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Ayurvedic View By
BAMS
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MD (Pharmacology), MBBS
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18 Feb 2021 | 04:17 PM (IST)

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Hadjod

Hadjod
Hadjod or Bonesetter is an ancient plant commonly used in India. It is famous for its fracture healing properties due to various antioxidants such as phenols, tannins, carotenoids, and Vitamin C present in it. As per Ayurveda, consuming Hadjod juice along with cow’s ghee or a cup of milk helps in healing bone fractures due to its Sandhaniya (promoting the union of fractured parts) property.
It helps in managing weight by improving the metabolism of the body. It also prevents fats and lipid accumulation in the body and lowers the level of triglycerides which further helps in managing obesity.
Hadjod helps in wound healing due to its astringent and wound healing properties. Applying Hadjod paste on the wound helps in reducing pain and inflammation due to its analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties.
Excessive consumption of Hadjod might lead to certain side effects like Dry mouth, Headache, Dry mouth, Diarrhea etc. So, it is advisable to consult a physician before using Hadjod[2][3].

What are the synonyms of Hadjod?

Cissus quadrangularis, Haadjodaa, Bone setter, Haadsaankal, Hadjoda, Mangarballee, Sunduballi, Piranta, Kaandvel, Haadabhanga gachha, Hadajoda, Asthisamhrt, Vajravalli[1].

What is the source of Hadjod?

Plant Based

Benefits of Hadjod

What are the benefits of Hadjod for Piles?

scientific
Modern Science View
Hadjod might help manage Hemorrhoids due to its anti-inflammatory property. It reduces pain and inflammation in the veins of the anus and lower rectum. Hadjod also helps reduce bleeding and prolapse of the hemorrhoidal tissue associated with piles[14].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Haemorrhoids is a condition of bleeding piles that occurs due to an imbalance of Vata and Pitta dosha (especially Pitta dosha). Imbalanced doshas lead to constipation which results in the occurrence of mass like structures in the anal region. If left untreated, it might lead to bleeding. Hadjod possesses Vata balancing property which helps prevent constipation and its Kashaya (astringent) nature helps stop bleeding, thereby providing relief.

What are the benefits of Hadjod for Obesity?

scientific
Modern Science View
Hadjod is good for weight loss as it improves body metabolism. Certain constituents present in Hadjod help in the reduction of body weight. It also inhibits the accumulation of fats and lipids and lowers the levels of triglycerides. Together, these properties of Hadjod help manage Obesity[13].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Obesity is a condition that occurs due to poor digestion, wherein toxins in the form of fat get accumulated in the body. This leads to an aggravation of Kapha dosha. Hadjod helps manage this condition due to its Ushna (hot) and Kapha balancing properties. It helps improve the digestive fire which further improves digestion and prevents the accumulation of toxins, thus helping in the management of Obesity.
Tips
1. Take 1 tablet of Hadjod twice a day.
2. Consume it daily with lukewarm water after meals.

What are the benefits of Hadjod for Asthma?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Asthma is a condition of inflammation in the air passages which makes it difficult for a person to breathe. In this condition, a person faces repeated attacks of breathlessness and wheezing sound from the chest. According to Ayurveda, the main doshas involved in asthma are Vata and Kapha. An aggravated Kapha dosha imbalances Vata dosha in the lungs. This creates an obstruction in the air passages which makes breathing difficult and the condition is known as Swas roga (Asthma). Hadjod helps melt the accumulated cough and clears the obstruction in the air passages due to its Kapha balancing and Ushna (hot) properties. This eases breathing and provides relief to the asthmatic person.

What are the benefits of Hadjod for Muscle building?

scientific
Modern Science View
Hadjod might help in body building due to the presence of vitamin C that is essential for collagen formation. It is used in body building supplements and is found to be effective in strengthening the bones and joints. It’s consumption might also decrease the cortisol level i.e., the stress hormone and promote muscle growth[8][19].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Bodybuilding activity is one in which an individual works/exercises to develop his muscles and internal strength. Hadjod helps in body building due to its Balya (strength provider) property. This helps to provide strength to the muscles which ultimately leads to healthy built up of the body.

