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Bromocriptine is used to treat Parkinson’s disease (a brain disorder with abnormal body movements). It is also used to treat hormonal problems such as excessive or abnormal breast milk production, fertility and polycystic ovary syndrome (health problem that can affect woman's hormone levels, periods, and ovulation), high levels of a chemical such as prolactin (hyperprolactinemia), and acromegaly (abnormal and excess growth of hands, feet and face in middle aged adults caused by excess production of growth hormone). Additionally, it is used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus.

How it works

Bromocriptine belongs to the class of drugs called dopamine agonist. It increases the release of dopamine in the brain, which helps in movement disorder and also decreases the levels of prolactin and growth hormone.

Common side effects

Drowsiness, Confusion, Hallucination, Constipation, Dizziness, Dizziness on standing, Dry mouth, Hair loss, Headache, Itching, Feeling of discomfort, Muscle cramp, Swelling, Nasal congestion, Restlessness, Skin swelling, Skin redness, Fatigue


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Expert advice

  • Do consult your doctor if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, are breastfeeding, recently given birth, or had a miscarriage or abortion. 
  • Take precautions if you have stomach ulcers or liver disease.
  • Talk to your doctor if you experience any behavioral changes (e.g. gambling, sexual urges, eating disorders).
  • Take precautions if you are taking treatment for fungal or bacterial infection or treatment for migraine since they may interact with bromocriptine.
  • Avoid drinking alcohol as it may worsen the side effects of this medicine.
  • Do not drive or operate machinery after taking bromocriptine as you may feel dizzy or faint.

Frequently asked questions


Q. Is bromocriptine safe?
Bromocriptine is relatively safe if used at prescribed doses for the prescribed duration as advised by your doctor.
Q. Is bromocriptine a monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOI)/steroid/hormone?
Bromocriptine is not a monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOI)/steroid/hormone. It belongs to the class of drugs called dopamine agonists.
Q. Is bromocriptine a fertility drug/ increased fertility?
It is used to treat hyperprolactinemia (increased prolactin level). Bromocriptine can normalize ovulation and improve fertility by bringing prolactin levels to normal.
Q. Is bromocriptine addictive?
No, bromocriptine is not an addictive.
Q. Is bromocriptine teratogenic?
Bromocriptine has not shown any teratogenic effects in humans. But always consult your doctor before taking this drug.
Q. Is bromocriptine better than cabergoline?
Both Cabergoline and bromocriptine belong to the same class of drug known as dopamine agonists. Both the drugs have almost similar efficacy in treatment of hormonal abnormalities and in Parkinson’s disease but effect can vary depending on individual response. Always consult your doctor before changing your medication. 
Q. Can you take ibuprofen/clomid (clomiphene)/ Tylenol (acetaminophen)/ Nyquil (acetaminophen/ dextromethorphan/ doxylamine/pseudoephedrine)/vitex (chaste tree)/ folic acid with bromocriptine?
No drug interaction was found with any of the mentioned drugs. Always consult your physician before taking any concomitant medicine.

. Does bromocriptine cause constipation/weight loss/hair loss/weight gain?
Bromocriptine may cause side effects such as constipation and hair loss. But it has no known effect on body weight.
Q. Does bromocriptine shrink pituitary tumors?
Yes, Bromocriptine can shrink specific tumors of pituitary gland like prolactinomas.
Q. Does bromocriptine delay period?
Bromocriptine normalizes the monthly cycle. It can normalize ovulation (release of eggs or female gametes) by decreasing the release of prolactin.

Content on this page was last updated on 04 October, 2016, by Dr. Varun Gupta (MD Pharmacology)