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M.Tech (Biotechnology), B.Tech
Ayurvedic View By
BAMS
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MD (Pharmacology), MBBS
Last updated on:
16 Aug 2019 | 02:38 PM (IST)
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Kalimirch

Kalimirch
Kalimirch or Black pepper is a commonly found spice in every house. It has various medicinal properties such as anti-asthmatic, antioxidant, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory. It helps to manage cough, throat infections, fever and relieves stress and anxiety. Traditionally it is used to control diarrhea and also helps to manage diabetes and high blood pressure. In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plain water to avoid redness and burning[1-3][6].

What are the synonyms of Kalimirch?

Piper nigrum, Katuka, Kola, Kolaka, Krishna, Maricha, Golmirch, Aguttam, Arisu, Irambivam, Filfil Siyah, Milagu

What is the source of Kalimirch?

Plant Based

Benefits of Kalimirch

What are the benefits of Kalimirch for Diarrhea?

scientific
Modern Science View
Kalimirch might be beneficial in managing diarrhea. Kalimirch has anti-diarrheal and anti-secretory activity. Kalimirch also normalizes the increased gut motility in case of diaarhea[4][6].

What are the benefits of Kalimirch for Local anesthesia (Numb tissues in a specific area)?

scientific
Modern Science View
Kalimirch might be beneficial in managing arthritis pain. Kalimirch has anti-arthritic, anti-inflammatory and analgesic property. Kalimirch reduces the activity of inflammatory mediators in arthritis, thus reduces inflammation and pain[4][7].

How effective is Kalimirch?

Insufficient evidence
Diarrhea, Local anesthesia (Numb tissues in a specific area)

Precautions when using Kalimirch

Advice from Experts
scientific
Modern Science View
Inhalation of Kalimirch may cause respiratory irritation, pulmonary edema and respiratory arrest. So it is generally advised to consult a doctor while using Kalimirch if you have asthma[5].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Kalimirch if consumed in high dose and for prolonged usage can cause hyperacidity and gastritis due to its Ushna virya (hot potency) property.
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Kalimirch should be taken in small quantity and for short duration if you already have excessive Pitta.
Moderate Medicine Interaction
scientific
Modern Science View
Kalimirch may interfere with liver functioning. So, it is advised to monitor your liver functions regularly if you are taking Kalimirch along with any hepatoprotective medicines.

Recommended Dosage of Kalimirch

  • Kalimirch Churna - 3-4 pinch twice a day.
  • Kalimirch Capsule - 1-2 capsules twice a day.
  • Kalimirch Tablet - 1-2 tablet twice a day.

How to use Kalimirch

1. Kalimirch in Cooking
a. Use Kalimirch in cooking as a spice to impart flavor and enhance the taste of your food.

2. Kalimirch Churna
a. Take 3-4 pinch of Kalimirch Churna.
b. Mix it with honey and take it after meals twice a day.

3. Kalimirch Capsule
a. Take 1-2 Kalimirch Capsule.
b. Swallow it with water.
c. Take it after meals twice a day.

4. Kalimirch (Marichadi Vati)
a. Take 1-2 tablets of Kalimirch (Marichadi Vati).
b. Swallow it with water and take it after meals twice a day.

5. Kalimirch Kwath
a. Take 2-3 teaspoons of Kalimirch kwath (Decoction).
b. Mix it with honey and take it after meals twice a day.

Benefits of Kalimirch

Skin allergy
According to Ayurveda, a paste of Kalimirch (Black pepper) helps to reduce redness and itchiness in skin allergy. This is due to its Tikshna (sharpness) and Vata-Kapha balancing property.

Arthritis
Kalimirch (Black pepper) paste helps to reduce arthritis pain when applied on the affected area. This is due to its Vata balancing property.

Eczema
Kalimirch (Black Pepper) oil gives relief in eczema by reducing itching when applied on the affected area. This is due to its Tikshna (sharpness) property.

Precautions when using Kalimirch

Allergy
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Kalimirch (Black pepper) should be used with honey or any cooling moisturizing creams if your skin is hypersensitive.
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Kalimirch (Black pepper) oil also should be used with other oil like coconut oil or with moisturizing cream since it has Ushna virya (hot potency).