What are the benefits of Hadjod for Diabetes mellitus (Type 1 & Type 2)?

scientific
Modern Science View
Hadjod might help manage Diabetes due to its blood glucose lowering activity. It prevents the damage of pancreatic cells and enhances insulin secretion, thereby lowering blood sugar levels. Hadjod also has an antioxidant property which helps reduce fasting glucose levels[9].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Diabetes, also known as Madhumeha in Ayurveda, occurs due to an imbalance of Vata-Kapha dosha and impaired digestion. Impaired digestion leads to an accumulation of Ama (toxic remains in the body due to improper digestion) in the pancreatic cells and impairs the function of insulin. Hadjod helps improve digestion and prevents the formation of Ama thereby managing Diabetes due to its Vata-Kapha balancing and Pachan (digestion) properties.

What are the benefits of Hadjod for High cholesterol?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Impaired digestion leads to the formation and accumulation of toxins in the form of Ama (toxic remains in the body due to improper digestion) which leads to obstruction in the blood vessels. Hadjod helps manage high cholesterol due to its Pachan (digestion) and Ushna (hot) properties. It increases the Agni (digestive fire) and helps improve digestion. This further prevents the formation of Ama and reduces the symptoms of high cholesterol.

What are the benefits of Hadjod for Gout?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Gout, known as Vatarakta in Ayurveda, is a disorder in which the person experiences redness, swelling and more importantly pain in the joints. All these symptoms occur due to an imbalance of Vata dosha which further imbalances the Rakta dhatu. Hadjod helps reduce the symptoms of Gout and provides warmth to the affected painful area due to its Vata balancing and Ushna (hot) properties.

What are the benefits of Hadjod for Malaria?

scientific
Modern Science View
Hadjod might help manage Malaria as it possesses antimalarial property. Certain constituents present in Hadjod suppress the growth of the malarial parasite due to its antiparasitic activity, thereby managing Malaria[10][11].

What are the benefits of Hadjod for Menstrual pain?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Painful menstruation is known as dysmenorrhea. In Ayurveda, this condition is known as Kasht-aartava. According to Ayurveda, Aartava or Menstruation is controlled and governed by Vata dosha. Hadjod helps manage painful menstruation due to its Vata balancing and Ushna (hot) properties. This helps reduce the pain and provide relief during the menstrual cycle.

What are the benefits of Hadjod for Rheumatoid arthritis?

scientific
Modern Science View
Hadjod might help manage the symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Certain constituents present in Hadjod inhibit the activity of an inflammatory protein that leads to reduction in joint pain and inflammation associated with arthritis[12].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Rheumatoid Arthritis, known as Aamavata in Ayurveda, is a disease in which vitiation of Vata dosha and accumulation of Ama takes place in the joint(s). Aamavata starts with a weak digestive fire which leads to accumulation of Ama (toxic remains in the body due to improper digestion). The Ama is carried to different locations through Vata but instead of being absorbed, it gets accumulated in the joints and gives rise to Rheumatoid Arthritis. Hadjod helps improve digestion which prevents the formation of Ama due to its Vata balancing and Pachan (digestion) properties, thereby reducing the symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis.

What are the benefits of Hadjod for Seizures?

scientific
Modern Science View
Hadjod might help reduces Seizures due to its anticonvulsant properties. It contains certain components known as flavonoids that help manage muscle contractions and inhibit convulsions[7].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Seizures is a condition which occurs due to an imbalance of Vata dosha. Vata affects the nerves and leads to certain symptoms like temporary confusion, loss of consciousness or jerky movements of arms and legs. Hadjod helps provide strength to the nerves and reduces the occurrence of seizures due to its Vata balancing and Balya (strength provider) properties.

