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Coffee

Coffee
Coffee is a beverage that is enjoyed throughout the world due to its distinctive aroma and flavor. The health benefits of Coffee are due to the presence of caffeine, chlorogenic acid and caffeic acid.
Coffee is commonly used as a CNS stimulant beverage that helps boost energy levels, reduces mental fatigue and improves reaction time. In cases of a sudden drop in blood pressure, a cup of Coffee can provide instant relief. Taking a cup or two of black Coffee daily might help manage weight.
Using Coffee powder with rose water as a facepack is helpful in rejuvenating skin and protecting it against sun damage as it is rich in antioxidants.
Excessive consumption of Coffee might cause insomnia, restlessness and anxiety[1-3][15][18][19].

What are the synonyms of Coffee?

Coffea arabica, Kappi, Cilapakam, Cafee, Kaphe, Bannu, Kapibija, Bund, Bunddana, Kappivittalu, Rajpilu

What is the source of Coffee?

Plant Based

Benefits of Coffee

What are the benefits of Coffee for Gout?

scientific
Modern Science View
Gout is a form of arthritis caused due to build up of uric acid in the body. Coffee can be useful in managing gout as it inhibits xanthine oxidase enzyme. This reduces the production of uric acid[2][6].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Gout is a painful metabolic disease resulting in inflammation and deposition of uric acid in the joints. Coffee might help reduce the risk of Gout.
In Ayurveda, gout is known as Vatarakt, as the main dosha involved is Vata and it affects Rakt (blood). Taking Coffee in small amount helps to reduce the level of uric acid due to its Deepan (appetizer) property, thus preventing gout.
Tip
You can drink 1-2 cup of brewed Coffee in a day to reduce the risk of gout.

What are the benefits of Coffee for Breast cancer?

scientific
Modern Science View
Coffee does not seem to be useful in managing breast cancer. Infact, consumption of high quantity of Coffee has been shown to increase the risk of breast cancer[2][9][10].

What are the benefits of Coffee for Lung cancer?

scientific
Modern Science View
There isn’t much scientific evidence showing the association between Coffee and lung cancer. Although, increased level of Coffee intake seems to elevate the risk of small cell carcinoma
(a type of cancer that originates in the lungs)[2][7][8].

How effective is Coffee?

