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PhD Anthropology (pursuing), MSc
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MD (Pharmacology), MBBS
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Mustard oil

Mustard oil
Mustard oil, commonly known as Sarso ka Tel, is extracted from the seeds of mustard plant. It has a characteristic pungent flavor and a strong aroma. It is rich in unsaturated fatty acids and minerals and is considered one of the healthiest oils.
Mustard oil is loaded with natural fats which can prove to be beneficial for hair. Massaging scalp with the mustard oil provides deep conditioning and increases hair growth due to the presence of certain vitamins and fatty acids.
It also has anti-aging properties that prevent skin cell damage and provide protection to the skin with the help of certain antioxidants. The anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties of Mustard oil fights against certain skin infections. Mustard oil when mixed with aloe vera gel is a good combination to remove all the impurities, hydrate and nourish the skin.
As per Ayurveda, Mustard oil helps improve the digestive system due to its Ushna (hot) property.
It also aids in weight loss by improving metabolism that helps in burning more calories as it contains unsaturated fatty acids. Regular consumption of mustard oil not only helps in reducing weight but also helps in managing heart diseases due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.
It is advisable to avoid the excessive consumption of Mustard oil as it may cause gastrointestinal problems[5][9][16-18].

What are the synonyms of Mustard oil?

Brassica campestris, Sariah, Sarishaa, Sarasiya Tail, Kaduva Tela, Saasve, Saasive enne, Kadukuenna, Shirsiche Tela, Sorisha Tela, Sarso ka Saka, Kaduguennai, Aavanune, Rogana Sarsafa[1].

What is the source of Mustard oil?

Plant Based

Precautions when using Mustard oil

Advice from Experts
Important
scientific
Modern Science View
1. Over-consumption of Mustard oil may lead to stomach and gastrointestinal irritation[5].
2. Constant and overuse of Mustard oil may lead to thyroid problems resulting in hyperthyroidism[5].
Breastfeeding
scientific
Modern Science View
Since enough scientific evidence is not available, it is advisable to avoid or consult your doctor before taking Mustard oil during breastfeeding.
Patients with diabetes
scientific
Modern Science View
Mustard oil should be used carefully in diabetic patients and overconsumption should be avoided[5].
Patients with heart disease
scientific
Modern Science View
Mustard oil should be used carefully in heart patients and over-consumption should be avoided[5].
Pregnancy
scientific
Modern Science View
Since enough scientific evidence is not available, it is advisable to avoid or consult your doctor before taking Mustard oil during pregnancy.

How to use Mustard oil

Mustard oil
- Use 2-4 teaspoons of Mustard oil in your daily cooking.
- You can massage your scalp on a weekly basis.

Precautions when using Mustard oil

Allergy
scientific
Modern Science View
Mustard oil gets absorbed through the skin so persons allergic to Mustard oil must avoid using it externally also[9][5].

Recommended Dosage of Mustard oil

  • Mustard oil Oil - 5-10 ml or as per your requirement.

How to use Mustard oil

1. Mustard Oil
a. Take 4-5 drops of Mustard oil.
b. Add coconut oil to it.
c. Gently massage all over the body 1-2 times a day.

Frequently asked questions

Q. For how much time should I put Mustard oil in the hair?

scientific
Modern Science View
Massage Mustard oil in the hair and scalp. It usually takes up to 2-4 hours for the oil to get absorbed into the hair. So you need to keep the oil for almost 2-4 hours before shampooing your hair for the best results.

Q. How can I use Mustard oil on my face?

scientific
Modern Science View
Regularly massage Mustard oil by mixing it in your face pack or scrub. It helps to reduce tan and dullness of the skin.

Q. Which is better Olive oil or Mustard oil?

scientific
Modern Science View
Mustard and olive, both oils are good for health. They contain unsaturated fatty acids. Olive oil and its varieties are generally costlier than Mustard oil. This is the reason Mustard oil is preferred over Olive oil.

Q. Can Castor oil be mixed with Mustard oil?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Mustard oil can be mixed with castor oil. This combination is best known to promote hair growth as both these oils are considered ideal for scalp and hair nourishment.

Q. Is Mustard oil good for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)?

scientific
Modern Science View
Mustard oil contains omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids which are useful in the management of PCOS as it helps in the positive development of ovarian tissues.

Q. Is Mustard oil good for weight loss?

scientific
Modern Science View
Some studies state that Mustard oil has a low amount of saturated fats. The presence of mono and polyunsaturated fatty acids helps in lowering the level of triglycerides in the body. This improves the body's metabolism and reduces the risk of obesity[16].

