Information about Pyrazinamide
Pyrazinamide is used in the treatment of tuberculosis.
How pyrazinamide works
Pyrazinamide is an antibiotic. It works by slowing the growth of bacteria that causes tuberculosis.
Common side effects of pyrazinamide
Jaundice, Hepatitis (viral infection of liver), Increased liver enzymes, Joint pain
Available Medicine for Pyrazinamide
- ₹40 to ₹90Lupin Ltd4 variant(s)
- ₹40 to ₹90Cadila Pharmaceuticals Ltd3 variant(s)
- ₹23 to ₹84Macleods Pharmaceuticals Pvt Ltd5 variant(s)
- ₹60 to ₹64Novartis India Ltd2 variant(s)
- ₹76Concept Pharmaceuticals Ltd1 variant(s)
- ₹39 to ₹62Sunij Pharma Pvt Ltd2 variant(s)
- ₹54Que Pharma Pvt Ltd1 variant(s)
- ₹17 to ₹112Kopran Ltd3 variant(s)
- ₹18Cadila Pharmaceuticals Ltd1 variant(s)
- ₹75Pharmtak Ophtalmics India Pvt Ltd1 variant(s)
Expert advice for Pyrazinamide
- Avoid alcoholic beverages while taking this drug.
- Do not have any immunizations/vaccinations while using this medication without the consent of your doctor.
- Contact your doctor immediately if you experience symptoms such as persistent nausea, vomiting, feeling of discomfort (malaise) or jaundice (abnormal liver function causing yellowing of skin and eyes) while taking pyrazinamide. It indicates that you are developing liver disease.
- Constant monitoring of liver function (especially levels of enzymes aspartate transferase [AST] and alanine transferase [ALT]) and blood uric acid levels is advised while on treatment with pyrazinamide.
- Do consult your doctor before taking pyrazinamide if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant.
- Do not use pyrazinamide, if you are breast-feeding.
- Do not stop taking pyrazinamide without consulting your doctor.
- If you forget to take a dose of pyrazinamide, take it as soon as you remember. Do not double the dose to make up for the missed dose.
- Do consult your doctor if you are taking oral contraceptive medications (hormonal birth control pills) for birth control. Your doctor may ask you to use other means of birth control (eg. condom, diaphragm with spermicide) to prevent pregnancy while taking pyrazinamide.
Frequently asked questions for Pyrazinamide
Q. What is Pyrazinamide and what is it used for?
Pyrazinamide is an antibiotic. It is used in combination with other antibiotics in the treatment of tuberculosis
Q. Is Pyrazinamide bactericidal?
Pyrazinamide is both a bacteriostatic and a bactericidal antibiotic. It stops the growth of bacteria (bacteriostatic) in certain cases and kills (bactericidal) the tuberculosis causing bacteria in other cases
Q. How does Pyrazinamide work/treat tuberculosis?
Pyrazinamide kills or stops growth of bacteria that causes tuberculosis (Mycobacterium tuberculosis). The exact mechanism of action for Pyrazinamide is not known
Q. How does Pyrazinamide cause hyperuricemia and gout?
Following oral intake of Pyrazinamide, it gets converted in the body to pyrazinoic acid (active chemical form of Pyrazinamide). Pyrazinoic acid blocks the excretion of urates (salt form of uric acid) by the kidneys. This causes an increase in blood levels of uric acid (hyperuricemia). Excess uric acid accumulation between joints causes pain, swelling, redness and stiffness in joints (gout).