What are the benefits of Hadjod for Stomach upset?

scientific
Modern Science View
Although enough scientific evidence is not available, Hadjod might help manage an Upset stomach. It is considered to be a powerful stomachic that helps relieve indigestion[15].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Upset stomach might occur due to an imbalance of Pitta dosha which leads to weak or poor digestion. Hadjod increase the Agni (digestive fire) and improves digestion, thereby reducing the symptoms of an Upset stomach due to its Ushna (hot) and Pachan (digestion) properties.

What are the benefits of Hadjod for Osteoporosis?

scientific
Modern Science View
Hadjod might be useful in the building and functioning of bones. It is rich in vitamin C which increases the cells that build bones, increases the absorption of calcium and also enhances the effect of another vitamin that helps in bone metabolism. So it is prescribed to help heal broken bones[8].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Osteoporosis, known as Asthi-Majjakshaya in Ayurveda, occurs because of degeneration or deterioration of bone tissue due to an imbalance of Vata dosha. Hadjod helps prevent the degeneration of bones and provides sufficient amount of oiliness or greasiness to the bones due to its Vata balancing and Snigdha (oily) properties, thereby managing Osteoporosis.

How effective is Hadjod?

Insufficient evidence
Asthma, Diabetes mellitus (Type 1 & Type 2), Gout, High cholesterol, Malaria, Menstrual pain, Muscle building, Obesity, Osteoporosis, Piles, Rheumatoid arthritis, Seizures, Stomach upset

Precautions when using Hadjod

Advice from Experts
Important
scientific
Modern Science View
The use of Hadjod might lower blood pressure and it might interfere with the level of blood sugar during and after a surgical procedure. So it is generally advisable to consult a physician or avoid the use of Hadjod at least 2 weeks before surgery[4].
Breastfeeding
scientific
Modern Science View
Although enough scientific evidence is not available, it is generally advisable to consult a physician before taking Hadjod during breastfeeding[4].
Pregnancy
scientific
Modern Science View
Although enough scientific evidence is not available, it is generally advisable to consult a physician before taking Hadjod during pregnancy[4].
Side Effects
Important
scientific
Modern Science View
Hadjod may cause side effects for a short period of time such as:
1. Dry mouth
2. Insomnia
3. Intestinal gas
4. Headache
5. Dry mouth
6. Diarrhea[4]

Recommended Dosage of Hadjod

  • Hadjod Juice - 10-20 ml twice a day.
  • Hadjod Powder - 2.5 g twice a day.

How to use Hadjod

1. Hadjod Powder
a. Take 2.5 g (or as directed by a physician) of Hadjod powder twice a day.
b. Swallow it with milk or water after meals for quick healing of fractures.

2. Hadjod Juice
a. Take 10-20 ml (or as directed by a physician) of Hadjod juice.
b. Drink it with cow’s ghee or a cup of milk after meals for quick healing of fractures.

Benefits of Hadjod

What are the benefits of Hadjod for Joint pain?

scientific
Modern Science View
Hadjod might help manage joint pains. It contains certain components that help decrease pain and muscle stiffness in men experiencing Joint pain due to exercise[5].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Joint pain is a condition which occurs due to an imbalance of Vata dosha. Hadjod helps manage joint pain due to its Vata balancing and Ushna (hot) properties. This helps provide warmth to the joints, thus providing relief.
Tips
1. Take a small stem of hadjod plant.
2. Beat it to make a suitable thick paste.
3. Apply on the affected area regularly to get relief.

How effective is Hadjod?

Insufficient evidence
Joint pain

Recommended Dosage of Hadjod

  • Hadjod Paste - 5-10 g in divided doses per day as prescribed by a physician.

Frequently asked questions

Q. What are the other ways of using Hadjod?

scientific
Modern Science View
Oral consumption:
1. Hadjod powder
a. Take 2.5 g (or as directed by a physician) of Hadjod powder twice a day.
b. Swallow it with milk or water after meals for quick healing of fractures.

2. Hadjod Juice
a. Take 10-20 ml (or as directed by a physician) of Hadjod juice.
b. Drink it with cow’s ghee or a cup of milk after meals for quick healing of fractures.