Q. Is Mustard oil good for the heart?

scientific
Modern Science View
Mustard oil has a low amount of saturated fats. The presence of mono and polyunsaturated fatty acids lowers the triglyceride level which helps in the management of heart diseases. It also reduces cholesterol levels and consequently reduces the risk of heart-related diseases[16].

Q. Is Mustard oil good for diabetics?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Mustard oil is useful in the management of diabetes due to the richness of fatty acids (omega-3 and omega-6) and a high amount of antioxidants in ideal proportions.
It helps to lower blood sugar levels and prevents damage to pancreatic cells that enhance insulin secretion[6].

Q. Q. Which is better for Indian cooking - Olive oil or Mustard oil?

scientific
Modern Science View
Correct balance of fatty acids present in cooking oil can contribute to better health. However, the choice of food being prepared plays a decisive role in choosing the correct oil. Indian cooking requires frying and sauteing, for that Olive oil is not a great option. This is because the boiling point of Olive oil is very low and it easily gets converted to trans fat (unhealthy fat) as soon as it comes to a saturating temperature. Whereas, for dressing or dips, Olive oil can be considered as mustard oil is strong in taste and has a pungent smell.

Q. Q. Can coconut oil be mixed with mustard oil?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, you can mix these two oils together. Add equal amounts of coconut and mustard oil in a bowl and apply it on your face by making small circular motions. Massage till your skin absorbs all the oil and makes it feel hydrated and supple. Regular massage with this mix of oils will help improve circulation on your face, lighten your complexion and help reduce pimples too.

Q. Can mustard oil cause inflammatory reactions?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Mustard oil application may cause skin inflammation in people allergic to Mustard oil[9][5].

Q. Is Mustard oil good for acne?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, mustard oil is good for acne because of its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties[9].
Tips:
a. Mix 1 teaspoon of Mustard oil, a pinch of turmeric powder and 2 teaspoons of yogurt together.
b. Apply the mixture to the affected area.
c. Rinse and clean it with a towel[3][4].

Q. Can Mustard oil give relief from a stuffy nose?

scientific
Modern Science View
Mustard oil helps open the nasal passages which ease breathing due to its anti-inflammatory properties.
Tips:
1. Put 2-3 drops of Mustard oil into your nose.
2. Massage the blocked nose to get relief from congestion[10][11].

Q. Is Mustard oil good for hair growth?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Mustard oil is useful for hair growth. It helps in opening the scalp pores and provides nourishment to the hair. It should not be kept in hair for a long period of time as it attracts particles of dirt[12].

Q. Can we apply Mustard oil on lips?

scientific
Modern Science View
Mustard seeds are rich in antioxidants and minerals such as magnesium, calcium, potassium, and selenium which help in the regeneration of cells. So, a regular application of Mustard oil on the lips will help to keep them soft[13][14].

Q. Is Mustard oil good for grey hair?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Mustard oil is considered good for grey hair. It contains monosaturated fats and omega fatty acids that have antifungal and antibacterial properties. The application of Mustard oil to the hair increases the production of melanin and might help in concealing the grey color of hair[13-15].

Q. Is Mustard oil good for arthritis?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Mustard oil might be helpful in managing arthritis and gout due to its anti-inflammatory properties. It gets readily absorbed into the skin and brings relief to the stiff muscles, nerves and ligaments. This also reduces pain and inflammation associated with arthritis[6][8].

Q. Is Mustard oil good for massage?

scientific
Modern Science View
Mustard oil is considered good for massaging the stomach area as it slows down spleen enlargement. This helps in the prevention of infections, cirrhosis and other liver diseases[9].

Q. Does Mustard oil helps in reducing skin irritation?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Mustard oil might help reduce skin irritation due to its antimicrobial and antibacterial properties. A paste of mustard oil, turmeric (in powder form) and camphor is applied onto the affected area which helps reduce the action of bacteria, ultimately reducing skin irritation and itching[9].

Q. Is Mustard oil good for asthma?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Mustard oil might be helpful in case of asthma. External application of Mustard oil with camphor on the chest helps in opening the air passages or airways. This eases breathing and minimizes the risk of asthma attacks[9][7].

Q. Q. Is it important to do a patch test before using Mustard oil?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, it is important to do a patch test before applying mustard oil. Place a tiny drop of oil on the inside of your forearm. This is done to check if there is any sign of an allergic reaction such as redness, swelling, itching or a skin rash.

