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MD (Pharmacology), MBBS
Last updated
12 Jul 2019 | 02:35 PM (IST)

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Mango

Mango
Mango, commonly known as Aam, is called the “King of Fruits”. It is one of the most consumed fruits during the summer season.
Mangoes are an excellent source of nourishment for the body as they are a rich source of vitamin A, vitamin C, iron and potassium. Due to this, the appropriate daily intake of Mango, alone or along with milk, can help improve appetite, boost energy levels and might also be useful in managing anorexia. It also improves immune health and protects from heat stroke.
According to Ayurveda, Mango seed powder taken with water or honey might help manage diarrhea due to its Kashaya (astringent) property.
You can also apply Mango seed oil to wounds as it promotes quick healing and reduces swelling due to its Ropan (healing) property[1].

What are the synonyms of Mango?

Mangifera indica, Ambiram, Mambazham, Amb, Wawashi, Ambo, Ambo, Amram, Choothaphalam, Manga, Manpalam, Mavu Amchur,, Amba, Ambrah, Madhuulii, Madhuula

What is the source of Mango?

Plant Based

Benefits of Mango

1. Anorexia
Anorexia is an eating disorder in which people have an intense fear of gaining weight. This might lead to drastic weight loss. According to Ayurveda, Anorexia is known as Aruchi due to increase in Ama (toxic remains in the body due to improper digestion). This Ama blocks the gastrointestinal channels and leads to anorexia. Unripe Mango is great for managing anorexia due to its Amla (sour) taste and Deepan (appetizer) property.
Tips:
a. Wash and cut 1-2 Mangoes or as per your requirement.
b. Eat preferably in the breakfast or 2-3 hours before meals.

2. Weight Gain
Eating sweet Mango helps people who are underweight. This is because of its Balya (tonic) property. It provides deep nourishment to the tissues, promote strength and helps in healthy weight gain.
Tips:
a. Take a ripe Mango.
b. Scoop out the pulp and blend it by adding the same quantity of milk.
c. Drink it preferably during breakfast or in the daytime.
d. Continue for atleast 1-2 month for a significant change in weight.

3. Male Sexual Dysfunction
Sexual Dysfunction in men can be in the form of loss of libido i.e., having no inclination towards a sexual act. There can also be a low erection time or semen expelled soon after a sexual activity. This is also referred to as early discharge or premature ejaculation. Eating sweet Mango improves sexual life and increase stamina due to its Vajikarana (aphrodisiac) property.
Tips:
a. Take a ripe Mango.
b. Scoop out the pulp and blend it by adding the same quantity of milk.
c. Drink it preferably during breakfast or in the daytime.
d. Continue for atleast one month to maintain stamina and immunity.

4. Diarrhea
Diarrhea is known as Atisar in Ayurveda. It is due to improper food, impure water, toxins, mental stress and Agnimandya (weak digestive fire). All these factors are responsible for aggravating Vata. This aggravated Vata brings fluid in the intestine from various tissues from the body and mixes with the stool. This leads to loose, watery motions or diarrhea. Mango seed powder helps to retain fluid in the intestine and control loose motion due to its Kashaya (astringent) property.
Tips:
a. Take ¼-½ teaspoon Mango seed powder.
b. Swallow it with lukewarm water or honey after taking food to control diarrhea.

Recommended Dosage of Mango

  • Mango Powder - ¼-½ teaspoon twice a day.
  • Mango Capsule - 1-2 capsules twice a day.
  • Mango Candy - 3-4 candies or as per your requirement.

How to use Mango

1. Raw Mango
a. Wash and cut 1-2 Mangoes or as per your requirement.
b. Eat preferably in the breakfast or 2-3 hours after meals.

2. Mango Papad
a. Take 1-2 Mango papads or as per your requirement.
b. Enjoy as per your liking and requirement.

3. Mango juice
a. Take 1-2 glasses of Mango juice or as per your requirement.
b. Drink it preferably during breakfast or in day time.

4. Mango capsules
a. Take 1-2 capsules of Mango.
b. Swallow it with water preferably after meals.

5. Mango candy
a. Take 3-4 candies of Mango or as per your requirement
b. Enjoy as per your liking and requirement.

6. Mango seed Powder
a. Take ¼-½ teaspoon of Mango seed powder.
b. Swallow it with lukewarm water or honey after taking food.