Q. What is Hadjod called in English?

scientific
Modern Science View
Hadjod is scientifically termed as Cissus quadrangularis. It is commonly known as veldt grape, devil's backbone, adamant creeper in English. The plant is known as Harishankar or Hadjod in Hindi and Asthisanghata, Kandavalli, Vajrangi, etc., in Sanskrit. It is a plant of the grape family, native to Asia and Africa.

Q. In what forms Hadjod is available?

scientific
Modern Science View
Extracts produced from the leaves of Hadjod are available in powder, capsule, or syrup form. All parts of this plant are used to make herbal supplements including, leaf, root, and stem.

Q. How does Hadjod help in reducing anxiety?

scientific
Modern Science View
Hadjod helps reduce anxiety due to its anxiolytic properties. It contains certain constituents which are antioxidant in nature and fight against the free radicals to prevent cell (neuron) damage. It also maintains the levels of certain neurotransmitters (GABA) which help reduce anxiety levels[7].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Anxiety is a condition which is controlled by Vata dosha. Vata affects the nerves and leads to conditions like worry, nervousness or even uneasiness. Hadjod helps manage anxiety by providing strength to the nerves and reducing the symptoms of anxiety due to its Vata balancing and Balya (strength provider) properties.

Q. Does Hadjod help in stomach ache?

scientific
Modern Science View
Although enough scientific evidence is not available for the role of Hadjod in stomach ache, the stem of Hadjod might be useful in abdominal pain[18].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Stomach ache might occur due to a week or poor digestion caused by imbalanced Pitta dosha. Hadjod helps increase the Agni (digestive fire) and improves digestion due to its Ushna (hot) and Pachan (digestion) properties, thereby providing relief from stomach ache.

Q. Is Cissus good for joints?

scientific
Modern Science View
Cissus or Hadjod is known to have anti-inflammatory properties. This property helps provide aid in the treatment of arthritis (a condition characterized by swollen, stiff joints) and other inflammatory disorders.
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Cissus or Hadjod is good for joints, especially when the pain in the joints or bones is caused due to an injury. Cissus or Hadjod helps to give strength and promotes healing because of its unique Sandhaniya (promoting the union of fractured parts) property.

Q. Can I use Hadjod for weight loss?

scientific
Modern Science View
Studies on the Hadjod or Cissus quadrangularis have shown efficacy in the management of weight loss and metabolic syndrome, particularly for central obesity. The presence of phytosterols and fiber extracts in Hadjod plants have certain properties that help reduce appetite, resulting in lower food consumption[20].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, you can use Hadjod for weight loss. The Ushna (hot) nature of Hadjod helps improve digestive fire and boost metabolism which plays an important role in controlling excessive weight gain.

Q. How do you use Hadjod?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Hadjod can be used in the following ways:
Hadjod powder can be consumed once or twice a day after consulting with an Ayurvedic doctor.
Hadjod capsules are also available that can also be taken after suggestions with health experts.
However, pregnant women and diabetic patients should consult with their doctor regarding its use.

Q. How Hadjod works in bone healing?

scientific
Modern Science View
Calcium is important for healing bones. But, only calcium intake does not improve the rate of new bone formation. The ability for absorption and utilization of calcium needs to be increased as well for a better healing process. Certain amino acids present in Hadjod or Cissus such as lysine help in the absorption of calcium. Hadjod acts by stimulating the metabolism and increasing uptake of minerals, calcium, and sulfur, which help in healing.
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Hadjod is a well known Ayurvedic remedy to heal bone fractures or injuries in Ayurveda. Hadjod has a unique Sandhaniya (promoting the union of fractured parts) property that helps to heal bones quickly.

Q. Is Hadjod safe to use?

scientific
Modern Science View
Hadjod and its supplements are safe to use when taken at the prescribed dosage. However, it may cause some minor side effects in some cases. These may include gas, diarrhea, dry mouth, headaches and insomnia. Diabetes patients and pregnant women should consult with their doctor regarding its use[4].

Q. Is Hadjod a natural aphrodisiac?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
An aphrodisiac is any substance or supplement that increases libido and helps build sexual desire. Vrishya (aphrodisiac) property of Hadjod can prove to be beneficial in improving stamina and promoting sexual wellness.