Likely ineffective
Breast cancer
Insufficient evidence
Gout, Lung cancer

Precautions when using Coffee

Advice from Experts
scientific
Modern Science View
1. Coffee might increase your blood pressure level. So it is generally advised to monitor your blood pressure while taking Coffee[2].
2. Avoid Coffee if you have anxiety[2].
3. Avoid Coffee if you have diarrhoea[2].
4. Avoid Coffee if you have glaucoma[2].
5. Avoid Coffee if you have osteoporosis or postmenopausal syndrome as it may lead to thinning of bones[2].
Breastfeeding
Important
scientific
Modern Science View
Drinking 1 or 2 of cups of Coffee per day seems to be safe for breastfeeding mothers and their infants. But caffeine in larger amounts can irritate a nursing infant’s digestive tract and also cause sleep problems. Consult your doctor before taking Coffee during breastfeeding[2].
Minor Medicine Interaction
scientific
Modern Science View
1. Coffee may decrease the absorption of birth control pills . So it is generally advised to consult your doctor while taking Coffee with birth control pills[2].
2. Coffee may decrease the absorption of anti ulcer drugs. So it is generally advised to consult your doctor while taking Coffee with anti-ulcer drugs[2].
3. Coffee may decrease the absorption of antifungal drugs. So it is generally advised to consult your doctor while taking Coffee with antifungal drugs[2].
4. Coffee may decrease the absorption of antiarrhythmic drugs. So it is generally advised to consult your doctor while taking Coffee with antiarrhythmic drugs [2].
Moderate Medicine Interaction
scientific
Modern Science View
1. Coffee may interact with alcohol. So it is generally advised to consult your doctor while taking Coffee with alcohol.
2. Coffee may increase the effect of CNS stimulant drugs. So it is generally advised to consult your doctor while taking Coffee with CNS stimulant drugs.
3. Coffee may decrease the effect of antibiotic. So it is generally advised to consult your doctor while taking Coffee with antibiotic.
4. Coffee may decrease the effect of sedatives. So it is generally advised to consult your doctor while taking Coffee with sedatives.
5. Coffee may decrease the effect of Estrogen. So it is generally advised to consult your doctor while taking Coffee with Estrogen.
6. Coffee may decrease the effect of antidepressant medicines. So it is generally advised to consult your doctor while taking Coffee with antidepressant medicines.
7. Coffee may increase the effect of anticoagulants. So it is generally advised to consult your doctor while taking Coffee with anticoagulants medicines.
8. Coffee may increase the effect of anti allergic drugs. So it is generally advised to consult your doctor while taking Coffee with anti allergic drugs.
9. Coffee may decrease the effect of calcium channel blockers. So it is generally advised to consult your doctor while taking Coffee with calcium channel blockers[2].
Patients with diabetes
scientific
Modern Science View
Coffee may alter the blood sugar level. So it is generally advised to monitor your blood sugar level while taking Coffee with antidiabetic drugs[2].
Patients with heart disease
scientific
Modern Science View
It is generally advised to consume filter Coffee as the unfiltered Coffee may lead to increase in total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and triglycerides[2].
Pregnancy
Important
scientific
Modern Science View
Coffee is probably safe for pregnant women in amounts of 2 cups per day or less. However, drinking more than this amount has been linked to an increased risk of miscarriage, premature birth, and low birth weight. So it is advisable to consult your doctor before taking Coffee during pregnancy[2].
Side Effects
Important
scientific
Modern Science View
1. Insomnia
2. Nervousness
3. Restlessness
4. Stomach upset
5. Nausea
6. Vomiting
7. Anxiety
8. Agitation[2]
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
According to Ayurveda, Coffee has Vata and Pitta increasing, and Kapha reducing properties. If your body type is Vata or Pitta, taking excess Coffee can cause an imbalance of both the doshas. The symptoms might be restlessness, anxiety, nausea, stomach upset and vomiting.

How to use Coffee

1. Coffee Beans
a. Roast the Coffee beans in the Ghee.
b. Crush them and add to a glass of lukewarm milk.
c. Drink 1-2 times a day as its acts a CNS Stimulant.

2. Coffee Powder
a. Take 1-2 cups of milk in a saucepan.
b. Bring it to a boil.
c. Add Coffee and sugar to it as per your taste.
d. Simmer on low flame.
e. Transfer to a cup and drink.

Benefits of Coffee

1. Sunburn
Sunburn is due to increase in Pitta dosha under continuous exposure of sun. This leads to decrease in the Rasa dhatu. Rasa Dhatu is the nourishing fluid which enhances complexion and adds a glow to the skin. Applying Coffee powder helps to reduce sunburn and restore original skin complexion due to its Ropan (healing) nature. Add honey for better moisturization and for a youthful skin.
Tips:
a. Take 1/2-1 teaspoon of Coffee grounds and mix with 1-2 teaspoons of ground oats.
b. Add 2 -3 teaspoons of honey and apply to the face.
c. Leave for 20 minutes before rinsing with lukewarm water.
d. Repeat twice a week to get spotless and a glowing skin.

2. Acne
According to Ayurveda, acne is due to an aggravation of Kapha. This leads to an increase in sebum production that clogs the pores leading to acne. Coffee powder has Kapha balancing property and helps control acne.
Tips:
a. Take 1-2 teaspoon of Coffee powder.
b. Add rose water to it.
c. Gently massage all over the face and neck for 4-5 minutes.
d. Wash thoroughly with fresh water.
e. Use this remedy 2-3 times a week to get rid of blackheads and acne.

Precautions when using Coffee

Allergy
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Coffee powder should be used with rose water when applied on the skin if your skin is hypersensitive because it has Ushna (hot) nature.

Recommended Dosage of Coffee

  • Coffee Beans - 2-5 Coffee beans or as per your requirement.
  • Coffee Powder - ½-1 teaspoon or as per your requirement.

How to use Coffee

1. Coffee Beans Scrub
a. Take 2-3 roasted Coffee beans.
b. Crush them and add honey to it.
c. Gently massage all over the face and neck for 4-5 minutes.
d. Wash thoroughly with fresh water.
e. Use this remedy 2-3 times a week to get rid of blackheads and acne.

