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Gokshura

Gokshura
Gokshura (Tribulus terrestris) is an Ayurvedic herb most commonly known for its immunity boosting, aphrodisiac and rejuvenation properties. Its name is derived from two sanskrit words; ‘Go’ meaning cow and ‘Aakshura’ meaning hoof, as the fruits of this plant resemble the hooves of cows.
Gokhshura when taken along with Ashwagandha helps enhance stamina due to which it is beneficial for body building as well as improving the performance of athletes. It is also extensively used to manage sexual disorders like erectile dysfunction as it is a natural aphrodisiac.
According to Ayurveda, Gokshura is known to balance tridosha. It is also used to manage urinary disorders due to its Mutral (diuretic) property.
It is advisable to consult your doctor before taking Gokshura if you are taking medicines to lower blood pressure[2-6][17][18][22].

What are the synonyms of Gokshura?

Tribulus terrestris, Goksuraka, Trikanata, Small Caltrop, Devil’s thorn, Goat head, Puncture vine, Gokhru, Gokhuri, Gokshra, Sharatte, Palleruveru, Nerinjil, Betagokharu, Bhakhra, Gokharu, Neggilu, Gokhri, Michirkand, Khar-e-Khasak Khurd

What is the source of Gokshura?

Plant Based

Benefits of Gokshura

What are the benefits of Gokshura for Athletic performance?

scientific
Modern Science View
Not enough scientific evidence is available to support the role of Gokshura in athletic performance.
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Gokshura enhances athletic performance by boosting your energy level and vitality due to its Guru (heavy) and Vrushya (aphrodisiac) properties.
Tips:
1. Take 1/4-1/2 teaspoon of Gokshura powder.
2. Mix with milk and drink it twice a day after taking food.

What are the benefits of Gokshura for Erectile dysfunction?

scientific
Modern Science View
Saponins present in Gokshura helps in managing erectile dysfunction as it strengthens the penile tissue and enhances penile erection. In one of the studies, Gokshura extract showed a significant increase in ICP or intracavernous pressure (a physiological marker of erectile function)[5][6][17].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Gokshura helps in boosting energy, vitality and also strengthens the penile tissue which enhances penile erection due to its Guru (heavy) and Vrishya (Aphrodisiac) properties. Together, this helps improve the symptoms of erectile dysfunction.

What are the benefits of Gokshura for Infertility?

scientific
Modern Science View
Gokshura is considered as a potent aphrodisiac and might increase the sexual desire in men. Active phytochemicals present in Gokshura improves the level of testosterone as well as the overall quality and quantity of sperm. This might help control infertility problems in men[6][19][20].
Tip:
1. Boil 20 gm of Gokshura flowers in 250ml milk.
2. Strain and drink this every morning and evening.

What are the benefits of Gokshura for Benign prostatic hyperplasia?

scientific
Modern Science View
Studies state that Gokshura might be useful to manage prostate gland disorders such as benign prostatic hyperplasia. It also improves the urine flow and helps in the almost complete emptying of the bladder thus decreasing urine retention. This might lower the symptoms of prostate enlargement[6][18].
Tip:
1. Take two teaspoons of the fruit and grind coarsely.
2. Bring it to a boil in two cups of water until about half the water remains.
3. Drink 1 cup of this mixture.
4. You can also take it along with sugar and milk for a better taste.
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Gokshura gives relief in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or enlarged prostate gland due to its Mutral (diuretic) and Sita (cold) properties. This helps to increase urine secretion and reduce the swelling and burning sensation during urination.

What are the benefits of Gokshura for Increasing sexual desire?

scientific
Modern Science View
Gokshura is said to improve libido in women who have a low sex drive. It also helps boost energy and vitality[6][21].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Gokshura helps improve libido and boost vitality in both men and women due to its Vrishya (aphrodisiac) property.

What are the benefits of Gokshura for Angina (heart-related chest pain)?

scientific
Modern Science View
Gokshura contains a saponin called tribulosin which helps in maintaining a healthy heart. Tribulosin helps in widening narrowed arteries thereby improving blood circulation to the heart. This might help lower the risk of coronary heart disease as well as the pain and discomfort associated with it[5][6][12].

What are the benefits of Gokshura for Cancer?

scientific
Modern Science View
Gokshura might be useful for cancer as it induces apoptosis while leaving the non-cancerous cells unharmed. It also has anti-proliferative property and might reduce the growth of cancer cells[5][6].

