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B.pharma
Ayurvedic View By
BAMS
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17 Apr 2019 | 10:14 AM (IST)
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Cumin

Cumin
Cumin is a spice that has culinary as well as medicinal uses. Cuminaldehyde is an important chemical present in Cumin and is responsible for a number of health benefits. Cumin has carminative (prevents gas formation), antioxidant and antihypertensive properties. It helps to relieve flatulence, stomach pain and improve digestion[2][3][7].

What are the synonyms of Cumin?

Cuminum cyminum, Ajaji, Jiraka, Ajajika, Jira, Sadajira, Jiru, Jirautmi, Safed jira, Jirage, Safed Zoor, Jeerakam, Pandhare jire, Dhalajeera, Chitta jira, Sheeragam, Chirakam, Jilakarra, Zira, Zirasafed[1].

What is the source of Cumin?

Plant Based

Benefits of Cumin

What are the benefits of Cumin for Diarrhoea?

scientific
Scientific View
Cumin might be beneficial in managing diarrhea. Diarrhea occurs due to an increased peristaltic movement. This increases frequency of stool and results in loss of water and electrolytes. Tannins, terpenoids and flavonoids in Cumin have antidiarrheal effect. These constituents reduce the peristaltic movement. Thus, Cumin helps to reduce the stool frequency and manages diarrhea[3][6][10].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Diarrhea is known as Atisar in Ayurveda. It is due to improper food, impure water, toxins, mental stress and Agnimandya (weak digestive fire). All these factors are responsible for aggravating Vata. This aggravated Vata brings fluid in the intestine from various tissues from the body and mixes with the stool. This leads to loose, watery motions or diarrhea. Cumin is good to control diarrhea because it improves Agni (digestive fire) and controls Vata due to its Deepan property. It also has Grahi (absorbent) property that helps to retain fluid in the intestine and reduce the frequency of motion.
Tips:
1. Take ¼-1/2 teaspoon of Cumin powder.
2. Swallow it with lukewarm water twice a day after taking food to control diarrhea.

What are the benefits of Cumin for Colic?

scientific
Scientific View
Due to its carminative, stimulant and analgesic properties, Cumin might be beneficial in managing colic. Apart from this, Cumin is also known to have anti-ulcerogenic property[3][6][11].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
In Ayurveda, Colic pain is commonly known as Shula. This is due to an aggravation of Vata. Cumin helps to relieve abdominal pain due to an accumulation of gas in the abdomen. This is due to its Vata balancing property.

Tip
Take ¼-1/2 teaspoon of Cumin powder.
Swallow it with lukewarm water twice a day after taking food to manage colic pain.

What are the benefits of Cumin for Flatulence (gas formation)?

scientific
Scientific View
Gas formation occurs due to an impaired digestion. Cumin has carminative and antiflatulent properties. These properties improve digestion and reduce gas formation[3][4][6].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Gas is caused due to an imbalance of Vata and Pitta dosha. Low Pitta dosha and aggravated Vata dosha results in low digestive fire, thus impairing digestion. Impaired digestion leads to gas formation or flatulence. Taking Cumin regularly in the diet helps to correct impaired digestion. It improves Agni (digestive fire ) and reduces gas. This is due to its Deepan (appetizer) and Pachan (digestive) properties.
Tips:
1. Take ¼-1/2 teaspoon of Cumin powder.
2. Swallow it with lukewarm water twice a day after taking food to control gas or flatulence.

What are the benefits of Cumin for Fluid retention?

scientific
Scientific View
Not enough scientific evidence is available to support the role of Cumin in fluid retention[6].

What are the benefits of Cumin for Increasing sexual desire?

scientific
Scientific View
Not enough scientific evidence is available to support the role of Cumin in increasing sexual desire[6].

What are the benefits of Cumin for Menstrual pain?

scientific
Scientific View
Cumin might be beneficial in managing menstrual problems like delayed and painful menstruation. Cumin seeds contain iron that is 5 times more than the daily need of an adult. It thus makes up for the loss of iron during the menstrual cycle[4][6][12][13].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Menstrual problems like dysmenorrhea is the pain or cramps during or before a menstrual period. In Ayurveda, this condition is known as Kasht-aartava. According to Ayurveda, Aartava or Menstruation is controlled and governed by Vata dosha. So it is important that in a woman, Vata should be under control to manage dysmenorrhea. Cumin has the property of balancing Vata and is good to control dysmenorrhea.
Tips:
1. Take ¼-1/2 teaspoon of Cumin powder.
2. Swallow it with lukewarm water twice a day after taking food to manage menstrual problems.

How effective is Cumin?