2. Coffee Face pack
a. Take ½ -1 teaspoon of Coffee powder.
b. Add rose water to it.
c. Apply it evenly all over the face and neck.
d. Let it sit for 5-7 minutes.
e. Wash thoroughly with fresh water.
f. Use this remedy 2-3 times a week for glowing and rejuvenated skin.

Frequently asked questions

Q. What is the best time to drink Coffee?

scientific
Modern Science View
The best time of the day to drink Coffee is 10 am to 12 noon and 2 pm to 5 pm. It is advisable to avoid Coffee before going to bed to avoid symptoms of insomnia.
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
The best time of day to drink coffee is in the morning as our Kapha dosha makes us feel a little sluggish. Coffee has stimulating properties that can counterbalance the sluggishness by stimulating the mind and Agni (digestive fire).

Q. What are the chemical constituents of Coffee?

scientific
Modern Science View
Coffee is a rich source of carbohydrates, lipids, amino acids, sugar, tannins, flavonoids, polyphenols, minerals such as calcium, sodium, iron, manganese, sulphate and zinc. These are the constituents that impart a distinctive aroma and benefits to Coffee[3].

Q. What's the difference between decaffeinated and regular Coffee?

scientific
Modern Science View
Regular Coffee contains caffeine whereas decaffeinated Coffee is regular Coffee without caffeine. Caffeine is extracted from the regular Coffee to make decaffeinated Coffee[28].

Q. Can Coffee make your stool loose?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Coffee can loosen stools by increasing contraction and relaxation of the muscles of the food pipe. This leaves less time for the colon to reabsorb water from the fecal matter to produce well-formed stools. The artificial sweeteners in Coffee can also cause bloating, gas and diarrhea.

Q. Do Coffee worsen gallstones?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Coffee increases gallbladder contraction due to its Vata and Pitta aggravating nature. It may prevent accumulation of small crystals to become large gallstones which may cause pain.

Q. Can Coffee increase blood pressure?

scientific
Modern Science View
Coffee contains caffeine and other polyphenols. They constrict the blood vessels leading to increase in blood pressure. So it is advisable not to drink Coffee in excess amount[16].

Q. Can Black Coffee help to reduce weight?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Coffee can be useful in managing weight. It contains caffeine, chlorogenic acid and quinides. These compounds improves fat and lipid breakdown, thus aiding in weight management[15].

Q. Can Coffee increase your physical stamina?

scientific
Modern Science View
Coffee might help improve your physical stamina. Caffeine present in Coffee acts on the central nervous system. It stimulates chemicals like adenosine and dopamine to interact in the brain and enhance motor skills. Coffee stimulates these chemicals to increase vigour and attention and thus reduce the feeling of tiredness[17].

Q. Can Coffee improve your attention span?

scientific
Modern Science View
Coffee contains caffeine that acts on the central nervous system. This increases motor skills, persistence and thus work output. Coffee also increases the level of chemical called dopamine in blood. This elevates the level of attention[17].

Q. Q. What are the benefits of black Coffee?

scientific
Modern Science View
Black coffee has numerous health benefits. Caffeine present in the Coffee might help in managing stress, depression, low blood pressure, drowsiness and makes you active due to its brain stimulatory effects. Black coffee being a natural diuretic removes excess water from the body and relieves bloating and swelling. It also helps improve metabolism and promotes weight loss. Furthermore, black coffee might also help in the management of diabetes, complications related to liver and Alzheimer's disease[20][21].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Coffee when taken only with water is known as black Coffee. It is helpful in managing stress and depression that occur due to an imbalanced Vata dosha. This is due to its Vata balancing property. Black Coffee also helps to increase metabolism by improving the digestive fire due to its Deepan (appetizer) and Pachan (digestion). It is also effective in managing low blood pressure, removing drowsiness and making you active by stimulating brain function.

Q. Are there any side effects of drinking Coffee?

scientific
Modern Science View
Excessive consumption of Coffee might increase cholesterol levels and blood pressure due to the presence of caffeine. It has the potential to cross human placenta and harm the developing baby. Moreover, a pregnant woman consuming more than 300 mg of caffeine/day (3-4 cups of coffee/day) might even suffer a miscarriage.
Consumption of Coffee in children should not be more than 2.5mg/kg body weight/day due to risk of anxiety, insomnia and even heartburn[4][21-23].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Excessive consumption of Coffee might lead to certain side effects like anorexia, acidity, dizziness and headache. This is due to its Ushna (hot) property. Excessive intake of Coffee might result in the accumulation of toxins in the form of fat or Ama which can further lead to conditions like indigestion, constipation or high cholesterol level.

