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MSc (Biotechnology), BSc
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BAMS
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Dhania

Dhania
Dhania or Coriander is a evergreen herb with a characteristic aroma. Dried seeds of this plant are generally used for medicinal purpose. The taste of Dhania can be bitter or sweet depending on the freshness of the seeds. Dhania has carminative (drug that relieves flatulence), aromatic, antidiabetic, antioxidant and anti-microbial properties. It is use for managing flatulence, upset stomach, nausea, diarrhea, worms, diabetes and high cholesterol. It also helps reduce the risk of infections caused by bacteria and fungus[1-3].

What are the synonyms of Dhania?

Coriandrum sativum, Dhanya, Coriander, Dhane, Dhaue, Kothimbir , Dhaniwal, Dhanawal, Dhaniyal, Kishneez

What is the source of Dhania?

Plant Based

Benefits of Dhania

What are the benefits of Dhania for Irritable bowel syndrome?

scientific
Modern Science View
Dhania (Coriander) might be beneficial in managing Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). IBS might occur due to the overgrowth of bacteria in the small intestine. Essential oil from the Dhania seeds inhibits the overgrowth of these bacterias[4][8].

What are the benefits of Dhania for Appetite stimulant?

scientific
Modern Science View
Flavonoids in Dhania seeds might be beneficial in stimulating appetite. Linalool in Dhania helps to increase the consumption of food. It also increases the activity of neurotransmitters involved in the process of stimulating appetite[4][6].

What are the benefits of Dhania for Muscle spasm?

scientific
Modern Science View
Dhania might be beneficial in managing spasm. Dhania has carminative and antispasmodic activities. It also reduces the frequency and severity of abdominal pain caused due to indigestion[4][9].

What are the benefits of Dhania for Worm infections?

scientific
Modern Science View
Dhania might be beneficial in the management of worms. It has anthelmintic property that inhibits the hatching of the worm eggs. Thus, Dhania reduces the worm count[4][7].

How effective is Dhania?

Insufficient evidence
Appetite stimulant, Constipation, Diarrhea, Flatulence (gas formation), Hernia, Irritable bowel syndrome, Muscle spasm, Nausea, Piles, Worm infections

Precautions when using Dhania

Advice from Experts
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Consult your doctor before taking fresh leaves of Dhania if you have breathing problems due to its Sita (cold) nature.
Patients with diabetes
scientific
Modern Science View
Dhania may lower the blood sugar level. So it generally advisable to consult your doctor while taking Dhania with anti diabetic drugs[4].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Dhania has blood sugar lowering nature due to its Tikta (bitter) property. So, monitor your sugar level while taking Dhania powder as medicine along with your preexisting antidiabetic drugs.
Patients with heart disease
scientific
Modern Science View
Dhania may lower the blood pressure level. So it is generally advisable to monitor your blood pressure while taking Dhania with other antihypertensive drugs[4].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Dhania has blood pressure lowering nature due to its Mutral (diuretic) property. So, monitor your blood pressure while taking Dhania powder as medicine along with your preexisting antihypertensive drugs.

Recommended Dosage of Dhania

  • Dhania Churna - ¼- ½ teaspoon twice a day.

How to use Dhania

1. Dhania Powder
a. Take ½ teaspoon of Dhania powder.
b. Swallow it with water or by mixing honey to it before or after meals.
c. Use this remedy if you have excessive acidity.

2. Dhania Kwath
a. Take 4-5 teaspoon of Dhania Kwath.
b. Add buttermilk to it and drink it before or after meals.
c. Use this remedy in case of indigestion, acidity, nausea, diarrhea and dysentery after lunch.

3. Dhania Ka Sharbat
a. Take 1-2 teaspoon of Dhania seeds.
b. Mix with one glass of water and let it stand for the whole night.
c. Mash the Dhania seeds in the same water the next morning.
d. Take 4-6 teaspoons of this Dhania ka Sharbat before taking food twice a day.

Benefits of Dhania

What are the benefits of Dhania for Joint pain?

scientific
Modern Science View
Dhania might be beneficial in the management of joint pain. Cineole and linoleic acid in Dhania (Coriander) have antirheumatic, antiarthritic activity and anti-inflammatory activity. Coriander inhibits the inflammatory mediators and helps reduce pain and inflammation[4][10].

How effective is Dhania?

Insufficient evidence
Joint pain, Toothache

Precautions when using Dhania

Advice from Experts
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Use paste of Dhania leaves with rose water or simple water if your skin is hypersensitive.
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Consult your doctor before using Dhania seed decoction on the eyes.
Side Effects
Important
scientific
Modern Science View
1. Sensitivity to the sun.
2. Skin irritation and inflammation.
3. Darkened skin[4].

