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PhD Anthropology (pursuing), MSc
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Khadir

Khadir
Khadir, commonly known as kattha, is a deciduous tree commonly growing throughout Sub-Himalayan belt and northeastern states of India. Generally, the wood and bark of the Khadir tree is mainly used for medicinal purposes.
Khadir is good for hair as it might act as a natural hair dye. Regular application of Khadir on hair increases the volume and shine of hair by nourishing them. Khadir also helps in skin tightening by contracting skin cells or other body tissues due to its astringent property. Khadir is widely used in cases of oral disorders such as mouth ulcers, gingivitis, cuts, when it’s paste is applied on the affected area. It has strong healing activity due to their anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antimicrobial properties.
It is used in paan (chewing betel leaf) which is usually taken after meals as a sweet dish. As per Ayurveda, Khadir powder when taken with lukewarm water helps manage diarrhea due to its antidiarrheal property. Khadir powder also helps in weight management by improving metabolism and thus possess anti-obesity activities.
Khadir is safe when consumed in food amounts. Though the side-effects of this plant are less known, it is advisable for people sensitive to allergies to take proper consultation before consuming[2][3][13].

What are the synonyms of Khadir?

Acacia catechu, Kharira, Khadira, Khara, Khayar, Khera, Khayera, Black catechu, Cutch tree, Khair, Kathe, Kher, Kaggali, Kaggalinara, Kachinamara, Koggigida, Kath, Karingali, Khair, Karungali, Karungkali, Chandra, Kaviri, Chanbe Kaath, Kattha[1].

What is the source of Khadir?

Plant Based

Benefits of Khadir

What are the benefits of Khadir for Osteoarthritis?

scientific
Modern Science View
Enough evidence is not available for the use of Khadir in Osteoarthritis. However, using Khadir in combination with certain other herbs appears to reduce the chances of Osteoarthritis progression and helps to prevent subsequent joint cartilage damage[4][5].

What are the benefits of Khadir for Diarrhea?

scientific
Modern Science View
Khadir might be useful in Diarrhea as it possesses antidiarrheal property. A certain chemical constituent present in Khadir reduces the spasm of intestinal muscles and also decreases the frequency of stools passed[6].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Khadir is an effective herb for controlling diarrhea. Diarrhea, known as Atisar in Ayurveda, is caused due to improper food, impure water, toxins, mental stress and Agnimandya (weak digestive fire). All these factors are responsible for aggravating Vata. Aggravated Vata brings fluid in the intestine from various tissues of the body and mixes with the stool which leads to loose, watery motions or Diarrhea. Using Khadir powder helps to control the loss of water from the body and makes the stool thicker due to its Kashaya (astringent) property.

Tips for using Khadir powder to get relief from constipation:
1. Take 1-2 gm of Khadir powder or as directed by the physician.
2. Swallow it with lukewarm water or honey twice a day after taking light food to get rid of the symptoms of diarrhea.

What are the benefits of Khadir for Swelling?

scientific
Modern Science View
Khadir causes contraction of skin cells and reduces swelling of the nose and throat. It contains an active constituent which helps in the treatment of sore throat due to its soothing property[8].

What are the benefits of Khadir for Bleeding?

scientific
Modern Science View
Khadir may prevent bleeding due to its astringent property. It helps tighten the skin and decreases blood supply while also promoting clotting[8].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Khadir is an effective herb to control bleeding in the body. Khadir can be used in bleeding gums, bleeding from piles and skin injuries. Using Khadir powder orally helps to control bleeding due to its Kashaya (astringent) and Sita (cold) properties. Khadir Kwath (decoction) can also be used externally on wounds and cuts to stop bleeding.

Tips to use Khadir powder to control bleeding:
1. Take 1-2 gm of Khadir powder or as directed by the physician.
2. Swallow it with lukewarm water or honey twice a day after taking light food so as to control bleeding from the affected area.

What are the benefits of Khadir for Piles?

scientific
Modern Science View
Although enough scientific evidence is not available, Khadir might be useful in managing hemorrhoids due to its astringent property. It may heal the mucous membrane which helps relieve burning, itching, and pain associated with hemorrhoids[8].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Hemorrhoids or piles, known as Arsh in Ayurveda, is caused due to an unhealthy diet and a sedentary lifestyle. This leads to the impairment of all the three doshas, mainly Vata. An aggravated Vata causes low digestive fire leading to constipation. This causes swelling in the veins in the rectum area leading to piles mass. Sometimes bleeding can also occur in this condition. Khadir helps to control bleeding when used internally and Khadir Kwath (decoction) can be used externally to control bleeding and reduce the swelling of piles masses. This is due to its Kashaya (astringent) and Sita (cold) properties.

Tips to use Khadir powder to get relief from hemorrhoids:
1. Take 1-2 gm of Khadir powder or as directed by the physician.
2. Swallow it with lukewarm water or honey twice a day after taking light food to get rid of the symptoms of hemorrhoids.

