Content Details
Modern Science View By
MSc (Clinical Embryology), M.Tech (Biotechnology)
Ayurvedic View By
BAMS
Reviewed By
MD (Pharmacology), MBBS
Last updated on:
16 Sep 2019 | 12:33 PM (IST)
Want to know more?
Read Our Editorial Policy
Have issue with the content?
Report Problem

Mehendi

Henna
Mehendi or Henna is the symbol of joy, beauty and sacred rituals in the Hindu culture. It is cultivated for cosmetic and pharmaceutical purposes. All parts of this plant (root, stem, leaf, flower pod and seeds) are of great medicinal importance.
The most important part of the plant being the leaves which contain a coloring compound known as Lawson (red orange dye molecule).
Mehendi, apart from its cosmetic uses, is generally applied on the skin to help manage all types of skin conditions like itching, allergies, skin rashes and wounds due to its antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties. Mehendi is also beneficial for hair as it acts as a natural dye for hair, promotes hair growth, conditions the hair and provides shine to the hair.
Ayurveda recommends the use of Mehendi due to its Ropan (healing) property and Sita (cold) nature. Applying Mehendi on the scalp removes excess oil and keeps the scalp dry due to it's Kashaya (astringent) and Ruksha (dry) properties which helps manage dandruff.
Fresh Mehendi leaves are safe to use, however mehendi powder available in the market should be used carefully (especially for internal consumption) as it might contain chemicals which may cause allergies[2-6].

What are the synonyms of Mehendi?

Lawsonia inermis, Nil Madayantika, Mehadi, Henna, Mendi, Mehandi, Goranta, Korate, Madarangi, Mailanelu, Mehndi, Marudum, Gorinta, Hina

What is the source of Mehendi?

Plant Based

Benefits of Mehendi

What are the benefits of Mehendi for Stomach ulcers?

scientific
Modern Science View
Mehendi might have healing effects on the ulcers in the stomach or the intestine. Mehendi reduces the the gastric juice secretion in the stomach, thus reduces acidity[7].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Mehendi helps to reduce the symptoms of ulcers in the stomach or intestine. Excessive production of gastric acid causes ulcers in the stomach or intestine. This is due to an aggravated Pitta. Using Mehendi reduces acid in the stomach due to its Sita (cold) property. It also helps to heal ulcer because of its Ropan (healing) nature.

What are the benefits of Mehendi for Headache?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Mehendi helps to reduce a headache especially if the headache starts in your temple and spreads to the central part of your head. According to Ayurveda, it is known as Pitta headache which is due to an aggravation of Pitta dosha. Mehendi helps to manage Pitta headache by balancing Pitta. This is due to its Sita (cold) potency.

What are the benefits of Mehendi for Dysentery?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Mehendi helps to control the frequency of motion of diarrhea. Diarrhea is known as Atisar in Ayurveda. It is due to improper food, impure water, toxins, mental stress and Agnimandya (weak digestive fire). All these factors are responsible for aggravating Vata. This aggravated Vata brings fluid in the intestine from various tissues from the body and mixes with the stool. This leads to loose, watery motions or diarrhea. Mehendi helps to control the frequency of motion by retaining water fluid in intestine because of its Kashaya (astringent) nature, thus control diarrhea.

How effective is Mehendi?

Insufficient evidence
Dysentery, Headache, Stomach ulcers

Precautions when using Mehendi

Breastfeeding
scientific
Modern Science View
Avoid taking Mehendi during Breastfeeding[7].
Moderate Medicine Interaction
scientific
Modern Science View
CNS drugs may interact with Mehendi. So it is generally advised to consult your doctor while taking Mehendi with CNS drugs[7].
Pregnancy
scientific
Modern Science View
Avoid taking Mehendi during Pregnancy[7].

How to use Mehendi

1. Mehendi Seed Powder
a. Take ¼-½ teaspoon Mehendi seed powder.
b. Mix with honey and have it after lunch and dinner to get rid of digestive problems.

2. Mehendi Leaves juice
a. Take 1-2 teaspoon of juice of Mehendi leaves.
b. Mix with water or honey and have it before taking food once or twice a day.