Q. Q. Does mustard oil make skin darker?

scientific
Modern Science View
No, mustard oil does not cause darkening of the skin. However, it would be best to dilute it with some carrier oil (like coconut oil, olive oil, etc.) before using it topically in massage oils, face masks and hair treatments. Carrier oils are used to dilute strong potent essential oil which can cause irritation. It is advisable to always have a patch test before applying any oil on the skin.

Q. Q. What are the benefits of putting mustard oil in the belly button?

scientific
Modern Science View
Applying Mustard oil to the navel before taking a bath can help loosen the dirt which we often miss to clean. Just make sure you don’t press down too hard on your belly button, as the area is sensitive. Always have a patch test before applying oil to check you are allergic to it or not.
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Applying mustard oil on the belly button gives you relief from excessive dryness. Mustard has the property of Snigdha (Oily) which helps to reduce the excessive dryness, thereby making skin soft[20].

Q. Q. How to use mustard oil for cold?

scientific
Modern Science View
Mustard oil is often suggested as a natural remedy to treat cold symptoms. It can help clear the congestion caused due to cough. It can be directly applied to the chest by mixing a small amount of camphor along with oil. You can also try mustard oil steam treatment. For this, add a few drops of pure mustard oil to boiling water and inhale the steam.
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
According to Ayurveda, Mustard oil has Kapha balancing and Ushna (hot) properties. These properties help to reduce the symptoms of cold when applied externally on the chest and back[20].
Here are some ways to use mustard oil for cold:
You can use it by adding camphor and applying the mix directly to the chest.
You can try adding some mustard to boiling water and inhaling the steam before you hit the bed.
You can also directly apply Mustard oil into the nostril to get relief from the nasal blockage or dryness in the nose.

References

  1. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Of India. Part 1 Volume 1.
  2. Bai S, Malik A, Seasotiya L. In vitroantioxidant activity, total phenolic content and therapeutic potential of brassica campestris l. (brassicaceae) seed in inhibiting human pathogens.International Journal Of Recent Advances In Pharmaceutical Research.2014;4(2):15-24.
  3. Sinha A. Remedies and Cures for the common diseases, Volume 1.Page Publishing;2015.External Link
  4. Khaneja HS. Illustrated Guide to Homoeopathic Treatment.Health Harmony;2004.External Link
  5. Ravindran PN. The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Spices. CABI. 2017.External Link
  6. Yadav RP, Kumari B. Ultrasonic Studies on Mustard oil : A Critical Review. International Journal of Science and Research.2013;4(8):51-54.External Link
  7. Ridd S. Asthma Cruel: THe ULtimate Guide to Manage Asthma Attack with Asthma diet. Eljays-epublishing;2016.External Link
  8. Murray MT. The magic of food.Live Longer and Healthier and Lose weight with the Synergetic diet.Atria;2017.External Link
  9. Johari H. Ayurvedic Massage: Traditional Indian Techniques for Balancing Body and MInd.Healing Art Press;1996.External Link
  10. Sharma S. Massage for Good Health.Diamond Books;2006.External Link
  11. Watt G. A Dictionary of the economic products of India.The Superintendent of Government;1885.External Link
  12. Habib J. Hair Yoga: Caring for your hair the right way.Random House Publishers.2013.External Link
  13. Kumar S. Road to Health Care.V & S PUblishers;2011.External Link
  14. Rai V. Glow:Indian Foods, Recipes and Rituals for Beauty, Inside and Out.2018.External Link
  15. Mahajan R, Nagpal R, Chojer P et al. Premature GReying of Hair and Role of OIling in Indian Perspective.INt.J.Curr.REs.Med.Sci.2008;4(2):86-92.External Link
  16. Mhapsekar T. To Study the Beneficial Effect of Mustard Oil and Salt Massaging with Oral Prophylaxis in Patients with Gum DIsease.Government College of Dentistry; 2015.External Link
  17. Hunter III JP. Health Benefits: From Foods and Spices. 2014External Link
  18. Manchanda SC, Passi SJ. Selecting healthy edible oil in the Indian context.Indian Heart J. 2016 Jul-Aug;68(4):447-9.External Link
  19. Kaur R, Sharma AK, Rani R, Mawlong I, Rai PK. Medicinal qualities of mustard oil and its role in human health against chronic diseases: a review. J Dairy Foods Home Sci. 2019: 98-104.External Link
  20. Puthiyedath R, Vidyapeetham AV, Pushpan R. Mustard and its uses in Ayurveda. Int J Tradit Knowl 8(3):400-404.External Link
Disclaimer
The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

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