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Dhania

Dhania
Dhania or Coriander is an evergreen herb with a characteristic aroma. Dried seeds of this plant are generally used for medicinal purposes. The taste of Dhania can be bitter or sweet depending on the freshness of the seeds. Dhania is packed with nutrients and various antioxidants that protect the body against certain diseases.
Drinking Dhania water or Coriander seeds soaked in water in the morning is beneficial for thyroid due to its high mineral and vitamin content. Dhania (coriander) leaves are light to digest and help improve digestion which helps reduce flatulence, diarrhea, bowel spasm due to its anti-diarrheal and carminative properties. It is recommended to add Dhania to your regular diet to prevent a number of gastric problems. It also reduces muscle spasms as well as the frequency and severity of abdominal pain due to its antispasmodic property. Dhania also helps in the removal of kidney stones by increasing the production of urine due to its diuretic property.
Dhania juice or Dhania powder and rose water can be mixed to form a paste which can be applied on the face to help control acne, pimples and blackheads due to its antibacterial and astringent properties.
It is advisable to use Dhania in small amounts as large amounts may cause skin irritation and inflammation[1-3].

What are the synonyms of Dhania?

Coriandrum sativum, Dhanya, Coriander, Dhane, Dhaue, Kothimbir , Dhaniwal, Dhanawal, Dhaniyal, Kishneez

What is the source of Dhania?

Plant Based

Benefits of Dhania

What are the benefits of Dhania for Irritable bowel syndrome?

scientific
Modern Science View
Dhania (Coriander) might be beneficial in managing Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). IBS might occur due to the overgrowth of bacteria in the small intestine. Essential oil from the Dhania seeds inhibits the overgrowth of these bacterias[4][8].

What are the benefits of Dhania for Appetite stimulant?

scientific
Modern Science View
Flavonoids in Dhania seeds might be beneficial in stimulating appetite. Linalool in Dhania helps to increase the consumption of food. It also increases the activity of neurotransmitters involved in the process of stimulating appetite[4][6].

What are the benefits of Dhania for Muscle spasm?

scientific
Modern Science View
Dhania might be beneficial in managing spasm. Dhania has carminative and antispasmodic activities. It also reduces the frequency and severity of abdominal pain caused due to indigestion[4][9].

What are the benefits of Dhania for Worm infections?

scientific
Modern Science View
Dhania might be beneficial in the management of worms. It has anthelmintic property that inhibits the hatching of the worm eggs. Thus, Dhania reduces the worm count[4][7].

How effective is Dhania?

Insufficient evidence
Appetite stimulant, Constipation, Diarrhea, Flatulence (gas formation), Hernia, Irritable bowel syndrome, Muscle spasm, Nausea, Piles, Worm infections

Precautions when using Dhania

Advice from Experts
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Consult your doctor before taking fresh leaves of Dhania if you have breathing problems due to its Sita (cold) nature.
Patients with diabetes
scientific
Modern Science View
Dhania may lower the blood sugar level. So it generally advisable to consult your doctor while taking Dhania with anti diabetic drugs[4].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Dhania has blood sugar lowering nature due to its Tikta (bitter) property. So, monitor your sugar level while taking Dhania powder as medicine along with your preexisting antidiabetic drugs.
Patients with heart disease
scientific
Modern Science View
Dhania may lower the blood pressure level. So it is generally advisable to monitor your blood pressure while taking Dhania with other antihypertensive drugs[4].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Dhania has blood pressure lowering nature due to its Mutral (diuretic) property. So, monitor your blood pressure while taking Dhania powder as medicine along with your preexisting antihypertensive drugs.

Recommended Dosage of Dhania

  • Dhania Churna - ¼- ½ teaspoon twice a day.

How to use Dhania

1. Dhania Powder
a. Take ½ teaspoon of Dhania powder.
b. Swallow it with water or by mixing honey to it before or after meals.
c. Use this remedy if you have excessive acidity.

2. Dhania Kwath
a. Take 4-5 teaspoon of Dhania Kwath.
b. Add buttermilk to it and drink it before or after meals.
c. Use this remedy in case of indigestion, acidity, nausea, diarrhea and dysentery after lunch.

