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Ph.D. (Biochemistry), M.Sc (Human Genomics)
Ayurvedic View By
BAMS
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MD (Pharmacology), MBBS
Last updated:
13 Dec 2019 | 05:29 PM (IST)
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Badi Elaichi

Badi Elaichi
Badi Elaichi, also known as Black Cardamom is a spice crop cultivated in central Himalayan and north-eastern region of India. It is a well known spice that has been used in many Ayurvedic preparations from ancient times due to its great medicinal value.
Badi Elaichi is helpful in managing diabetes as it lowers the blood glucose levels due to its antioxidant properties. The antioxidants present in it also helps in reducing the risk of heart diseases by lowering cholesterol levels. Consuming Badi Elaichi powder twice a day is good for patients with heart disease.
As per Ayurveda, Badi Elaichi is used in cough due to its Ushna (hot) properties. It helps to remove excess mucus from the respiratory passages and provides relief. Consuming ashes of burnt Badi Elaichi leaves along with mustard oil reduces the symptoms of cough and cold.
Badi Elaichi essential oil also helps in managing inflammatory conditions such as swellings, tissue injuries or rheumatism due to its anti-inflammatory properties [10-12].

What are the synonyms of Badi Elaichi?

Amomum subulatum, Baara aliach, Bhadraila, Greater or Nepal cardamom, Elaicho, Mothi Elichi, Bari elachi Dodda Yalakki, Nepdi Elakki, Valiya Elam, Perelam, Mothi Elayachi, Bada aleicha, Aleicha, Budi Eleichi, Periya Elam, Beraelam, Kattu Elam, Pedda Elakulu, Badi Elaichi, Heel Kalan, Bhadra[14].

What is the source of Badi Elaichi?

Plant Based

Benefits of Badi Elaichi

1. Cough
Cough is quite a common ailment, which usually happens with the cold. It is commonly known as Kapha disorder in Ayurveda. Cough is generally caused by the accumulation of mucus in the respiratory tract. Badi Elaichi helps to reduce the symptoms of cough and cold due to its Kapha balancing and Ushna(hot) property. It helps to melt the accumulated mucus and releases it from the lungs, thus providing relief.

Tips for using Badi Elaichi in cough
a. Consume ashes of burnt leaves of Badi Elaichi with mustard oil to reduce the symptoms of cough and cold[11].

2. Loss of Appetite
Badi Elaichi helps to improve appetite when it is added to a daily diet. In Ayurveda, loss of appetite is due to Agnimandya (weak digestion). It is caused by an aggravation of Vata, Pitta, and Kapha doshas leading to incomplete digestion of food. This causes insufficient secretion of gastric juice in the stomach which results in loss of appetite. Badi Elaichi stimulates digestion and improves appetite. This is due to its Deepan (appetizer) property.

Tips for using Badi Elaichi
a. Take 1-1.5gm (or as directed by the physician) of Badi Elaichi powder.
b. Mix it with honey or water.
c. Have it once or twice a day after taking light food to get rid of the symptoms of poor digestion.

3. Asthma
Badi Elaichi helps to control the symptoms of asthma and gives relief in case of breathlessness. According to Ayurveda, the main doshas involved in Asthma are Vata and Kapha. The vitiated ‘Vata’ combines with deranged ‘Kapha dosha’ in the lungs obstructing the respiratory passages and results in difficulty in breathing. This condition is known as Swas Roga (asthma). Badi Elaichi is very useful in Asthma because it balances Vata- Kapha doshas. It also helps to melt and expel out excessive sputum from the lungs due to its Ushna (hot) nature.

Precautions when using Badi Elaichi

Breastfeeding
scientific
Modern Science View
Enough scientific evidence is not available about the use of Badi Elaichi during breastfeeding. So, it is advisable to consult a physician before using Badi Elaichi during breastfeeding.
Pregnancy
scientific
Modern Science View
Enough scientific evidence is not available about the use of Badi Elaichi during pregnancy. So, it is advisable to consult a physician before using Badi Elaichi during pregnancy.

How to use Badi Elaichi

1. Badi Elaichi Powder (Fruit)
a. Take 1-1.5gm (or as directed by the physician) of Badi Elaichi powder.
b. Mix it with honey or water.
c. Have it once or twice a day after taking light food to get rid of the symptoms of poor digestion.

2. For use in your daily dish
a. Crush few Pods of Badi Elaichi and put them into your dish during cooking to enhance and intensify the taste of other ingredients.
b. It has a nice flavor and aroma that stimulates the taste buds when used in your daily food like dal and rice.

