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Pistachio

Pistachio
Pistachio_optimised
Pistachio, commonly known as Pista, is a healthy protein-rich nut. It is rich in potassium, phosphorus and other essential nutrients important for several body functions.
Pistachio helps enhance the immune system by preventing cell damage caused by free radicals due to its antioxidant activity.The presence of fiber, protein and certain unsaturated fatty acids in Pistachio help improve digestion and aid in weight loss. Pistachio also has an important role in Inflammatory bowel disease due to its anti-inflammatory activity which prevents the damage and inflammation of the intestinal barrier.
Pistachio oil can be used to manage skin hyperpigmentation as it reduces the melanin production in the body. As per ayurveda, Pistachio oil can also be applied on the skin to help prevent sunburn due to its Ropan (healing) nature.
It should be kept it in that you consume Pistachio in a limited amount as excess intake might lead to rapid weight gain in obese people[2][3][9].

What are the synonyms of Pistachio?

Pistacia vera, Mukulkam, Pista, Gule Pista, Piste, Green almond, Pistachio nut, Fistaque, Fustuq, Pistah

What is the source of Pistachio?

Plant Based

Benefits of Pistachio

1. Weight loss
Pistachio is one of the best dietary supplement that can control weight along with providing full nutrition to the body. Eating Pistachio in breakfast gives a feeling of satiety and reduces craving. This is because it takes time to digest due to its Guru (heavy) nature. Pistachio is also low in calorie and rich in protein which plays an important role in managing weight.
Tips:
a. Remove the nuts from the shells.
b. Have it plain or slightly roast it.
c. Have 1/4-1/2 cup in a day.

2. Male Sexual Dysfunction
Sexual Dysfunction in men can be in the form of loss of libido i.e. having no inclination towards a sexual act. There can also be a low erection time or semen expelled soon after a sexual activity. This is also referred to as ‘early discharge or premature ejaculation. Taking Pistachio helps to manage male sexual dysfunction and also improve stamina. This is due to its Guru (heavy) and Vrishya (aphrodisiac) properties.
Tip:
a. Remove the nuts from the shells.
b. Roast and turn them slightly crispy.
c. Have it 1/4-1/2 cup with milk.
d. Repeat daily to improve sexual health.

3. Indigestion
Pistachio helps to manage indigestion. According to Ayurveda, indigestion means the state of an incomplete process of digestion. The main reason for indigestion is aggravated Kapha that causes Agnimandya (weak digestive fire). Taking Pistachio helps to improve Agni (digestive fire) due to its Ushna (hot) nature and digests the food easily.
Tips:
a. Remove the nuts from the shells.
b. Have it plain or slightly roast it.
c. Have 1/4-1/2 cup in a day.

4. Prevent Heart Disease
Pistachio helps to reduce the risk of heart disease. High cholesterol is due to an imbalance of Pachak Agni (digestive fire). Impaired digestion at the tissue level produces excess waste products or Ama (toxic remains in the body due to improper digestion). This causes accumulation of bad cholesterol and blockage in the blood vessels. Taking Pistachio helps to promote digestive fire and correct the impaired digestion due to its Ushna (hot) potency. Improved digestive fire reduces Ama which is the prime cause of high cholesterol level and removes the blockage in the blood vessels. This reduces the risk of heart disease.
Tips:
a. Remove the nuts from the shells.
b. Have it plain or slightly roast it.
c. Have 1/4-1/2 cup in a day.

Precautions when using Pistachio

Recommended Dosage of Pistachio

  • Pistachio Powder - ½ -1 teaspoon or as per your requirement.
  • Pistachio Oil - 1-2 teaspoon or as per your requirement.

How to use Pistachio

1. Pistachio Nuts
a. Take ¼-½ cup of Pistachio nuts.
b. Eat it plain as a snack or you can also soak them before eating.

2. Pistachio Nuts Powder
a. Take ½-1 teaspoon of Pistachio nuts powder.
b. Add it to warm milk and mix well.
c. Drink this at breakfast.

Benefits of Pistachio

1. Anti-wrinkle
Wrinkles are due to aging, dry skin and lack of moisture. According to Ayurveda, it is due to an aggravated Vata. Pistachio and its oil help in controlling wrinkles and increases the moisture content in the skin. This is because of its Snigdha (oily) nature. It also helps to remove excessive dryness and makes the skin soft and glowing.
Tips:
a. Take 5-10 drops of Pistachio oil.
b. Mix with ½ to 1 teaspoon Olive oil.
c. Massage on the affected area.
d. Repeat once or twice a day to control skin problems.