3. Dhania Ka Sharbat
a. Take 1-2 teaspoon of Dhania seeds.
b. Mix with one glass of water and let it stand for the whole night.
c. Mash the Dhania seeds in the same water the next morning.
d. Take 4-6 teaspoons of this Dhania ka Sharbat before taking food twice a day.

Benefits of Dhania

What are the benefits of Dhania for Joint pain?

scientific
Modern Science View
Dhania might be beneficial in the management of joint pain. Cineole and linoleic acid in Dhania (Coriander) have antirheumatic, antiarthritic activity and anti-inflammatory activity. Coriander inhibits the inflammatory mediators and helps reduce pain and inflammation[4][10].

How effective is Dhania?

Insufficient evidence
Joint pain, Toothache

Precautions when using Dhania

Advice from Experts
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Use paste of Dhania leaves with rose water or simple water if your skin is hypersensitive.
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Consult your doctor before using Dhania seed decoction on the eyes.
Side Effects
Important
scientific
Modern Science View
1. Sensitivity to the sun.
2. Skin irritation and inflammation.
3. Darkened skin[4].

Recommended Dosage of Dhania

  • Dhania Powder - ½ - 1 teaspoon or as per your requirement.

How to use Dhania

1. Dhania Leaves Juice
a. Take 1-2 teaspoon of Dhania leave juice.
b. Add honey to it.
c. Apply to the affected area.
d. Let it sit for 7-10 minutes.
e. Wash thoroughly with tap water.
f. Use this remedy 2-3 times a day to manage skin rashes and irritation.

2. Dhania Fresh Paste or Powder
a. Take ½ - 1 teaspoon of Dhania fresh paste or powder.
b. Add rose water to it.
c. Gently massage on the face and neck for 3-4 minutes.
d. Wash thoroughly with tap water.
e. Use this remedy 2-3 times a week to control pimple and blackheads.

3. Dhania Fresh Leaves Paste
a. Take ½-1 teaspoon of Dhania fresh leaves paste.
b. Add rose water to it.
c. Apply it on the forehead and leave it for 5-6 hours.
d. Use it once a day to get rid of headache.

Frequently asked questions

Q. What are the chemical constituents of Dhania?

scientific
Modern Science View
Major components of Dhania are essential oil such as linalool, a- pinene, y- terpene, camphor, graniol and geranylacetate. It is known for its carminative, stimulant, aromatic, diuretic, antidiabetic, antioxidant, sedative, anti-microbial, anti-convulsant and anthelmintic properties.

Q. What are the forms of Dhania that available in the market?

scientific
Modern Science View
Fresh Dhania leaves as well as seeds are widely available in the market. You can add Dhania leaves to your cuisines to give flavor and utilize its benefits.

Q. How to use Dhania for burning eyes?

scientific
Modern Science View
Boil dhania seeds to form a decoction and use this liquid to wash the eyes if you have any allergy or burning sensation in the eyes.

Q. Is Dhania good for cholesterol?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Dhania (Coriander) is good for cholesterol. Dhania increases the breakdown and excretion of cholesterol through stools. Dhania also reduces the level of bad cholesterol and increases the level of good cholesterol[5].

Q. Does Dhania have a role in anxiety?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Dhania has a role in anxiety. It has anxiolytic effect and relaxes the muscles. It can also induce a sedative effect[7].

Q. Is Dhania juice good for eyesight?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Dhania juice is good for eyesight. It is because Dhania juice is rich in vitamin A which is essential for good eye health[11][12].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Dhania juice, which is prepared from fresh Dhania is good for eyesight, because weak or poor eyesight is due to an imbalanced Pitta dosha. Dhania has the property to balance Pitta dosha and helps to enhance your vision.

Q. Are Dhania (coriander) seeds useful in fighting cough in children?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, traditionally Dhania or Coriander seeds are useful in reducing cough in children, however it is not proven scientifically and its exact mechanism of action is unknown[13].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Dhania seeds are helpful in fighting against cough because it is a condition which occurs due to an imbalance of Kapha dosha. As a result of this, the respiratory path gets blocked due to the accumulation of mucus. Dhania seeds have Ushna (hot) and Kapha balancing properties which helps to melt the accumulated mucus and gives relief from cough.

