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MSc (Clinical Embryology), M.Tech (Biotechnology)
Ayurvedic View By
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MD (Pharmacology), MBBS
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Daruharidra

Daruharidra
Daruharidra is also called as Indian barberry or Tree Turmeric. It has been used in Ayurvedic medicine system since a long time. The fruit and stem of Daruharidra are widely used for its medicinal benefits. The fruit is edible and is a rich source of vitamin C.
Daruharidra is mainly beneficial for skin problems like inflammation and psoriasis as it has anti-inflammatory and anti-psoriatic activity. It helps in managing acne by preventing the growth of acne causing bacteria and reducing inflammation due to its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties.
According to Ayurveda, applying a paste of Daruharidra powder along with honey or rose water on burns helps in faster healing due to its Ropan (healing) property. Daruharidra might help to protect the liver and prevent liver disorders as it maintains the level of liver enzymes. It also protects the liver cells against damage caused by free radicals as it has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and hepatoprotective activities.
It is also used for managing malaria as it prevents the growth of malarial parasite due to its antimalarial property. It is also recommended for diarrhea as it prevents the growth of microorganisms responsible for diarrhea due to its antimicrobial activity.
Daruharidra is beneficial for managing blood sugar levels by increasing the metabolism of glucose and preventing further formation of glucose. It also lowers the bad cholesterol levels in the body and helps in weight management by inhibiting the formation of fat cells in the body. This is mainly due to the active constituent berberine present in Daruharidra which has potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.
You can take Daruharidra powder along with honey or milk helps in managing diarrhea and menstrual bleeding. You can also take 1-2 Daruharidra tablets or capsule twice daily which are easily available in the market[1-6].

What are the synonyms of Daruharidra?

Berberis aristata, Indian beriberi, Daru haldi, Mara manjal, Kasturipushpa, Darchoba, Maramannal, Sumalu, Darhald

What is the source of Daruharidra?

Plant Based

Benefits of Daruharidra

What are the benefits of Daruharidra for Liver disease?

scientific
Modern Science View
Daruharidra might be beneficial in the management of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Berberine in Daruharidra helps to lower the level of triglycerides in the body. It also reduces the level of liver enzymes like ALT and AST in the blood. It helps to reduce insulin resistance and fatty liver condition associated with NAFLD. Daruharidra also has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and hepatoprotective activities. Together, it prevents damage of the liver cells[6][9].

What are the benefits of Daruharidra for Jaundice?

scientific
Modern Science View
Daruharidra might be beneficial in the management of jaundice. It has antioxidant and hepatoprotective (liver protective) activities[6][8].

What are the benefits of Daruharidra for Diarrhea?

scientific
Modern Science View
Daruharidra might be beneficial in the management of diarrhea. It has good antimicrobial activity. It inhibits the pathogens that cause diarrhea[6][8].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Diarrhea is known as Atisar in Ayurveda. It is due to improper food, impure water, toxins, mental stress and Agnimandya (weak digestive fire). All these factors are responsible for aggravating Vata. This aggravated Vata brings fluid in the intestine from various tissues of the body and mixes with the stool. This leads to loose, watery motions or diarrhea. Daruharidra helps to control diarrhea because it improves digestive fire due to its Ushna (hot) potency and controls the frequency of motion.
Tips:
1. Take 1/4-1/2 teaspoon of Daruharidra powder.
2. Mix with honey and take after meals twice a day to control the symptoms of diarrhea.

What are the benefits of Daruharidra for Malaria?

scientific
Modern Science View
Daruharidra might be beneficial in the management of malaria. The bark of Daruharidra has good antiplasmodial (acts against the parasites called Plasmodium) and antimalarial activity. It disrupts the growth cycle of the malarial parasite[6][8].

What are the benefits of Daruharidra for Heavy menstrual bleeding?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Menorrhagia or heavy menstrual bleeding is known as Raktapradar or excessive secretion of menstrual blood. Daruharidra helps to control heavy menstrual bleeding. This is due to its Kashaya (astringent) property.
Tips:
1. Take 1/4-1/2 teaspoon of Daruharidra powder.
2. Mix with honey or milk.
3. Take after meals twice a day to control heavy menstrual bleeding.

