Shalparni

Shalparni
Shalparni is bitter as well as sweet in taste. The root of this plant is one of the constituents of the famous Ayurvedic preparation called Dasmoola. Some of the important properties of Shalparni are aphrodisiac, anti-inflammatory and rejuvenating. This helps to manage bronchitis, rheumatoid arthritis, male sexual dysfunctions. It also helps to manage flatulence, diarrhea, dysentery, piles, nausea and fever[2].

What are the synonyms of Shalparni?

Desmodium gangeticum, Shalpaani, Saalvan, Sameravo, Sarivan, Saalapaani, Salpan, Murelchonne, Kolakannaru, Orila, Saalvan, Sarvan, Saloparnni, Salpatri, Sarivan, Shalpurni, Pulladi, Orila, Moovilai, Kolakuponna, Kolaponna, Shalwan[1][2].

What is the source of Shalparni?

Plant Based

Benefits of Shalparni

1. Bronchitis
Shalparni is useful in managing bronchitis. In Ayurveda, bronchitis is known as Kasroga and is caused by poor digestion. Poor diet and incomplete elimination of wastes leads to the formation of Ama (toxic remains in the body due to improper digestion) in the form of mucus in the lungs. This leads to bronchitis. Shalparni has Ushna (hot) and Kapha balancing properties. It reduces Ama and expels excess mucus from the lungs. Together it gives relief from the symptoms of bronchitis.
Tips:
a. Take dry Shalaparni root.
b. Grind and make powder.
c. Take 1/2-1 teaspoon of this powder.
d. Add 2 cups of water to it and boil.
e. Wait for 5-10 minutes or till the volume is reduced to 1/2 cup to form Shalparni Kwath.
f. Take 4-6 teaspoons of this Kwath and add the same quantity of water to it.
g. Have it once or twice a day after taking light food.

2. Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is known as Aamavata in Ayurveda. Amavata is a disease in which vitiation of Vata dosha and accumulation of Ama (toxic remains in the body due to improper digestion) takes place in the joints. Amavata starts with a weak digestive fire which leads to accumulation of Ama. This Ama is carried to different locations through Vata but instead of being absorbed, it gets accumulated in the joints. Shalparni helps to reduce Ama due to its Ushna (hot) potency. It also has Vata balancing property and thus gives relief from the symptoms of Rheumatoid arthritis like pain and swelling in the joints.
Tips:
a. Take dry Shalaparni root.
b. Grind and make powder.
c. Take 1/2-1 teaspoon of this powder.
d. Add 2 cups of water and boil it.
e. Wait for 5-10 minutes or till the volume is reduced to 1/2 cup to form Shalparni Kwath.
f. Take 4-6 teaspoons of this Kwath and add the same quantity of water to it.
g. Have it once or twice a day after taking light food.


3. Male Sexual Dysfunction
Sexual Dysfunction in men can be in the form of loss of libido i.e., having no inclination towards a sexual act. There can also be low erection time or expulsion of semen soon after sexual activity. This is also referred to as early discharge or premature ejaculation. Taking Shalparni powder helps in proper functioning of male sexual performance. It increases the quality and quantity of semen. This is due to its Vrishya (aphrodisiac) properties.
Tips:
a. Take dry Shalaparni root.
b. Grind and make powder.
c. Take 1/2-1 teaspoon of this powder.
d. Add 2 cups of water and boil it.
e. Wait for 5-10 minutes or till the volume is reduced to 1/2 cup to form Shalparni Kwath.
f. Take 4-6 teaspoons of this Kwath and add the same quantity of water to it.
g. Have it once or twice a day after taking light food

Precautions when using Shalparni

Breastfeeding
scientific
Scientific View
Since enough scientific evidence is not available, it is advisable to avoid or consult your doctor before taking Shalparni during breastfeeding.
Patients with diabetes
scientific
Scientific View
Shalparni is found to lower the blood glucose levels when taken with antidiabetic drugs, so it is advisable to avoid to consult a doctor before taking Shalparni in case of diabetic patients[6].
Patients with heart disease
scientific
Scientific View
Since enough scientific evidence is not available, it is advisable to avoid or consult your doctor before taking Shalparni in heart patients.
Pregnancy
scientific
Scientific View
Since enough scientific evidence is not available, it is advisable to avoid or consult your doctor before taking Shalparni during pregnancy.

Recommended Dosage of Shalparni

  • Shalparni Root - ¼-½ teaspoon of Shalparni root powder.

