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Shalparni

Shalparni
Shalparni is bitter as well as sweet in taste. The root of this plant is one of the constituents of the famous Ayurvedic preparation called Dasmoola.
Shalparnia helps to manage fever due to its antipyretic property. It is also useful for respiratory problems like bronchitis as it helps to relax the respiratory passages and decreases inflammation due to its bronchodilator and anti-inflammatory properties. This allows free flow of air to respiratory passages and eases breathing.
According to Ayurveda, Shalparni is beneficial for male sexual health as it helps to manage problems like premature ejaculation and erectile dysfunction due to its Vrishya (aphrodisiac) property. It helps to increase the blood flow to the penis and helps maintain the erection. Taking Shalparni powder along with water regularly helps in improving male sexual health.
Shalparni helps to manage piles by reducing inflammation at the anal site due to its astringent and anti-inflammatory properties. Taking Shalparni powder along with water manages piles due to its Pitta balancing and Shothhar (anti-inflammatory) properties.
Shalparni is also beneficial in wound healing as it prevents infections and reduces inflammation due to its antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties. Applying Shalparni leaf paste on the scalp reduces dandruff as well as hairfall due to its antifungal properties. As per Ayurveda, applying Shalparni leaf powder along with rose water on the forehead is a remedy for managing headache[2][4][13][21].

What are the synonyms of Shalparni?

Desmodium gangeticum, Shalpaani, Saalvan, Sameravo, Sarivan, Saalapaani, Salpan, Murelchonne, Kolakannaru, Orila, Saalvan, Sarvan, Saloparnni, Salpatri, Sarivan, Shalpurni, Pulladi, Orila, Moovilai, Kolakuponna, Kolaponna, Shalwan[1][2].

What is the source of Shalparni?

Plant Based

Benefits of Shalparni

1. Bronchitis
Shalparni is useful in managing bronchitis. In Ayurveda, bronchitis is known as Kasroga and is caused by poor digestion. Poor diet and incomplete elimination of wastes leads to the formation of Ama (toxic remains in the body due to improper digestion) in the form of mucus in the lungs. This leads to bronchitis. Shalparni has Ushna (hot) and Kapha balancing properties. It reduces Ama and expels excess mucus from the lungs. Together it gives relief from the symptoms of bronchitis.
Tips:
a. Take dry Shalaparni root.
b. Grind and make powder.
c. Take 1/2-1 teaspoon of this powder.
d. Add 2 cups of water to it and boil.
e. Wait for 5-10 minutes or till the volume is reduced to 1/2 cup to form Shalparni Kwath.
f. Take 4-6 teaspoons of this Kwath and add the same quantity of water to it.
g. Have it once or twice a day after taking light food.

2. Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is known as Aamavata in Ayurveda. Amavata is a disease in which vitiation of Vata dosha and accumulation of Ama (toxic remains in the body due to improper digestion) takes place in the joints. Amavata starts with a weak digestive fire which leads to accumulation of Ama. This Ama is carried to different locations through Vata but instead of being absorbed, it gets accumulated in the joints. Shalparni helps to reduce Ama due to its Ushna (hot) potency. It also has Vata balancing property and thus gives relief from the symptoms of Rheumatoid arthritis like pain and swelling in the joints.
Tips:
a. Take dry Shalaparni root.
b. Grind and make powder.
c. Take 1/2-1 teaspoon of this powder.
d. Add 2 cups of water and boil it.
e. Wait for 5-10 minutes or till the volume is reduced to 1/2 cup to form Shalparni Kwath.
f. Take 4-6 teaspoons of this Kwath and add the same quantity of water to it.
g. Have it once or twice a day after taking light food.


3. Male Sexual Dysfunction
Sexual Dysfunction in men can be in the form of loss of libido i.e., having no inclination towards a sexual act. There can also be low erection time or expulsion of semen soon after sexual activity. This is also referred to as early discharge or premature ejaculation. Taking Shalparni powder helps in proper functioning of male sexual performance. It increases the quality and quantity of semen. This is due to its Vrishya (aphrodisiac) properties.
Tips:
a. Take dry Shalaparni root.
b. Grind and make powder.
c. Take 1/2-1 teaspoon of this powder.
d. Add 2 cups of water and boil it.
e. Wait for 5-10 minutes or till the volume is reduced to 1/2 cup to form Shalparni Kwath.
f. Take 4-6 teaspoons of this Kwath and add the same quantity of water to it.
g. Have it once or twice a day after taking light food

