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Ayurvedic View By
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MD (Pharmacology), MBBS
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01 Mar 2021 | 10:54 AM (IST)

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Chopchini

Chopchini
Chopchini or China root is a perennial climbing deciduous shrub and is a popular traditional Chinese medicine. The rhizomes or roots of this plant are majorly used for various medicinal purposes.
Chopchini helps manage diabetes by enhancing insulin secretion due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. As per Ayurveda, consuming Chopchini powder along with lukewarm water improves digestion and appetite due to its Deepan (appetizer) property.
Chopchini is useful in skin problems. It manages skin inflammation and allergic reactions by inhibiting the histamine release due to its anti-allergic property. Applying Chopchini cream on the skin helps to manage psoriasis by inhibiting the growth of microorganisms due to its antipsoriatic property[1-4].

What are the synonyms of Chopchini?

Smilax china, Chopcheenee, Kumarika, Shukchin, China root, China Pairu, Parangichekkai, Pirngichekka, Sarsaparilla[1].

What is the source of Chopchini?

Plant Based

Benefits of Chopchini

What are the benefits of Chopchini for Fluid retention?

scientific
Modern Science View
Chopchini helps manage Fluid retention due to its diuretic property. It helps in increasing urine production and reducing water retention[7].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Chopchini helps manage the symptoms of Fluid retention in the body. In Ayurveda, Fluid retention can be correlated with ‘Shvathu’. In this condition, swelling occurs in the body due to the excess fluid accumulation. Chopchini has Mutral (diuretic) property which helps reduce the accumulation of excess water or fluid in the body and reduces the symptoms of Fluid retention.

Tip to use Chopchini to manage Fluid retention-
1. Take 1-3 gm (or as directed by a physician) of Chopchini powder.
2. Mix it with honey or milk.
3. Swallow it once or twice a day after taking meals to get rid of the symptoms of Fluid retention.
OR
1. Take 1 tablet of Chopchini or as directed by a physician.
2. Swallow it with water twice a day after meals to get relief from the symptoms of fluid retention.

What are the benefits of Chopchini for Rheumatoid arthritis?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Rheumatoid Arthritis, known as Aamavata in Ayurveda, is a disease in which vitiation of Vata dosha and accumulation of Ama takes place in the joints. Amavata starts with a weak digestive fire which leads to accumulation of Ama (toxic remains in the body due to improper digestion). This Ama is carried to different locations through Vata but instead of being absorbed, it gets accumulated in the joints. Chopchini helps to reduce Ama due to its Ushna (hot) potency. Chopchini has also Vata balancing property and thus gives relief from the symptoms of RRheumatoid arthritis like pain and swelling in the joints.

Tip to use Chopchini to get relief from the symptoms of Rheumatoid arthritis
1. Take 1-3 gm of (or as directed by a physician) Chopchini powder.
2. Mix it with lukewarm water.
3. Swallow it once or twice a day after meals to get relief from the symptoms of Rheumatoid arthritis.

What are the benefits of Chopchini for Syphilis?

scientific
Modern Science View
Although enough scientific evidence is not available for the role of Chopchini in Syphilis, it might help manage Syphilis[14].

How effective is Chopchini?

Insufficient evidence
Fluid retention, Rheumatoid arthritis, Syphilis

Precautions when using Chopchini

Breastfeeding
scientific
Modern Science View
Since enough scientific evidence is not available, it is advisable to avoid or consult a physician before taking Chopchini during breastfeeding[5].
Patients with diabetes
scientific
Modern Science View
Since enough scientific evidence is not available, it is advisable for diabetic patients to avoid or consult a physician before taking Chopchini.
Patients with heart disease
scientific
Modern Science View
Chopchini may interact with cardiac drugs. So it is generally recommended to consult a physician while taking Chopchini with cardioprotective drugs[5].
Pregnancy
scientific
Modern Science View
Since enough scientific evidence is not available, it is advisable to avoid or consult a physician before taking Chopchini during pregnancy[5].
Side Effects
Important
scientific
Modern Science View
1. Stomach irritation.
2. Runny nose
3. Asthmatic symptoms[5].