Q. What are the benefits of Coffee for skin?

scientific
Modern Science View
Certain compounds extracted from coffee might help in reducing skin complications like acne, swelling, pigmentation etc. due to its antifungal and antibacterial property. It is also rich in antioxidants which might help prevent premature aging of the skin. Nowadays, various extracts of Coffee are been used extensively in the cosmetic industry[24][25].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Coffee helps in certain skin problems like sunburn which is due to the imbalance of Pitta Dosha. It also helps to maintain the original complexion of the skin due to its Ropan (healing) property. Aggravation of Kapha increases sebum production which clogs the pores and might cause acne. Coffee helps to manage this condition due to its Kapha balancing property that controls the sebum level of the skin.

Q. Is Coffee good for the brain?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Coffee being a brain stimulant has positive effects on the brain. It might help to improve mood, increase wakefulness, memory and concentration power. Moderate consumption of Coffee might also help manage psychological disorders such as depression[26][27].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Coffee works effectively on various conditions controlled by the brain like anger and mood swings. All these are due to the imbalancing of Vata Dosha that results in improper blood flow. Coffee balances this Vata Dosha and helps in proper flow of blood in the blood vessels, thereby improving brain function.

Q. Does Coffee help alleviate depression?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Coffee might help manage depression due to the presence of caffeine that acts as a brain stimulant and has positive effects on the brain. It might help to improve mood, manage depression and other mood disorders when consumed daily in a moderate amount[26].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Depression is a nervous disorder caused due to imbalanced Vata Dosha. Coffee helps in controlling or balancing the Vata Dosha thereby helping in managing depression.

Q. Is Coffee good for the heart?

scientific
Modern Science View
From the scientific evidence, it is still unclear if Coffee affects the heart in a positive or negative way.
Consult a doctor before taking any Coffee supplement if you are suffering from any heart condition[29][30].

Q. Can Coffee cause constipation?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Constipation is the result of aggravated Vata in the body. Coffee has the property to increase Vata which might cause constipation.

Q. Can Coffee give you rashes?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Coffee has Ushna (hot) nature and may cause rashes if someone has hypersensitive skin.

Q. How good is Coffee for skin?

scientific
Modern Science View
Coffee bean extract is rich in antioxidants and polyphenolic compounds. They increase collagen production and speed up wound healing. Spent ground Coffee also protects the skin against UVB radiation[18][19].

Q. Can Coffee give you younger skin?

scientific
Modern Science View
Coffee is rich in antioxidants, polyphenolic acids and caffeine. They reduce collagen destruction and promote collagen formation. Thus, Coffee may offer anti-aging property to skin and give younger looking skin[18].

