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Sodium Chloride

INFORMATION

Uses

Sodium Chloride is used in short term fluid replacement after trauma, dehydration and irrigation solution for eye/nose.

How it works

Sodium chloride belongs to the class of medications called electrolytes or osmotic agents. It works by controlling fluid and electrolyte balance and increases water retention (by regulating osmotic pressure), thereby increasing water content in the body. It also plays an important role in maintenance of acid-base balance of body fluids.

Common side effects

Application site redness of skin, Application site irritation, Increased sodium level in blood, Decreased sodium level in blood, Injection-site reactions, Injection site swelling, Chills, Fever

AVAILABLE MEDICINE

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Expert advice

  • Your electrolyte levels in blood and other parameters (such as blood pressure etc.) will be monitored regularly as you receive intravenous sodium chloride.
  • Tell your doctor if you have disorders of the kidneys, lungs, problems of the heart related to impaired pumping of blood (congestive cardiac disorders), high blood pressure or pregnancy-related blood pressure problems (pre-eclampsia), fluid retention problems  or swelling in hands, ankles or feet.
  • Seek immediate medical attention if you experience any unwanted swelling, trouble in breathing, muscle cramps, and/or weakness, fits, nausea, vomiting or stomach pain.
  • Tell your doctor if you are or planning to become pregnant or are breastfeeding.
  • Do not take if you are allergic to sodium chloride or any of its ingredients.
  • Do not give to patients with excess fluid or sodium in the space outside body cells (extracellular hyper hydration or hypervolemia).
  • Do not give to patients with abnormally low levels of sodium or chloride in blood (hyponatremia, hypochloremia), fluid and sodium retention problems or edema (swelling).
  • Do not give to patients with congestive heart failure (heart failure resulting in fluid build-up in lungs and other body tissues), severe liver and kidney functioning problems.

Frequently asked questions

Sodium Chloride

Q.Is sodium chloride soluble in water?
Sodium chloride is soluble in water

Q.Is sodium chloride acidic or basic?
Sodium chloride is a neutral salt (neither acidic nor basic)

Q.Is sodium chloride ionic or covalent?
Sodium chloride is an example of ionic bonding, where the molecule is formed by ionization of participating atoms and attraction between them

Q.Does sodium chloride expire?
Normally, sodium chloride does not have an expiry date if stored under appropriate conditions

Q.Is sodium chloride polar?
Sodium chloride is ionic, which is considered highly polar

Q.Is sodium chloride an antioxidant?
Sodium chloride does not possess antioxidant property.


Content on this page was last updated on 15 November, 2016, by Dr. Varun Gupta (MD Pharmacology)