Recommended Dosage of Kalimirch

  • Kalimirch Oil - 2-5 drops or as per your requirement.
  • Kalimirch Powder - ½ to 1 teaspoon or as per your requirement.

How to use Kalimirch

1. Kalimirch Honey Face scrub
a. Take ½ to 1 teaspoon of Kalimirch Powder.
b. Mix it with honey and gently rub over the skin for 3-4 minutes.
c. Wash thoroughly with tap water.
d. Use this remedy 2-3 times a day to control blackheads and add a glow to your skin.

2. Kalimirch oil in Sesame or Coconut Oil
a. Take 3-4 drops of Kalimirch oil.
b. Mix it with sesame or coconut oil and massage on to the affected area once a day.
c. Use this remedy 2-3 times a day for effective relief from arthritic pain.

Frequently asked questions

Q. How to make Kalimirch powder at home?

scientific
Modern Science View
1. Clean all the Kalimirch corns properly.
2. Heat a pan and then add the corns.
3. Roast them for about 1-2 minutes till it becomes light brown.
4. Switch off the gas and let it cool.
5. Then after a few minutes, transfer all the contents to a blender and grind well.
6. Now, transfer this freshly prepared Kalimirch powder to an airtight container and use as required.

Q. Can we add Kalimirch in herbal tea?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, we can add Kalimirch in herbal tea due to its rich nutrient content. It has anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties which help prevent various diseases.

Q. Why is Black pepper (Kalimirch) bad for your health?

scientific
Modern Science View
Black pepper is considered to be bad for health only when taken in high doses as it may cause stomach and lung problems and allergies.

Q. What are the other uses of Black pepper (Kalimirch) powder?

scientific
Modern Science View
Black pepper (Kalimirch) is used as a spice in the kitchen. It can also be used in the form of spray i.e., called Black pepper spray for self-defense purposes.

Q. Is Kalimirch good for a cough?

scientific
Modern Science View
Some animal studies state that Kalimirch might help give relief from cough due to its anti-tussive activity[7].

Q. Does Kalimirch increase blood pressure?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Kalimirch may increase blood pressure if taken in large amounts due to its vasoconstriction effect i.e., it causes narrowing of blood vessels. This creates an obstruction in smooth blood flow which leads to an increase in blood pressure[8].

Q. Is Kalimirch good for weight loss?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Kalimirch, when taken in moderate amount, is good for weight loss as it improves the metabolism of the body[9].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Kalimirch can be used for weight management when added to the diet. Kalimirch helps to improve metabolism and reduce Ama (toxic remains in the body due to improper digestion). This is due to its Deepan (appetizer) and Kapha balancing properties.

Q. Is Kalimirch beneficial for men?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Kalimirch is beneficial for men due to its aphrodisiac property. Piperine, a component present in Kalimirch has inhibitory effects. This inhibitory effect of piperine improves the level of testosterone and thus enhances sexual performance. Kalimirch also contains zinc and magnesium which helps boost sexual drive in males[10].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Kalimirch is an effective remedy to maintain sexual stamina in men because of its Vrushya (aphrodisiac) property.

Q. What are the benefits of Kalimirch?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
1. Kalimirch paste helps reduce redness and itchiness in case of skin allergy due to its Tikshna (sharp) and Vata-Kapha balancing property.

2. Kalimirch paste also helps to manage arthritis pain when applied on the affected area due to its Vata balancing property.

3. Kalimirch (Black pepper) oil gives relief in eczema by reducing itching when applied externally due to its Tikshna (sharp) property.

Q. Is Kalimirch good for eyes?

scientific
Modern Science View
Although not enough scientific information is available to support the role of Kalimirch for eyes; traditionally Kalimirch ointment was used to manage eye diseases. It is generally advisable to consult your doctor before using Kalimirch on the eye[11].

