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Modern Science View By
M.Pharm, B.Pharm
Ayurvedic View By
BAMS
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MD (Pharmacology), MBBS
Last updated on:
04 Dec 2019 | 01:03 PM (IST)
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Anjeer

Anjeer
Anjeer is a fruit that grows on the Ficus tree. These trees are deciduous and can grow up to a height of 7-10m. Anjeer fruits have a unique taste and are sweet and chewy.
Anjeer helps manage diabetes by increasing insulin secretion due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. As per Ayurveda, consuming 2-3 soaked Anjeer in the morning helps in constipation by promoting bowel movement due to its Rechana (laxative) properties. Regular consumption of Anjeer also improves digestion as it contains dietary fibre.
Anjeer is good for managing skin problems due to the presence of antioxidants. Applying Anjeer paste along with honey on face improves skin health and decrease melanin.
Anjeer leaf might help lower blood sugar levels. So, it is advisable to consult a physician while taking Anjeer along with antidiabetic drugs[2][4].

What are the synonyms of Anjeer?

Ficus carica, Fig, Angir, Anjura, Tenatti, Anjuru, Anjra, Fagari, Angira[1].

What is the source of Anjeer?

Plant Based

Benefits of Anjeer

What are the benefits of Anjeer for Diabetes mellitus (Type 1 & Type 2)?

scientific
Modern Science View
Anjeer might help manage Diabetes due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. It reduces the breakdown of carbohydrates and prevents the damage of pancreatic cells. This enhances insulin secretion and lowers blood sugar levels. The high potassium content in Anjeer also helps regulate blood sugar level in the body[4][5].

What are the benefits of Anjeer for Constipation?

scientific
Modern Science View
Anjeer might help manage constipation due to its laxative property. It helps to loosen stools and promote bowel movement[5].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
In Ayurveda constipation is a disease caused particularly by the aggravation of Vata dosha. Factors like eating fast or junk food, excess intake of coffee, tea, sleeping late at night, high-stress levels and depression aggravates Vata in the large intestine and cause constipation. Anjeer helps manage constipation due to its Vata balancing and Rechana (laxative) properties. It prevents Vata from aggravating and leads to easy passage of stools.

Tips for using Anjeer in constipation.
1. Take 2-4 pieces of dried Anjeer or as directed by the physician.
2. Soak them in water overnight in a small bowl.
3. Drain the water from Anjeer in the morning.
4. Eat these soaked figs along with honey on an empty stomach to get good results in constipation.

How effective is Anjeer?

Insufficient evidence
Constipation, Diabetes mellitus (Type 1 & Type 2)

Precautions when using Anjeer

Allergy
scientific
Modern Science View
People sensitive to latex, mulberry or weeping fig might experience allergic reactions while using Anjeer. So, it is advisable to avoid its consumption or consult a physician before using Anjeer (fig)[6].
Breastfeeding
scientific
Modern Science View
Anjeer (fresh or dried) is safe to be taken in food amounts during breastfeeding. But, it is advisable to consult a physician before using Anjeer (Fig) during breastfeeding[3][6].
Minor Medicine Interaction
scientific
Modern Science View
Anjeer (fig), due to the presence of certain constituents (furocoumarins), might increase the risk of bleeding when taken along with certain drugs (blood thinners, antiplatelet drugs). So, it is generally advisable to consult a physician before taking Anjeer with such drugs[6].
Moderate Medicine Interaction
scientific
Modern Science View
Anjeer (Fig) leaf lowers blood sugar levels. Taking it along with insulin or any other antidiabetic drug might cause too much lowering of blood sugar levels. So, it is advisable to consult a physician and regularly monitor blood sugar levels while taking Anjeer with antidiabetic drugs[3][6].
Patients with diabetes
scientific
Modern Science View
It is advisable for diabetic patients to regularly monitor blood sugar levels while using Anjeer, as it might cause too much lowering of blood sugar levels[3][6].
Pregnancy
scientific
Modern Science View
Anjeer (fresh or dried) is safe to be taken in food amounts during pregnancy. But, it is advisable to consult a physician before using Anjeer (Fig) during pregnancy[3][6].

How to use Anjeer

1. Soaked Anjeer
a. Tips for using soaked Anjeer.
b. Take 2-4 pieces of dried Anjeer or as directed by the physician.
c. Soak them in water overnight in a small bowl.
d. Next morning, drain the water and consume soaked Anjeer along with honey.
e. Consume them on an empty stomach to get the best results in constipation.

2. Fig leaves Capsules
a. Take 1 capsule or as directed by the physician.
b. Swallow it with lukewarm water after taking food once or twice a day to get rid of constipation.

