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    Rizatriptan

    Information about Rizatriptan

    Rizatriptan uses

    Rizatriptan is used in acute attack of migraine. It relieves the symptoms of migraine and prevents the attack from becoming worse.

    How rizatriptan works

    Migraine headaches are thought to result from the dilatation of blood vessels in the head. Rizatriptan works by constricting (narrowing) these blood vessels, thereby relieving the migraine headaches.

    Common side effects of rizatriptan

    Neck pain, Sleepiness, Dryness in mouth, Dizziness, Sensation of heaviness, Nausea, Weakness, Jaw pain, Throat pain, Paresthesia (tingling or pricking sensation), Warm sensation
    Content Details
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    Written By
    Dr. Swati Mishra
    BDS
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    Reviewed By
    Dr. Ashish Ranjan
    MD (Pharmacology), MBBS
    Last updated on:
    24 Jun 2019 | 04:50 PM (IST)
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    Expert advice for Rizatriptan

    • You have been prescribed Rizatriptan for treatment of migraine headaches.
    • Some tips that may help avoid a migraine attack:
      • Have your meals at the same time everyday
      • Avoid bright lights and extreme temperatures
      • Avoid loud music and noisy places
      • Avoid chocolates, cheese, processed food, alcohol and smoking
      • Get enough sleep and avoid stress
    • It may cause sleepiness. Don't drive or do anything that requires mental focus until you know how it affects you.
    • Notify your doctor if your migraine occurs more often after starting the medication.
    • Notify your doctor if you have stomach pain, headache, bloody diarrhoea or worsening high blood pressure.
    • Inform your doctor if you have a history of heart disease or stroke.
    • This medication does not prevent migraine attacks from happening.

    Frequently asked questions for Rizatriptan

    Rizatriptan

    Q. How soon should I take Rizatriptan when attack starts?

    Once your migraine headache has started, take Rizatriptan as soon as possible. Do not use it to prevent an attack. Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor has told you. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.

    Q. Does Rizatriptan have abuse potential?

    No, Rizatriptan does not have abuse potential.

    Q. Can Rizatriptan increase my BP?

    Yes, Rizatriptan can cause an increase in blood pressure. However, it is does not occur in everyone. But, you should keep a check on your blood pressure during therapy with Rizatriptan.

    Q. Can I take Rizatriptan on an empty stomach?

    Yes, it is better to take Rizatriptan on an empty stomach because the medicine can take longer to work if taken after food. However, you can still take it after meals.

    Q. What are the symptoms of Rizatriptan overdose?

    Taking an overdose of Rizatriptan may cause fainting, dizziness, slow heartbeat, change in electrical activity of the heart, vomiting and inability to retain urine or stools.

    Q. What are the symptoms of headache caused due to medication overuse?

    If you are having frequent or daily headaches despite (or because of) the regular use of headache medications, it is suggestive of medication overuse headache. You should consult your doctor who may discontinue the medication for sometime.

    Q. Can Rizatriptan be used for migraine prophylaxis or cluster headaches?

    No, Rizatriptan is not used for the prevention of migraine attacks or cluster headaches. It should only be used where a clear diagnosis of migraine has been established.

    Q. What should I tell my doctor?

    Before taking Rizatriptan, you should tell your doctor if you have heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, liver or kidney disease or a family history of heart disease. You should also inform your doctor if you smoke, have had your menopause, or are a man aged 40 years or more. Let your doctor know if your headache is associated with dizziness, difficulty in walking, lack of coordination or weakness in the leg and arm. Your doctor should also know if you are taking medicines to treat depression such as sertraline, escitalopram oxalate, fluoxetine, venlafaxine, or duloxetine. It is also important to inform your doctor if you have had short-lived chest pain and tightness.

    Q. What should I avoid when taking Rizatriptan?

    Rizatripatan may cause dizziness, weakness, or fainting. If you have these symptoms, do not drive a car, use machinery, or do anything that needs alertness.

    Q. What triggers migraine attacks?

    Migraine may be triggered by several factors. Some of the common triggers are caffeine withdrawal, changes in hormone levels during menstruation or with the use of birth control pills. Migraine also gets triggered with changes in sleep patterns, such as not getting enough sleep, drinking alcohol, missing meals, or smoking. Rigorous exercise or other physical stress, loud noises or bright lights, odors or perfumes, or exposure to smoke and stress and anxiety may also act as a trigger.

    Q. Can I take another triptan with it?

    No, you should not take another triptan with Rizatriptan. Taking two triptans together may trigger a heart attack and may also result in an increase in blood pressure.

    Q. Does migraine run in families?

    Migraines may run in families. Migraines occur more often in women than men. It has been noticed that some women, but not all, have fewer migraines when they are pregnant.

    Q. How do I know migraine attack is about to start?

    Some people develop aura before getting a migraine attack. It may include visual problems, such as seeing flashing lights, zig-zag patterns or blind spots, numbness, dizziness, or a tingling sensation like pins and needles, or feeling off balance. You may also have difficulty speaking and loss of consciousness, although this is unusual.

    Q. Can I take Rizatriptan with propranolol?

    Yes, you can take propranolol and Rizatriptan together. However, since Propranolol may cause an increase in levels of Rizatriptan, so you should take 5 mg dose of Rizatriptan and not 10 mg.

    Q. When should I start taking the medicines used to prevent migraine?

    Medicines for prevention of migraine are usually used if you have tried avoiding possible triggers but are still experiencing migraines. You may also be prescribed these medicines if you experience very severe migraine attacks, or if your attacks happen frequently.

    Q. Can Rizatriptan cause liver damage?

    No, Rizatriptan does not cause liver damage, but you should let your doctor know if you have any liver problem, before taking Rizatriptan.

    Content on this page was last updated on 24 June, 2019, by Dr. Varun Gupta (MD Pharmacology)