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PhD Anthropology (pursuing), MSc
Ayurvedic View By
BAMS
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MD (Pharmacology), MBBS
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Nirgundi

Nirgundi
Nirgundi is a large aromatic shrub found mostly in the warmer zone of India. In Indian traditional medicine system, it is referred as ʽsarvaroganivaraniʼ – the remedy for all diseases.
Nirgundi might be helpful in managing diabetes by improving insulin levels due to its antioxidant property. It also helps manage inflammatory reactions by inhibiting the activity of certain mediators due to its anti-inflammatory property. So, As per Ayurveda ,consuming Nirgundi powder two times a day or applying Nirgundi paste to the affected area helps manage arthritis and provides relief from pain due to its Vata balancing property. The root powder of Nirgundi might also help in case of piles by reducing the irritation of inflamed tissue.
Nirgundi is beneficial for hair growth. Massaging with oil obtained from Nirgundi leaves along with sesame seed oil can help manage grey hair and scalp infections.
In some cases, Nirgundi might cause stomach upset and mild skin rashes on skin[2][8][13][14].

What are the synonyms of Nirgundi?

Vitex negundo, Sinduvara, Samphalika, Nila, Aslak, Nishinda, Five Leaved Chaste tree, Nagod, Sinduar, Sambhalu, Lakkigida, Nekkigida, Indranee, Sambhalu, Banna, Karunochchi, Nocchi, Nallavavilli[1].

What is the source of Nirgundi?

Plant Based

Benefits of Nirgundi

1. Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rheumatoid Arthritis, known as Amavata in Ayurveda,is a disease in which vitiation of Vata dosha and accumulation of Ama takes place in the joints. Amavata starts with a weak digestive fire which leads to accumulation of Ama (toxic remains in the body due to improper digestion) in the body. Nirgundi helps in the management of Amavata due to its Vata balancing and Ushna (hot) properties. It helps to increase the digestive fire which enhances the digestive system and prevents the formation as well as the accumulation of Ama, thereby reducing the symptoms of Amavata[11].

2. Cough
A Cough is a common ailment that is known as Kapha disorder in Ayurveda. The cough is generally caused by the formation and accumulation of mucus in the respiratory tract. Nirgundi helps in managing cough due to its Kapha balancing and Ushna (hot) properties. It helps the accumulated mucus to pass out easily and prevent, thereby providing relief from Cough.

3. Epilepsy
Epilepsy is termed as Apasmara in Ayurveda. In Epilepsy, the patient experiences seizures with jerky movements of body parts. The patient might even lose consciousness. Epilepsy involves all the three doshas - Vata, Pitta and Kapha, especially the Vata dosha which affects the nerves. Nirgundi helps manage Epilepsy due to its Vata balancing and Medhya (brain tonic) properties. It helps in the relaxation of nerves and prevents further attacks of Epilepsy.

Precautions when using Nirgundi

Other Interaction
scientific
Modern Science View
Since enough scientific evidence is not available, it is advisable to consult your doctor before taking Nirgundi along with any other herb[8].
Pregnancy
scientific
Modern Science View
Since enough scientific evidence is not available, it is advisable to avoid or consult your doctor before taking Atis during pregnancy [8].
Side Effects
Important
scientific
Modern Science View
1. Stomach upset
2. Itching
3. Skin rash[8].

Recommended Dosage of Nirgundi

  • Nirgundi Juice - 10-20 ml in a day or as per your requirement.
  • Nirgundi Powder - 1.5-3gm as per requirement in a day.

How to use Nirgundi

1. Nirgundi Juice
a. Take Nirgundi leaf juice 10-20 ml or as directed by the physician
b. Consume it twice after meals.
c. Repeat daily to get relief from cough.

2. Nirgundi Powder
a. Take Nirgundi powder 3-6 g or directed by the physician
b. Consume it with lukewarm water.
c. Repeat regularly to get relief from rheumatic pain and swelling.

3. Nirgundi Capsules
a. Take 1 capsule or as directed by physician twice a day.
b. Consume it regularly after meals.
c. Repeat daily to get relief from any generalized pain in the body.

Benefits of Nirgundi

1. Arthritic pain
Arthritic pain is a condition in which pain is felt in the joints in both osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis due to the aggravation of Vata dosha. Nirgundi helps in the management of this pain due to its Vata balancing property. You can apply Nirgundi leaves paste on the affected area to get relief from pain[12].


2. Grey hair
Grey hair generally occurs due to an imbalance of Kapha dosha. Applying Nirgundi oil on the scalp helps prevent grey hair due to its Kapha balancing and Keshya (hair tonic) properties. It helps prevent grey hair and also maintain good quality of hair[12].