What are the benefits of Daruharidra for Heart failure?

scientific
Modern Science View
Daruharidra might be beneficial in managing conditions that lead to heart failure[6].

How effective is Daruharidra?

Insufficient evidence
Diarrhea, Eye infection, Heart failure, Heavy menstrual bleeding, Jaundice, Liver disease, Malaria

Precautions when using Daruharidra

Advice from Experts
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Consult your doctor before taking Daruharidra if you have hyperacidity and gastritis due to its Ushna (hot) potency.
Patients with diabetes
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Daruharidra may lower the blood sugar level. So it is generally advised to monitor your blood sugar level while using Daruharidra with antidiabetic drugs.
Pregnancy
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Consult your doctor before taking Daruharidra during pregnancy.

Recommended Dosage of Daruharidra

  • Daruharidra Churna - ¼ - ½ teaspoon twice a day.
  • Daruharidra Capsule - 1-2 capsules twice a day.
  • Daruharidra Tablet - 1-2 tablets twice a day.

How to use Daruharidra

1. Daruharidra Churna
a. Take ¼ - ½ teaspoon of Daruharidra Churna.
b. Add honey or milk and take it after meals.

2. Daruharidra Capsule
a. Take 1-2 capsules of Daruharidra.
b. Swallow it milk or water after taking lunch and dinner.

3. Daruharidra Tablet
a. Take 1-2 tablets of Daruharidra.
b. Swallow it with honey or water after taking lunch and dinner

4. Daruharidra Kwath
a. Take ¼-½ teaspoon of Daruharidra powder.
b. Add to 2 cups of water and boil till the amount reduces to ½ a cup. This is Daruharidra Kwath.
c. Filter and take 2-4 teaspoons of this Daruharidra Kwath.
d. Add the same quantity of water to it.
e. Drink it preferably before meals once a day.

Benefits of Daruharidra

What are the benefits of Daruharidra for Burns?

scientific
Modern Science View
Daruharidra might be beneficial in the management of burns. It has good antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. It also acts as an antimicrobial agent that prevents infection of the burn and promotes wound healing[6][8].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Daruharidra helps to manage burns when applied directly to the skin because of its Ropan (healing) property. It also helps to reduce inflammation due to its Pitta balancing nature.
Tips:
a. Take ½ -1 teaspoon of Daruharidra powder or as per your requirement.
b. Mix with honey to make a paste.
c. Apply it on the affected area for quick healing of burn.

How effective is Daruharidra?

Insufficient evidence
Burns

Precautions when using Daruharidra

Allergy
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Use Daruharidra powder for hypersensitive skin with milk or rose water because it is Ushna (hot) in potency.

Recommended Dosage of Daruharidra

  • Daruharidra Powder - ¼-1 teaspoon once a day.

How to use Daruharidra

1. Daruharidra Powder
a. Take 1/4 -1 teaspoon of Daruharidra powder.
b. Add rose water to it and make a paste.
c. Apply on the affected area for 2-4 hours.
d. Use this remedy once a day for quick healing of burns.

Frequently asked questions

Q. What are the constituents of Daruharidra?

scientific
Modern Science View
Daruharidra has been used in Ayurvedic medicine system for a long time. Fruit of this plant is edible and is a rich source of vitamin C. The root and bark of this herb are rich in berberine and isoquinoline alkaloids. These constituents are responsible for the pharmacological properties such as antimicrobial, anti-oxidant, antidiabetic, anti-tumor and anti-inflammatory.

Q. What are the Daruharidra is available in the market?

scientific
Modern Science View
Daruharidra is available in the market in the following forms:
1. Churna
2. Capsule
3. Tablet

Q. Is Daruharidra powder available in the market?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Daruharidra powder is easily available in the market. It can be bought either from online websites or from various ayurvedic medical stores.

