. What is the side effect of Sheetal Chini?

scientific
Modern Science View
Sheetal Chini may cause headache if not administered in proper doses[2].

Q. Is Sheetal Chini safe for kidney patients?

scientific
Modern Science View
No, Sheetal Chini produces adverse effects on the urinary bladder and kidney. So, it is advisable to consult a physician before taking Sheetal Chini[2].

Q. Does Sheetal Chini have any contraindications?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Sheetal Chini is contraindicated in nephritis and patients with inflammatory conditions of the digestive tract[2].

Q. Can Sheetal Chini help in Leishmanial infection?

scientific
Modern Science View
Leishmania infection is an infection caused by Leishmania parasites. Sheetal Chini might be helpful in the case of Leishmania infection due to its antimicrobial and anti-leishmanial properties. It provides protection against infection by the protozoan parasite[10].

Q. Can Sheetal Chini help prevent bad breath (halitosis)?

scientific
Modern Science View
Enough scientific evidence is not available for the role of Sheetal Chini in preventing bad breath (halitosis). However, traditionally, a paste of Sheetal Chini had been used as a mouthwash for various oral problems including bad breath (halitosis)[10].

References

  1. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Of India.Part 1 Volume 1.
  2. Ahmad W,Hasan A, et al. An Appraisal of Medicinal Properties of Kabab Chini (Piper cubeba). UNIMED Kulliyat.2012;5(7):13-18.External Link
  3. WebMD.Anjeer: Uses, Side effects, Doses, Interactions [Internet].Atlanta [last updated in 2016].External Link
  4. Ahmad W, Hasan A.An Appraisal of Medicinal Properties of Kabab Chini (Piper cubeba).2012;5(1-7):1-7.External Link
  5. Ahmad QZ, Rahman A, Khan MD, et al. Diuretic activity of Kabab chini (Piper cubeba) : An experimental study.International Journal of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Research.2014;2(1):446-450.External Link
  6. Ahmad Z,Jahan N, Ahmad G, et al. The study of Kabab chini (piper cubeba) for nephroprotective effect in cisplatin induced nephrotoxicity.Unani Medicus. 2010;1(1):85-91.External Link
  7. Nahak G,Sahu RK.Phytochemical evaluation and antioxidant activity of Piper cubeba and Piper nigrum. Journal of applied pharmaceutical science.2011;01(08):153-157.External Link
  8. Rezende CS, Lucarini R, Simrao GV, et al. Antibacterial activity of (-) cubebin isolated from piper cubeba and its semisynthetic derivatives against microorganisms that cause endodontic infections. Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia.2016;26(3):296-303.External Link
  9. Qomaladewi NP,Aziz N, Kim MY, et al.Piper cubeba L. Methanol extract has anti-inflammatory activity targeting Src/Syk via NF-kB inhibition.Evidence based complementary and alternative medicine.2019;1-8.External Link
  10. Ahmad QZ, Rahman AU, Tajuddin. Ethnobotany and therapeutic potential of Kabab chini (Piper cubeba).World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2017;6(8):2418-2436.External Link
Disclaimer
The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

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