Benefits of Mehendi

What are the benefits of Mehendi for Skin conditions with inflammation & itching?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Mehendi helps to manage all type of skin conditions like itching, allergy, skin rashes and wound. This is due to its Ropan (healing) property. It also helps to control excessive burning sensation due to its Sita (cold) nature when applied to the affected area.
Tips:
1. Take 1-2 teaspoons of Mehendi leaves powder.
2. Make a paste with rose water.
3. Apply evenly on the affected area.
4. Let it sit for 1-2 hours.
5. Wash thoroughly with tap water.
6. Use this remedy to control skin conditions.

What are the benefits of Mehendi for Dandruff?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
According to Ayurveda, dandruff is a condition marked by flakes of dry skin on the scalp which may be attributed to an aggravated Vata and Pitta dosha. Mehendi removes excess oil and keeps the scalp dry due to it's Kashaya (astringent) and Ruksha (dry) properties. This helps control dandruff .
Tips:
1. Wash hair with a mild shampoo to clean your hair and scalp.
2. Take a bowl and mix half cup of Mehendi powder with one-fourth cup of warm water to make a smooth paste.
3. Keep it overnight.
4. Apply the Mehendi paste the next day from the roots towards the tip of the hair.
5. Wait for 3-4 hour till the paste dries and rinse it with plain water.

How effective is Mehendi?

Insufficient evidence
Dandruff, Skin conditions with inflammation & itching

Precautions when using Mehendi

Allergy
scientific
Modern Science View
Avoid contact with Mehendi if you are allergic to it.
Side Effects
Important
scientific
Modern Science View
1. Redness
2. Itching
3. Burning sensation
4. Scaling
5. Runny nose
6. Wheezing
7. Asthma[7].

Recommended Dosage of Mehendi

  • Mehendi Powder - 3-4 teaspoons or as per your requirement.

How to use Mehendi

1. Mehendi Leaves Paste
a. Take 1-2 teaspoons of Mehendi leaves powder.
b. Make a paste with rose water.
c. Apply evenly on the forehead.
d. Let it sit for 10-15 minutes.
e. Wash thoroughly with tap water.
f. Use this remedy to rid of stress and headache.

2. Mehendi hair pack
a. Take 4-6 teaspoons of Mehendi leaves powder.
b. Make a paste with lukewarm water.
c. Let it sit overnight.
d. Apply evenly on the scalp and hair.
e. Let it sit for 4-5 hours.
f. Wash thoroughly with tap water.
g. Use this remedy for soft, smooth and to cover grey hair.

3. Mehendi Tattoos
a. Take 3-4 teaspoon of Mehendi leaves powder.
b. Make a paste with water.
c. Apply on your body as desired design.
d. Let it sit for 4-5 hours.
e. Remove the Mehendi.
f. You will get the temporary tattoo of your desired design in orange-brown colour.

Frequently asked questions

Q. Does coconut oil fade Mehendi?

scientific
Modern Science View
Coconut oil will not fade your Mehendi color, in fact it will work to lock your color.

Q. How long does Mehendi stay on nails?

scientific
Modern Science View
Mehendi acts as a natural dye when applied on the nail. It imparts a reddish brown tint to the nails. It can stay on the nails for 2-3 weeks.

Q. What can I mix with Mehendi for silky hair?

scientific
Modern Science View
1. Make the paste of Mehendi with lukewarm water.
2. Let it sit overnight.
3. Squeeze 1 lemon to the paste in the morning.
4. Apply evenly on the hair.
5. Let it sit for 4-5 hours.
6. Wash thoroughly with tap water.

Q. Can Mehendi for hair be used for skin?

scientific
Modern Science View
Mehendi is used in cosmetics, hair dyes, and hair care products and as a dye for nails and hands. It can also be used on the skin as temporary “tattoos.”

Q. How long do you have to leave Mehendi on your skin?

scientific
Modern Science View
Mehendi is applied to dye the skin. It is primarily used for temporary tattoos. It imparts a pleasant reddish brown colour to the skin. It should be left atleast 4-5 hours to get proper colour.