Benefits of Mango

1. Wound
Mango helps in quick healing of wound and decreases swelling. This is due to its Ropan (healing) property. It also helps bring back the normal texture of skin.
Tips:
a. Take 2-5 drops of Mango seed oil.
b. Mix with olive oil or coconut oil.
c. Apply on the affected area once or twice a day for quick wound healing.

2. Acne
According to Ayurveda, an aggravation of Kapha leads to an increased sebum production and clogging of pores. This results in the formation of both white and blackheads. Another factor, an aggravation of Pitta causes red papules (bumps) and inflammation with pus. Using Mango pulp or leaf juice helps to prevent the production of sebum and remove clogging of pores. This is due to its Kashaya (astringent) property. It also reduces inflammation around acne due to its Sita (cold) potency.
Tips:
a. Take 2-3 teaspoons of Mango pulp.
b. Mash it properly and apply on the face.
c. Keep it for 4-5 minutes.
d. Wash thoroughly with tap water.
e. Use this remedy 2-3 times a week to control open pores, blackheads, and acne

Recommended Dosage of Mango

  • Mango Powder - ½- 1 teaspoon or as per your requirement.
  • Mango Oil - 2-5 drops or as per your requirement.

How to use Mango

1. Mango Pulp Face pack
a. Take 2-3 teaspoons of Mango pulp.
b. Mash it properly and apply on the face for 4-5 minutes.
c. Wash thoroughly with tap water.
d. Use this remedy 2-3 times a week to get rid of open pores, blackheads and acne.

2. Mango Seed Powder
a. Take ½-1 teaspoon of Mango seed powder.
b. Add honey to it and make a paste.
c. Apply on the face and keep for 15-30 minutes.
d. Wash thoroughly with tap water.
e. Use this remedy 2-3 times a week to control acne and pimples.

3. Mango leaf hair pack
a. Take few clean and fresh Mango leaves.
b. Add Aloe vera gel and make a paste using a blender.
c. Apply on the hair and roots and keep for 3-4 hours.
d. Wash thoroughly with tap water.
e. Use this remedy 2-3 times a week to get silky smooth hair.

4. Mango Seed Oil
a. Take 2-5 drops of Mango seed oil.
b. Add with olive oil or coconut oil
c. Apply on affected area once or twice a day to get glowing skin.

Frequently asked questions

Q. Is Mango good for health?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Mango is good for health. Mango pulp contains vitamins A and C, β-carotene and xanthophylls. These constituents contributes to its antioxidant, anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory and anti-diabetic properties[1].

Q. How many varieties of Mango are there?

scientific
Modern Science View
There are over 500 varieties of Mango found all over the world. In India there are more than 1500 varieties of Mango. Some of the famous varieties are:
1. Alphonso
2. Chaunsa
3. Dasheri
4. Langra
5. Safeda
6. Kesari
7. Neelam
8. Sindoora

Q. Is Mango good for diabetes?

scientific
Modern Science View
Studies state that Mango is good for diabetes. Anti-diabetic action of Mango is due to an enzyme that helps in reducing high blood sugar level. It also works by improving β‐cell function in pancreas and stimulates insulin secretion[6].

Q. Is Mango good for liver?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Mango is good for the liver. Mango pulp has hepatoprotective (liver protective) activity due to the presence of a compound name lupeol[5].

Q. Is Mango good for Gout?

scientific
Modern Science View
Gout is a type of joint inflammation that occurs when excessive uric acid levels build up in the blood. It is considered as one of the most common causes of inflammatory arthritis. Mango has anti-inflammatory property especially its leaves. One of the studies state that Mango leaves reduces the level of chemical mediators that causes pain and swelling in the joints in case of gouty arthritis[2].

Q. Is Mango good for piles?

scientific
Modern Science View
Although not enough scientific evidence is present but traditionally it is believed that Mango bark is used to manage piles and its symptoms[2].

Q. Is Mango good for eyes?

scientific
Modern Science View
Mango is good for the eyes as it is rich in vitamin A. But it might cause itching and swelling in the eyes and eyelids respectively if you are hypersensitive to Mangoes[1][2].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Mango is good for healthy eye vision because of its Balya (tonic) property. But it can cause swelling on the eyelids if you are hypersensitive to Mangoes. So it is advisable to consume in small amounts.