What are the benefits of Gokshura for Flatulence (gas formation)?

scientific
Modern Science View
Not enough scientific evidence is available to support the role of Gokshura in flatulence.
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Gokshura helps improve digestion and gives relief from intestinal gas due to its Deepan (appetizer) property which helps to digest food easily and prevent gas formation in the intestine.

How effective is Gokshura?

Likely ineffective
Athletic performance
Insufficient evidence
Anemia, Angina (heart-related chest pain), Benign prostatic hyperplasia, Cancer, Cough, Eczema, Erectile dysfunction, Flatulence (gas formation), Increasing sexual desire, Infertility

Precautions when using Gokshura

Advice from Experts
scientific
Modern Science View
Gokshura has a diuretic effect (increase urine flow). So it is advisable to use Gokshura with caution along with other drugs having a diuretic effect[16].
Breastfeeding
scientific
Modern Science View
It is advisable to avoid Gokshura during breastfeeding due to lack of evidence on its safety[6][15].
Patients with diabetes
scientific
Modern Science View
Gokshura may lower blood sugar level. So it is advised to monitor your blood sugar level while taking Gokshura along with anti-diabetic drugs[6].
Pregnancy
Important
scientific
Modern Science View
It is advisable to avoid Gokshura during pregnancy as it might induce abortion. An animal research also says that Gokshura might affect the functional development of the fetal brain[6][15].
Side Effects
Important
scientific
Modern Science View
1. Stomach pain
2. Nausea
3. Diarrhea
4. Vomiting
5. Constipation
6. Difficulty in sleeping[6].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Always take Gokshura in recommended dose or duration as a high dose can lead to stomach upset and diarrhea due to its Guru (heavy) nature.

Recommended Dosage of Gokshura

  • Gokshura Churna - ¼-½ teaspoon, twice a day.
  • Gokshura Tablet - 1-2 tablet, twice a day.
  • Gokshura Capsule - 1-2 capsule, twice a day.

How to use Gokshura

1. Gokshura Churna
a. Take ¼-½ teaspoon of Gokshura Churna.
b. Mix it with honey or take it with milk, twice a day after meals.

2. Gokshura Tablet
a. Take 1-2 Gokshura Tablet.
b. Swallow it with water, after meals twice a day.

3. Gokshura Capsule
a. Take 1-2 Gokshura Capsule.
b. Swallow it with water, after meals twice a day.

4. Gokshura Kwath
a. Take 4-6 teaspoon of Gokshura Kwath.
b. Mix it with honey or water and take after meals twice a day.

Benefits of Gokshura

What are the benefits of Gokshura for Eczema?

scientific
Modern Science View
Not enough scientific evidence is available to support the role of Gokshura in eczema.
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Gokshura gives relief in skin problems like eczema, skin irritations, itching, and eruptions due to its Ropan (healing) property.

How effective is Gokshura?

Insufficient evidence
Eczema

Precautions when using Gokshura

Allergy
scientific
Modern Science View
1. Apply Gokshura to a small area first to test for possible allergic reaction.
2. People who are allergic to Gokshura or its constituents should use it only under doctor’s supervision.

Recommended Dosage of Gokshura

  • Gokshura Powder - ½-1 teaspoon or as per your requirement.

How to use Gokshura

1. Gokshura with Rose Water
a. Take ¼-½ teaspoon of Gokshura paste or powder.
b. Mix it rose water and apply evenly on the face and neck.
c. Let it sit for 5-7 minutes.
d. Wash with tap water.
e. Use this remedy 2-3 times a week to get rid of skin ageing and dullness.

Frequently asked questions

Q. What is Himalayan Gokshura?

scientific
Modern Science View
Himalayan Gokshura is an effective herbal medicine from the Himalaya Drug company. It contains Gokshura extract and is said to be effective for male sexual disorders.

Q. Where can I buy Gokshura?

scientific
Modern Science View
Gokshura can be easily found in Ayurvedic stores or online.

Q. Does Gokshura help in bodybuilding?

scientific
Modern Science View
One of the studies said that Gokshura supplementation can increase testosterone as well as muscle power because of its biologically active chemical compounds such as alkaloids (saponins) and glycosides[7].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Gokshura is a popular supplement for aiding in bodybuilding as it helps to enhance your energy level and vitality due to its Guru (heavy) and Vrishya (aphrodisiac) properties.