3. As a mouth freshener
a. Take a few ground pieces of Badi Elaichi and chew them after taking your daily meals to get rid of the bad breath.

Benefits of Badi Elaichi

Joint Pain
Badi Elaichi or its oil helps to reduce bone and joint pain when applied to the affected area. According to Ayurveda, the bones and joints are considered a site of Vata in the body. Pain in the joints is mainly due to Vata imbalance. Applying Badi Elaichi essential oil helps to reduce joint pain due to its Vata balancing property.

Tips for using Badi Elaichi Essential oil
a. Take a few drops (or as per your requirement) of Badi Elaichi Essential oil.
b. Mix with Olive oil or mustard oil.
c. Massage the affected area with this mixture before sleeping at night to get relief from muscular and joint pain.

Precautions when using Badi Elaichi

Breastfeeding
scientific
Modern Science View
Enough scientific evidence is not available about the use of Badi Elaichi during breastfeeding. So, it is advisable to consult a physician before using Badi Elaichi during breastfeeding.
Pregnancy
scientific
Modern Science View
Enough scientific evidence is not available about the use of Badi Elaichi during pregnancy. So, it is advisable to consult a physician before using Badi Elaichi during pregnancy.

How to use Badi Elaichi

1. Use as a massage oil
a. Take a few drops (or as per your requirement) of Badi Elaichi Essential oil.
b. Mix with Olive oil or mustard oil.
c. Massage the affected area with this mixture before sleeping at night to get relief from muscular and joint pain.

Frequently asked questions

Q. How does the Black Elaichi taste like?

scientific
Modern Science View
Badi Elaichi pods are dried over an open fire that gives it a strong, smoky aroma. The taste and flavor of Badi Elaichi mostly comes from the tiny seeds inside the pod.

Q. Can we use Black Elaichi in place of Green or Choti Elaichi?

scientific
Modern Science View
No, Black Elaichi cannot be used in place of Green Elaichi as they differ entirely in taste. Green Elaichi has a sweet taste whereas Black Elaichi has an intense pungent taste.

Q. How can we add Badi Elaichi to our daily diet?

scientific
Modern Science View
Badi Elaichi is mostly used in savory dishes. It is added as an ingredient to garam masala which is commonly used in the preparation of Indian dishes.

Q. What is the best way to store Badi Elaichi?

scientific
Modern Science View
Badi Elaichi should be stored in an air-tight container in a cool and dry place to retain the aroma. Badi Elaichi can be preserved for over a year in dry conditions.

Q. Is Badi Elaichi good for the heart?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Badi Elaichi might reduce the risk of heart diseases. It contains antioxidants that lower the total cholesterol as well as bad cholesterol (LDL) levels and increases good cholesterol (HDL) levels. These antioxidants also prevent heart cells against damage caused by free radicals[1][7].

Q. Does Badi Elaichi help in diabetes?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Badi Elaichi might be helpful in diabetes due to its anti-diabetic property. The antioxidants (phenolic compounds) present in Badi Elaichi reduces oxidative stress, prevent damage to pancreatic cells and reduces insulin resistance. This helps in managing blood glucose levels. It also inhibits starch breakdown which also controls blood sugar levels[2][3].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Badi Elaichi is good for diabetes. It helps to maintain a normal blood sugar level. Ayurveda believes that Ama (toxic remains in the body due to improper digestion) is the prime cause of high sugar levels in the blood. Using Badi Elaichi in your diet reduces Ama due to its Ushna (hot) nature. Thus Badi Elaichi helps to manage diabetes.

Q. Is Badi Elaichi good for the liver?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Badi Elaichi might be good for the liver due to its hepatoprotective property. It possesses antioxidants that protect the liver cells against damage caused by free radicals and prevent further damage[4].

Q. Is Badi Elaichi good for kidneys?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Badi Elaichi might be good for kidneys as it decreases the creatinine and urea levels in the blood. It also contains antioxidants that prevent cell damage by reducing oxidative stress and shows nephroprotective properties[5].

Q. Does Badi Elaichi help in gastric ulcers?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Badi Elaichi might help in gastric ulcer as it has gastroprotective properties. It contains certain constituents (phenolic compounds) that decreases the gastric damage by increasing the mucous secretion on gastric mucosal cells[6].

Q. Does Badi Elaichi improve digestion?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Badi Elaichi might improve digestion as it improves the function of the stomach and aids in digestion due to its stomachic (agents that promote appetite and improve digestion) properties. It also prevents gas formation due to its carminative properties[11].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Badi Elaichi helps to improve digestion when added to the daily diet by improving the digestive fire. It helps in easy and quick digestion of food due to its Deepan (appetizer) property.