2. Sunburn
Pistachio and its oil are useful for sunburn and protect from the harmful UV rays of the sun. Pistachio and its oil help to get back the normal skin when applied to the affected area. This is due to its Ropan (healing) nature.

3. Hair loss
Pistachio helps to control hair fall and promote hair growth when applied to the scalp. This is because hair fall is mainly due to an aggravated Vata dosha in the body. Pistachio or its oil acts on hair fall by balancing Vata dosha. It also promotes hair growth and removes excessive dryness. This is due to its Snigdha (oily) and Ropan (healing) properties.
Tips:
a. Take 5-10 drops of Pistachio oil.
b. Mix with 3-4 drops of Olive oil.
c. Massage on the affected area.
d. Repeat once or twice a day to control hair problems.

Recommended Dosage of Pistachio

  • Pistachio Powder - ½ -1 teaspoon or as per your requirement.
  • Pistachio Oil - 5-10 drops or as per your requirement.

How to use Pistachio

1. Pistachio Face Pack
a. Take ½-1 teaspoons of Pistachio nut powder.
b. Add honey or rose water to it.
c. Apply evenly to the skin.
d. Let it sit for 20-30 minutes.
e. Wash thoroughly with tap water.
f. Use this remedy for soft and smooth skin.

2. Pistachio Oil
a. Take 5-10 drops of Pistachio oil.
b. Mix with ½ to 1 teaspoon Olive oil.
c. Massage properly on the affected area.

Frequently asked questions

Q. How many Pistachios should I eat a day?

scientific
Modern Science View
You can have ¼-1/2 cup of Pistachios in a day. Pistachios can also be used as snacks. It is rich in proteins and gives a feeling of satiety.

Q. Can we soak Pistachios in water?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Pistachios can be soaked in water before eating. Soaking Pistachios makes it softer and increases its nutritive value. You need to soak Pistachios for approximately 5-6 hours.
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Pista can be soaked in water before eating to make it easy to digest.

Q. Can you eat too many Pistachios?

scientific
Modern Science View
Eating Pistachios in a limited quantity helps you to manage your weight. But Pistachios have unsaturated fatty acids. Thus, eating too much of Pistachios can make you fat.

Q. Should you eat Pistachio shells?

scientific
Modern Science View
You cannot eat the Pistachio shell as it is very hard. Also, caution should be taken while giving Pistachios to children as the shell or the nut if swallowed can cause choking.

Q. How many calories are there in a single Pistachio?

scientific
Modern Science View
A whole single Pistachio has about 3.42 calories[3].

Q. Does Pistachio have a role in weight loss?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Pistachio (Pista) has a role in weight loss. It contains fiber, protein and certain unsaturated fatty acids. They give a feeling of satiety and reduce craving. The monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids in Pistachio have good thermogenic effect. This improves metabolism and reduces the accumulation of fat[5].

Q. Does Pistachio have a role in managing cholesterol?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Pistachio (Pista) has a role in managing cholesterol level in the body. It helps to decrease the level of bad cholesterol and increases the level of good cholesterol. Thus, it also reduces the risk of developing cardiovascular problems[5].

Q. Is Pistachio good for your heart?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Pistachio (Pista) is good for your heart. Magnesium in Pistachio promotes vasodilation and helps to lower the high blood pressure. It has good antioxidant activity, thus prevents lipid peroxidation (degradation of lipids due to free radicals) and improves the endothelial (inside of the heart and blood vessels) function[5][6].

Q. Is Pistachio good for diabetics?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Pistachio (Pista) is good for diabetics. It has a low glycemic index which prevents the rapid increase in the blood glucose level. It promotes glucose uptake by the cells and improves insulin sensitivity. Pistachio has good antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. This reduces the risk of diabetic complications[5].

Q. Does Pistachio have a role in cancer prevention?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Pistachio (Pista) has a role in cancer prevention. It has good antioxidant property due to the presence of antioxidants like γ-tocopherol (a form of vitamin E). It also has good anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative effects. Thus, prevents the proliferation of cancer cells[5][6].

Q. Does Pistachio have a role in Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Pistachio (Pista) has a role in Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Proanthocyanidins in Pistachio have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities. This prevents the damage and inflammation of the intestinal mucosa[6].

