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MSc (Biotechnology), BSc
Ayurvedic View By
BAMS
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MD (Pharmacology), MBBS
Last updated on:
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Kuchla

Kuchla
Kuchla is an evergreen plant and the most used part of this plant are its seeds. It has a pungent smell and a bitter taste.
Kuchla might be beneficial in improving appetite by increasing intestinal motility as well as gastrointestinal functions and also help prevent constipation. It might be good for diabetics due to the presence of certain constituents that help lower blood glucose levels. Kuchla also helps to manage insomnia by controlling the functions of the brain and reducing stress. It is also beneficial in managing urinary problems like burning sensation or irritation during urination due to its diuretic activity.
According to Ayurveda, the administration of Kuchla is recommended only after its purification (shodhana) in different media like cow's urine (Gomutra), cow's milk (Go dugdha) or cow's ghee (Go ghrita). The final purified product is known as Sudha Kuchla. Sudha Kuchla helps to manage sexual problems like erectile dysfunction due to its Vajikarna (aphrodisiac) property.
Kuchla oil can be applied on the joints to provide relief from inflammation and pain associated with rheumatism due to its anti-inflammatory property[2][3][5][15].

What are the synonyms of Kuchla?

Strychnos nux-vomica, Visatindu, Kakatinduka, Ajraki, Habbul gurab, Kucila, Kuchila Poison-nut tree, Nux vomica, Konchala, Jher Kochla, Zer Kochalu, Kuchala, Kuchila, Bish tendu, Kanjihemushti, Manjira, Hemmushti, Ittongi, Kasarkayi, Kajjl, Kanniram, Kajra, Yettimaram, Kakotee, Ettikottai, Ettikkai, Mushti, Mushini, Azaraqi, Kupilu[1].

What is the source of Kuchla?

Plant Based

Benefits of Kuchla

What are the benefits of Kuchla for Erectile dysfunction?

scientific
Modern Science View
Not enough scientific evidence is available to support the role of Kuchla in Erectile dysfunction.
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Sudha Kuchla helps to manage sexual problems like Erectile dysfunction. Erectile dysfunction is the condition in which a man is unable to maintain an erection that is required for sexual intercourse. Use of Sudha Kuchla helps in proper functioning of male sexual performance. This is due to its Vajikarna (aphrodisiac) property.

What are the benefits of Kuchla for Anemia?

scientific
Modern Science View
Although enough scientific evidence is not available, Kuchla may be useful in managing anemia[3][8][9].v

What are the benefits of Kuchla for Depression?

scientific
Modern Science View
Not enough scientific evidence is available to support the role of Kuchla in depression.
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Sudha Kuchla helps to manage the symptoms of depression. According to Ayurveda, the nervous system is controlled by Vata and an imbalance of Vata causes depression. Sudha Kuchla helps in balancing Vata and thus controls the symptoms of depression.

What are the benefits of Kuchla for Migraine?

scientific
Modern Science View
Although enough scientific evidence is not available, Kuchla may be useful in managing migraine[3][11].

What are the benefits of Kuchla for Appetite stimulant?

scientific
Modern Science View
Kuchla plays a role in increasing intestinal motility thereby stimulating gastrointestinal activity. Due to this, Kuchla may be useful in improving appetite[3][5][12].

What are the benefits of Kuchla for Asthma?

scientific
Modern Science View
Not enough scientific evidence is available to support the role of Kuchla in Asthma.
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Sudha Kuchla helps to manage asthma and gives relief in case of breathlessness. According to Ayurveda, the main doshas involved in asthma are Vata and Kapha. The vitiated ‘Vata’ combines with deranged ‘Kapha dosha’ in the lungs causing obstruction in the respiratory passage. This results in difficulty in breathing. Sudha Kuchla is useful because of its decongestant, bronchodilator, and expectorant activities. This is due to its Kapha balancing property.

What are the benefits of Kuchla for Heart disease?

scientific
Modern Science View
Kuchla improves blood circulation due to which it may be useful in managing various heart diseases[3][6][7].