How to use Shalparni

1. Shalparni Powder
a . Take dry Shalaparni root.
b. Grind and make powder.
c. Take ¼-½ teaspoon of Shalparni powder.
d. Mix with water.
e. Have it once or twice a day after taking food.

2. Shalaparni Kwath
a. Take dry Shalaparni root.
b. Grind and make powder.
c. Take 1/2-1 teaspoon of this powder.
d. Add 2 cups of water and boil it.
e. Wait for 5-10 minutes or till the volume is reduced to 1/2 cup to form Shalparni Kwath.
f. Take 4-6 teaspoon of this Kwath and add the same quantity of water to it.
g.Have it once or twice a day after taking light food.

Benefits of Shalparni

1. Headache
Shalparni helps to manage stress-induced headaches when applied topically. This is due to its Vata balancing property. Applying a paste of Shalparni leaves powder on the forehead or the fresh juice from the leaves in the nostril might help alleviate stress, fatigue and relax the tense muscles. This gives relief from headache.
Tips:
a. Take Shalaparni dried leaves.
b. Grind them to make powder.
c. Take 1/2-1 teaspoon of this powder or as per your requirement.
d. Mix with rose water or plain water.
e. Apply it on the forehead once a day.
f. Leave it for 20-30 minutes.
g. Wash with plain water.
h. Repeat to get relief from headache.

Precautions when using Shalparni

Allergy
scientific
Scientific View
Shalparni might be involved in allergic and irritant skin reactions. So, it is generally advisable to consult your doctor while taking Shalparni[17].
Patients with diabetes
scientific
Scientific View
Although not enough scientific evidence is available to support the role of Shalparni in case of diabetes, but it might help manage diabetes.So it is generally advisable to consult your doctor while taking Shalparni in case of diabetes[15].

Frequently asked questions

Q. How to store Shalparni?

scientific
Scientific View
Shalparni is dried, powdered and then stored at ambient temperature. Keep them away from direct light and heat[20].

Q. What will happen in case of overdosage of Shalparni?

scientific
Scientific View
Do not take more than the prescribed dose. The overdosage of Shalparni maybe poisonous or cause serious toxic side effects. It is generally advisable to consult your doctor before taking Shalparni.

Q. Is Shalparni good for Bronchitis?

scientific
Scientific View
Yes, Shalparni helps manage bronchitis due to its bronchodilator activity. It helps in dilating the respiratory air passages and increases the flow of air to the lungs. It also reduces inflammation in the lungs due to its anti-inflammatory property. This helps in ease breathing[4].

Q. Can Shalparni help in Rheumatoid Arthritis?

scientific
Scientific View
Shalparni oil might help manage the symptoms of Rheumatoid arthritis due to the presence of certain constituents that have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. It inhibits the activity of certain inflammation-causing chemicals. This reduces joint pain and swelling associated with Rheumatoid arthritis. It also helps to provide relief in joint stiffness which improves mobility[4].

Q. How is Shalparni useful in erectile dysfunction ?

scientific
Scientific View
Shalparni helps in managing erectile dysfunction due to its aphrodisiac property. It works by releasing nitric oxide gas into the smooth muscle cells of penis. This helps in the activation of an enzyme which relaxes and dilates the smooth muscles around the penis. This increases the blood flow into the penile tissues and helps maintain erection[5].

Q. Is Shalparni good for nausea?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Shalparni is good for nausea and vomiting because it improves the digestive fire. It helps to digest the already consumed food easily because of its Ushana (hot) property.

Q. Is Shalparni good for fever?

scientific
Scientific View
Yes , Shalparni helps in the management of fever due to its antipyretic activity. A scientific study suggests that these antipyretic agent helps in reducing the elevated body temperature[7].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Shalparni might help manage fever. According to Ayurveda, there are different types of fever, depending on the dosha involved. Usually, a fever indicates an excess accumulation of Ama due to low digestive fire. Taking Shalparni might help reduce Ama by improving the digestive fire. This is because of its Ushna (hot) potency. It also improves immunity to fight infection due to its Rasayana (rejuvenating) property.

Q. Can Shalparni acts as a pain reliever ?

scientific
Scientific View
Yes, Shalparni can be used to reduce pain due to its analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. Research suggests that it inhibits the activity of certain pain mediators. This reduces pain and inflammation in the body[8].

Q. Does Shalparni show neuroprotective effect?

scientific
Scientific View
Yes, Shalparni shows neuroprotective effect due to its antioxidant property. It fights against the free radicals and helps reduce the risk of oxidative stress. This help prevents brain damage and improves function of the neurons[9].