Recommended Dosage of Chopchini

  • Chopchini Powder - 1-3gm powder twice a day or as directed by a physician.
  • Chopchini Tablet - 1 tablet twice a day or as directed by a physician.

How to use Chopchini

1. Chopchini Powder
a. Take 1-3 gm or as directed by a physician of Chopchini powder.
b. Mix it with honey or milk.
c. Swallow it once or twice a day after meals to get rid of the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis.

2. Chopchini Tablets
a. Take 1 tablet of Chopchini or as directed by a physician.
b. Swallow it with water twice a day after meals.
c. To get relief from the symptoms of fluid retention.

Benefits of Chopchini

What are the benefits of Chopchini for Psoriasis?

scientific
Modern Science View
Psoriasis is an inflammatory skin disorder characterized by red and scaly patches.
Chopchini helps in managing psoriasis when applied to the affected area in the form of a cream due to its anti-psoriatic property. It inhibits the growth of microorganisms and reduces inflammation of the skin due to its anti-inflammatory property. A certain constituent present in Chopchini has antiproliferative property that also helps in managing Psoriasis. It prevents or inhibits cell reproduction or proliferation[6].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Chopchini provides relief from certain symptoms of Psoriasis such as itching or irritation when applied externally. It helps reduce inflammation and dryness of the skin because of its Tridosha balancing property.

Tip to use Chopchini to get relief from the symptoms of Psoriasis-
1. Take 1-6 gm (or as per your requirement) of Chopchini powder.
2. Add some coconut oil or water to it and make a paste.
3. Apply this paste evenly on the affected area.
4. Use this remedy three times a week to get rid of certain symptoms of Psoriasis such as dryness and inflammation.

How effective is Chopchini?

Insufficient evidence
Psoriasis

Precautions when using Chopchini

Allergy
scientific
Modern Science View
Since enough scientific evidence is not available about Chopchini for allergies, it is advisable to avoid or consult a physician before using Chopchini.

Recommended Dosage of Chopchini

  • Chopchini Powder - 1-6gm or as per your requirement.

How to use Chopchini

Chopchini Paste
a. Take 1-6gm or as per your requirement of Chopchini powder.
b. Add some coconut oil or water to it and make a paste.
c. Apply this paste evenly on the affected area.
d. Use this remedy three times a week to get rid of dryness and inflammation in case of psoriasis.

Frequently asked questions

Q. Can Chopchini be used as a flavouring agent?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Chopchini can be used as a flavouring agent in foods, beverages, and pharmaceuticals[5][13].

Q. Can Chopchini be used as a condiment?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Chopchini is used as a beverage condiment for preparation of soft drinks[5][13].

Q. What is the taste of Chopchini?

scientific
Modern Science View
Chopchini is slightly bitter in taste[14].

Q. What is the botanical name of Chopchini?

scientific
Modern Science View
The botanical name of Chopchini is Smilax china.

Q. What are the benefits of Chopchini for diabetes?

scientific
Modern Science View
Chopchini might help manage type 2 diabetes due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Chopchini reduces the breakdown of carbohydrates and lowers blood sugar levels. It also prevents the damage of pancreatic cells which helps enhance insulin secretion[7].

Q. Does Chopchini works as an antioxidant?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Chopchini acts as an antioxidant due to its free radical scavenging activity. It prevents oxidative cell damage caused by free radicals (reactive oxygen species)[8].

Q. Does Chopchini help in spermatogenesis?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Chopchini might help in spermatogenesis due to its antioxidant property. It has free radical scavenging activity that promotes the formation of new sperm cells, while also increasing the sperm count[9].

Q. Is Chopchini is useful in ovarian cancer?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Chopchini might be helpful in ovarian cancer. It inhibits the growth of tumor cells and leads to reduction in tumor size[10].

