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    Information about Betahistine

    Betahistine uses

    Betahistine is used for vertigo and Meniere's disease. It helps to reduce the episodes of vertigo associated with Meniere's disease.

    How betahistine works

    Betahistine is a histamine analog. It works by improving the blood flow in the inner ear which reduces the pressure of excess fluid there. Excess fluid can send signals to the brain causing nausea, dizziness or spinning sensations (symptoms of Ménière's disease). Betahistine additionally dampens down the nerve signals sent from the inner ear to the brain relieving the symptoms of Ménière's disease.

    Common side effects of betahistine

    Headache, Nausea
    Content Details
    Written By
    Dr. Swati Mishra
    Reviewed By
    Dr. Lalit Kanodia
    MD (Pharmacology), MBBS
    Last updated on:
    15 Jan 2020 | 03:32 PM (IST)
    Want to know more?
    Read Our Editorial Policy

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    Expert advice for Betahistine

    • You have been prescribed Betahistine to relieve vertigo (dizziness), hearing problems and tinnitus (noise in the ear) associated with  Ménière's disease.
    • It can only decrease the number and severity of attacks but may not completely stop them.
    • Taking it with food can help reduce stomach problems.
    • Take it at the same time each day to maintain a steady amount of the medicine in your body.
    • Inform your doctor if you have a history of stomach ulcer, asthma, or low blood pressure.
    • Inform your doctor if you are pregnant, planning pregnancy or breastfeeding. 
    • Do not stop taking the medicine suddenly without talking to your doctor first.

    Frequently asked questions for Betahistine


    Q. Does Betahistine use tend to increase weight?

    No, there are no reports which suggest that using Betahistine causes weight gain. On the other hand Betahistine use may cause weight loss due to dyspepsia (indigestion).

    Q. Can the use of Betahistine affect my blood pressure?

    No, change in blood pressure is not very common with the use of Betahistine. In rare cases, it may lower blood pressure and may make you feel dizzy for a while, especially when you get up after lying down. If you experience any such symptoms, inform your doctor.

    Q. What is Ménière's disease? What are the symptoms of Ménière's disease? Does it go away?

    Ménière's disease is a disorder of the balance and hearing organs in the inner ear. The symptoms include vertigo, fluctuations in hearing, tinnitus (ringing of the ears) and pressure in the ears. Along with that, one may experience dizziness which in turn may cause nausea and vomiting. The treatment for Ménière's disease depends on various factors. Hence, an open discussion with the doctor can help to determine the best treatment strategy in your personal case.

    Q. What are the triggers for Ménière's disease?

    Ménière's disease can be triggered by conditions such as stress, overwork, fatigue, emotional distress, additional illnesses, and pressure changes. Along with that, certain foods such as dairy products, caffeine, alcohol and foods with high sodium content may trigger Ménière's disease. A 2-gram/day low-salt diet can help control vertigo in Ménière's disease

    Q. Is stress a reason for vertigo?

    Mental stress can trigger vertigo. It can make many forms of vertigo worse, but will not, by itself, produce vertigo.

    Q. What are the causes of vertigo?

    Vertigo may be caused either by a sudden drop in blood pressure or because of being dehydrated. Many people feel lightheaded if they get up too quickly from sitting or lying down. Along with that, motion sickness, certain medicines and problems with your inner ear (Ménière's disease, acoustic neuroma) may cause vertigo. It is important to know that sometimes vertigo can be a symptom of other disorders (multiple sclerosis, following head trauma) as well.

    Content on this page was last updated on 15 January, 2020, by Dr. Varun Gupta (MD Pharmacology)