Q. Does Shalparni help in protecting the heart?

scientific
Scientific View
Yes, Shalparni provides heart protection due to its antioxidant property. It has the ability to fight the free radicals. Antioxidants protect against tissue damage and also increase the blood flow to the heart. Thus, it provides protection to heart and prevents cardiovascular diseases[10].

Q. Is Shalparni good for Leishmania infection?

scientific
Scientific View
Leishmania infection is an infection caused by Leishmania parasites. Shalparni is good in case of Leishmania infection because of the presence of certain constituents that have antileishmanial activity. It helps in the production of Nitric oxide (NO) which activates an enzyme responsible for killing Leishmania parasites. This provides protection against infection by the parasite[11].

Q. Is Shalparni good for dementia ?

scientific
Scientific View
Dementia is a mental disorder identified by loss of mental ability. Shalparni is found to be useful in case of dementia due to the presence of certain bioactive constituents that possess anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities. This helps improve the transmission of signals to the brain and help reduce neurological problems[12][13].

Q. Is Shalparni useful for Alzheimer’s disease?

scientific
Scientific View
Yes, Shalparni might reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s disease. In Alzheimer’s patients, there is an increase in the production of a certain protein which forms clusters in the brain. Shalparni reduces the cluster formation due to its anti-inflammatory property.
Shalparni also improves memory and helps in reducing the risk of memory loss. This might make Shalparni a promising therapy for Alzheimer’s disease[9].

Q. Is Shalparni good for asthma?

scientific
Scientific View
Yes, Shalparni is good for asthma due to its anti-inflammatory property as it reduces the inflammation in the lungs. It also decreases the production of mucus in the air passages by acting as an expectorant. This helps clears the congestion and eases breathing[4].

Q. Is Shalparni good for peptic ulcers?

scientific
Scientific View
Yes, Shalparni is found to be good for peptic ulcers due to its potent anti-ulcer activity. It inhibits the secretion of gastric acid in the stomach. This consequently strengthens and protects the stomach[14].

Q. Does Shalparni help in wound healing ?

scientific
Scientific View
Yes, Shalparni helps in wound healing due to its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties. It helps in quicker wound closure, collagen formation and regeneration of new cells, thereby promoting wound healing[4].

Q. What are the benefits of Shalparni in case of Diabetes?

scientific
Scientific View
Shalparni might help manage diabetes due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. It also helps lower the blood sugar levels which prevents the damage to pancreatic cells and improves insulin secretion[15].

Q. Does Shalparni helps in headache?

scientific
Scientific View
Although enough scientific is not available, applying the root and leaf paste of Shalparni on the forehead might be useful in managing headaches[16].

Q. How does Shalparni help in easy parturition?

scientific
Scientific View
Parturition is the act of giving birth to young. Shalparni root paste is applied on the pelvis, vulva, and navel which helps in the removal of fetus mainly in cases of difficult natural birth[18].

Q. What are the benefits of Shalparni for Eczema?

scientific
Scientific View
Eczema is a skin condition that makes the skin rough, inflamed and itchy. Although not enough evidence is available, the paste of Shalparni leaves might help in reducing pain, irritation and inflammation associated with eczema [18].

Q. What are the benefits of Shalparni for Dandruff?

scientific
Scientific View
Shalparni might be useful for reducing dandruff and hair fall. A scientific study suggests that the application of Shalparni leaf paste can control dandruff and provide protection of the scalp against diseases. This is due to its antibacterial and antifungal properties[18].