Recommended Dosage of Dhania

  • Dhania Powder - ½ - 1 teaspoon or as per your requirement.

How to use Dhania

1. Dhania Leaves Juice
a. Take 1-2 teaspoon of Dhania leave juice.
b. Add honey to it.
c. Apply to the affected area.
d. Let it sit for 7-10 minutes.
e. Wash thoroughly with tap water.
f. Use this remedy 2-3 times a day to manage skin rashes and irritation.

2. Dhania Fresh Paste or Powder
a. Take ½ - 1 teaspoon of Dhania fresh paste or powder.
b. Add rose water to it.
c. Gently massage on the face and neck for 3-4 minutes.
d. Wash thoroughly with tap water.
e. Use this remedy 2-3 times a week to control pimple and blackheads.

3. Dhania Fresh Leaves Paste
a. Take ½-1 teaspoon of Dhania fresh leaves paste.
b. Add rose water to it.
c. Apply it on the forehead and leave it for 5-6 hours.
d. Use it once a day to get rid of headache.

Frequently asked questions

Q. What are the chemical constituents of Dhania?

scientific
Modern Science View
Major components of Dhania are essential oil such as linalool, a- pinene, y- terpene, camphor, graniol and geranylacetate. It is known for its carminative, stimulant, aromatic, diuretic, antidiabetic, antioxidant, sedative, anti-microbial, anti-convulsant and anthelmintic properties.

Q. What are the forms of Dhania that available in the market?

scientific
Modern Science View
Fresh Dhania leaves as well as seeds are widely available in the market. You can add Dhania leaves to your cuisines to give flavor and utilize its benefits.

Q. How to use Dhania for burning eyes?

scientific
Modern Science View
Boil dhania seeds to form a decoction and use this liquid to wash the eyes if you have any allergy or burning sensation in the eyes.

Q. Is Dhania good for cholesterol?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Dhania (Coriander) is good for cholesterol. Dhania increases the breakdown and excretion of cholesterol through stools. Dhania also reduces the level of bad cholesterol and increases the level of good cholesterol[5].

Q. Does Dhania have a role in anxiety?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Dhania has a role in anxiety. It has anxiolytic effect and relaxes the muscles. It can also induce a sedative effect[7].

Q. Is Dhania good for rashes?

scientific
Modern Science View
A paste or juice of fresh leaves of Dhania works to reduce skin rashes, itching and burning sensation when applied externally. This is due to its Sita (cold) potency.

Q. Can Dhania give relief from headache?

scientific
Modern Science View
A paste of fresh leaves of Dhania can reduce headache when applied on the forehead. This is due to its Sita (cold) potency.

Q. Can Dhania reduce acne?

scientific
Modern Science View
Dhania juice helps to reduce pimple and blackheads. This is due to its Kashaya (astringent) effects.
Tips:
1. Apply a paste of Dhania leaves or its juice mixed with turmeric powder on the affected area.
2. Repeat once daily to control acne.

References

  1. Sahib NG, Anwar F, Gilani AH,et.al.Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.): A potential source of high-value components for functional foods and nutraceuticals-- A review.Phytother Res.2013;27(10):1439-56.
  2. Laribi B, Kouki K, M'Hamdi M,et.al.Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) and its bioactive constituents.Fitoterapia. 2015;103:9-26.
  3. Mandal S, Mandal M.Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) essential oil: Chemistry and biological activity.Asian Pac J Trop Biomed.2015;5(6):421-428.
  4. WebMD.Coriander: Uses, Side effects, Doses, Interactions [Internet].Atlanta [last updated in 2016].
  5. Pathak Nimish L, Kasture Sanjay B, Bhatt Nayna M, et al. Phytopharmacological properties of Coriander sativum as a potential medicinal tree: An overview. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science.2011;01(04):20-25.
  6. Nemanty M, Kamgar M, Mohajeri SMR, et al. The effect of hydroalcoholic extract of Coriandrum sativum on rat appetite. Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine.2013;3(1):91-97.
  7. Mahendra P, Bisht S. Coriandrum sativum: A daily use spice with great medicinal effect. Pharmacognosy Journal.2011;3(21):84-88.
  8. Thompson A, Meah D, Ahmed N, et al. Comparison of the antibacterial activity of essential oils and extracts of medicinal and culinary herbs to investigate potential new treatments for irritable bowel syndrome. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine.2013,13:338.
  9. Lacy BE, Weiser K, Lee RD. The treatment of irritable bowel syndrome. Ther Adv Gastroenterol.2009;2(4):221-238.
  10. Choudhary M, Kumar V, Malhotra H, et al. Medicinal plants with potential anti-arthritic activity. J Intercult Ethnopharmacol.2015;4(2):147-179.
Disclaimer
The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

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