Description of Contraception
Birth control, also known as contraception, is designed to prevent pregnancy. Birth control methods may work in a number of different ways and helps to avoid unwanted pregnancy.
Different ways to prevent sperm from getting to the eggs are:
1. Use of protection such as condoms, diaphragms, cervical caps, and contraceptive sponges.
2. Keeping the woman's ovaries from releasing eggs that could be fertilized. Types include birth control pills, patches, shots, vaginal rings, and emergency contraceptive pills.
3. IUDs, devices which are implanted into the uterus. They can be kept in place for several years.
4. Sterilization, which permanently prevents a woman from getting pregnant or a man from being able to get a woman pregnant
Your choice of birth control should depend on several factors such as:
1. Individual’s health
2. Frequency of sexual activity
3. Number of sexual partners
4. Desire to have children
NIH: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
Frequently Asked Questions about Contraception
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