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    Lorazepam

    Information about Lorazepam

    Lorazepam uses

    Lorazepam is used in the treatment of short term anxiety.

    How lorazepam works

    Lorazepam is a benzodiazepine. It works by increasing the action of a chemical messenger (GABA) which suppresses the abnormal and excessive activity of the nerve cells in the brain.

    Common side effects of lorazepam

    Dizziness, Weakness, Sedation, Balance disorder (loss of balance)
    Content Details
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    Written By
    Dr. Love Sharma
    PhD (Pharmacology), PGDPRA
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    Reviewed By
    Dr. Khushbu Goel
    DM (Neurology), MD (Internal Medicine)
    Last updated on:
    08 Aug 2019 | 04:21 PM (IST)
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    Expert advice for Lorazepam

    • The addiction / habit-forming potential of this medicine is very high. Take it only as per the dose and duration advised by your doctor
    • It may cause dizziness. Do not drive or do anything that requires mental focus until you know how this medicine affects you.
    • Avoid consuming alcohol as it may increase dizziness and drowsiness.
    • Inform your doctor if you are pregnant, planning to conceive or breastfeeding.
    • Do not stop taking medication suddenly without talking to your doctor as that may lead to nausea, anxiety, agitation, flu-like symptoms, sweating, tremor, and confusion.

    Frequently asked questions for Lorazepam

    Lorazepam

    Q. Is Lorazepam an opioid? Is it a habit-forming medicine?

    No, Lorazepam is not an opioid. It belongs to the benzodiazepine group of medicines and is used for short-term treatment (2-4 weeks) only. It is a habit-forming medicine and can make a person physically and psychologically dependent.

    Q. Can Lorazepam be used as a sleeping pill?

    Lorazepam is used for sleeping difficulties caused due to short-term anxiety. One of the very common side effects of Lorazepam is drowsiness and sleepiness. It calms the mind, and therefore, helps a person to sleep.

    Q. For how long will Lorazepam stay in my system?

    Lorazepam may take around 3 days to get completely removed from the system.

    Q. Are there any symptoms that I would experience if I get addicted to Lorazepam?

    The most important symptom of addiction is that you may feel unpleasant if you do not take Lorazepam. Another symptom could be that you may increase the dose on your own to feel its effect.

    Q. If I suddenly stop taking Lorazepam, will it affect me adversely?

    You should reduce the dose of Lorazepam gradually before completely stopping it. Suddenly stopping it may lead to withdrawal symptoms which include loss of the sense of reality, feeling detached from life, and unable to feel emotion. Some patients have also experienced numbness or tingling in the arms or legs, tinnitus (ringing sounds in the ears), uncontrolled or overactive movements, twitching, shaking, feeling sick, being sick, stomach upsets or stomach pain, loss of appetite, agitation and abnormally fast heart beats. It can also cause panic attacks, dizziness or feeling faint, memory loss, hallucinations, feeling stiff and unable to move easily, feeling very warm, convulsions (sudden uncontrolled shaking or jerking of the body) and oversensitivity to light, sound and touch.

    Q. Does Lorazepam cause weight gain?

    The effect of Lorazepam on weight gain or loss is not known.

    Q. Does Lorazepam cause depression?

    If you have a history of depression then it may increase the risk of developing depression again. Lorazepam should not be used alone in depressed patients because it may cause suicidal tendencies in such patients.

    Q. My old uncle is taking Lorazepam for sleeplessness associated with anxiety. Can it affect his memory?

    Though it is rare, but use of Lorazepam can cause memory impairment, which may be more apparent in old age patients.

    Q. Are there any harmful effects of taking more than the recommended doses of Lorazepam?

    Taking more than the recommended dose of Lorazepam may cause loss of muscle control, low blood pressure, mental confusion, slow breathing and even coma. If you have taken higher than the recommended dose of Lorazepam, seek immediate medical help immediately.

    Content on this page was last updated on 08 August, 2019, by Dr. Varun Gupta (MD Pharmacology)