Q. Can Mango cause diarrhoea?

scientific
Modern Science View
Mango has anti-diarrheal property and does not cause diarrhea[3].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Mango does not cause diarrhea or loose motion because it has Kashaya (astringent) property.

Q. Is eating Mango bad for malaria patients?

scientific
Modern Science View
Studies suggest that Mango contains 3-Chloro-N-(2-phenylethyl) , propanamide, Mangiferin which are concentrated in the bark, fruits and leaves. These compounds are responsible for its anti-malarial activity[2].

Q. Is Mango fruit beneficial during pregnancy?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Mango being rich in fibre, vitamin A, B6, C, potassium, magnesium, copper, iron and folic acid might act as a natural health supplement during pregnancy. These nutrients help to improve digestion and immunity by fighting against certain chemicals (free radicals). Also vitamin C might help reduce the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus during pregnancy[2][7][8].

Q. Does Mango help in heat stroke?

scientific
Modern Science View
Heat stroke causes dehydration which leads to depletion of essential vitamins and minerals in the body. The consumption of Mango as a whole fruit or in a juice form might help in replicating the lost nutrients[9][10].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Mango might help reduce the symptoms of heat stroke. Aam panna is a traditional drink made of raw mangoes consumed during the summer season. It helps to hydrate the body and reduce the body heat in the condition of heat stroke. Consuming ripe Mango can also help in heat stroke as it provides a cooling effect in the body due to its Sita (cooling) property.

Q. Is Mango good for the skin?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, a certain compound present in Mango might help to rejuvenate photoaged skin (skin aging due to exposure to ultraviolet light), help in wound healing, prevent skin allergies and infections due to its photoprotective, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antiviral properties. Furthermore, Vitamin C present in Mango is a strong antioxidant which might help in clearing skin conditions like acne[11-14].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Mango is good for the skin due to its Ropan (healing) and Rasayan (rejuvenating) properties which help in faster wound healing and enhancing the natural glow of the skin. It also helps in providing a cooling effect to the skin in case of any inflammation or acne due to its Sita (cold) property. Mango might also be effective in managing rashes or irritation that occur on sensitive skin.

Q. Does Mango help improve digestion?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Mango is a natural antioxidant enriched with vitamin C and dietary fibre which helps in the removal of toxins from the body. It improves metabolism thereby increasing digestion and subsequently relieves constipation[2][15].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Mango is good for digestion due to its Deepan (appetizer), Pachan (digestion) and Pitta balancing properties. It helps to improve the Agni (digestive fire) and digest the food properly leading to a good appetite and enhanced metabolism.

Q. Does Mango help prevent heart diseases?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Mango might help in preventing heart diseases. Most of the heart diseases like heart attacks are caused by an imbalance in the cholesterol levels. A bioactive compound present in Mango helps reduce the levels of cholesterol, triglycerides, and free fatty acid (FFA) which might help to keep heart problems away[16].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Mango might be helpful in preventing heart diseases due to it’s Hridya (cardiac tonic) property. Heart problems occurring due to increased cholesterol are a result of imbalanced Agni (digestive fire). This causes impared digestion resulting in an increased level of bad cholesterol. Mango helps to manage cholesterol levels by improving the Agni (digestive fire) due to its Deepana (appetiser) and Pachana (digestion) properties.

Q. Does Mango help boost bone health?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Mango is rich in fibre and other nutrients like Vitamin A, B6, C, potassium, magnesium, copper, iron and folic acid which helps to increase bone density and thus might prevent bone fractures[17].

Q. Does Mango help boost immunity?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Mango is an immunomodulator and might help to improve the activity of the immune system. This helps protect the body from infections and other complications[2].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Mango helps to boost immunity due to its Rasaya (rejuvenation) and Balya (strength provider) properties. It also helps to fulfil the requirement of nutrition in the body. This helps the body to fight against infections due to seasonal changes.

Q. Is it good to eat Mango at night?

scientific
Modern Science View
Enough scientific evidence is not available, eating Mango at night might cause muscle cramps in elderly people[2].

Q. Does Mango help in the treatment of kidney stone?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Mango might be useful in managing kidney stones. Mango has strong antioxidant property that helps improve the metabolism as well as cholesterol levels. This prevents the formation of kidney stones[18].