Q. Can I take Daruharidra with Lipid lowering drugs?

scientific
Modern Science View
Daruharidra helps to lower cholesterol level in the body. Berberine in Daruharidra reduces the intestinal absorption and uptake of cholesterol. It also helps to lower the level of LDL or bad cholesterol. So it is generally advised to monitor your blood cholesterol level while using Daruharidra with lipid-lowering drugs.

Q. Does Daruharidra have a role in diabetes?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Daruharidra has a role in diabetes. Berberine in Daruharidra has blood sugar lowering effect. It reduces the increase in glucose levels in the blood. It improves insulin sensitivity and promotes the uptake of glucose by the cells and tissues. It also inhibits the formation of glucose by the process of gluconeogenesis. Daruharidra also has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Together, it reduces the risk of diabetic complications[7].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Daruharidra helps to manage high blood sugar level by improving metabolism. It reduces the level of Ama (toxic remains in the body due to improper digestion) in the body. This is due to its Ushna (hot) nature.

Q. Does Daruharidra have a role in obesity?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Daruharidra has a role in obesity. Berberine in Daruharidra inhibits the formation of fat cells in the body. It also has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. Together, it reduces the risk of complications associated with obesity like diabetes[7].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Daruharidra helps to manage weight by improving metabolism. It reduces the level of Ama (toxic remains in the body due to improper digestion) in the body. This is due to its Ushna (hot) nature. It also removes excess fat from the body due to its Lekhaniya (scraping ) property.

Q. Does Daruharidra help to lower cholesterol?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Daruharidra helps to lower cholesterol level in the body. Berberine in Daruharidra reduces the intestinal absorption and uptake of cholesterol. It also helps to lower the level of LDL or bad cholesterol[7].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Daruharidra helps to manage normal cholesterol level by improving metabolism. It reduces the level of Ama (toxic remains in the body due to improper digestion) in the body. This is due to its Ushna (hot) nature. It also removes excess cholesterol from the body due to its Lekhaniya (scraping ) property.

Q. Does Daruharidra have a role in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Daruharidra has a role in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Berberine in Daruharidra has anti-inflammatory effect. It inhibits the release of inflammatory mediators. Thus, it reduces the damage of intestinal epithelial cells[7].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Daruharidra helps to manage the symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It is caused by an imbalance of Panchak Agni (digestive fire). Daruharidra helps to improve Pachak Agni and correct the symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

Q. What are the benefits of daruharidra for skin?

scientific
Modern Science View
Daruharidra is beneficial for skin problems like inflammation and psoriasis due to its anti-inflammatory and anti-psoriatic properties. Studies suggest that applying Daruharidra over the skin helps reduce inflammation and dryness associated with psoriasis[9].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Daruharidra is beneficial in managing certain skin problems (such as itching, irritation, infection or inflammation) which might occur due to an imbalanced Pitta and Kapha dosha. The Ropan (healing), Kashaya (astringent) and Pitta-Kapha balancing properties of Daruharidra help in quick healing of skin and protect the skin from further damage.

Q. Can Indian Barberry (Daruharidra) be used in abdominal disorders?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Indian barberry (Daruharidra) can be used in abdominal disorders.It contains certain constituent called berberine which acts as a stomach tonic. It improves the appetite and manages the digestion[11].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Abdominal disorders like indigestion or loss of appetite generally occurs due to an imbalance of Pitta dosha. Daruharidra’s Deepan (appetizer) and Pachan (digestion) properties can help manage such abdominal disorders. It also helps to enhance appetite, thus improving digestion.

Q. Is Daruharidra beneficial for urinary disorders?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Daruharidra is beneficial for managing urinary disorders due to the presence of certain constituent called berberine. This constituent has an antioxidant property that fights against free radicals and prevents kidney cell damage (also called as neuroprotective activity). It also helps in managing problems related to blood urea, nitrogen and urinary protein excretion by the kidney[7].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Daruharidra might help manage urinary disorders such as urine retention, renal stone, infection or inflammation. These conditions generally occur due to an imbalance of Kapha or Pitta dosha and result in the accumulation of toxins that start obstructing the urinary tract. The Vata-Pitta balancing and Mutral (diuretic) properties of Daruharidra result in an increased production of urine which helps to remove toxins. As a result, the symptoms associated with urinary disorders are reduced.

