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Cyanocobalamin

INFORMATION

Uses

Cyanocobalamin is used in the treatment of nutritional deficiencies.

How it works

Vitamin B12 is used in the body in two forms: Methylcobalamin and 5-deoxyadenosyl cobalamin. The enzyme methionine synthase needs methylcobalamin as a cofactor. This enzyme is involved in the conversion of the amino acid homocysteine into methionine. Methionine in turn is required for DNA methylation. 5-Deoxyadenosyl cobalamin is a cofactor needed by the enzyme that converts L-methylmalonyl-CoA to succinyl-CoA. This conversion is an important step in the extraction of energy from proteins and fats. Furthermore, succinyl CoA is necessary for the production of hemoglobin, the substances that carries oxygen in red blood cells.

Common side effects

Bronchospasm, Shortness of breath, Hypersensitivity reaction, Shivering, Urticaria

AVAILABLE MEDICINE


Content on this page was last updated on 28 September, 2016, by Dr. Varun Gupta (MD Pharmacology)