Q. What are the benefits of Dhania powder for the digestive system?

scientific
Modern Science View
Dhania powder acts as stomachic, antispasmodic and carminative due to the presence of essential oil linalool. It helps to manage indigestion, dyspepsia, flatulence, vomiting and other digestive disorders[14].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Dhania powder is good for the digestive system due to its Ushna (hot), Deepan (appetizer) and Pachan (digestion) properties. It helps in proper digestion of food and also improves your appetite.
Tip:
1. Take 4-5 teaspoon of Dhania Kwath.
2. Add buttermilk to it and drink it before or after meals.
3. Use this remedy in case of indigestion, acidity, nausea, diarrhea and dysentery.

Q. Is Dhania helpful in fighting with constipation?

scientific
Modern Science View
No, Dhania is used as a digestive aid and helps to reduce stomach complaints like flatulence, diarrhea, bowel diseases and indigestion. However, it is not scientifically proven if Dhania helps to cure constipation[15].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
No, Dhania does not help to fight against constipation due to its Grahi (absorbent) property. It is rather helpful in the condition of diarrhea and poor weak digestion.
Tip:
1. Take ½ teaspoon of Dhania powder.
2. Swallow it with water or by mixing honey to it after meals.
3. Use this remedy for a good digestion.

Q. Are Dhania seeds beneficial for throat disorders?

scientific
Modern Science View
Traditionally, Dhania seeds have been used to manage throat disorders due to its anti-inflammatory property. However, it is not proven scientifically and the exact mechanism of action is unknown[17].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Throat disorders like irritation or cough generally occur due to an imbalance of Kapha dosha, which results in the formation and accumulation of mucus in the throat. This creates obstruction in the respiratory pathway. Dhania seeds have Ushna (hot) and Kapha balancing properties which melts the accumulated mucus and help to spit it out.

Q. What are the benefits of Dhania water?

scientific
Modern Science View
Dhania water is very beneficial for health. Drinking Dhania water early in the morning helps to manage thyroid problems, hypertension, headache, fever, fungal or microbial infections, cholesterol, liver problems and prevents photoaging of skin. Also it helps to improve eyesight, memory and digestion and reduces bloating due to its carminative properties[11][18][19].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Dhania water helps to manage appetite by improving your digestion due to its Ushna (hot), Deepan (appetizer) and Pachan (digestion) properties. It also helps to manage respiratory problems like cough, cold or asthma due to its Ushna (hot) and Kapha balancing properties.
Tip:
1. Take 1-2 teaspoon of Dhania seeds.
2. Mix with one glass of water and let it stand for the whole night.
3. Mash the Dhania seeds in the same water the next morning.
4. Take 4-6 teaspoons of this Dhania water before taking food twice a day.

Q. Is Dhania water good for thyroid?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Dhaniya water is very beneficial for thyroid. This is due to the high mineral content (Vitamin B1, B2, B3) in Dhania. Drinking Dhania water early in the morning on an empty stomach improves symptoms of thyroid[19].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Dhania might be good for thyroid, which is a hormonal condition that occurs due to an imbalance of Vata and Kapha dosha. Dhania helps to manage this condition due to its Vata and Kapha balancing properties. It helps to regulate the thyroid hormone, thus reducing its symptoms.
Tip:
1. Take ½ teaspoon of Dhania powder.
2. Swallow it with water or by mixing honey to it after meals.

Q. Is Dhania good for rashes?

scientific
Modern Science View
A paste or juice of fresh leaves of Dhania works to reduce skin rashes, itching and burning sensation when applied externally. This is due to its Sita (cold) potency.

Q. Can Dhania give relief from headache?

scientific
Modern Science View
A paste of fresh leaves of Dhania can reduce headache when applied on the forehead. This is due to its Sita (cold) potency.

Q. Can Dhania reduce acne?

scientific
Modern Science View
Dhania juice helps to reduce pimple and blackheads. This is due to its Kashaya (astringent) effects.
Tips:
1. Apply a paste of Dhania leaves or its juice mixed with turmeric powder on the affected area.
2. Repeat once daily to control acne.