Q. Can Daruharidra be used for eye disease?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Daruharidra can be used to manage eye diseases like conjunctivitis and eye infections due to its antimicrobial and antibacterial properties. It also has an antioxidant property that fights against the free radicals, preventing eye lens from damage. It might also be used in cataract[8].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Daruharidra can be used to manage eye diseases such as infection, itching or irritation which generally occur due to an imbalance of Pitta dosha. It has Pitta-balancing property which helps prevent these conditions.

Q. Can Daruharidra be used in fever?

scientific
Modern Science View
Although enough scientific evidence is not available to support the role of Daruharidra in fever, it has been used traditionally to cure fevers[10].

Q. Does Daruharidra have a role in acne?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Daruharidra has a role in acne. It has good antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. It inhibits the growth of acne-causing and pus-forming bacteria. It also inhibits the release of inflammatory mediators. This reduces inflammation (swelling) associated with acne[8].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
A Kapha-Pitta dosha skin type can be prone to acne and pimples. According to Ayurveda, an aggravation of Kapha increases sebum production which clogs the pores. This results in the formation of both white and blackheads. An aggravation of Pitta also causes red papules (bumps) and inflammation with pus. Daruharidra helps in balancing Kapha and Pitta which helps to remove clogs and inflammation as well. Together, it helps to control acne.

References

  1. Srivastava S, Rawat AKS.Quality evaluation of ayurvedic crude drug daruharidra, its allied species, and commercial samples from herbal drug markets of india.Evid Based Complement Alternat Med.2013;2013:472973.
  2. Tamilselvi S, Balasubramani SP, Venkatasubramanian P,et.al.A review on the pharmacognosy and pharmacology of the herbals traded as ‘Daruharidra’.Int J Pharm Bio Sci.2014;5(1):556-570.
  3. Srivastava SK, Srivastava M, Mehrotra S, et.al.Pharmacognostic evaluation of the roots of Berberis chitria Lindl.Natural Product Sciences.2006;12(1):19–23.
  4. Dutta NK, Panse MV.Usefulness of berberine (an alkaloid from Berberis aristata) in the treatment of cholera.Indian Journal of Medical Research.1962;(50):732–735.
  5. Lahiri SC, Dutta NK.Berberine and chloramphenicol in the treatment of cholera and severe diarrhoea.Journal of the Indian Medical Association.1967;48(1):1–11.
  6. WebMD.Tree-turmeric: Uses, Side effects, Doses, Interactions [Internet].Atlanta [last updated in 2016].
  7. Adikay S, Koganti B, Prasad.Effect of decoction of root bark of Berberis aristata against cisplatin induced nephrotoxicity in rats.Int J Pharmacy Pharm Sci.2010;2(3):51-57.
  8. Gehlot V, Dave K, Goyal S, et al.Berberine from roots of Berberis aristata prevents cataract formation in isolated goat eye lens: An In-vitro Study.International Journal of Pharmaceutical & Biological Archives.2012;3(5):1265-1270.
  9. Nimisha, Rizvi DA, Fatima Z.Antipsoriatic and Anti-inammatory Studies of Berberis aristata Extract Loaded Nanovesicular Gels. Pharmacognosy Magazine.2017;13(3).
  10. Bhatt LR, Wagle B, Adhikari M, et al.Antioxidant Activity, Total Phenolic and Flavonoid Content of Berberis aristata DC. and Berberis thomsoniana C.K. Schneid. from Sagarmatha National Park, Nepal.Pharmacog J. 2018;10(6):167-171.
  11. Mazumdar PM, Das S, Das S, et al.Phytopharmacology of Berberis aristata DC: A review.Journal of Drug Delivery & Therapeutics.2011;1(2):46-50.
Disclaimer
The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

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