Insufficient evidence
Colic, Diarrhoea, Flatulence (gas formation), Fluid retention, Increasing sexual desire, Menstrual pain, Pain due to smooth muscle spasm

Precautions when using Cumin

Other Interaction
scientific
Scientific View
Cumin may increase the risk of bleeding. So if you are on therapy of blood thinners, please consult a doctor[6].
Patients with diabetes
scientific
Scientific View
Cumin may lower the blood sugar level. So it is generally advised to monitor the blood sugar regularly while taking Ginger with anti diabetic drugs[6].

Recommended Dosage of Cumin

  • Cumin Churna - ½ to 1 teaspoon twice a day.
  • Cumin Oil - 1-2 drops twice a day.

How to use Cumin

1. Cumin Churna
a. Take ½ to 1 teaspoon of cumin.
b. Swallow it with lukewarm water twice a day after meals.

2. Cumin seed essential oil
a. Take 1-2 drops of cumin oil in a glass.
b. Add lukewarm water.
c. Drink twice a day after meals.
d. Cumin Seeds Kwatha(decoction)
e. Take 4 to 8 teaspoons of kwath.
f. Drink it with lukewarm water twice a day after meals.

3. Cumin Water
a. Fill the water bottle with hot water
b. Add 1-2 teaspoons of cumin seeds to it
c. Let it stand for overnight
d. Drink this water in the morning to facilitates weight loss[7].

Benefits of Cumin

1. Skin disorders
Cumin contains Vitamin E in abundance. The essential oils present in this have disinfectant and anti-fungal properties that prevent various skin problems and keep the skin young and glowing[4].

2. Endodontic infections
In case of persistent (continuous) endodontic (inside the teeth) infections, cumin has strong antimicrobial activity against the oral bacteria that have even failed the endodontic treatments[5].

Recommended Dosage of Cumin

  • Cumin Powder - ½ to 1 teaspoon or as per your requirement.
  • Cumin Oil - 1-2 drops or as per your requirement.

How to use Cumin

1. Cumin Seeds Powder Face Scrub
a. Take ½ to 1 teaspoon of cumin seed powder.
b. Mix it with honey and Massage gently onto the face and neck.
c. Wash thoroughly with tap water.
d. Use this remedy 2-3 times a week to get rid of skin infections, blackheads and dullness[5].

2. Cumin Oil with coconut oil
a. Take 1-2 drops of Cumin essential oil.
b. Mix it with coconut oil and apply on the skin or hair.
c. Use this three times a week for better results.

Frequently asked questions

Q. Can we drink Cumin water daily?

scientific
Scientific View
Cumin water can be beneficial in weight loss, indigestion and also regulates your metabolism. A person can drink it early in the morning on an empty stomach.
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Cumin water is good as it helps to control flatulence, bloating and reduces Ama (toxic remains in the body due to improper digestion). This is due to its Deepan (appetizer) and Pachan (digestive) properties. Daily consumption of Cumin water also helps manage weight.

Q. Does Cumin protect the colon?

scientific
Scientific View
Yes, animal studies suggest that Cumin prevents colon cancer caused by colon-specific carcinogen. Cumin increases the excretion of bile acids and neutral sterols. It inhibits the enzymes that damage the colon mucus membrane. Cumin also inhibits the release of toxins[3].

Q. Does Cumin have a role in diabetes?

scientific
Scientific View
Yes, Cumin has anti-diabetic effects. Cuminaldehyde and Cuminol in Cumin reduces the blood glucose levels and increases insulin secretion. Cumin is also known to have good antioxidant property. It protects the pancreatic β-cells and reduces the risk of diabetic complications[3][14].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Diabetes also known as Madhumeha is due to an aggravation of Vata and impaired digestion. Impaired digestion leads to an accumulation of Ama (toxic remains in the body due to improper digestion) in the pancreatic cells and impairs the function of insulin. Regular intake of Cumin helps to correct impaired digestion and reduces Ama. This is due to its Deepan (appetizer) and Pachan (digestive) properties.

Q. Does Cumin help in decreasing cholesterol?

scientific
Scientific View
Yes, Cumin reduces the level of fasting cholesterol, triglycerides and bad cholesterol (LDL) and increases the level of good cholesterol (HDL). It protects the cells by preventing lipid peroxidation due to its anti-oxidant property[3][14].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
High cholesterol is due to an imbalance of Pachak Agni (digestive fire). Impaired digestion at the tissue level produces excess waste products or Ama (toxic remains in the body due to improper digestion). This causes accumulation of bad cholesterol and blockage in the blood vessels. Cumin improves Agni and corrects impaired digestion due to its Deepan (appetizer) and Pachan (digestive) properties and prevents the build-up of bad cholesterol.