References

  1. Belay S, Mideksa D, Gebrezgiabher S.et.al.Factors affecting Coffee (Coffea Arabica L.) quality in Ehtiopia: A review.JMSR.2016,4(1):27-33.
  2. WebMD.Coffee: Uses, Side effects, Doses, Interactions [Internet].Atlanta [last updated in 2016].
  3. Zain MZM, Shori AB, Baba AS.Composition and Health Properties of Coffee Bean.EJCBS.2017; 3(5): 97-100.
  4. Higdon JV, Frei B. Coffee and health: A review of recent human research.Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition.2006;46(2):101-123.
  5. Heckman MA, Weil J, de Mejia EG.Caffeine (1, 3, 7-trimethylxanthine) in foods: A comprehensive review on consumption, functionality, safety, and regulatory matters.J Food Sci.2010;75(3):77-87.
  6. Choi HK, Curhan G.Coffee consumption and risk of incident gout in women: the Nurses’ Health Study.Am J Clin Nutr.2010;92(4):922-927.
  7. Narita S, Saito E, Sawada N et al.Coffee consumption and lung cancer risk: The Japan public health center-based prospective study.Journal of Epidemiology.2018;28(4):207-213.
  8. Galarraga V, Boffetta P.Coffee drinking and risk of lung cancer-a meta-analysis.Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev.2016;25(6):951-7.
  9. Arthur R, Kirsh VA, Rohan TE.Associations of coffee, tea and caffeine intake with risk of breast, endometrial and ovarian cancer among Canadian women.Cancer Epidemiol.2018;56:75-82.
  10. Lafranconi A, Micek A, Paoli P De et al.Coffee intake decreases risk of postmenopausal breast cancer: A dose-response meta-analysis on prospective cohort studies.Nutrients.2018;10(2):112.
  11. Zamora-Ros R, Luján-Barroso L, Bueno-de-Mesquita HB et al.Tea and coffee consumption and risk of esophageal cancer: the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition study.Int J Cancer.2014;135(6):1470-1479.
  12. Liu H, Hua Y, Zheng X et al.Effect of coffee consumption on the risk of gastric cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies.2015;10(5):e0128501.
  13. Larsson SC, Giovannucci E, Wolk A.Coffee consumption and stomach cancer risk in a cohort of Swedish women.Int. J. Cancer.2006;119,:2186–2189.
  14. Michels KB, Willett WC, Fuchs CS et al.Coffee, tea, and caffeine consumption and incidence of colon and rectal cancer.J Natl Cancer Inst.2005;97(4):282-292.
  15. Greenberg JA, Boozer CN, Geliebter A.Coffee, diabetes, and weight control.American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.2006;84:682-693.
  16. Jee SH, He J, Whelton PK et al.The effect of chronic coffee drinking on blood pressure: a meta-analysis of controlled clinical trials.Hypertension.1999;33(2):647-652.
  17. Meeusen R, Roelands B, Spriet LL.Caffeine, exercise and the brain.Nestle Nutrition Institute Workshop Series.2013;76:1-12.
  18. Affonso RCL, Voytena APL, Fanan S et al.Phytochemical composition, antioxidant activity, and the effect of the aqueous extract of coffee (Coffea arabica L.) bean residual press cake on the skin wound healing.Oxid Med Cell Longev.2016;1923754:1-10.
  19. Choi HS, Park ED, Park Y et al.Spent coffee ground extract suppresses ultraviolet B-induced photoaging in hairless mice.J Photochem Photobiol B Biol.2015;15(6):779-790.
  20. Nieber K.The impact of coffee on health.Planta Med.2017;83(16):1256-1263.
  21. Bae J-H, Park J-H, Im S-S et al.Coffee and health.Integr Med Res.2014;189-191.
  22. Nawrot P, Jordan S, Eastwood J, Rotstein J, Hugenholtz A,Feeley M. Effects of caffeine on human health.Food Addit Contam 2003;20:1–30.
  23. Boekema PJ, Samsom M, van Berge Henegouwen GP, Smout AJ. Coffee and gastrointestinal function: facts and fiction. A review. Scand J Gastroenterol Suppl. 1999;230:35-59.
  24. Wehner MR, Linos E. One More Reason to Continue Drinking Coffee-It May Be Good for Your Skin. JAMA Dermatol. 2018 Dec 1;154(12):1385-1386.
  25. Xuan SH, Lee NH, Park SN. Atractyligenin, a terpenoid isolated from coffee silverskin, inhibits cutaneous photoaging. J Photochem Photobiol B. 2019 May;194:166-173.
  26. Nehlig A. Effects of coffee/caffeine on brain health and disease: What should I tell my patients? Pract Neurol. 2016 Apr;16(2):89-95.
  27. Nawrot P, Jordan S, Eastwood J, Rotstein J, Hugenholtz A,Feeley M. Effects of caffeine on human health.Food Addit Contam 2003;20:1–30.
  28. Chiang D, Lin CY, Hu CT, Lee S. Caffeine Extraction from Raw and Roasted Coffee Beans. J Food Sci. 2018 Apr;83(4):975-983.
  29. Zhou A, Hyppönen E. Long-term coffee consumption, caffeine metabolism genetics, and risk of cardiovascular disease: a prospective analysis of up to 347,077 individuals and 8368 cases. Am J Clin Nutr. 2019 Mar 1;109(3):509-516.
  30. Thelle DS. Coffee, caffeine and atrial fibrillation. Eur J Prev Cardiol. 2018 Jul;25(10):1053-1054.
Disclaimer
The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

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