Q. How to apply henna (mehendi) on hair?

scientific
Modern Science View
Mehendi is generally applied for dyeing hair. It can be applied by the following method:
1. Make a mehendi paste.
2. Part your hair evenly using a comb.
3. Apply mehendi on small partitions of hair using a dye brush.
4. Start from roots and go towards the length of hair.
5. Arrange the portions of mehendi-covered hair one over the other to form a bun.
6. Once it is done, wear a shower cap and wait for 4-5 hours.
After this, rinse it with water and wash with a mild shampoo.

Q. Should we oil the hair before applying henna (mehendi)?

scientific
Modern Science View
Oiling the hair before using henna (mehendi) should be avoided as oil forms a barrier on the hair surface and stops the henna from binding to the hair. This might prevent hair coloring.

Q. How to make henna (mehendi) paste for hair?

scientific
Modern Science View
Mehendi paste for hair can be made by following the below mentioned procedure:
1. Take about 100 g of dried mehendi powder (or as per requirement).
2. Add about 300 ml of warm water to it to form a smooth paste.
3. Allow the mixture to cool down and apply on hair. Leave it for about 4-5 hours.
4. Rinse off with water and wash with a mild shampoo to remove any residues[12].

Q. For how many hours should we keep henna (mehendi) on hair?

scientific
Modern Science View
Mehendi is generally used for many purposes. The duration for which mehendi should be kept on hair depends on the purpose for which it is being used. For conditioning purpose, 1- 1.5 hour is sufficient, for highlighting purposes it should be kept for 2-3 hours. However, for covering grey hair and getting a good color, it should be kept for 4-5 hours.

Tip: Avoid keeping mehendi on hair for too long as it may cause dryness in hair.

Q. Can you get skin cancer from Mehendi?

scientific
Modern Science View
Studies suggested that oral consumption of Mehendi have some anticancer activities[9].
In today’s time, a chemical named p-phenylenediamine is added to Mehendi which may cause itchy rashes, painful blisters, swelling, or renal collapse and failure[8].

Q. Can we eat Mehendi leaves?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, we can eat Mehendi leaves. In fact, Mehendi is used as an ingredient in many Ayurvedic medicines. But the leaves are Tikta (bitter) in taste so it is not easy to eat.

Q. Can I use Mehendi powder which is available in market orally as a medicine?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
No, in market most of the available Mehendi powder is used only for external application. So kindly consult your doctor before using it orally.

Q. Does Mehendi have a role in wound healing?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Mehendi helps to promote wound healing. Mehendi helps in wound contraction and closure. Mehendi also has antimicrobial property and inhibits the growth of micro-organisms involved in causing wound infections[11].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Mehendi helps in quick healing of wound. This is because of its Sita (cold) and Ropan (healing) properties. It helps to reduce inflammation associated with wound.

Q. Is Mehendi dangerous?

scientific
Modern Science View
In today’s time manufacturers add p-phenylenediamine in Mehendi to obtain a darker shade. Due to the presence of this chemical, an allergic reaction and in severe case, life-threatening reaction might be seen[8].

Q. Does Mehendi cause hair loss?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
No, Mehendi helps to prevent hair loss due to its Kashaya (astringent) property. In Ayurveda, Mehendi is a herb that contains all the natural goodness that your hair needs. Applying henna on hair keeps hair healthy and beautiful if used in the right way.
Tips:
1. Wash hair with a mild shampoo to clean your hair and scalp.
2. Take a bowl and mix half cup of Mehendi powder with one fourth cup of warm water to make a smooth paste and keep it overnight.
3. Apply the Mehendi paste the next day from the roots towards the tips.
4. Wait for 3-4 hour till the paste dries and rinse it with plain water .

Q. Does Mehendi have a role in wound healing?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Mehendi helps to promote wound healing. Mehendi helps in wound contraction and closure. Mehendi also has antimicrobial property and inhibits the growth of micro-organisms involved in causing wound infections[11].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Mehendi helps in quick healing of wound due to its Sita (cold) and Ropan (healing) properties.

Q. What are the benefits of Heena (mehendi) for hair?

scientific
Modern Science View
Mehendi is beneficial for hair as it acts as a natural hair dye. Mehendi has a natural affinity with the proteins present in hair. This helps to stain the hair shaft and provide shine to hair. The natural properties of mehendi act as a conditioner for hair, help in hair regeneration and improve hair growth[13][14].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Mehendi paste is considered to be an effective herb to manage hair problems when applied externally. It also helps to control dandruff caused due to excessive oil on scalp due to its Kashaya (astringent) and Ruksha (dry) properties.

