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B.Pharm
Ayurvedic View By
BAMS
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MD (Pharmacology), MBBS
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Blackberry

Blackberry
Blackberry is an edible fruit with enormous medicinal, cosmetic and nutritive benefits. It is used as an ingredient in cooking dishes, salads and bakery products like jams, snacks and desserts.
Blackberry is packed with essential nutrients and powerful antioxidants such as vitamin C which help improve the immune system. Regular intake of Blackberry is beneficial for skin problems due to its anti-ageing property. In Ayurveda, a kadha prepared from the leaves of Blackberry can be taken in between meals to help control diarrhea due to its antimicrobial property. The kadha can also be used to reduce throat irritation by rinsing the mouth with it. Blackberry helps reduces inflammation and pain in the affected area due to its anti-inflammatory activity. Consuming Blackberry on a daily basis reduces the level of blood glucose due to its anti-diabetic property.
Applying Blackberry leaf powder face pack reduces the formation of wrinkles, acne, boils and helps keep healthy skin. Blackberry leaves help in the fast healing of mouth ulcers due to its astringent property[1][2].

What are the synonyms of Blackberry?

Rubus fruticosus, True blackberry, Western blackberry, Western dewberry, Drupelet, Berry

What is the source of Blackberry?

Plant Based

Benefits of Blackberry

What are the benefits of Blackberry for Fluid retention?

scientific
Modern Science View
Not enough scientific evidence is available to support the role of Blackberry in Fluid retention.

What are the benefits of Blackberry for Diarrhea?

scientific
Modern Science View
Due to its antimicrobial and anti-diarrheal property, Blackberry might be beneficial in managing diarrhea[2][3].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Diarrhea is known as Atisar in Ayurveda. It is due to improper food, impure water, toxins, mental stress and Agnimandya (weak digestive fire). All these factors are responsible for aggravating Vata. This aggravated Vata brings fluid in the intestine from various tissues from the body and m ixes with the stool. This leads to loose, watery motions or diarrhea. Taking Blackberry leaves kadha helps to control Vata and retain fluid in the intestine. This is due to its Kashaya (astringent) property and controls watery motions or diarrhea.
Tips:
1. Blackberry Tea (Kada)
a. Put 1/2 teaspoon of dried Blackberry leaves into a cup of boiling water.
b. Leave it to infuse for 10 minutes and strain.
c. Take 3 cups a day between meals to control diarrhea.

How effective is Blackberry?

Insufficient evidence
Diarrhea, Fluid retention

Precautions when using Blackberry

Breastfeeding
scientific
Modern Science View
Consult your doctor while taking Blackberry during Breastfeeding[3].
Pregnancy
scientific
Modern Science View
Consult your doctor while taking Blackberry during Pregnancy[3].

How to use Blackberry

1. Blackberry Raw Fruit
a. Mix 1 tablespoon Blackberry with juice or as per your requirement.
b. Take it preferably with breakfast.

2. Blackberry Tea (Kadha)
a. Tea can be made from 1 to 2 tablespoons of dried blackberry leaves in one cup of boiling water.
b. Steep for about 10 to 15 minutes before it’s strained.
c. The tea can be drunk 1-2 times a day, preferably between meals.

Benefits of Blackberry

1. Psoriasis
Psoriasis is a common, chronic, autoimmune disease that causes dry, red, scaly patches and flakes on the skin. Blackberry helps to manage the symptoms of psoriasis when applied externally. Applying Blackberry leaves paste helps to reduce red scaly patches due to its Ropan (healing) nature.
Tips:
a. Take 1/2 - 1 teaspoon of Blackberry leaf powder or paste.
b. Add coconut oil to it.
c. Apply evenly on the affected area.
d. Let it sit for 4-5 hours.
e. Wash thoroughly with fresh water.

2. Mouth Ulcer
Mouth ulcers are also known as Mukh Pak in Ayurveda and they usually appear on the tongue, lips, inside the cheeks, inside the bottom lip or on the gums. Blackberry helps in quick healing of mouth ulcers due to its Kashaya (astringent) and Ropan (healing) properties.
Tips:
a. Take 1-2 teaspoon of dried Blackberry leaves powder.
b. Put 1-2 cup water and boil it for at least 15 minutes.
c. Wait till it comes to room temperature.
d. Strain and add honey to enhance the taste.
e. Use as a mouthwash or gargle twice a day.

Precautions when using Blackberry

Allergy
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Blackberry powder should be used with honey or milk if someone skin is too dry or hypersensitive.

How to use Blackberry

1. Blackberry Fruit Powder Face Pack
a. Take ½ - 1 Blackberry fruit powder.
b. Add honey to it and make a paste.
c. Apply evenly on the face and neck.
d. Let it sit for 2-3 hours.
e. Wash thoroughly with fresh water.
f. Use this remedy 2-3 times a week for refreshed and glowing.

2. Blackberry Leaf Powder Face Pack
a. Take ½ - 1 Blackberry leaf powder.
b. Add rose water to it and make a paste.
c. Apply evenly on the face and neck.
d. Let it sit for 2-3 hours.
e. Wash thoroughly with fresh water.
f. Use this remedy 2-3 times a week for clear hyperpigmentation free skin.

3. Blackberry Seed Powder Face Scrub
a. Take ½ - 1 teaspoon of Blackberry seed powder.
b. Add honey to it.
c. Gently massage on the face and neck for 5-7 minutes.
d. Wash thoroughly with tap water.
e. Use this remedy 2-3 times a week for healthy and glowing skin.

