Information about Ritonavir

Ritonavir Uses

Ritonavir is used in the treatment of HIV infection.

How Ritonavir works

Ritonavir is an anti-HIV medication. It works by interfering with an enzyme (protease), which is required by HIV-infected cells to make new viruses. This stops the production of new viruses.

Common side effects of Ritonavir

Taste change, Headache, Nausea, Diarrhea, Paresthesia (tingling or pricking sensation), Dizziness, Cough, Abdominal pain, Throat pain, Peripheral neuropathy (tingling and numbness of feet and hand)
CONTENT DETAILS
Written By
PhD (Pharmacology), PGDPRA
Reviewed By
MD (Pharmacology), MBBS
Last updated:
18 Feb 2020 | 11:51 AM (UTC)
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Available Medicine for Ritonavir

EmpetusEmcure Pharmaceuticals Ltd
8841 variant(s)
RitomuneCipla Ltd
914 to ₹17692 variant(s)
ViritonSun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd
18901 variant(s)
RitomaxAlkem Laboratories Ltd
865 to ₹26482 variant(s)

Expert advice for Ritonavir

  • Ritonavir should be taken with food.
  • Do not skip any doses and finish the full course of treatment even if you feel better.
  • Do not take antacids an hour before or two hours after taking Ritonavir.
  • It may cause dizziness or sleepiness. Do not drive or do anything that requires concentration until you know how it affects you.
  • Stop taking medications (prescribed for erectile dysfunction) like sildenafil or tadalafil while on treatment with this medicine.
  • Your doctor may check your liver function regularly. Inform your doctor if you develop abdominal pain, loss of appetite darkened urine or yellowing of the eyes or skin (jaundice).
  • Inform your doctor if you are pregnant, planning pregnancy or breastfeeding.

Frequently asked questions for Ritonavir

Ritonavir

Q. What is Ritonavir used for?

It is used along with other medication for treating human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. It does not completely cure HIV or AIDS

Q. Why is ritonavir used along with lopinavir?

Ritonavir is available with lopinavir as a fixed dose combination as it improves the availability of lopinavir which helps in increasing activity against HIV

Q. Is ritonavir a protease inhibitor?

Ritonavir, a protease inhibitor

Q. How does Ritonavir work and what does it inhibit?

Ritonavir belongs to a class of medication called protease inhibitors. It inhibits protease enzymes from breaking down proteins and thus prevents HIV from multiplying inside the body. It does not cure HIV completely but reduces the chances of getting acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and HIV related infections or cancer

Q. Why is it used as a booster?

Ritonavir is used as a booster to increase the absorption of other protease inhibitors as well as prevent other protease inhibitors from being degraded.

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