Precautions when using Anjeer

Allergy
scientific
Modern Science View
Anjeer (Fig) contains latex that might cause irritation to the skin, if not removed promptly. So, it is generally advisable to consult a physician before applying Fig paste on skin[14].
Side Effects
Important
scientific
Modern Science View
Skin rashes[3].

How to use Anjeer

Anjeer paste
a. Take 1-2 Anjeer or as per your requirement
b. Extract its fleshy part from it.
c. Mash it and add a teaspoon of honey.
d. Mix well and apply evenly on the skin.
e. Keep this paste for 5-10 minutes and wash it off with normal water to get a healthy rejuvenated skin.

Frequently asked questions

Q. Are dried Anjeer good for you?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, dried Anjeer (figs) are packed with essential minerals (like potassium, calcium, iron), antioxidants and dietary fibres that helps to improve health[5].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, dried figs are good for you as they help maintain a good digestive system and provide internal strength to the body.

Q. Can we drink Anjeer soaked water?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, we can consume Anjeer soaked in water. Soaked figs are good for constipation related problems.
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Anjeer soaked water is beneficial for health. It manages some problems like constipation and piles.

Q. How to store dry Anjeer?

scientific
Modern Science View
Dried Anjeer (figs) can be stored in a sealed packet at room temperature. You can also keep them in the refrigerator for long term storage.

Q. Can Anjeer (Fig) be used for Hypertension?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Anjeer can be used for the management of Hypertension due to its antioxidant property. It helps to relax the narrowed blood vessels. It also has calcium chain blocking property due to which it slows down the movement of calcium in the blood vessels. It helps the heart to pump blood easily by widening blood vessels and thus lowers blood pressure[7].

Q. Is Anjeer (Fig) beneficial in managing liver problems?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Anjeer (fig) is considered to be beneficial in the management of liver problems due to its antioxidant and hepatoprotective properties. The antioxidants present in Anjeer fight against the free radical and prevents the liver cell damage[8].

Q. Can Anjeer be used in Haemorrhage?

scientific
Modern Science View
Although enough scientific evidence is not available for the role of Anjeer in haemorrhage. However, Anjeer fruit juice along with honey had been used as a remedy to manage Haemorrhage[9].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Anjeer can be used in haemorrhage or excessive bleeding conditions because it has Kashaya(astringent) and Sita(cold). These properties help to constrict blood capillaries and control the bleeding.

Q. Is Anjeer (Fig) beneficial in respiratory problems?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Anjeer fruit is beneficial in managing respiratory problems such as bronchitis and cough due to its expectorant property. It promotes the secretion and removal of sputum and clears the air passages and ease breathing[9].

Q. Is Anjeer good for digestion?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Anjeer is good for digestion as it contains dietary fibre which increases the bulk of stools. It also promotes bowel movement and keeps the digestive tract healthy[9].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Yes, Anjeer is good for digestion when it is added to the diet. Eating soaked Anjeer on an empty stomach gives relief in constipation and helps in bowel movement because of its Rechana(laxative) property.

Q. Can Anjeer be used in piles?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Anjeer might help manage piles due to its laxative property. The paste of Anjeer fruits loosens the stools and promotes the bowel movement. It also has an anti-inflammatory property that might reduce the inflammation of tissues and veins[10].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Piles are known as Arsh in Ayurveda which is caused by an unhealthy diet and a sedentary lifestyle. It involves impairment of all the three doshas, and mainly Vata dosha. Aggravated Vata results in low digestive fire, leading to persistent constipation. This leads to swelling in the veins of the rectum area and causes pile mass. Anjeer helps manage piles due to its Rechana (laxative) property. It reduces the symptoms of piles by promoting easy passage of stools.

Tips for using Anjeer in piles.
1. Take 2-4 pieces of dried Anjeer or as directed by the physician.
2. Soak them in water overnight in a small bowl.
3. Drain the water in the morning.
4. Eat the soaked figs along with honey on an empty stomach to get the best result in Piles.

Q. Does Anjeer help improve sexual health?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Anjeer might help improve sexual health due to its aphrodisiac property. It increases sexual desire and improves behaviour[10].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Sexual problems generally occur due to an imbalance of Vata dosha. Anjeer helps manage sexual problems due to its Vata balancing and Vrshya (aphrodisiac) properties.

Tips for using Anjeer.
1. Take 2-4 pieces of dried Anjeer and soak them in milk overnight.
2. Consume them next morning preferably on an empty stomach to get a quick boost in energy.