Q. Is Dhania good for nasal problems?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, topical application of decoction or drops made from Coriander seeds or whole plant reduces pain, swelling and burning sensation in the nose. Dhania acts as a natural hemostat (which controls bleeding) and therefore reduces complications like nasal bleeding[16].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Dhania is good for nasal problems, which occurs due to an imbalance of Kapha dosha that leads to the formation and accumulation of mucus. Dhania helps to manage these problems due to its Ushna (hot) and Kapha balancing properties. It helps to melt the accumulated mucus and reduce the symptoms of nasal problems. It is also beneficial in case of nasal bleeding or burning sensation in the nose due to its Grahi (absorbent), Kashaya (astringent) and Pitta balancing properties.

References

  1. Sahib NG, Anwar F, Gilani AH,et.al.Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.): A potential source of high-value components for functional foods and nutraceuticals-- A review.Phytother Res.2013;27(10):1439-56.
  2. Laribi B, Kouki K, M'Hamdi M,et.al.Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) and its bioactive constituents.Fitoterapia. 2015;103:9-26.
  3. Mandal S, Mandal M.Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) essential oil: Chemistry and biological activity.Asian Pac J Trop Biomed.2015;5(6):421-428.
  4. WebMD.Coriander: Uses, Side effects, Doses, Interactions [Internet].Atlanta [last updated in 2016].
  5. Pathak Nimish L, Kasture Sanjay B, Bhatt Nayna M, et al. Phytopharmacological properties of Coriander sativum as a potential medicinal tree: An overview. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science.2011;01(04):20-25.
  6. Nemanty M, Kamgar M, Mohajeri SMR, et al. The effect of hydroalcoholic extract of Coriandrum sativum on rat appetite. Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine.2013;3(1):91-97.
  7. Mahendra P, Bisht S. Coriandrum sativum: A daily use spice with great medicinal effect. Pharmacognosy Journal.2011;3(21):84-88.
  8. Thompson A, Meah D, Ahmed N, et al. Comparison of the antibacterial activity of essential oils and extracts of medicinal and culinary herbs to investigate potential new treatments for irritable bowel syndrome. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine.2013,13:338.
  9. Lacy BE, Weiser K, Lee RD. The treatment of irritable bowel syndrome. Ther Adv Gastroenterol.2009;2(4):221-238.
  10. Choudhary M, Kumar V, Malhotra H, et al. Medicinal plants with potential anti-arthritic activity. J Intercult Ethnopharmacol.2015;4(2):147-179.
  11. Singh D, Tanwar A, Agrawal P. An Overview on coriander.Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Research.2015;4(2):67-70.External Link
  12. Rasmussen HM, Johnson EJ. Nutrients for the aging eye. Clin Interv Aging. 2013;8:741-8. External Link
  13. Dua A, Sharad A, Amanjot K, et al.Antioxidant profile of Coriandrum sativum methanolic extract. International Research Journal Of Pharmacy.2014.5(3):220-224.External Link
  14. Jabeen et al.Coriander is a valuable herb in promoting digestion and treating gastro-intestinal disorders such as dyspepsia, flatulence, loss of appetite, griping pain and vomiting.Handbook of Herbs and Spices.2009;1(1).External Link
  15. Sahib N.G, Farooq A, Gilani A.H, et al. Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.): A Potential Source of High-Value Components for Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals - A Review.Phytother. Res.2013; 27(1): 1439–1456.External Link
  16. Shivanand P. Coriandrum sativum: A biological description and its uses in the treatment of various diseases. IJPLS.2010 1(3):119-126.External Link
  17. Al-Snafi AE.A review on chemical constituents and pharmacological activities of Coriandrum sativum. IOSR Journal Of Pharmacy.2016;6(7):17-42.External Link
  18. Hwang E, Lee DG, Park SH, et al.Coriander leaf extract exerts antioxidant activity and protects against UVB-induced photoaging of skin by regulation of procollagen type I and MMP-1 expression. Journal of medicinal food.2014;17(9), 985–995.External Link
  19. Mirza AF.Treatment of thyroid with the help of coriander seed. World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences.2018;8(1):657-665
Disclaimer
The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

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