Recommended Dosage of Nirgundi

  • Nirgundi Oil - 2-3 drops as directed by your doctor.

How to use Nirgundi

1. Nirgundi Oil
a. Take a few drops of Nirgundi oil on a cotton swab and apply on the affected area.
b. Leave it for about 10-15 min.
c. After 10-15 min, wash the area with lukewarm water to promote ulcer and wound healing.
d. Use Nirgundi oil before a bath 2-3 times a day to get optimum results[8].

2. Nirgundi Leaf
a. Burn few dry leaves of Nirgundi.
b. Inhale the fumes to get relief from headache.

3. Nirgundi Paste
a. Make a paste of Nirgundi leaves.
b. Slightly heat the paste.
c. Apply the paste on the affected area to get relief from headaches[8].

Frequently asked questions

Q. How to store Nirgundi oil?

scientific
Modern Science View
Nirgundi oil should be stored in an airtight glass container to protect it from direct exposure of heat and light[10].

Q. What are the other ways of using Nirgundi?

scientific
Modern Science View
Oral Consumption
1. Nirgundi Juice
a. Take 10-20 ml (or as directed by a physician) of Nirgundi leaf juice.
b. Consume it twice after meals.
c. Repeat daily to get relief from cough.

2. Nirgundi Powder
a. Take 3-6 g (or as directed by physician) of Nirgundi powder.
b. Consume it with lukewarm water.
c. Repeat regularly to get relief from rheumatic pain and swelling.

3. Nirgundi Capsules
a. Take 1 capsule (or as directed by physician) twice a day.
b. Consume it regularly after meals.
c. Repeat daily to get relief from any generalised pain in the body.

External Use
1. Nirgundi Oil
a. Take a few drops of Nirgundi oil on a cotton swab and apply on the affected area.
b. Leave it for about 10-15 min.
c. After 10-15 min, wash the area with lukewarm water to promote ulcer and wound healing.
d. Use Nirgundi oil before a bath 2-3 times a day to get optimum results[8].

2. Nirgundi Leaf
a. Burn few dry leaves of Nirgundi.
b. Inhale the fumes to get relief from headache.

3. Nirgundi Paste
a. Make a paste of Nirgundi leaves.
b. Slightly heat the paste.
c. Apply the paste on the affected area to get relief from headaches[8].

Q. Is Nirgundi good for Diabetes?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Nirgundi might be good for managing diabetes. It helps improve blood glucose as well as insulin levels due to its antioxidant property[4].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Diabetes is a condition which occurs due to the imbalance of Vata and Kapha dosha and leads to disturbed secretion of insulin from the pancreas. Nirgundi helps manage diabetes by promoting the secretion of insulin due its Tikta (bitter), Katu (pungent) and Vata-Kapha balancing properties.

Q. Does Nirgundi help manage allergic reactions?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Nirgundi might help manage allergic reactions due to its anti-allergic activity. It inhibits the release of certain chemicals in the body that cause allergy and helps in improving the immune response[5].

Q. Does Nirgundi help in controlling inflammatory reactions?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Nirgundi might help in controlling inflammatory reactions due to its anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. It helps in reducing pain and inflammation by inhibiting the growth of certain mediators that induce inflammation[5].

Q. Does Nirgundi help in liver damage?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Nirgundi might help manage liver damage due to its liver-protecting property. Antioxidants present in Nirgundi help fight against free radicals and prevents damage caused to the liver cells[5][6].

Q. Does Nirgundi help in reducing a fever?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Nirgundi might help reduce fever due to its antipyretic activity. Certain components present in Nirgundi help reduce elevated body temperature[7].

Q. Does Nirgundi help in memory loss?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Nirgundi helps in memory loss due to its antioxidant activity. It fights against free radicals and prevents cell damage which helps improve memory[3].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Memory loss is a condition which generally occurs due to the imbalance of Vata dosha. Nirgundi helps prevent memory loss due to its Vata balancing and Medhya (brain tonic) properties. It helps in the recovery of memory and prevent further memory loss.

Q. How does Nirgundi help in reducing the risk of HIV?

scientific
Modern Science View
Nirgundi helps in reducing the risk of HIV due to its anti-HIV property. Certain constituents present in Nirgundi have antiviral properties that help inhibit the growth of the virus[3].

Q. Does Nirgundi work against snake venom poisoning?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Nirgundi is used for preventing snake venom poisoning. It stimulates the production of antibodies against snake venom and improves the immune response. This helps against the toxic effects of snake venom[3].

Q. Does Nirgundi help in managing seizures?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Nirgundi paste might help manage seizures due to its anticonvulsant properties. It provides protection against certain components that induce convulsions. Nirgundi also helps in the prevention of electroshock seizures and epilepsy[5].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Seizures generally occur due to the imbalance of Vata dosha which affects the nerves. Nirgundi helps in the management of this condition due to its Vata balancing and Medhya (brain tonic) properties which help prevent seizures and provide strength to the nerves.