Q. Can Pistachio be used in case of skin hyperpigmentation?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Pistachio (Pista) can be used in the case of skin hyperpigmentation. It has good antioxidant property that fights against the free radicals. It also inhibits the enzyme tyrosinase and reduces melanin production. Thus, Pistachio prevents skin pigmentation[7].

Q. Will Pistachios make you fat?

scientific
Modern Science View
Pistachios are rich in fibre content that slows digestion and increases satiety. This makes it a healthy snack in between meals. This can help in losing weight. However, Pistachios should always be taken in a limited amount to avoid weight gain[3].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Pistachio is one of the best dietary supplement that can control weight along with providing full nutrition to the body. Eating Pistachio in breakfast gives a feeling of satiety and reduces craving. This is because it takes time to digest due to its Guru (heavy) nature. Pistachio is also low in calorie and rich in protein which plays an important role in managing weight.

Q. Are Pistachio nuts poisonous?

scientific
Modern Science View
Pistachio nuts are not poisonous, but it is advisable to avoid Pistachio nuts with fungal growth on it.
Studies state that fungi isolated from Pistachios are toxic. So it is generally advised not to consume Pistachio nuts if you find fungal growth on it[4].

Q. Can diabetics eat Pistachio?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, diabetics can eat Pistachio as it helps manage diabetes. This is due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. The presence of magnesium, mono, and polyunsaturated fats, improves insulin secretion and lowers blood sugar levels[6].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, diabetics can add Pistachio in his daily diet. It helps to regulate normal blood sugar level by improving metabolism. It also helps reduce Ama (toxic remains in the body due to improper digestion) which is the main cause of high sugar level, due to its Ushna (hot) property.

Q. Are Pistachios good for the eyes?

scientific
Modern Science View
There is not enough scientific information available to support the role of Pistachios for eyes.

Q. Can Pistachios be considered as a power food for the brain?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Pistachios are considered as a power food for the brain due to its antioxidant activity. The antioxidants present in the Pistachio fights against the free radicals and prevents brain cell damage. This results in improving brain activity and memory[7].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Pistachios can be added to your daily diet to maintain healthy function of the brain. This is because it helps improve memory and prevents cell damage due to its Balya (strength provider) nature.

Q. Can Pistachios help improve immunity?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Pistachios help improve immunity due to the presence of vitamin E which boosts the immune system and reduces fatigue[8].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Pistachios helps in boosting immunity because of its Balya (strength provider) nature. It improves energy level and helps to fight against infections.

Q. Are Pistachios beneficial during pregnancy and breastfeeding?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Pistachios are considered safe during pregnancy and breastfeeding. They are packed with fiber, proteins, calcium, iron, vitamins which helps in the growth and development of the fetus[9].

References

  1. Balkrishnan A.Pista.Ayurved Jadi Buti Rehsya. Danik Bhaskar.2017.
  2. Ehsani V, Amirteimoury M, Taghipour Z, et al.Protective effect of hydroalcoholic extract of Pistacia vera against gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity in rats.Ren Fail. 2017; 39(1):519–525.
  3. Ghaseminasab PM, Ahmadi A, Mazloomi SM. A review on pistachio: Its composition and benefits regarding the prevention or treatment of diseases. JOHE.2015;4(1):57-69.
  4. Mojtahedi H, Rabie CJ, Lübben A.et.al.Toxic aspergilli from Pistachio nuts.Mycopathologia. 1979 May 31;67(2):123-7.
  5. Alonso PH, Bulló M, Salvadó JS. Pistachios for Health: What Do We Know About This Multifaceted Nut? Nutrition Today.2016;51(3):133-138.
  6. Parham M, Heidari S, Khorramirad A, et al. Effects of Pistachio Nut Supplementation on Blood Glucose in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Crossover Trial.Rev Diabet Stud.2014;11(2):190-196.
  7. Carey AN, Poulose SM, Hale BS. The beneficial effects of tree nuts on the aging brain.Nutrition and aging.2012:55-67.
  8. Yahia EM.Postharvest Biology and Technology of Tropical and Subtropical Fruits: Mangosteen to White Sapote.Elsevier.2011.
  9. Gluckman P, Hanson M, Yap C, et al.Nutrition and Lifestyle for Pregnancy and Breastfeeding.Oxford university press.2015.
Disclaimer
The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

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