Q. Is Gokshura good for diabetes?

scientific
Modern Science View
Saponin present in Gokshura has blood sugar lowering properties. It helps lower the level of serum glucose, serum triglyceride, and serum cholesterol due to its antioxidant property[5][8][9].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Gokshura helps to control blood sugar level by removing toxins from the body due to its Mutral (diuretic) properties. It also helps to improve metabolism because of its Ama (toxic remains in the body due to improper digestion) removing nature which is responsible for high blood sugar level.

Q. Is Gokshura good for reducing the level of uric acid?

scientific
Modern Science View
Gokshura is said to have good antilithic activity. It not only helps in reducing the level of uric acid but also reduces the chances of hyperoxaluria (excessive urinary secretion of oxalate) which can lead to kidney stones. The antilithic activity is attributed to the potent protein biomolecules present in Gokshura[10].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Gokshura helps to reduce the level of uric acid due to its Mutral (diuretic) property which increases the urine output and helps flush the toxins from the body. It also improves the metabolism because of its Ama (toxic remains in the body due to improper digestion) removing nature and inhibits excess production of uric acid.

Q. Can Gokshura treat kidney stones?

scientific
Modern Science View
Gokshura might be good for kidney stones as it causes diuresis (excretion of excess salt and water) because of the presence of potassium and nitrates. It also facilitates the process of dissolving preformed kidney stones and increases the excretion of urea and uric acid[5][11].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Gokshura reduces the risk of kidney stones due to its Mutral (diuretic) property which increases the urine output and helps flush the toxins from the urinary tract and kidneys. It also helps to improve metabolism because of its Ama (toxic remains in the body due to improper digestion) removing nature and inhibits the formation of kidney stones.

Q. Does Gokshura help maintain blood pressure?

scientific
Modern Science View
Gokshura has diuretic activity and helps the body get rid of extra salts and water thus controlling blood pressure. Gokshura can be taken by patients with mild to moderate hypertension mainly associated with fluid retention. A recent study also said that Gokshura minimizes systolic pressure, diastolic pressure, mean arterial pressure and improves heart rate[5][13][14].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Gokshura helps to maintain blood pressure due to its Mutral (diuretic) property which increases the urine output and helps flush the toxins and extra fluid from the body that are responsible for high blood pressure.

Q. Does Gokshura help in fat burning?

scientific
Modern Science View
No, there is not enough scientific evidence available to support the role of Gokshura in fat burning. However, Gokshura has antioxidant property which might help in strengthening the metabolism and further aids in fat burning and thus weight loss[9].

Q. Is Gokshura useful for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Gokshura is considered to be useful for Polycystic ovary syndrome. Some of the symptoms of PCOS are enlarged ovaries, excess male hormone and absence of ovulation. Gokshura contain certain elements which might help in the management of ovarian health and might improve the levels of hormones which are responsible for ovulation and fertility[23-25].

Q. Does Gokshura help prevent vaginal discharge?

scientific
Modern Science View
There is not enough scientific evidence available to support the role of Gokshura in vaginal discharge. However, Gokshura contains certain chemical components that might help to provide relief from factors causing vaginal discharge such as bacterial or yeast infection, hormonal imbalance, inflammation or urinary tract infections (UTI)[26].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Vaginal discharge is due to an inflammation in the vaginal area as a result of bacterial or viral infections. This is due to an aggravated Pitta resulting in pain and discomfort. Gokshura helps to manage vaginal discharge due to its Mutral (diuretic) and Sita (cold) properties. It helps remove toxins through excessive urination.

Q. Is Gokshura helpful in managing pain and burning sensation during urination?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Gokshura is beneficial in managing pain and burning sensation during urination due to the presence of certain constituents. These constituents inhibit the growth of bacteria into the bladder and prevents urinary tract infection (UTI) or its associated symptoms. Thus, Gokshura might be effective against major urinary tract pathogens namely E. coli responsible for various infections[27][28].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Pain and burning in urine might be due to urinary infections or inflammation which occurs due to an imbalance of Pitta dosha. Gokshura helps in the management of such condition due to its Mutral (diuretic) and Sita (cold) properties. Gokshura improves urine flow and reduces burning sensation during urination.