Precautions when using Shalparni

Breastfeeding
scientific
Modern Science View
Since enough scientific evidence is not available, it is advisable to avoid or consult your doctor before taking Shalparni during breastfeeding.
Patients with diabetes
scientific
Modern Science View
Shalparni is found to lower the blood glucose levels when taken with antidiabetic drugs, so it is advisable to avoid to consult a doctor before taking Shalparni in case of diabetic patients[6].
Patients with heart disease
scientific
Modern Science View
Since enough scientific evidence is not available, it is advisable to avoid or consult your doctor before taking Shalparni in heart patients.
Pregnancy
scientific
Modern Science View
Since enough scientific evidence is not available, it is advisable to avoid or consult your doctor before taking Shalparni during pregnancy.

Recommended Dosage of Shalparni

  • Shalparni Root - ¼-½ teaspoon of Shalparni root powder.

How to use Shalparni

1. Shalparni Powder
a . Take dry Shalaparni root.
b. Grind and make powder.
c. Take ¼-½ teaspoon of Shalparni powder.
d. Mix with water.
e. Have it once or twice a day after taking food.

2. Shalaparni Kwath
a. Take dry Shalaparni root.
b. Grind and make powder.
c. Take 1/2-1 teaspoon of this powder.
d. Add 2 cups of water and boil it.
e. Wait for 5-10 minutes or till the volume is reduced to 1/2 cup to form Shalparni Kwath.
f. Take 4-6 teaspoon of this Kwath and add the same quantity of water to it.
g.Have it once or twice a day after taking light food.

Benefits of Shalparni

1. Headache
Shalparni helps to manage stress-induced headaches when applied topically. This is due to its Vata balancing property. Applying a paste of Shalparni leaves powder on the forehead or the fresh juice from the leaves in the nostril might help alleviate stress, fatigue and relax the tense muscles. This gives relief from headache.
Tips:
a. Take Shalaparni dried leaves.
b. Grind them to make powder.
c. Take 1/2-1 teaspoon of this powder or as per your requirement.
d. Mix with rose water or plain water.
e. Apply it on the forehead once a day.
f. Leave it for 20-30 minutes.
g. Wash with plain water.
h. Repeat to get relief from headache.

Precautions when using Shalparni

Allergy
scientific
Modern Science View
Shalparni might be involved in allergic and irritant skin reactions. So, it is generally advisable to consult your doctor while taking Shalparni[17].
Patients with diabetes
scientific
Modern Science View
Although not enough scientific evidence is available to support the role of Shalparni in case of diabetes, but it might help manage diabetes.So it is generally advisable to consult your doctor while taking Shalparni in case of diabetes[15].

Frequently asked questions

Q. How to store Shalparni?

scientific
Modern Science View
Shalparni is dried, powdered and then stored at ambient temperature. Keep them away from direct light and heat[20].

Q. What will happen in case of overdosage of Shalparni?

scientific
Modern Science View
Do not take more than the prescribed dose. The overdosage of Shalparni maybe poisonous or cause serious toxic side effects. It is generally advisable to consult your doctor before taking Shalparni.

Q. Is Shalparni good for Bronchitis?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Shalparni helps manage bronchitis due to its bronchodilator activity. It helps in dilating the respiratory air passages and increases the flow of air to the lungs. It also reduces inflammation in the lungs due to its anti-inflammatory property. This helps in ease breathing[4].

Q. Can Shalparni help in Rheumatoid Arthritis?

scientific
Modern Science View
Shalparni oil might help manage the symptoms of Rheumatoid arthritis due to the presence of certain constituents that have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. It inhibits the activity of certain inflammation-causing chemicals. This reduces joint pain and swelling associated with Rheumatoid arthritis. It also helps to provide relief in joint stiffness which improves mobility[4].

Q. How is Shalparni useful in erectile dysfunction ?

scientific
Modern Science View
Shalparni helps in managing erectile dysfunction due to its aphrodisiac property. It works by releasing nitric oxide gas into the smooth muscle cells of penis. This helps in the activation of an enzyme which relaxes and dilates the smooth muscles around the penis. This increases the blood flow into the penile tissues and helps maintain erection[5].

Q. Is Shalparni good for nausea?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Shalparni is good for nausea and vomiting because it improves the digestive fire. It helps to digest the already consumed food easily because of its Ushana (hot) property.

