Sulbactam is used in combination with other antibiotics for treating certain bacterial infections. It is used to treat intraabdominal, gynecological, skin or soft tissue, and surgal infections, especially those developed in the hospital.
How it works
Sulbactam belongs to group of medicines called betalactamase Inhibitor with very weak action against bacteria. Beta-lactamase inhibitors are available only in fixed combinations with specific penicillins (beta-lactam antibiotics) such as amoxicillin, ampicillin, piperacillin, and ticarcillin. It works by preventing destruction of beta-lactam antibiotics from chemicals released from bacteria and extends their spectrum of activity.
Common side effects
Vomiting, Nausea, Diarrhoea, Abdominal pain, Jaundice, Abnormal liver function tests, Allergic reaction, Hives, Redness of skin, Ankle swelling, Limb swelling, Difficulty in swalloing, Shortness of breath, Facial swelling, Skin swelling, Tongue swelling, Throat swelling, Injection site bruising, Injection site bleeding, Stomach cramp, Wheezing
- It is preferentially given as an injection directly into a vein or into a muscle but tablet form is also available.
- Tell the doctor if you have diabetes and regularly check your urine for sugar level; ampicillin and sulbactam may cause false positive results.
- Do not start or continue the sulbactam and consult your doctor: If you have asthma, runny nose due to allergy (hay fever), or kidney or gastrointestinal disease especially inflammation of large intestine (colitis), If you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant or breastfeeding or become pregnant while taking ampicillin and sulbactam.
Frequently asked questions
Q. Is sulbactam a sulfa (sulfonamide) drug?
Sulbactam does not contain sulfa. It is a semisynthetic beta lactamase Inhibitor.
Q. What is sulbactam sodium?
Sulbactam is a beta-lactamase inhibitor used as the sodium salt to increase the antibacterial activity of penicillins.
Q. Is sulbactam safe?
Sulbactam is relatively safe if used at prescribed doses for the prescribed duration as advised by your doctor.