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    Information about Gabapentin

    Gabapentin uses

    Gabapentin is used in the treatment of neuropathic pain and Epilepsy/Seizures.

    How gabapentin works

    Gabapentin is an antiepileptic medication. It decreases pain and seizures by modulating calcium channel activity of the nerve cells.

    Common side effects of gabapentin

    Sleepiness, Dizziness, Fatigue, Fever, Viral infection, Peripheral edema, Coordination impaired, Nystagmus (involuntary eye movement), Nausea, Vomiting
    Content Details
    Written By
    Dr. Swati Mishra
    Reviewed By
    Dr. Khushbu Goel
    DM, MD
    Last updated on:
    08 Nov 2019 | 03:53 PM (IST)
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    Read Our Editorial Policy

    Available Medicine for Gabapentin

    • ₹109 to ₹356
      Intas Pharmaceuticals Ltd
      8 variant(s)
    • ₹73 to ₹251
      Alkem Laboratories Ltd
      3 variant(s)
    • ₹59 to ₹174
      Arinna Lifescience Pvt Ltd
      3 variant(s)
    • ₹61 to ₹159
      La Renon Healthcare Pvt Ltd
      2 variant(s)
    • ₹63 to ₹173
      Torrent Pharmaceuticals Ltd
      2 variant(s)
    • ₹50 to ₹138
      Talent India
      3 variant(s)
    • ₹55 to ₹120
      Primus Pharmaceuticals
      2 variant(s)
    • ₹67 to ₹302
      Alteus Biogenics Pvt Ltd
      4 variant(s)
    • ₹44 to ₹90
      Tas Med India Pvt Ltd
      2 variant(s)
    • ₹45 to ₹159
      Crescent Therapeutics Ltd
      2 variant(s)

    Expert advice for Gabapentin

    • You have been prescribed Gabapentin for treating and preventing nerve pain caused by diabetes and shingles.
    • It may also be used for the treatment and prevention of seizures.
    • Take it at the same time every day, preferably bedtime, to avoid any dizziness or drowsiness during the day.
    • Avoid taking Antacid 2 hours before or after taking Gabapentin as antacids make it harder for your body to absorb the medicine.
    • It may cause sleepiness. Do not drive or do anything requiring concentration until you know how it affects you.
    • Inform your doctor if you develop any unusual changes in mood or behavior, new or worsening depression, or suicidal thoughts or behavior.
    • Do not stop taking the medication suddenly without talking to your doctor as it may increase the seizure frequency.

    Frequently asked questions for Gabapentin


    Q. I have been prescribed Gabapentin for pain. When will I start feeling better?

    It varies from person to person. Some people take about a week or two before noticing relief in pain. Whereas, some people may see an improvement straight away. It is used for nerve pain. It is recommended that you take Gabapentin only for nerve pain and as advised by your doctor.

    Q. I think I have gained weight since I started taking Gabapentin. Can this be because of Gabapentin?

    Yes, Gabapentin may cause weight gain because it increases your hunger. Regular physical exercise and a balanced diet with low calorie food may help you keep your weight stable. Consult a dietician if you have any further concerns to keep your weight stable.

    Q. For how long do I need to take Gabapentin?

    Your doctor will decide the duration of the treatment based on your condition and your response to treatment. For instance, if you have been prescribed Gabapentin for epilepsy, you may have to take it for a long time, maybe years even if your seizures are controlled. Whereas, if you are taking it for nerve pain and it has relieved your pain, you may have to take it for several months only.

    Q. Is it fine if I take both Gabapentin and pregabalin?

    Yes, both Gabapentin and pregabalin can be taken together. However, taking these two similar medicines together may increase the risk of side effects. Therefore, you will need to be aware of the side effects which include confusion, drowsiness, slow, shallow breathing and weakness. Consult your doctor if any of these bother you.

    Q. What are the serious side effects that may occur while taking Gabapentin?

    Taking Gabapentin may cause yellowing of the skin or eyes (warning signs of jaundice), trouble in breathing or talking and tightness in chest or throat (suggestive of serious allergic skin reactions). It may provoke suicidal thoughts and cause unusual bruises or bleeding which may be due to blood disorder. Other serious side effects may include muscle weakness and pain, fever which could lead to kidney failure, long-lasting stomach pain, nausea and vomiting (suggestive of pancreatitis and rash).

    Q. Is Gabapentin habit forming?

    No, it will not be addictive if you take it as per your doctor’s recommendations. However, physical dependence has been reported in people who had taken more than the recommended dose of Gabapentin or had used Gabapentin for illnesses it is not approved for.

    Q. I am taking Gabapentin for nerve pain. Can I take it off and on?

    No, Gabapentin is not a simple pain reliever. It is important that you follow your doctor’s advice strictly. Taking it off and on may not give you the desired results and may worsen your pain.

    Q. What if somebody takes excess of Gabapentin?

    A higher than the recommended dose of Gabapentin may cause faintness, dizziness, double vision, unclear speech, drowsiness, tiredness and mild diarrhea. The person requires immediate medical attention by a doctor or in a nearby hospital.

    Q. What should I tell my doctor before taking this medicine?

    Inform your doctor if you are taking any other medicines including medicines for epilepsy or seizures, medicines used to thin your blood (e.g., warfarin), birth control pills, medicines to control bacterial infection (e.g., chloramphenicol, metronidazole, and doxycycline), medicines to control viral infection (e.g., nelfinavir), and asthma medicines (e.g., theophylline and montelukast), etc. Also, inform your doctor if you are planning to become pregnant or are breastfeeding. Further, you should tell the doctor if you have ever had liver problems, kidney problems, lung problems, or porphyria (a rare blood pigment disorder).

    Q. What should I avoid while taking Gabapentin?

    If Gabapentin makes you feel sleepy, avoid driving or operating heavy machinery. Alcohol consumption should be avoided since taking both together may cause excessive sleepiness.

    Q. Does Gabapentin reduce the efficiency of oral birth control pills?

    No, gabapentin does not have any effect on oral birth control pills.

    Q. Does gabapentin interact with cimetidine?

    No, gabapentin does not interact with cimetidine. There is no clinical information of interaction between gabapentin and cimetidine.

    Content on this page was last updated on 08 November, 2019, by Dr. Varun Gupta (MD Pharmacology)