Q. Is Shalparni good for fever?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes , Shalparni helps in the management of fever due to its antipyretic activity. A scientific study suggests that these antipyretic agent helps in reducing the elevated body temperature[7].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Shalparni might help manage fever. According to Ayurveda, there are different types of fever, depending on the dosha involved. Usually, a fever indicates an excess accumulation of Ama due to low digestive fire. Taking Shalparni might help reduce Ama by improving the digestive fire. This is because of its Ushna (hot) potency. It also improves immunity to fight infection due to its Rasayana (rejuvenating) property.

Q. Can Shalparni acts as a pain reliever ?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Shalparni can be used to reduce pain due to its analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. Research suggests that it inhibits the activity of certain pain mediators. This reduces pain and inflammation in the body[8].

Q. Does Shalparni show neuroprotective effect?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Shalparni shows neuroprotective effect due to its antioxidant property. It fights against the free radicals and helps reduce the risk of oxidative stress. This help prevents brain damage and improves function of the neurons[9].

Q. Does Shalparni help in protecting the heart?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Shalparni provides heart protection due to its antioxidant property. It has the ability to fight the free radicals. Antioxidants protect against tissue damage and also increase the blood flow to the heart. Thus, it provides protection to heart and prevents cardiovascular diseases[10].

Q. Is Shalparni good for Leishmania infection?

scientific
Modern Science View
Leishmania infection is an infection caused by Leishmania parasites. Shalparni is good in case of Leishmania infection because of the presence of certain constituents that have antileishmanial activity. It helps in the production of Nitric oxide (NO) which activates an enzyme responsible for killing Leishmania parasites. This provides protection against infection by the parasite[11].

Q. Is Shalparni good for dementia ?

scientific
Modern Science View
Dementia is a mental disorder identified by loss of mental ability. Shalparni is found to be useful in case of dementia due to the presence of certain bioactive constituents that possess anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities. This helps improve the transmission of signals to the brain and help reduce neurological problems[12][13].

Q. Is Shalparni useful for Alzheimer’s disease?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Shalparni might reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s disease. In Alzheimer’s patients, there is an increase in the production of a certain protein which forms clusters in the brain. Shalparni reduces the cluster formation due to its anti-inflammatory property.
Shalparni also improves memory and helps in reducing the risk of memory loss. This might make Shalparni a promising therapy for Alzheimer’s disease[9].

Q. Is Shalparni good for asthma?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Shalparni is good for asthma due to its anti-inflammatory property as it reduces the inflammation in the lungs. It also decreases the production of mucus in the air passages by acting as an expectorant. This helps clears the congestion and eases breathing[4].

Q. Is Shalparni good for peptic ulcers?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Shalparni is found to be good for peptic ulcers due to its potent anti-ulcer activity. It inhibits the secretion of gastric acid in the stomach. This consequently strengthens and protects the stomach[14].

Q. Does Shalparni help in wound healing ?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Shalparni helps in wound healing due to its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties. It helps in quicker wound closure, collagen formation and regeneration of new cells, thereby promoting wound healing[4].

Q. What are the benefits of Shalparni in case of Diabetes?

scientific
Modern Science View
Shalparni might help manage diabetes due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. It also helps lower the blood sugar levels which prevents the damage to pancreatic cells and improves insulin secretion[15].

Q. Can Shalparni be used in diarrhoea and dysentery?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Shalparni might be used in diarrhea and dysentery due to the presence of certain constituents that have astringent properties. These constituents reduce mucus secretions and help bind the stools.This provides relief from loose stools in case of diarrhea and dysentery[22].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Shalparni might be used to manage diarrhea and dysentery that generally occur due to weak or poor digestion as a result of Mandagni (low digestive fire). The Ushna (hot) property of Shalparni helps to enhance Agni (digestive fire) and improve digestion. It also helps maintain overall good health due to its Rasayana (rejuvenation) property.
Tips:
1. Take dry Shalparni root.
2. Grind the root to make powder.
3. Take ¼ - ½ teaspoon of Shalparni powder.
4. Mix the powder with water.
5. Take it once or twice a day after meals.

Q. Is Shalparni beneficial in lumbago?

scientific
Modern Science View
Enough scientific evidence is not available about the benefits of Shalparni in lumbago.
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Shalparni might be beneficial in managing lumbago. It is a painful condition affecting the lower portion of the spine which generally occurs due to imbalanced Vata dosha. Shalparni helps to manage lumbago by providing warmth to the affected area which reduces pain due to its Vata balancing, Ushna (hot) and Rasayana (rejuvenation) properties.
1. Take dry Shalaparni root.
2. Grind it to make powder.
3. Take 1/2-1 teaspoon of this freshly prepared powder.
4. Add 2 cups of water to the powder and boil it.
5. Then wait for 5-10 minutes or till the volume is reduced to 1/2 cup to form Shalparni Kwath.
6. Take 4-6 teaspoons of this Kwath and add the same quantity of water to it.
7. Have it once or twice a day after light meals.

