Description of Tetanus
Tetanus is a serious illness caused by clostridium bacteria. The bacteria live in soil, saliva, dust, and manure. The bacteria can enter the body through a deep cut, like those you might get from stepping on a nail, or through a burn.
Signs and Symptoms
Common symptoms include:
1. Painful tightening of the muscles, usually all over the body
2. Locking of the jaw
3. Difficult or impossible to open the mouth or swallow
Tetanus is a medical emergency. You need to get treatment in a hospital.
1. A vaccine can prevent tetanus. It is given as a part of routine childhood immunization.
2. Adults should get a tetanus shot, or booster, every 10 years. If you get a bad cut or burn, you must see the doctor -- you might need a booster.
3. Immediate and proper wound care can prevent tetanus infection.
Frequently Asked Questions about Tetanus
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