Q. Can Mango give you rashes?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
No, in fact, applying Mango pulp or oil keeps the skin glowing and reduces inflammation. This is due to its Ropan (healing) and Sita (cold) nature. But if you have a hypersensitive skin, it is advisable to use Mango pulp or oil only under medical supervision.

References

  1. Shah KA, Patel MB, Patel RJ.et.al.Mangifera Indica (Mango).Pharmacogn Rev. 2010;4(7): 42–48.
  2. Ediriweera MK, Tennekoon KH, Samarakoon SR.et.al.A Review on Ethnopharmacological Applications, Pharmacological Activities, and Bioactive Compounds of Mangifera indica (Mango).Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2017; 2017: 6949835.
  3. Yakubu MT, Salimon SS.Antidiarrhoeal activity of aqueous extract of Mangifera indica L. leaves in female albino rats.J Ethnopharmacol. 2015 Apr 2;163:135-41.
  4. Sareen R, Shah A. Hypersensitivity manifestations to the fruit Mango.Asia Pac Allergy. 2011; 1(1): 43–49.
  5. Prasad S, Kalra N, Shukla Y.Hepatoprotective effects of lupeol and Mango pulp extract of carcinogen induced alteration in Swiss albino mice.Mol nutr food res.2007;51(3);352-359.
  6. Irondi EA, Oboh G, Akindahunsi AA.Antidiabetic effects of Mangifera indica Kernel Flour‐supplemented diet in streptozotocin‐induced type 2 diabetes in rats.Food Sci Nutr. 2016;4(6): 828–839.
  7. Agarwal T, Kochar G, Goel S.Impact of iron supplementation on anemia during pregnancy. Age.2008;4500(7000):10 pages.
  8. Liu C, Zhong C, Chen R et al.Higher dietary vitamin C intake is associated with a lower risk of gestational diabetes mellitus: A longitudinal cohort study. Clin Nutr. 2019 Feb 2. pii: S0261-5614(19)30033-0.
  9. Singh SP, Sathe MV, Chaudhari BG, Billore KV. Physico-chemical and Pharmacognostic Investigation of Fruit Pulp of Mangifera Indica Linn. Anc Sci Life. 2005 Apr;24(4):199-204.
  10. Lauricella M, Emanuele S, Calvaruso G et al.Multifaceted Health Benefits of Mangifera indica L. (Mango): The Inestimable Value of Orchards Recently Planted in Sicilian Rural Areas. Nutrients. 2017 May 20;9(5).
  11. Du S, Liu H, Lei T et al. Mangiferin: An effective therapeutic agent against several disorders (Review). Mol Med Rep. 2018 Dec;18(6):4775-4786.
  12. Ochocka R, Hering A, Stefanowicz-Hajduk J et al.The effect of mangiferin on skin: Penetration, permeation and inhibition of ECM enzymes. PLoS One. 2017 Jul 27;12(7):e0181542.
  13. Farris PK. Topical vitamin C: a useful agent for treating photoaging and other dermatologic conditions. Dermatol Surg. 2005 Jul;31(7 Pt 2):814-7; discussion 818. Review.
  14. Poomanee W, Chaiyana W, Mueller M et al.In-vitro investigation of anti-acne properties of Mangifera indica L. kernel extract and its mechanism of action against Propionibacterium acnes. Anaerobe. 2018 Aug;52:64-74.
  15. Venancio VP, Kim H, Sirven MA et al.Polyphenol-rich Mango (Mangifera indica L.) Ameliorate Functional Constipation Symptoms in Humans beyond Equivalent Amount of Fiber. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2018 Jun;62(12):e1701034.
  16. Imran M, Arshad MS, Butt MS et al.Mangiferin: a natural miracle bioactive compound against lifestyle related disorders. Lipids Health Dis. 2017 May 2;16(1):84.
  17. Dreher ML.Whole Fruits and Fruit Fiber Emerging Health Effects. Nutrients. 2018 Nov 28;10(12). pii: E1833.
  18. Ballabh B, Chaurasia OP, Ahmed Z, Singh SB. Traditional medicinal plants of cold desert Ladakh-used against kidney and urinary disorders. J Ethnopharmacol. 2008 Jul 23;118(2):331-339.
Disclaimer
The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

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