What are the benefits of Kuchla for Anxiety?

scientific
Modern Science View
Although enough scientific evidence is not available, Kuchla may be useful in managing disorders of the nervous system such as anxiety and insomnia[2][3][10].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Sudha Kuchla helps to manage anxiety. According to Ayurveda, people with aggravated Vata dosha are more prone to anxiety. Taking Kuchla helps in balancing aggravated Vata and thus reduce the symptoms of anxiety. This is because of its Vata balancing properties.

How effective is Kuchla?

Insufficient evidence
Anemia, Anxiety, Appetite stimulant, Asthma, Depression, Erectile dysfunction, Heart disease, Migraine

Precautions when using Kuchla

Advice from Experts
Important
scientific
Modern Science View
Avoid Kuchla if you have Liver problems[2].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Always take Sudh Kuchla under medical supervision as high doses might act as a poison.
Breastfeeding
Important
scientific
Modern Science View
Avoid the use of Kuchla during Breastfeeding[2].
Other Interaction
scientific
Modern Science View
Avoid taking antipsychotic drugs along with Kuchla[4].
Patients with diabetes
scientific
Modern Science View
Not enough scientific evidence is available on the use of Kuchla if you are on any anti-diabetic drugs. So it is advisable to avoid Kuchla or use only under medical supervision in such a case.
Patients with heart disease
scientific
Modern Science View
Not enough scientific evidence is available on the use of Kuchla if you are on any anti-hypertensive drugs. So it is advisable to avoid Kuchla or use only under medical supervision in such a case.
Pregnancy
Important
scientific
Modern Science View
Avoid the use of Kuchla during Pregnancy[2].
Side Effects
Important
scientific
Modern Science View
1. Restlessness
2. Anxiety
3. Dizziness
4. Neck and back stiffness
5. Spasms of jaw and neck muscles
6. Convulsions
7. Breathing problems
8. Liver failure[2].

Recommended Dosage of Kuchla

  • Kuchla Powder - 60 - 125 mg Sudha Kuchla powder[1].
  • Kuchla Tablet - 1 tablet once or twice a day.

How to use Kuchla

1. Sudha Kuchla Powder
Always use Sudha Kuchla powder after consulting a doctor.

2. Sudha Kuchla Tablet
Always use Sudha Kuchla tablet after consulting a doctor.

Benefits of Kuchla

What are the benefits of Kuchla for Eye disorders?

scientific
Modern Science View
Not enough scientific evidence is available to support the role of Kuchla in managing eye disorders.

How effective is Kuchla?

Insufficient evidence
Eye disorders

Precautions when using Kuchla

Advice from Experts
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Always use Kuchla after purification and under medical supervision. Kuchla if used directly on the skin might cause rashes. This is because of its Ushna (hot) nature.

Frequently asked questions

Q. What forms of Kuchla is available in the market?

scientific
Modern Science View
Kuchla is available in the market under various product forms such as:
1. Raw herb
2. Powder
3. Oil
4. Tablet

Q. How to purify Kuchla?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
According to Ayurveda, the administration of Kuchla is recommended only after its purification in different media like Cow's urine (Gomutra), Cow's milk (Go dugdha) and Cow's ghee (Go ghrita).
It can be purified by the following method:
1. Kuchla seeds are kept in Gomutra (cow's urine) for 7 days.
2. The urine has to be replaced with fresh urine everyday.
3. Thereafter it is removed and washed with water.
4. It is then boiled in cow’s milk in Dolayantra (Ayurvedic instrument ) for 3 hours.
5. The seeds are peeled and fried in cow ghee.
6. Finally, it is powdered and stored.

Q. What is shudh Kuchla?

scientific
Modern Science View
Kuchla generally contains certain harmful constituents so it is generally processed before using for medicinal purposes. Ayurveda recommends administration of Kuchla only after purification in different media like cow's urine (Go mutra), cow's milk (Go dugdha), cow's ghee (Go ghrita), Kanji (sour gruel). So this processed Kuchla which is safe to use is known as Shudh Kuchla[17].

Q. Is Kuchla good for acid reflux?

scientific
Modern Science View
Not enough scientific evidence is available to support the role of Kuchla in acid reflux.
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Although Sudha Kuchla helps to improve the digestive fire and corrects the digestive system, it can cause acidity or acid reflux. This is due to its Ushna (hot) nature.