Frequently asked questions

Q. What are the chemical constituents of Blackberry?

scientific
Modern Science View
Fruit of this plant contains high levels of anthocyanins and other phenolic compounds, mainly flavonols and ellagitannins, which contribute to its high antioxidant capacity and other biological activities. Blackberry phenolic composition and concentrations are known to be influenced by genetics, growing conditions, and maturation[1].

Q. In what forms Blackberry is available in the market?

scientific
Modern Science View
Blackberry is present in the market in the form of fruit. Consuming it in the form of fruit is the best way to obtain its maximum benefits. Blackberry is also available in the form of Capsules, Tablets, Powder etc. under various brands.

Q. How to select the right kind Blackberry?

scientific
Modern Science View
Selecting the proper berries is always a tricky task and require an expertise as there is no indication of colour unlike others in berries. The best way to select the proper blackberries is to check its tenderness by your fingertips.

Q. How to Store Blackberry?

scientific
Modern Science View
Store the Blackberries in a close lid container in a cool place preferably in the refrigerator. Consume the blackberries within 2-3 days as it has a lesser shelf life.

Q. Can you eat Blackberry leaves?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, young Blackberry leaves can be eaten raw, as they also contain certain constituents (flavonoids) which have antioxidant properties. These antioxidants help fight free radicals and protect the cells from damage, thereby improving immunity. Blackberry leaves are chewed to reduce headache. They can also be added to the salad, as they are helpful in managing loose teeth[2][9][10].

Q. Is Blackberry safe for Diabetes?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Blackberry is safe in diabetes as has good antidiabetic properties and helps in lowering blood glucose level in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus. It might also be helpful in controlling increased glucose levels after meals[5].

Q. Does Blackberry have a role in anxiety?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Blackberry has a role in managing anxiety. Blackberry acts as a CNS depressant and relieves the symptoms of anxiety[5].

Q. Can Blackberries help boost brain health?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Blackberries might help improve the functions of the brain due to their antioxidant properties. The antioxidants present in Blackberries fight against the free radicals and protect the brain cells (neurons) against damage caused by free radicals. Blackberries also reduce inflammation in the brain, thereby improving memory and learning ability[8].

Q. Do Blackberries help in inflammation?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Blackberries help in inflammation due to the presence of certain constituents which have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. These constituents help reduce pain and inflammation in the affected area and also manage swelling[6].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Blackberries might help manage the condition of inflammation which occurs due to an imbalance of Vata - Pitta dosha (especially Vata dosha). Blackberry helps to reduce inflammation due to its Vata balancing property.

Q. Do Blackberries help you lose weight?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Blackberries might help in weight management, as they are rich in fiber. They promote bowel movements and provide a feeling of fullness. Eating Blackberries also improves the metabolism of the body, thereby promoting weight loss[7].

Q. Are Blackberries good for digestion?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Blackberries are considered to be beneficial for digestion due to the presence of insoluble fibers. These fibers do not breakdown easily and help in the easy absorption of water in the large intestine. This promotes bowel movements and improves the digestion process[6].

Q. Does Blackberry have a role in skin aging?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Blackberry has a good role in skin aging. Skin aging is associated with increase in the number of free radicals. Blackberry being a rich source of antioxidants, helps to fight against these free radicals. This reduces the formation of wrinkles and helps to keep the skin healthy[5].

Q. Does Blackberry have a role in skin disorders?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Blackberry has a role in skin disorders. Due to its antioxidant property, Blackberry helps to maintain healthy skin. This antioxidant property makes Blackberry a part of skin and hair care products. Blackberry is also used to manage skin problems like acne, boils, burns and skin eruptions[5].

References

  1. Kaume L, Howard L, Devareddy L.The Blackberry Fruit: A Review on Its Composition and Chemistry, Metabolism and Bioavailability, and Health Benefits.J Agric Food Chem.2011:60(23):10-15.`
  2. Verma R, Gangrade T, Punasiya R.et.al.Rubus fruticosus (blackberry) use as an herbal medicine.Pharmacognosy Reviews.2014;8(16):101-4.
  3. WebMD.Blackberry: Uses, Side effects, Doses, Interactions [Internet].Atlanta [last updated in 2016].
  4. González OA, Escamilla C, Danaher RJ.et.al.Antibacterial Effects of Blackberry Extract Target Periodontopathogens.J Periodontal Res. 2013 Feb; 48(1): 80–86.
  5. Zia-Ul-Haq M, Riaz M, De Feo V, et al. Rubus Fruticosus L.: Constituents, biological activities and health related uses. Molecules. 2014;9:10998-11029.
  6. Keservani RK, Sharma AK, Kesharwani RK.Medicinal effect of Nutraceutical fruits for the cognition and brain health.Scientifica.2016;(2016):1-10.
  7. Solverson PM, Rumpler WV, Leger JL, et al.Blackberry Feeding Increases Fat Oxidation and Improves Insulin Sensitivity in Overweight and Obese Males.Nutrients.2018;10(8):1048.
  8. Miller MG,Shukitt B. Berry fruit enhances beneficial signalling in the brain.J Agric Food Chem.2012;60(23):5709-5715.
  9. Seal JB, Seal M. Backyard Medicine: Harvest and Make Your Own Herbal Remedies.Skyhorse.2009.
  10. Christenson K. The Blackberry Web: Tangled in the Vines of Child Abuse.Tate Publishing. 2008.
Disclaimer
The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

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