Q. Does Cumin help to enhance immunity?

scientific
Scientific View
Yes, Cumin has immunomodulatory property. It helps to enhance the immunity by stimulating the T cells and Th1 cytokines (immune cells)[3].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Cumin helps to enhance immunity. This is due to its Balya (tonic) property.

Q. Does Cumin have a role in epilepsy?

scientific
Scientific View
Yes, Cumin has anti-epileptic activity. Cumin oil not only attenuates seizures but also has significant analgesic effect[3].

Q. Does Cumin have a role in osteoporosis?

scientific
Scientific View
Yes, Cumin has anti-osteoporotic activity due to the presence of phytoestrogens. Cumin reduces the excretion of calcium through urine. It strengthens the bones by increasing the amount of calcium in them[3].

Q. Does Cumin reduce blood pressure?

scientific
Scientific View
Yes, Cumin helps reduce blood pressure. It has anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties.
It reduces blood pressure by making nitric oxide more available in the blood. Nitric oxide relaxes narrowed blood vessels and lowers blood pressure[14].

Q. Can Cumin be given to anemic people?

scientific
Scientific View
Yes, Cumin seeds can help in managing anaemia. Cumin seeds contain iron that is 5 times more than the daily need of an adult. Being a rich source of iron, Cumin should be used as an additive for anaemic people[4].

Q. Does Cumin reduce abdominal pain?

scientific
Scientific View
Yes, Cumin when applied externally helps to reduce abdominal pain. It is applied in the form of a poultice or a moist mass to relieve pain and irritation caused by worms[3].

Q. Can Cumin be applied to scorpion bite?

scientific
Scientific View
Yes, Cumin has antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties. Thus, can provide relief in case of scorpion bite[3].
Tips:
1. Crush the Cumin seeds to powder form.
2. Mix with honey, salt and butter
3. Apply to the affected area[3].

Q. Can Cumin improve oral health?

scientific
Scientific View
Yes, cuminaldehyde in Cumin seed oil improves oral health. It has a good antimicrobial activity against the oral pathogenic bacteria Streptococcus mutans[3].

References

  1. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Of India.Part 1 Volume 1.
  2. Sowbhagya HB.Chemistry, Technology, and Nutraceutical Functions of Cumin (Cuminum cyminum L): an Overview. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition. 2013;53(1):1-10.
  3. Ohri RK.Cuminum cyminum and Carum carvi: An update.Pharmacogn Rev.2011;5(9):63–72.
  4. Singh RP, Gangadharappa HV, Mruthunjaya K.Cuminum cyminum – A Popular Spice: An Updated Review. Pharmacogn J. 2017;9(3):292-301.
  5. Abbaszadegan A, Gholami A, Ghahramani Y, et al.Antimicrobial and Cytotoxic Activity of Cuminum Cyminum as an Intracanal Medicament Compared to Chlorhexidine Gel.Iran Endod J.2016;11(1):44-50.
  6. https://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-635-cumin.aspx?activeingredientid= 635&activeingredientname=cumin
  7. Bakhru HK.Herbs That Heal Natural Remedies For Good Health.Orient Paperbacks.1990.
  8. Balkrishnan A.Jeera.Ayurved Jadi Buti Rehsya. Danik Bhaskar.2017.
  9. Pradesh M, Kumar D, Kumar P, et al. Cumin (Cuminum cyminum): As a feed additive for livestock.Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies.2017;5(3):365-369.
  10. Sahoo HB, Sahoo HK, Sarangi SP, et al. Anti-diarrhoeal investigation from aqueous extract of Cuminum cyminum Linn. Seed in Albino rats. Pharmacognosy Res.2014;6(3):204–209.
  11. Dash MK, Joshi N, Dwivedi L, et al. Probable Mode of action of hingvastaka churna: A critical review. Int. J. Res. Ayurveda Pharm.2016;7(3).
  12. Mirabi P, Alamolhoda SH, Esmaeilzadeh S, et al. Effect of medicinal herbs on primary dysmenorrhoea- A systematic review. IJPR.2014;13(3):757-767.
  13. Jani D, Gujarathi J. Pharmacological appraisal of Cuminum cyminum L. in dysmenorrhoea: An ayurvedic approach in consideration of current evidences. IJAPR.2016;4(12):29-35.
  14. Al-Snafi AE. The pharmacological activities of Cuminum cyminum - A review. IOSR Journal of Pharmacy.2016;6(6):46-65.
Disclaimer
The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

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