Q. Is Kuchla good for constipation?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Kuchla may be useful in managing constipation. It increases the intestinal motility by stimulating smooth muscles or by the action of nerves. Due to this, Kuchla may be useful in managing gastrointestinal problems like constipation[5][10][12].

Q. Is Kuchla good for headaches?

scientific
Modern Science View
Although enough scientific evidence is not available, Kuchla may be useful in managing migraine and occipital Headaches (a headache that starts at the back of the head)[9][11].

Q. Can I take Kuchla or its supplement without consulting doctor?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
No, it is not advisable to take Kuchla or its supplement without consulting a doctor. This is because of its poisonous effects when taken in high dosage.

Q. What are the benefits of Kuchla?

scientific
Modern Science View
Kuchla has many benefits as it contains certain constituents that lower the blood glucose levels due to its antidiabetic activity. It is used as an antidote (counteract the effect of poison) against snake poisoning. It also shows antioxidant activity which might prevent liver cell damage[15].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Kuchla is beneficial in certain conditions such as diabetes and weak or poor digestion which occurs due to an imbalance of Vata -Kapha doshas. Kuchla, due to its Vata- Kapha balancing properties helps manage diabetes. It’s Ushna (hot), Deepan (appetizer), Pachan (digestion) properties helps to enhance appetite and improves digestion. It also helps manage male problems due to its Vrishya (aphrodisiac) property.

Q. Can Kuchla(nux vomica) be used in pregnancy ?

scientific
Modern Science View
No, Kuchla (nux vomica) is not advisable in pregnancy and breastfeeding.

Q. Is Kuchla good for pain and inflammation?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Kuchla is good for pain and inflammation due to the presence of certain constituents which inhibit the activity of mediators responsible for causing pain(Cyclooxygenase). Kuchla seeds also have an anti-inflammatory activity which lowers the inflammation and pain generally related to rheumatism[15].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Kuchla helps manage pain or inflammation caused due to an imbalanced Vata dosha. Kuchla, due to its Vata balancing and Ushna (hot) properties helps to reduce the pain or inflammation, especially in case of rheumatism.

Q. Can Kuchla(Nux vomica) be used as a natural antidote in viper snake poisoning?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Kuchla(Nux vomica) seeds can be used as a natural antidote for viper snake venom as well as cobra venom. It has anti-inflammatory activity due to which it inhibits free radical related cell damage and neutralizes the haemorrhage caused by viper venom. It also contains certain constituents which reduce the harmful effects of viper venom and acts as an antidote[13-14].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Kuchla can be used as a natural antidote for snake poisoning. Pain and inflammation in snake bite leads to the aggravation of Vata dosha. Kuchla reduces the effects of poison due to its Vata balancing and Ushna (hot) properties. This provides relief from the pain and inflammation.

Q. Is Kuchla useful in motion sickness?

scientific
Modern Science View
Enough scientific evidence is not available to support the role of Kuchla in motion sickness.

Q. Is Kuchla good for urinary problems?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Kuchla is good for urinary problems like burning sensation or irritation during urination, frequent urge for urination and insufficient urination. It acts as a tonic that help manages the symptoms related to urine problems[15].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Kuchla is good for urinary problems (such as urine retention, burning or irritation) caused due to an imbalance of any of the three doshas (especially Vata dosha). This might lead to the accumulation of toxins in the body. Kuchla, due to its Vata balancing and Mutral (diuretic) properties increase urine production and release the toxins through urination

Q. Can Kuchla be used for Insomnia?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Kuchla can be used for insomnia caused due to stress. It lowers the level of hormone(cortisol) responsible for causing stress and thus manages insomnia[15].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Insomnia (Anidra) occurs due to an imbalance of Vata dosha that makes the nervous system sensitive .The Vata balancing and Balya (strength provider) properties of Kuchla provides strength to the nerves. This gives a calming effect on the nervous system and induce sound sleep.

Q. Can Kuchla help to reduce joint pain?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Sudha Kuchla might help in managing joint pain. According to Ayurveda, the bones and joints are considered a site of Vata in the body. Pain in the joints is mainly due to Vata imbalance. Applying Sudha Kuchla based oil to the affected area might help reduce joint pain. This is due to the Vata Balancing property of Sudha Kuchla.