Q. How does Anjeer beneficial in arthritis?

scientific
Modern Science View
Anjeer is beneficial in managing arthritis due to its high mineral content. It also has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties which inhibit the activity of inflammatory proteins. This reduces the joint pain and inflammation associated with Rheumatoid arthritis[11].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Arthritis is a condition which occurs due to an imbalance of Vata dosha and leads to certain symptoms like pain, stiffness or inflammation. Anjeer helps manage arthritis due to its Tridosha (including Vata) balancing and Balya (strength provider) properties. It helps to reduce the symptoms of arthritis and provide strength to the bones and joints, thus providing relief.

Q. Is Anjeer helps in fever?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Anjeer might help manage fever due to its antipyretic property. It helps to lower down the body temperature and gives relief in fever[10].

Q. Is Anjeer (Fig) good for skin?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Anjeer is beneficial for skin health due to the presence of antioxidants. These antioxidants fight against the free radicals and prevent skin cell damage. Applying a cream containing Anjeer increases the skin hydration and decreases the melanin content of the skin[9][12].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Skin problems such as burning or any kind of infection occur due to an imbalance of any of the three doshas, especially Pitta dosha. Anjeer helps manage skin problems due to its Pitta balancing property. It also provides a cooling effect to the affected area due to its Sita (cold) property.

Tips for using Anjeer (Fig) on skin.
1. Take 1-2 Anjeer or as per your requirement.
2. Extract fleshy part from it.
3. Mash it and add a teaspoon of honey to it.
4. Mix well and apply evenly on the skin.
5. Keep this paste for 5-10 minutes and wash it off with normal water to get a healthy rejuvenated skin.

Q. Is Anjeer (Fig) beneficial for HPV Infection?

scientific
Modern Science View
Yes, Anjeer might help in managing HPV infection induced skin warts due to its antiviral property. Applying Anjeer latex on the affected area inhibits the growth of virus and deactivates Human papillomavirus (HPV)[13].

References

  1. Balkrishnan A. Anjeer. Ayurved Jadi Buti Rehsya. Danik Bhaskar.2017.
  2. Chawla A, Kaur R, Sharma AK. Ficus carica Linn.: A review on its pharmacognostic, phytochemical and pharmacological aspects. 2012;1(4): 215-232.External Link
  3. WebMD.Anjeer: Uses, Side effects, Doses, Interactions [Internet].Atlanta [last updated in 2016].External Link
  4. Ahmad MZ, Ali M, Mir SR. Anti-diabetic activity of Ficus carica L. stem barks and isolation of two new flavonol esters from the plant by using spectroscopical techniques. Asian Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences 3(18) 2013, 22-28.External Link
  5. Oh HG, Lee HY, Seo MY, et al. Effects of Ficus carica paste on constipation induced by a high-protein feed and movement restriction in beagles.Lab Anim Res.2011;27(4):275-281.External Link
  6. Ulbricht CE.Natural Standard:Herb and Supplement Guide, An Evidence Based Reference.Elsevier;2010.
  7. Alamgeer, Iman S, Asif H, et al. Evaluation of antihypertensive potential of Ficus carica fruit.Pharm Biol.2017; 55(1): 1047–1053.External Link
  8. Tchombe L, Louajri A. Therapeutic Effects of Ficus Carica Leaves: A Brief Review. ARPN Journal of Science and Technology.2015;5(1):37-41.External Link
  9. Mawa S, Husain K, Jantan I. Ficus carica L. (Moraceae): Phytochemistry, Traditional Uses and Biological Activities.Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine Volume 2013, Article ID 974256.External Link
  10. Al-Snafi AE. Nutritional and pharmacological importance of Ficus carica - A review. IOSR Journal Of Pharmacy. 2017.7(3):33-48.External Link
  11. Hj Idrus RB, Veronica Sainik QA, Ansari AS, et al. Ficus carica and Bone Health: A Systematic Review. Sains Malaysiana. 2018;47(11): 2741–2755.External Link
  12. Khan H, Naveed A, Ali A. Effects of Cream Containing Ficus carica L. Fruit Extract on Skin Parameters: In vivo Evaluation. Indian journal of pharmaceutical sciences.2014;7(6):560-564.External Link
  13. Ghanbari A, Gresley AL, Naughton D, et al. Biological activities of Ficus carica latex for potential therapeutics in Human Papillomavirus (HPV) related cervical cancers. Sci Rep 9, 1013 (2019).External Link
  14. Sruthi B, Sunny G, Naz H, et al. Diuretic activity of ethanolic extracts of ficus carica. Fruits. International Journal of Research in Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapeutics.2012.1(1):23-26.External Link
Disclaimer
The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

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