References

  1. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India.Part 1 Volume 1.
  2. Metcalfe CR, Chalk L. The Anatomy of The Dicotyledons.Oxford: Clerendon Press; 1950;2:1013–4.
  3. Cooke T. The Flora of the Presidency of Bombay.Taylor and Francis.1903;2:337–8.
  4. Kevalia J, Patel B.Identification of fruits of Tribulus terrestris Linn. and Pedalium murex Linn.: A pharmacognostical approach.Ayu.2011;32(4):550–553.
  5. Chhatre S, Nesari T, Somani G, et al.Phytopharmacological overview of Tribulus terrestris.Pharmacogn Rev.2014;8(15):45–51.
  6. WebMD.Tribulus: Uses, Side effects, Doses, Interactions [Internet].Atlanta [last updated in 2016].
  7. Pokrywka A, Obmiński Z, Lenczowska JM, et al.Insights into supplements with Tribulus terrestris used by athletes.J Hum Kinet.2014;41:99–105.
  8. Samani NB, Jokar A, Soveid M, et al.Efficacy of Tribulus terrestris extract on the serum glucose and lipids of women with diabetes mellitus.Iran J Med Sci.2016;41(3):S5.
  9. Shahid M, Riaz M, Talpur MM, et al.Phytopharmacology of Tribulus terrestris.J Biol Regul Homeost Agents.2016;30(3):785-788.
  10. Aggarwal A, Tandon S, Singla SK, et al.A novel antilithiatic protein from Tribulus terrestris having cytoprotective potency.Protein Peptide Lett.2012;19(8):812–819.
  11. Kamboj P, Aggarwal M, Puri S, et al.Effect of aqueous extract of Tribulus terrestris on oxalate-induced oxidative stress in rats.Indian J Nephrol.2011;21(3):154–159.
  12. Samy RP, Pushparaj PN, Gopalakrishnakone P.A compilation of bioactive compounds from Ayurveda.Bioinformation.2008;3(3):100–110.
  13. Murthy AR,Dubey SD, Tripathi K.Anti-hypertensive effect of Gokshura (Tribulus terrestris Linn.) A clinical study.Anc Sci Lif.2000;19(3-4):139–145.
  14. Jiang YH, Guo JH, Wu S, et al.Vascular protective effects of aqueous extracts of Tribulus terrestris on hypertensive endothelial injury.Chin J Nat Med.2017;15(8):606-614.
  15. Walker D, Bird A, Flora T, et al.Some effects of feeding Tribulus terrestris, Ipomoea ionchophylla and the seed of Abelmoschus ficulneus on fetal development and the outcome of pregnancy in sheep.Reprod Fertil Dev.1992;4(2):135-44.
  16. Ulbricht CE.Natural Standard Herb & Supplement Guide.1st ed.2010.
  17. Do J, Choi S, Choi J, et al.Effects and mechanism of action of a Tribulus terrestris extract on penile erection.Korean J Urol.2013;54(3):183-8.
  18. Shrivastava A, Gupta VB.Various treatment options for benign prostatic hyperplasia: A current update.J Midlife Health. 2012;3(1):10–19.
  19. Sellandi TM, Thakar AB, Baghel MS.Clinical study of Tribulus terrestris Linn. in oligozoospermia: A double blind study.Ayu.2012;33(3):356–364.
  20. Balkrishna A.Secrets of Indian Herbs For Good Health.Divya Prakashan.1st ed.2008.
  21. Akhtari E, Raisi F, Keshavarz M, et al.Tribulus terrestris for treatment of sexual dysfunction in women: Randomized double-blind placebo - Controlled study.Daru. 2014;22(1):40.
  22. Balkrishnan A.Gokshura.Ayurved Jadi Buti Rehsya.Danik Bhaskar.2017.
  23. Sandeep PM, Bovee TF, Sreejith K. Anti-Androgenic Activity of Nardostachys jatamansi DC and Tribulus terrestris L. and Their Beneficial Effects on Polycystic Ovary Syndrome-Induced Rat Models. Metab Syndr Relat Disord. 2015;13(6):248-54.
  24. Jamil M, Akhtar AJ, Abuzar A, et al, Ennus Pharmacological scientific evidence for the promise of Tribulus terrestris IRJP.2012;3:403-406.
  25. Arentz S, Abbott JA, Smith CA, et al. Herbal medicine for the management of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and associated oligo/amenorrhoea and hyperandrogenism; a review of the laboratory evidence for effects with corroborative clinical findings. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2014;14:511.
  26. Zhu W, Du Y, Meng H, Dong Y, Li L. A review of traditional pharmacological uses, phytochemistry, and pharmacological activities of Tribulus terrestris. Chem Cent J. 2017;11(1):1-16.
  27. Jain R, Kosta S, Tiwari A. Ayurveda and urinary tract infections. J Young Pharm. 2010;2(3):337.
  28. Shaheen G, Akram M, Jabeen F,et al. Therapeutic potential of medicinal plants for the management of urinary tract infection: A systematic review. Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol. 2019;46(7).
Disclaimer
The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

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