Q. Can you apply Kuchla based oil directly to the skin?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
No, it is advisable not to apply Kuchla based oil directly to the skin as it can cause skin rashes. This is due to its Ushna (hot) property.

Q. What is the use of Kuchla oil?

scientific
Modern Science View
Kuchla oil which is obtained from fresh Kuchla seeds is applied externally to get relief from inflammation and pain in the joints associated with rheumatism due to its anti-inflammatory property[15-16].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Kuchla oil helps manage certain painful conditions (such as rheumatism or any other joint pain) that generally occur due to an imbalance of Vata dosha. The topical application of Kuchla oil on the affected area helps to provide relief from pain and inflammation due to its Vata balancing property.

References

  1. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Of India.Part 1 Volume 1.
  2. Patel K, Laloo D, Singh GK, et al.A review on medicinal uses, analytical techniques and pharmacological activities of Strychnos nux-vomica Linn.: A concise report.Chin J Integr Med. 2017:1-13.
  3. WebMD.Nux-vomica: Uses, Side effects, Doses, Interactions [Internet].Atlanta [last updated in 2016].
  4. Ulbricht CE.Natural Standard:Herb and Supplement Guide, An Evidence Based Reference.Elsevier;2010.
  5. Kanui TI, Enbergs H.Effects of Nux vomica D4, D6, D10, nux Vomica homaccord ad us. vet. and atropinum compositum ad us. vet on intestinal motor activity in vitro.1:12.In: Proceedings of a refresher course and annual scientific conference organized by Kenya Society of Anaesthesiologists, World Federation of Societies of Anaesthesiologists and Society of Anaesthesiologists of East Africa 1996 IP (Abs).Elsevier;1996.
  6. Wang Z, Zhao J, Xing J et al.Analysis of strychnine and brucine in postmortem specimens by RP-HPLC: a case report of fatal intoxication.J Anal Toxicol.2004;28(2):141-144.
  7. Chen J, Wang X, Qu YG et al. Analgesic and anti-inflammatory activity and pharmacokinetics of alkaloids from seeds of Strychnos nux-vomica after transdermal administration: effect of changes in alkaloid composition. J Ethnopharmacol. 2012 Jan 6;139(1):181-188.
  8. Bhati R, Singh A, Saharan VA et al.Strychnos nux-vomica seeds: pharmacognostical standardization, extraction, and antidiabetic activity.J Ayurveda Integr Med.2012;3(2):80-84.
  9. Kamal A, Kamal YT, Ahmad S et al.Simultaneous HPTLC determination of strychnine and brucine in strychnos nux-vomica seed.J Pharm Bioallied Sci.2012;4(2):134-139.
  10. Chaurasia S.Anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity of Strychnos nux vomica Linn.Am.-Eurasian J. Sustain. Agric.2009;3(2):244-252.
  11. Dhalwal K, Shinde VM, Namdeo AG et al.Development and validation of a TLC-densitometric method for the simultaneous quantitation of strychnine and brucine from Strychnos spp. and its formulations.J Chromatogr Sci.2007;45(10):706-709.
  12. Bhati R, Singh A, Saharan VA et al.Strychnos nux-vomica seeds: pharmacognostical standardization, extraction, and antidiabetic activity.J Ayurveda Integr Med.2012;3(2):80-84.
  13. Gupta YK, Peshin SS.Do Herbal Medicines Have Potential for Managing Snake Bite Envenomation?Toxicol Int.2012;19(2):89–99.External Link
  14. Chatterjee I, Chakravarty AK, Gomes A.Antisnake venom activity of ethanolic seed extract of Strychnous nux vomica.Indian Journal of experimental biology.2004:42;468-475.External Link
  15. Maji AK, Banerji P.Strychnos nux-vomica: A Poisonous Plant with Various Aspects of Therapeutic Significance.Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy.2017;8(1).External Link
  16. Kushwaha RK, Berval R, Sharma A. The therapeutic and toxicological effect of Kupilu(Strychnous nux-vomica)-A review.AYUSHDHARA.2014;1(2):1-4. External Link
  17. Mitra S, Shukla VJ, Acharya R. Effect of Shodhana (processing) on Kupeelu (Strychnos nux-vomica Linn.) with special reference to strychnine and brucine content.Ayu.2011;32(3):402–407.External Link
Disclaimer
The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

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