How effective is Khadir?

Insufficient evidence
Bleeding, Diarrhea, Osteoarthritis, Piles, Swelling

Precautions when using Khadir

Advice from Experts
Important
scientific
Modern Science View
Khadir may interfere with blood pressure control during and after surgery, so it must be avoided 2 weeks prior surgery[3].
Allergy
scientific
Modern Science View
Khadir may cause allergic reactions in some people[3].
Breastfeeding
scientific
Modern Science View
Since enough scientific evidence is not available, it is advisable to avoid or consult a physician before taking Khadir during breastfeeding[3].
Moderate Medicine Interaction
scientific
Modern Science View
Khadir may show moderate interaction with blood-pressure-lowering drugs. So, it is advisable to use Khadi as per physician's advice[3].
Patients with diabetes
scientific
Modern Science View
Since enough scientific evidence is not available, it is advisable for diabetics to avoid or consult a physician before taking Khadir[3].
Patients with heart disease
Important
scientific
Modern Science View
Khadir may lower the blood pressure drastically. So, it is generally advisable to consult a physician and monitor blood pressure regularly while taking Khadir with other blood pressure-lowering drugs[3].
Patients with liver disease
scientific
Modern Science View
Khadir may cause harm to the liver in certain people so it is advisable to avoid or consult a physician before use[3].
Pregnancy
scientific
Modern Science View
Since enough scientific evidence is not available, it is advisable to avoid or consult a physician before taking Khadir during pregnancy[3].

Recommended Dosage of Khadir

  • Khadir Powder - 1-2 gm twice a day or as directed by a physician.
  • Khadir Capsule - 1 capsule twice a day or as directed by a physician.
  • Khadir Tablet - 1 tablet twice a day or as directed by a physician.

How to use Khadir

1. Khadir Powder
a. Take 1-2 gm (or as directed by a physician) of Khadir powder.
b. Swallow it with lukewarm water or honey twice a day after taking light food.

2. Khadir Capsules
a. Take 1 capsule (or as directed by a physician) of Khadir.
b. Swallow it with water preferably after meals once or twice a day.

3. Khadir Kwath (Decoction)
a. Take about 5-10 gm of Khadir powder.
b. Add about 2 bowls of water to it.
c. Heat till the volume is reduced to one-fourth.
d. Cool and strain this to form a decoction.
e. Take 15-20 ml of this Khadir decoction and mix it in some more water.
f. Drink preferably after meals once or twice a day.

Benefits of Khadir

What are the benefits of Khadir for Skin disorders?

scientific
Modern Science View
Khadir has antibacterial and antifungal properties due to which it inhibits the growth of bacteria and fungi that cause skin problems. So it may be useful in various skin diseases[10].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Khadir helps to control the symptoms of skin disease like eczema when applied on the affected area. Some of the symptoms of eczema are rough skin, blisters, inflammation, itchiness, and bleeding. Applying or washing the affected area with Khadir Kwath reduces inflammation and helps to stop bleeding. This is because of its Kashaya (astringent) and Ropan (healing) properties.

Tips to use Khadir powder to manage skin problems:
1. Take about 5-10 gm of Khadir powder.
2. Add about 2 bowls of water to it.
3. Heat till the volume is reduced to one-fourth.
4. Cool and strain this to form a decoction (kwath).
5. Wash the affected area with this kwath once or twice a day to get quick relief from skin disorders.

What are the benefits of Khadir for Wound infection?

scientific
Modern Science View
Khadir is found to possess wound healing property. It contains certain chemicals that cause contraction of skin cells and reduces inflammation thereby promoting wound healing. It also has antimicrobial activity which prevents further infection and supports wound healing[11].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Khadir helps in quick healing of the wound, decreases swelling and brings back the normal texture of the skin due to its Ropan (healing) property. Khadir also works on the wound by controlling bleeding because of its Sita (Cold) and Kashaya (astringent) nature.

Tips to use Khadir powder to promote wound healing:
1. Take about 5-10 gm of Khadir powder.
2. Add about 2 bowls of water to it.
3. Heat till the volume is reduced to one-fourth.
4. Cool and strain this to form a decoction (kwath).
5. Wash the affected area with this kwath once or twice a day to fasten wound healing.

How effective is Khadir?

Insufficient evidence
Skin disorders, Wound infection

Precautions when using Khadir

Allergy
scientific
Modern Science View
Although enough scientific evidence is not available, Khadir might cause allergic reactions in some people[3].

Recommended Dosage of Khadir

  • Khadir Powder - 1-2 gm or as per your requirement.

How to use Khadir

1. Khadir Powder
a. Take 1-3 gm of Khadir powder.
b. Add rose water to form a paste.
c. Apply evenly on the affected area.
d. Use this remedy once a day to get rid of psoriasis, dermatitis, eczema and other skin infections.