Q. Can Badi Elaichi help in improving memory?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Badi Elaichi might help in improving memory and learning in women during or after menopause as it increases the levels of estrogen hormone. This hormone is crucial for maintaining normal brain functions and preventing brain disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease in women[13].

Q. Can we use Badi Elaichi to manage wrinkles?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Badi Elaichi might be helpful in managing wrinkles. It protects the skin from damage caused by free radicals due to the presence of certain constituents (protocatechualdehyde and protocatechuic acid) that has antioxidant properties and prevents aging. A certain study states that an “Anti-Wrinkle cream” containing Badi Elaichi might be effective in managing facial skin wrinkles[9].

Q. Is Badi Elaichi beneficial for inflammatory conditions?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, the topical application of Badi Elaichi essential oil might be beneficial for managing inflammatory conditions. It reduces the inflammation and irritation due to its anti-inflammatory properties. Badi Elaichi essential oil might be used in inflammatory conditions related to tissue injury or to alleviate symptoms of rheumatism[10].

Q. Can we use Badi Elaichi to control oral infections?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Badi Elaichi might be used in oral infections as its fruit extract possess antimicrobial property. It inhibits the activity of pathogens responsible for oral infections and dental cavities[8].

References

  1. Verma S, Rajeevan V, Bordia A, et.al.Greater cardamom (amomum subulatum roxb) a cardio-Adaptogen against physical stress.Journal of herbal medicine and toxicology.2010;4(2).55-58. External Link
  2. Vavaiya RB, Patel A, Manek RA.Anti-Diabetic Activity of Amomum Subulatum Roxb. Fruit Constituents.IJPI.2012;2(5):50-63.External Link
  3. Hussain SA, Hameed A, Fu J, et.al.Comparative in vitro analysis of anti-diabetic activity of IndoPak black cardamom (Amomum subulatum Roxb.) and Chinese black cardamom (Amomum tsao-ko Crevost et Lemaire).Prog Nutr.2018(3):403-414.External Link
  4. Parmar MY, Shah PA, Thakkar VT, et.al.Hepatoprotective Activity of Amomum Subulatum (Roxb.) Seeds against Paracetamol Induced Liver Damage in Rats.Adv Bioeng Biomed Sci Res.2019:2(2):1-6External Link
  5. Puttanna GS, Nayak S, Ravi M, et.al.Nephroprotective acitvity of Amomum subulatum seeds against cypermethrin induced nephrotoxicity in rats. J Phytopharmaco.2016;5(4):145-149.External Link
  6. Jafri MA, Farah, Javed K, et.al.Evaluation of the gastric antiulcerogenic effect of large cardamom (fruits of Amomum subulatum Roxb).J Ethnopharmacol.2001;75(2-3):89-94.External Link
  7. Bairwa GL, Jasuja ND, Joshi SC.Lipid-lowering and antioxidant effects of Amomum subulatum seeds (Family Zingiberaceae) in cholesterol fed rabbits.Arch Phytopathology Plant Protect.2011;44(14):1425-1431.External Link
  8. Aneja KR, Joshi R.Antimicrobial Activity of Amomum subulatum and Elettaria cardamomum Against Dental Caries Causing Microorganisms.Ethnobot Leaflets.2009;13:840-49.External Link
  9. Ravichandran G, Bharadwaj VS, Kolhapure SA.Evaluation of the efficacy and safety of "Anti-Wrinkle cream" in the treatment of facial skin wrinkles: A prospective, open, phase III clinical trial.The Antiseptic.2005;102(2):65-70.External Link
  10. Agnihotri, Supriya et.al.Chemical composition, antimicrobial and topical anti-inflammatory activity of essential oil of Amomum subulatum fruits.Acta Pol Pharm.2012;69(6):1177-1181.External Link
  11. Bisht V, Negi JS, Bhandari AK, et.al. Amomum subulatum Roxb: Traditional, Biochemical and Biological activities - An overview.Afr J Agric Res.2011;6(24):5386-5390.External Link
  12. Verma S, Jain V, Singh D.Effect of Greater cardamom (Amomum subulatum Roxb.) on blood lipids, fibrinolysis and total antioxidant status in patients with ischemic heart disease.Asian Pac J Trop Med.2012;2.739-743.External Link
  13. Kumar A, Goyal R, Kumar S, et.al. strogenic and Anti-Alzheimer’s studies of Zingiber officinalis as well as Amomum subulatum Roxb.: the success story of dry techniques.Med Chem Res.2014;24(3),1089–1097.External Link
  14. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Of India. Part 1 Volume 1.
Disclaimer
The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

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