Q. Can Shalparni be used in snake bites?

scientific
Modern Science View
Although enough scientific evidence is not available to support the role of Shalparni in snake bite, it might be used in snake bite or scorpion sting. Some evidence suggests that the paste of
Shalparni root can be given orally to the victim of snake bite to counteract the effect of snake poison[16].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Shalparni might be useful in snake bites. The pain and inflammation in snake bite generally occurs due to an imbalance of Vata dosha. The Vata balancing, Vishaghna (anti-venom) and Rasayan (rejuvenation) properties of Shalparni help to manage certain venomous bites and stings. This helps to reduce the effects of poison and promotes recovery.

Q. Can Shalparni help in premature ejaculation?

scientific
Modern Science View
Although enough scientific evidence is not available about the use of Shalparni in premature ejaculation, it might be used to manage premature ejaculation[16].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Premature ejaculation is a condition of male sexual dysfunctioning which occurs due to an imbalance of Vata dosha. Its symptoms might include loss of libido or reduced male sex hormone, testosterone. Shalparni helps manage premature ejaculation by increasing testosterone level as well as promoting libido which together enhance sexual desire due to its Vata balancing and Aphrodisiac (Vrishya) properties.

Q. Is Shalparni beneficial for piles?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Shalparni might be beneficial for piles as it has antiinflammatory and astringent properties.
It might help reduce inflammation at the anal site by narrowing the cells or tissues. This helps relieve burning, itching and pain associated with piles. Some studies state that applying Shalparni leaf paste on the anus once a day for two weeks helps to manage piles[13][19].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Piles generally occurs due to an imbalance of Pitta dosha and leads to inflammation and formation of pile masses around the anal site. Shalparni might help reduce the pile masses by managing inflammation as well as prevent its recurrence due to its Pitta balancing and Sothhar (anti-inflammatory) properties.
1. Take dry Shalparni root.
2. Grind the root to make powder.
3. Take ¼ - ½ teaspoon of Shalparni powder.
4. Mix the powder with water.
5. Take it once or twice a day after meals.

Q. Does Shalparni helps in headache?

scientific
Modern Science View
Although enough scientific is not available, applying the root and leaf paste of Shalparni on the forehead might be useful in managing headaches[16].

Q. How does Shalparni help in easy parturition?

scientific
Modern Science View
Parturition is the act of giving birth to young. Shalparni root paste is applied on the pelvis, vulva, and navel which helps in the removal of fetus mainly in cases of difficult natural birth[18].

Q. What are the benefits of Shalparni for Eczema?

scientific
Modern Science View
Eczema is a skin condition that makes the skin rough, inflamed and itchy. Although not enough evidence is available, the paste of Shalparni leaves might help in reducing pain, irritation and inflammation associated with eczema [18].

Q. What are the benefits of Shalparni for Dandruff?

scientific
Modern Science View
Shalparni might be useful for reducing dandruff and hair fall. A scientific study suggests that the application of Shalparni leaf paste can control dandruff and provide protection of the scalp against diseases. This is due to its antibacterial and antifungal properties[18].

Q. What are the benefits of Shalparni for skin diseases?

scientific
Modern Science View
Shalparni is beneficial for skin due to its anti inflammatory, astringent and antioxidant properties. It can be applied on the affected area to manage eczema by reducing inflammation and itching. It is also used in combination with various other herbs for managing certain skin problems such as redness, itchiness and irritation. It contains certain constituents (phenolic compounds) that reduce the adverse effects of UV radiation. It also contains vitamin C which helps reduce the risk of sunburn and other skin problems[21].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Skin problems such as inflammation or infections generally occur due to an imbalance of Pitta dosha. Shalparni might be beneficial in managing inflammation or infections due to its Pitta balancing and Sothhar (anti-inflammatory) properties which help to reduce inflammation associated with skin problems.