Q. Can Chopchini help in minimizing allergic reactions?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Chopchini might help minimize allergic reactions due to its anti-allergic property. It inhibits the release of histamine and decreases certain inflammatory-causing chemicals. Thus, it helps in reducing allergic symptoms by not responding to infections[11].

Q. Is Chopchini helpful in epilepsy?

scientific
Modern Science View
Chopchini is considered to be useful in epilepsy due to its anticonvulsant and antiepileptic properties. It inhibits the activity of certain neurotransmitters (GABA) that help in calming down the brain, thereby preventing the occurrence of seizures[12].

Q. Can Chopchini harm the stomach?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Chopchini, if taken in excess, may cause stomach irritation[5].

Q. Can Chopchini cause asthma?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, exposure to Chopchini dust may cause a runny nose and symptoms of asthma in some cases[5].

Q. What are the side effects of Chopchini?

scientific
Modern Science View
The use of Chopchini or Sarsaparilla is considered most likely safe when taken in prescribed amounts. However, taking it in higher quantities may cause stomach and kidney irritation[5].

Q. . How to take Chopchini powder?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Chopchini powder is an effective herb to get rid of the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis. You can take Chopchini powder (1-3gm) with lukewarm water once or twice daily.

Q. What are the benefits of Chopchini for skin?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Chopchini is beneficial for skin problems like itching or inflammation. Chopchini gives quick relief in itching or inflammation when applied to the affected area due to its Tridosha balancing and Sothhar (anti-inflammatory) properties.

References

  1. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Of India.Part 1 Volume 1.
  2. Balkrishnan A.Chopchini.Ayurved Jadi Buti Rehsya. Danik Bhaskar.2017.
  3. Zhong C, Hu D, Hou LB, et al.Phenolic Compounds from the Rhizomes of Smilax china L. and their anti-Inflammatory activity.Molecules.2017;22(515):1-8.
  4. Sabarisenthil B, Kalaichelvan VK.A review on pharmacological activities of Smilax China and Smilax zeylanica.International Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences.2017;8(1):57-64.
  5. https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-379/sarsaparilla
  6. Vijayalakshmi A,Ravichandiran V, Malarkodi V, et al. Screening of flavonoid “quercetin” from the rhizome of Smilax china Linn.for antipsoriatic activity. Asian pacific journal of tropical biomedicine.2012;2(4):269-275.External Link
  7. Bhati R, Singh S, Saharan VK, et al.Pharmacognostical standardization, extraction and anti-diabetic activity of Smilax china L. Rhizome.Asian Journal of Traditional Medicines.2011;6(5):218-223.External Link
  8. Seo HK, Lee JH, Kim HS, et al.Antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of Smilax china L.Leaf Extracts.Food Sci. Biotechnol.2012;21(6):1723-1727.External Link
  9. Saraswathi CD, Suresh MV, Sreemantula S, et al.Effect of Smilax china on testicular antioxidant activity and spermatological parameters in rats subjected to forced swimming stress.International Research Journal of Pharmacy.2012;3(11):118-121.External Link
  10. Hu LL, Chen DS, Wang YY, et al. Smilax china L. rhizome extract inhibits nuclear factor-kB and induces apoptosis in ovarian cancer cells. Chin J Integr Med.2015;21(12):907-915.External Link
  11. Mlcek J, Jurikova T, Skrovancova S, et al.Quercetin and its anti-allergic immune response.Molecules.2016;21(5).External Link
  12. Vijayalakshmi A, Ravichandiran V,Anbu J, et al.Anticonvulsant and neurotoxicity profile of the rhizome of Smilax china Linn. in mice.Indian Journal of Pharmacology.201;43(1):27-30.External Link
  13. Sinha K.K.spices and flavouring crops.tubers and roots.Encyclopedia of food sciences and nutrition.2.2003.External Link
  14. Perera BPR (2014) A Study on the Plants Used as Chopachini. J Homeop Ayurv Med 3:170. doi: 10.4172/2167-1206.1000170.External Link
Disclaimer
The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

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