Q. Does Kalimirch help in hair growth?

scientific
Modern Science View
Although not enough scientific evidence is available to support the role of Kalimirch in hair growth; it helps in managing hair problems such as dandruff. This is due to its anti-fungal activity. Kalimirch is also said to prevent baldness. However, it is advisable to consult a doctor before using Kalimirch or its products on the scalp and hair[12][13].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Kalimirch helps to maintain hair growth when its oil is applied on the scalp. Kalimirch oil helps to remove excess dryness from the scalp which is due to an aggravated Vata. This prevents the growth of dandruff because of its Vata balancing property.
Tips:
1. Take 3-4 drops of Kalimirch oil.
2. Mix it with coconut oil
3. Apply on scalp and hairs twice or thrice a week
4. To promotes hair growth quickly

Q. Is Kalimirch beneficial for the skin?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Kalimirch is considered to be beneficial for the skin due to its anti-aging property. A study suggests that it cleanses the skin, exfoliates and removes dead cells from the skin. However, it is advisable to consult a doctor before using Kalimirch or its products on the skin[13].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Kalimirch helps to reduce the symptoms of skin disorders like boils and wound. Kalimirch or its might help to reduce the inflammation and accelerate the healing process due to its Ropan (healing) property.

Q. Is it safe to eat Kalimirch during pregnancy?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, it is safe to eat Kalimirch in food amounts or in low amounts during pregnancy. But in high doses, it may cause irritation to the pregnant women and allergies to the breastfeeding mothers[13].

Q. What are the side effects of Kalimirch?

scientific
Modern Science View
1. Kalimirch is considered to be safe when consumed in food amounts or in medicinal amounts. But consuming Kalimirch in large amounts can accidentally get into the lungs and may cause choking especially in children.
2. It may cause a burning sensation in the stomach in high doses.
3. If accidentally, Kalimirch enters the eyes, it may cause a burning sensation in the eyes as well[4][13][14].

References

  1. Ahmada N, Fazal H, Abbasi BR,et.al.Biological role of Piper nigrum L. (Black pepper): A review.Asian Pac J Trop Biomed.2012;2(3):S1945-S1953.
  2. Sulok KMT, Ahmed OH,YuenKhew C,et.al.Introducing natural farming in black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) Cultivation.J Agric.2018:1-6.
  3. Butt MS, Pasha I, Sultan MT,et.al.Black pepper and health claims: A comprehensive treatise.Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr.2013;53(9):875-86.
  4. WebMD.Black Pepper: Uses, Side effects, Doses, Interactions [Internet].Atlanta [last updated in 2016].
  5. Ulbricht CE.Natural Standard:Herb and Supplement Guide, An Evidence Based Reference.Elsevier;2010
  6. Obah G, Admosun AO, Odubanjo OV, et al.Antioxidative properties and inhibition of key enzymes relevant to type-2 diabetes and hypertension by essential oils from black pepper.Advances in Pharmacological Sciences.2013.
  7. Khawas S, Nosáľová G, Majee SK, et al.In vivo cough suppressive activity of pectic polysaccharide with arabinogalactan type II side chains of Piper nigrum fruits and its synergistic effect with piperine.Int J Biol Macromol. 2017;99:335-342.
  8. Husain Taqvi SI, Shah AJ, Gilani A. Blood pressure lowering and Vasomodulator effects of Piperine.J Cardiovasc pharmacol. 2008;52(5):452-458.
  9. Shah SS, Shah GB, Singh SD, et al. Effect of piperine in the regulation of obesity-induced dyslipidemia in high-fat diet rats. Indian J pharmacol. 2011;43(3):296-299.
  10. Sutyarso, Kanedi M, Rosa E.Effects of Black Pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.) extract on sexual drive in male mice. Research Journal of Medicinal plants.2015;9(1):42-47.
  11. Kavitha S, Mani P. Anti-bacterial activity of extract of Piper nigrum leaf. Biotechnol Ind J.2017;13(4):1-7.
  12. Singletary K. Black Pepper: Overview of health benefits.Food Science. 2010;45(1):43-47.
  13. Khan ND. Piper Nigrum- King of Spice. Adv Bioeng Biomed Sci Res. 2019;2(2):1-2.
  14. Wadhwa S, Singhal S, Rawat S. Bioavailability enhancement by Piperine: A review. Asian journal of biomedical and pharmaceutical sciences. 2014;4(36):1-8.
Disclaimer
The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

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