References

  1. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Of India.Part 1 Volume 1.
  2. Buddhadev S, Vaghela B, Shukla L.Pharmacological activities of desmodium GANGETICUM: An overview.An International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences.2013;4(4):264-278.
  3. Puhan P, Rath S.P.Induction, Development and Germination of Somatic Embryos from In vitro Grown Seedling Explants in Desmodium gangeticum L.: A Medicinal Plant.Research Journal of Medicinal Plant.2012;6(5):346-369.
  4. Buddhadev S,Vaghela B,Shukla L.Pharmacological activities of Desmodium Gangeticum: An Overview.An INternational Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences.2013;4(4):264-278.
  5. Singh R,Singh S,Jeyabalan G, et al. An Overview on Traditional Medicinal Plants as Aphrodisiac Agent.Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry.2012;1(4):43-56.
  6. Bisht R, Bhattacharya S.Effect of various extracts of Desmodium gangeticum on Streptozotocin-nicotinamide induced type-2 diabetes.Asian Journal of plant science and research.2013;3(3):28-34.
  7. Niranjan A, Tewari SK.Phytochemical composition and antioxidant potential of Desmodium gangiticum (Linn.) DC.Natural Product Radiance.2008;7(1):35-39.
  8. Ghosh D, Anandakumar A.Anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities of gangetin -A pterocarpenoid from Desmodium gangeticum.Indian Journal of Pharmacology.1983;15(4):391-402.
  9. Parle M.Antiamnesic effects of Desmodium gangeticum in Mice.Journal of Pharmaceutical Society of Japan.2006;126(9):795-804.
  10. Rastogi S, Pandey MM, Rawat AK.An ethnomedical, phytochemicals, and pharmacological profile of Desmodium gangiticum (L.) DC.and Desmodium adscendens (Sw.)DC.2011;136(2):283-296.
  11. Mishra PK,Singh N,Ahmad G, et al.Glycolipids and other constituents from Desmodium gangeticum with antileishmanial and immunomodulatory activities.Bioorg Med Chem Lett.2005;15(20):4543-4546.
  12. Orhan IE, Daglia M, Nabavi SF, et al.Flavonoids and Dementia:an update.Current Medicinal Chemistry.2015;22(8):1004-1015.
  13. Vedpal, Dhanabal SP, Dhamodaran P, et al.Microscopical, Morphological evaluation and fluorescent analysis of Desmodium gangeticum DC: An Ayurvedic medicinal plant.Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research.2016;8(7):395-402.
  14. Dharmani P, Mishra PK,Maurya R, et al.DEsmodium gangeticum: A potent anti-ulcer agent.Indian Journal of Experimental Biology.2005;43:517-521.
  15. Bisht R, Bhattacharya S, Jaliwala YA.Evaluating the use of Desmodium gangeticum as Alpha Glucosidase and DPPIV Inhibitor for Type-II Diabetes.American Journal of Phytomedicine and Clinical Therapeutics.2014;2(4):530-539.
  16. Singh S , Parmar N, Patel B.A review on Shalparni (Desmodium gangeticum DC.) and Desmodium species (Desmodium triflorum DC. & Desmodium laxiflorum DC.) – Ethnomedicinal perspectives.Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies.2015;3(4):38-43.
  17. Gopalakrishnan S, Rajameena R. Evaluation of ethanolic extract of Desmodium gyrans DC leaves on wound healing activity in Rats.Pharmaceutical Analytica Acta.2012;3(7):2-5.
  18. Singh SG, Parmar N,Patel BR.A review on Shalparni (Desmodium gangeticum) and Desmodium species (Desmodium triflorum DC. & Desmodium laxiflorum DC.) - Ethnomedicinal perspectives).Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies.2015;38(34):38-43.
  19. Vedpal, Dhanabal SP, Dhamodaran P, et al.Pharmacognostical Characterization, Phytochemical Screening and Fingerprint Profile of the Plant Desmodium gangeticum DC.International Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemical Research.2016;8(8):1271-1277.
  20. Kawale M, Saravanan R, Ankoliya S, et al.Pharmacognostic Characterization of Desmodium gangeticum (l.) DC - an Ayurvedic Medicinal Plant.International Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemical Research.2011-2012;3(4):113-120.
  21. 21. Das M, Mondal S , Banerjee S, et al.Assessment of Sun Protection Factor From The Leaf Extract Of Desmodium gangeticum (L).RJPBCS.2017;8(4):782-788.External Link
  22. Bhattacharjee A, Shashidhara SC, Saha S.Phytochemical and ethno-pharmacological profile of Desmodium gangeticum (L.) DC.: A review.IJBR.2013;4(10):507-515.External Link
Disclaimer
The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

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