References

  1. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Of India.Part 1 Volume 1.
  2. Vijayalakshmi A, Kumar PR, Priyadarshini SS, et al.In vitro antioxidant and anticancer activity of flavonoid fraction from the aerial parts of Cissus quadrangularis Linn. against human breast carcinoma cell lines.journal of chemistry.2013;(2013):1-9.External Link
  3. Shukla R, Pathak A, kambuja S, et al.Pharmacognostical, Phytochemical and Pharmacological Overview: Cissus quadrangularis Linn.Indian J Pharm Biol Res 2015;3(3):59-65.
  4. WebMD.Cissus-quadrangularis: Uses, Side effects, Doses, Interactions [Internet].Atlanta [last updated in 2016].External Link
  5. Bloomer RJ, Farney TM,McCarthy CG, et al.Cissus quadrangularis reduces joint pain in exercise-trained men: a pilot study.Phys sportmed.2013;41(3):29-35.External Link
  6. Bharti M, Borane K, Singhasiya A.Evaluation of wound healing activity of cissus quadrangularis.World journal of pharmacy and pharmaceutical sciences.2014;3(6):822-834.
  7. Moto FC,Arsa’a A, Ngoupaye GT.Anxiolytic and antiepileptic properties of the aqueous extract of Cissus Quadrangularis (Vitaceae) in mice pilocarpine model of epilepsy.Frontiers in pharmacology.2018;9:1-10.External Link
  8. Joseph B,George J, Mohan J. Cissus Quadrangularis in the treatment of osteoporosis.WJPR.2013;2(3):596-605.External Link
  9. Chaudhari RL,Patil PS, Chaudhary RY, et al.Antihyperglycaemic activity of ethanolic extract of Cissus Quadrangularis (I.) leaves in alloxan-induced diabetic rats.Journal of applied pharmaceutical sciences.2013;3(01):73-77.External Link
  10. Stohs S,Ray SD.A review and evaluation of the efficacy and safety of Cissus Quadrangularis extracts.Phytotherapy research.2012.External Link
  11. Kaur R,Malik CP.Cissus Quadrangularis L-It’s botany, chemistry, and medicinal importance: A review.International journal of pharmaceutical and clinical research.2014;6(1):27-35.External Link
  12. Bhujade A,Talmale S,Patil MB.In vivo studies on the anti-arthritic activity of Cissus quadrangularis against adjuvant-induced arthritis.Journal of clinical and cellular immunology.2015;6(3).
  13. Lee HJ,Lee DR,Choi BK, et al.Cissus quadrangularis extract decreases body fat through regulation of fatty acid synthesis in high fat diet-induced obese mice.J Appl Biol Chem.2016;59(1):49-56.External Link
  14. Pirshahid PA, Thisayakorn C, Hemthanon T, et al.Anti-hemorrhoid activities from Cissus quadrangularis L.ISHS.1125,161-172.External Link
  15. Mishra G, Srivastava S, Nagori BP.Pharmacological activity of Cissus Quadrangularis: An Overview.IJPRIF.2010;2(2):1298-1310.External Link
  16. Joseph B, George J, Mohan J. Cissus Quadrangularis in the treatment of Osteoporosis.World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research. 2013;2(3):596-605. External Link
  17. Panda H.Medicinal plants cultivation and their uses.Asia Pacific business press Inc.External Link
  18. Shahzad A, Sharma S, Siddiqui SA.Biotechnological strategies for the conservation of medicinal and ornamental climbers.Springer.2015.External Link
  19. Kakade A, Dange Y, Patil P, et al. A review on Cissus Quadrangularis and evaluation of its in-vitro anthelmintic activity. CIBTech Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences.2014;3(1): 1-5. External Link
  20. Oben J, Kuate D, Agbor G, Momo C, and Talla1 X. The use of a Cissus quadrangularis formulation in the management of weight loss and metabolic syndrome. Lipids Health Dis. 2006; 5: 24.External Link
Disclaimer
The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

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