References

  1. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Of India.Part 1 Volume 1.
  2. Ponugoti MA.Pharmacological and toxicological review of Lawsonia Inermis.IJPSR.2018;9(3):902-915.
  3. Wagini N, Soliman AS, Badawy El-Saady M, et al. Some of Phytochemical, Pharmacological and Toxicological Properties of Henna (Lawsonia inermis L.): A Review of Recent Researches. Sustainable Development of Natural Resources in the Nile Basin Countries.2014;43-64.
  4. Sharma RK, Goel A, Bhatia A. Lawsonia Inermis Linn: A Plant with Cosmetic and Medical Benefits. International Journal of Applied Sciences and Biotechnology.2016;4(1):15-20.
  5. Kamal M, Jawaid T. Pharmacological activities of Lawsonia inermis L., a review. International Journal of Biomedical Research.2010;1(2):62-68.
  6. Saif AL F. Henna beyond skin arts: Literatures review.Journal of Pakistan Association of Dermatologists.2016;26(1):58-65.
  7. WebMD.Henna: Uses, Side effects, Doses, Interactions [Internet].Atlanta [last updated in 2016].
  8. Treister-Goltzman Y, Egbaria E, Peleg R.An Allergic Reaction to Henna Used in a Traditional Painting Ceremony.Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2016;94(5): 941.
  9. Kapadia GJ, Rao GS, Sridhar R.et.al.Chemoprevention of skin cancer: effect of Lawsonia inermis L. (Henna) leaf powder and its pigment artifact, lawsone in the Epstein- Barr virus early antigen activation assay and in two-stage mouse skin carcinogenesis models.Anticancer Agents Med Chem. 2013;13(10):1500-7.
  10. Trüeb RM.Pharmacologic interventions in aging hair.Clin Interv Aging. 2006;1(2): 121–129.
  11. Borade AS, Kale BN, Shete RV. A phytopharmacological review on Lawsonia inermis (Linn.). Int. J. of Pharm. & Life Sci.2011;2(1):536-541.
  12. Opinion on Lawsonia inermis (henna),.SCCS (Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety). 2013.
  13. Djerrou Z, Mokhbi I, Hadef KS, et al.Burn Wound Healing Effect and Hair Growth Promoting Activity of Lawsonia inermis L. and Honey in Oryctolagus cuniculus Rabbits.OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences.2016;16(2):82-89.
  14. Gediya SK, Mistry RB, Patel UK, et al. Herbal Plants: Used as a cosmetics.J Nat Prod Plant Resour.2011;1(1): 24-32.
Disclaimer
The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

INDIA’S LARGEST HEALTHCARE PLATFORM

150M+
Visitors
25M+
Orders Delivered
1000+
Cities
Get the link to download App
Reliable

All products displayed on 1mg are procured from verified and licensed pharmacies. All labs listed on the platform are accredited

Secure

1mg uses Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) 128-bit encryption and is Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS) compliant

Affordable

Enjoy 20% off on allopathy medicines, up to 50% off on health products, up to 80% off on lab tests and free doctor consultations

India's only LegitScript and ISO/IEC 27001 certified online healthcare platform
Know More About 1mgdownArrow
Access medical and health information

1mg provides you with medical information which is curated, written and verified by experts, accurate and trustworthy. Our experts create high-quality content about medicines, diseases, lab investigations, Over-The-Counter (OTC) health products, Ayurvedic herbs/ingredients, and alternative remedies.

Order medicines online

Get free medicine home delivery in over 1000 cities across India. You can also order Ayurvedic, Homeopathic and other Over-The-Counter (OTC) health products. Your safety is our top priority. All products displayed on 1mg are procured from verified and licensed pharmacies.

Book lab tests

Book any lab tests and preventive health packages from certified labs and get tested from the comfort of your home. Enjoy free home sample collection, view reports online and consult a doctor online for free.

Consult a doctor online

Got a health query? Consult doctors online from the comfort of your home for free. Chat privately with our registered medical specialists to connect directly with verified doctors. Your privacy is guaranteed.