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    Information about Zidovudine

    Zidovudine uses

    Zidovudine is used in the treatment of HIV infection.

    How zidovudine works

    Zidovudine is an antiviral medication. It prevents the multiplication of virus in human cells. This stops the virus from producing new viruses and clears up your infection.

    Common side effects of zidovudine

    Fatigue, Headache, Decreased appetite, Nausea, Vomiting, Muscle pain
    Content Details
    Written By
    Dr. Love Sharma
    PhD (Pharmacology), PGDPRA
    Reviewed By
    Dr. Shilpa Garcha
    MD (Pharmacology), MBBS
    Last updated on:
    27 Dec 2019 | 01:08 PM (IST)
    Want to know more?
    Read Our Editorial Policy

    Available Medicine for Zidovudine

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      3 variant(s)
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      Emcure Pharmaceuticals Ltd
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      Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd
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      Synmedic Laboratories
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      Macleods Pharmaceuticals Pvt Ltd
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      Cadila Pharmaceuticals Ltd
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      Veritaz Healthcare Ltd
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      Veritaz Healthcare Ltd
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      Alkem Laboratories Ltd
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      Sain Medicaments Pvt Ltd
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    Expert advice for Zidovudine

    • In combination with other medicines, it is used for the treatment of HIV infections.
    • Take it with food, as this increases the absorption of the medicine into the body.
    • Zidovudine may cause dizziness or sleepiness. Do not drive or do anything requiring concentration until you know how it affects you.
    • You may still develop infections or other illnesses associated with viral infection while taking this medication.
    • You can also pass on HIV or HBV to others. Don't share needles or personal items that can have blood or body fluids on them.
    • During treatment and for at least six months after stopping this medicine, regular blood tests are needed to monitor your liver function, level of hepatitis B virus and blood cells in your blood.

    Frequently asked questions for Zidovudine


    Q. Is Zidovudine an antibiotic?

    No, Zidovudine is not an antibiotic; it belongs to a class of drugs called antiretrovirals

    Q. Is Zidovudine a prodrug?

    Yes, Zidovudine is a prodrug and must be activated (by phosphorylation in lymphocytes) in the body to exert its antiviral action

    Q. Is zidovudine a protease inhibitor?

    No, zidovudine is not a protease inhibitor; it is a nucleoside analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitor

    Q. How does Zidovudine work?

    Zidovudine belongs to a group of medications called nucleoside analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs), also known as antiretrovirals. Zidovudine does not cure HIV infection; it reduces the amount of viruses in the body by inhibiting the chemical (viral reverse transcriptase) which is essential for the virus to grow. Further, Zidovudine also increases some white blood cells (CD4 cells) of the body that are important in fighting infections.

    Q. What is Zidovudine used for?

    Zidovudine is used in combination with other antiretroviral medicines for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection

    Q. How is Zidovudine administered?

    Zidovudine can be administered as tablets, syrups and suspension in combination with other antiretroviral medications

    Q. Does Zidovudine cause muscle pain?

    Yes, muscle pain is a known adverse effect of use Zidovudine

    Q. Does Zidovudine cause lipodystrophy?

    There are no known effects of Zidovudine on lipid distribution and it is not known to cause lipodystrophy

    Q. How does Zidovudine cause anemia?

    Zidovudine is known to cause bone marrow depression and thereby cause anemia (reduction in red blood cell count)

    Q. How much does Zidovudine cost?

    The price of Zidovudine may vary depending upon the brand prescribed to you.Please read the instruction on the package for the correct price of the product.

    Content on this page was last updated on 27 December, 2019, by Dr. Varun Gupta (MD Pharmacology)