References

  1. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Of India.Part 1 Volume 1.
  2. Buddhadev S, Vaghela B, Shukla L.Pharmacological activities of desmodium GANGETICUM: An overview.An International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences.2013;4(4):264-278.
  3. Puhan P, Rath S.P.Induction, Development and Germination of Somatic Embryos from In vitro Grown Seedling Explants in Desmodium gangeticum L.: A Medicinal Plant.Research Journal of Medicinal Plant.2012;6(5):346-369.
  4. Buddhadev S,Vaghela B,Shukla L.Pharmacological activities of Desmodium Gangeticum: An Overview.An INternational Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences.2013;4(4):264-278.
  5. Singh R,Singh S,Jeyabalan G, et al. An Overview on Traditional Medicinal Plants as Aphrodisiac Agent.Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry.2012;1(4):43-56.
  6. Bisht R, Bhattacharya S.Effect of various extracts of Desmodium gangeticum on Streptozotocin-nicotinamide induced type-2 diabetes.Asian Journal of plant science and research.2013;3(3):28-34.
  7. Niranjan A, Tewari SK.Phytochemical composition and antioxidant potential of Desmodium gangiticum (Linn.) DC.Natural Product Radiance.2008;7(1):35-39.
  8. Ghosh D, Anandakumar A.Anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities of gangetin -A pterocarpenoid from Desmodium gangeticum.Indian Journal of Pharmacology.1983;15(4):391-402.
  9. Parle M.Antiamnesic effects of Desmodium gangeticum in Mice.Journal of Pharmaceutical Society of Japan.2006;126(9):795-804.
  10. Rastogi S, Pandey MM, Rawat AK.An ethnomedical, phytochemicals, and pharmacological profile of Desmodium gangiticum (L.) DC.and Desmodium adscendens (Sw.)DC.2011;136(2):283-296.
  11. Mishra PK,Singh N,Ahmad G, et al.Glycolipids and other constituents from Desmodium gangeticum with antileishmanial and immunomodulatory activities.Bioorg Med Chem Lett.2005;15(20):4543-4546.
  12. Orhan IE, Daglia M, Nabavi SF, et al.Flavonoids and Dementia:an update.Current Medicinal Chemistry.2015;22(8):1004-1015.
  13. Vedpal, Dhanabal SP, Dhamodaran P, et al.Microscopical, Morphological evaluation and fluorescent analysis of Desmodium gangeticum DC: An Ayurvedic medicinal plant.Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research.2016;8(7):395-402.
  14. Dharmani P, Mishra PK,Maurya R, et al.DEsmodium gangeticum: A potent anti-ulcer agent.Indian Journal of Experimental Biology.2005;43:517-521.
  15. Bisht R, Bhattacharya S, Jaliwala YA.Evaluating the use of Desmodium gangeticum as Alpha Glucosidase and DPPIV Inhibitor for Type-II Diabetes.American Journal of Phytomedicine and Clinical Therapeutics.2014;2(4):530-539.
  16. Singh S , Parmar N, Patel B.A review on Shalparni (Desmodium gangeticum DC.) and Desmodium species (Desmodium triflorum DC. & Desmodium laxiflorum DC.) – Ethnomedicinal perspectives.Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies.2015;3(4):38-43.
  17. Gopalakrishnan S, Rajameena R. Evaluation of ethanolic extract of Desmodium gyrans DC leaves on wound healing activity in Rats.Pharmaceutical Analytica Acta.2012;3(7):2-5.
  18. Singh SG, Parmar N,Patel BR.A review on Shalparni (Desmodium gangeticum) and Desmodium species (Desmodium triflorum DC. & Desmodium laxiflorum DC.) - Ethnomedicinal perspectives).Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies.2015;38(34):38-43.
  19. Vedpal, Dhanabal SP, Dhamodaran P, et al.Pharmacognostical Characterization, Phytochemical Screening and Fingerprint Profile of the Plant Desmodium gangeticum DC.International Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemical Research.2016;8(8):1271-1277.
  20. Kawale M, Saravanan R, Ankoliya S, et al.Pharmacognostic Characterization of Desmodium gangeticum (l.) DC - an Ayurvedic Medicinal Plant.International Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemical Research.2011-2012;3(4):113-120.
Disclaimer
The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

INDIA’S LARGEST HEALTHCARE PLATFORM

150M+
Visitors
25M+
Orders Delivered
1000+
Cities
Get the link to download App
+91
Reliable

All products displayed on 1mg are 100% genuine and all labs listed on the platform are accredited

Secure

1mg uses Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) 128-bit encryption and is Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) compliant

Affordable

Enjoy 20% off on allopathy medicines, up to 50% off on health products, up to 80% off on lab tests and free doctor consultations

India's only LegitScript and ISO/IEC 27001 certified online healthcare platform
Know More About 1mg
Access medical and health information

1mg provides you with medical information which is curated, written and verified by experts, accurate and trustworthy. Our experts create high-quality content about medicines, diseases, lab investigations, Over-The-Counter (OTC) health products, Ayurvedic herbs/ingredients, and alternative remedies.

Order medicines online

Get free medicine home delivery in over 1000 cities across India. You can also order Ayurvedic, Homeopathic and other Over-The-Counter (OTC) health products. Your safety is our top priority. All products displayed on 1mg are 100% genuine.

Book lab tests

Book any lab tests and preventive health packages from certified labs and get tested from the comfort of your home. Enjoy free home sample collection, view reports online and consult a doctor online for free.

Consult a doctor online

Got a health query? Consult doctors online from the comfort of your home for free. Chat privately with our registered medical specialists to connect directly with verified doctors. Your privacy is guaranteed.