Q. Is Nirgundi beneficial for piles?

scientific
Modern Science View
Although not enough scientific evidence is available, Nirgundi might help in piles due to its laxative properties that improves the bowel movement and help in relieving constipation which is the main cause of piles.
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Piles, known as Arsh in Ayurveda, is caused by an unhealthy diet and a sedentary lifestyle. This leads to the impairment of all the three doshas, mainly Vata dosha. An aggravated Vata leads to a low digestive fire, leading to persistent constipation. This causes swelling in the veins in the rectum area causing the development of piles mass. If left ignored or untreated, it might lead to bleeding. Nirgundi helps manage piles due to its Vata balancing and Kashay (astringent) properties. It helps prevent constipation and reduces the symptoms of Piles like bleeding, thereby providing relief.

Q. How do you use Vitex Negundo/Nirgundi?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Vitex Nergundo or Nirgundi can be used in various forms like juice, powder, capsules, and oil. Vitex Nergundo juice, powder, and capsules can be taken with warm water once or twice a day. Whereas, oil extracted from Vitex Nergundo can be applied externally on the affected areas.

Q. How to use Nirgundi powder?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Take Nirgundi powder 2-3gms once or twice a day or as directed by the physician. Consume it with lukewarm water to get relief from joint pain.

Q. Does Nirgundi work against infections?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Nirgundi oil can protect you from various microbial infections due to its antimicrobial properties. It stops the growth of bacteria which prevents infections[9].

Q. Does Nirgundi help in managing seizures?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Nirgundi paste helps against seizures due to its anticonvulsant properties. It provides protection against certain component that induces convulsions. Nirgundi also helps in the prevention of electroshock seizures and epilepsy[5].

References

  1. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Of India.Part 1 Volume 1.
  2. Venkateswarlu K.Vitex negundo: Medicinal Values, Biological Activities,Toxicity Studies and Phytopharmacological Actions.Int J Pharm Phytopharmacol Res.2012;2(2):126-133. 3.Suganthi N, Dubey S.Phytochemical constituents and pharmacological activities of Vitex negundo Linn.JOCPR.2016;8(2):800-807.
  3. Suganthi N, Dubey S.Phytochemical constituents and pharmacological activities of Vitex negundo Linn.JOCPR.2016;8(2):800-807.
  4. Raja P, Sivakumar V, Riyazullah MS.Antidiabetic potential of aqueous and ethanol leaf extracts of Vitex negundo. International journal of pharmacognosy and phytochemical research.2012;4(2): 38-40.External Link
  5. Basri F, Sharma HP, Firdaus S, et al. A review of ethnomedicinal plant - Vitex negundo Linn.International Journal of Advanced Research.2014;2(3):882-894.External Link
  6. Mahalakshmi R, Rajesh P, Ramesh N/, et al. Hepatoprotective activity on Vitex negundo Linn. (Verbenaceae) by using Wistar albino rats in the ibuprofen-induced model.International Journal of Pharmacology.2010;6(5):658-663.External Link
  7. Murthy JR, Venkataraman S, Meera R, et al. Phytochemical investigation and antipyretic activity of leaf extract of Vitex negundo Linn.International Journal of PharmTech Research.2010;2(2):1068-1073.External Link
  8. Kumar D, Kumar R, Sharda K. Medicinal property of Nirgundi.Journal of Pharmacognosy and phytochemistry.2018;SPI:2147-2151.External Link
  9. Keerti G, Padma K.Evaluation of phytochemical and antimicrobial study of extracts of Vitex negundo Linn.International Journal of Drug Development and Research.2012;4(4):192-199.External Link
  10. Mishra SB.Essentials of herbal drug technology: A guide of standardization quality control.Educreation publishing.2018.External Link
  11. T.Singh.Effect of Nirgundi (Vitex negundo teum Baker) on Amavata.International Ayurvedic Medical Journal.2018;6(1):207-212.External Link
  12. D.Kumar, R.Kumar,K.Sharda.Medicinal property of Nirgundi. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry.2018; SP1: 2147-2151.External Link
  13. Lad H, Dixit D , Joshi A et al. Antioxidant and antiinflammatory effects of Vitex negundo on Freund’s complete adjuvant induced arthritis. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2014;7(1):81-85.External Link
  14. Panda H. Medicinal Plants Cultivation & Their Uses. 2002.External Link
  15. Ahuja SC, Ahuja S and Ahuja U. Nirgundi (Vitex negundo) – Nature’s Gift to Mankind. 2015External Link
Disclaimer
The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

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