2. Khadir Kwath (Decoction)
a. Take about 5-10 gm of Khadir powder.
b. Add about 2 bowls of water to it.
c. Heat till the volume is reduced to one-fourth.
d. Cool and strain this to form a decoction (kwath).
e. Wash the affected area once or twice a day to get promote wound healing and manage skin disorders.

Frequently asked questions

Q. What is the use of catechu (Khadir) tincture?

scientific
Modern Science View
Catechu (Khadir) tincture is mainly used to treat pain and inflammation. Catechu (Khadir) is rich in tannins and when given in the form of a tincture it mainly helps manage stomach and intestinal disorders such as diarrhoea, indigestion and other GI infections.

Q. Can Khadir be used in foods?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Khadir may be used as a flavouring agent in foods and beverages[3].

Q. Is Khadir good for health?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Katha is good for health as it possesses many important properties like antibacterial, antimicrobial and antifungal. It also has antidiarrheal property and thus may be useful in managing diarrhea. Apart from these, it also protects the liver, acts as a wound healer and also has antiobesity activity[8].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Khadir is an effective remedy for many health problems. Khadir helps to control bleeding in the gums or in case of piles. It also helps to control diarrhea and reduce the symptoms of digestive disorders because of its Kashaya (astringent) and Sita (cold) properties.

Q. Is Khadir good for mouth ulcers?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Khadir might be good for mouth ulcers as it contains certain important constituents that show astringent effect (causing contraction of skin cells and reducing inflammation) and also gives a soothing effect[8][9].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Khadir is a well-known herb that help fasten the healing of mouth ulcers. Applying Khadir paste on mouth ulcer promotes quick healing and gives a cooling effect because of its Ropan (healing), Kashaya (astringent) and Sita (cold) properties.

Q. Can Khadir be used against obesity?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Khadir has got antiobesity activity. It helps maintain healthy fat metabolism and reduces the conversion of carbohydrates to fats in the body. It also lowers cholesterol and triglycerides in the body thus keeping a check on obesity[8].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Khadir helps to control excessive weight gain when taken internally. It improves metabolism and prevents excessive fat accumulation due to its Ama (toxic remains in the body due to improper digestion) property which is the prime cause of obesity.

Q. Is Khadir good for the liver?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Khadir might be good for the liver as it contains certain constituents that show antioxidant properties and is found to be useful in the treatment of liver damage.

Q. Is Khadir good for hair?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Khadir is good for hair. It may impart colour to hair when applied externally and may be used as an important ingredient of hair colourants[12].

References

  1. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Of India.Part 1 Volume 1.
  2. Hashmat MA, Hussain R. A review on Acacia catechu Willd. Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business.2013;5(1):593-600.
  3. WebMD.Catechu: Uses, Side effects, Doses, Interactions [Internet].Atlanta [last updated in 2016].External Link
  4. Arjmandi BH, Ormsbee LT, Elam ML, et al. A combination of Scutellaria baicalensis and Acacia catechu for short-term symptomatic relief of joint discomfort associated with osteoarthritis of the knee. J Med Food 2014;17(6):707-13. View abstract.External Link
  5. Kalman D.S, Hewlings S.J. The Effects of Morus alba and Acacia catechu on Quality of Life and Overall Function in Adults with Osteoarthritis of the Knee.Hindawi Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism.2017;4893104:9.External Link
  6. Micucci M, Gotti R, Corazza I et al. Newer Insights into the Antidiarrheal Effects of Acacia catechu Willd. Extract in Guinea PigJ .Med Food. 2017 Jun;20(6):592-600.External Link
  7. Nadumane V. Nair S. Evaluation of anticancer and cytotoxic potentials of Acacia catechu extracts in vitro.Journal of Natural Pharmaceuticals.2011;2:190.External Link
  8. Babasaheb K S, Arif P T, Shaligram S S. PHYTOPHARMACOLOGY OF ACACIA CATECHU WILLD: A REVIEW. Ejpmr, 2019:6(1); 216-223.External Link
  9. Kumar, Aravind S; Lakshmi, T; Arun, A V. Invitro Antibacterial Activity of Acacia catechu ethanolic leaf extract against selected acidogenic oral bacteria.Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology.2012:5(3);333-336.External Link
  10. Chaudhari S.K , Tripathi S, Singh D. P. et al, An overview on Acacia catechu.IJRRPAS: 2(2):342-346.External Link
  11. Tangeti s, Gabbita P, Ponnaluri R R et al.Comparative study of the wound healing effect of topical Acacia catechu extract and silver sulfadiazine on excisional wound model in guinea pigs. Int J Basic Clin Pharmacol. 2018 Dec:7(12):2347-2352.External Link
  12. Singh V, Ali M et al. “Study of colouring effect of herbal hair formulations on graying hair.” Pharmacognosy research.2015:7(3);259-62.External Link
  13. Ramanathan L. For Bumpier Times: An Indian Mother's Guide to 101 Pregnancy & Childcare Practices.2015.External Link
Disclaimer
The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

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