Tagar

Tagar
Tagar or Sugandhabala is a beneficial herb which is generally found in the Himalayas. Tagar is also known as Valeriana jatamansi.
Tagar works as an analgesic (relieves pain), anti inflammatory (reduces inflammation), antispasmodic (relieves spasm), antipsychotic (reduces psychotic disorders), antimicrobial (kills or stops the growth of micro-organisms), anti-helmintic (destroys parasitic worms), antioxidant and cytoprotective agent. Tagar helps to manage cases of insomnia (inability to sleep), nervous problem, snake-bite, hysteria (uncontrollable emotion or excitement), eye troubles, skin diseases[2].

What are the synonyms of Tagar?

Valeriana wallichii, Indian Valerian, Mushkbala, Sugandhabala, Kalanusari, Kalanusarika, Nata, Paduka, Ganthoda, Tagar Gantho, Ghodawaj, Mandibattal, Mandyavanthu, Mandibattalu, Thakaram, Ganthode, Tagarapaduka, Jalashiuli, Mushkobala, Tagarai, Grandhi Tagaramu[1].

What is the source of Tagar?

Plant Based

Benefits of Tagar

What are the benefits of Tagar for Insomnia?

scientific
Scientific View
Tagar might be useful in managing Insomnia. It reduces the activity of a certain chemical in the brain that helps in calming down brain activity which helps induce sleep[4].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Tagar is useful to induce sound sleep. According to Ayurveda, an aggravated Vata dosha makes the nervous system sensitive which leads to Anidra (insomnia). Tagar calms the nervous system due to its Tridosha balancing property especially Vata.
Tips:
1. Take 1-2 gm of Tagar Powder
2. Swallow it with milk preferably after food to get sound sleep.

What are the benefits of Tagar for Menopausal symptoms?

scientific
Scientific View
Tagar might help manage menopausal symptoms. It contains certain constituents that are similar to estrogen (female reproductive hormone) that help manage menopausal symptoms like hot flashes, vaginal dryness and night sweats[5][6].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Menopause is a stage of physical and mental transformation for women. The body shows both types of symptoms physical and mental but more serious symptoms, such as frequent hot flashes, continual sleep disturbance, and moderate to severe mood swings. According to Ayurveda, these symptoms are usually due to the buildup of wastes and toxins, referred to as Ama, in your body's tissues. Taking Tagar helps to remove these toxins (Ama) because of its Ushna (hot) potency which helps to digest Ama and control the symptoms of menopause.

What are the benefits of Tagar for Anxiety?

scientific
Scientific View
Tagar might be helpful in reducing anxiety. It suppresses the activity of a chemical present in the brain that induces anxiety. This helps relax the central nervous system and decreases the symptoms of anxiety[7].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Tagar is useful to manage the symptoms of anxiety. According to Ayurveda, Vata governs all the movement and actions of the body and nervous system respectively. Anxiety is mainly due to Vata imbalance. Tagar helps to reduce the symptoms of anxiety. This is due to its property of Tridosha balancing(especially Vata).

What are the benefits of Tagar for Menstrual pain?

scientific
Scientific View
Although enough scientific evidence is not available, Tagar might help manage menstrual disorders. It helps in reducing pain during menstruation[3].

What are the benefits of Tagar for Convulsions?

scientific
Scientific View
Tagar is found to manage convulsions due to its anticonvulsant properties. Certain chemicals present in Tagar are used to control seizures by minimizing their severity and frequency. These anticonvulsant compounds also prevent epilepsy[9].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Tagar is helpful to manage Convulsions or seizures in epilepsy. Epilepsy is termed as Apasmara in Ayurveda. In epilepsy, patients experience seizures consisting of jerky movements of body parts and often the loss of consciousness. This involves all the three doshas, Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. Tagar helps to manage all these symptoms because of its Tridosha (Vata-Pitta-Kapha) balancing property.

What are the benefits of Tagar for Epilepsy?

scientific
Scientific View
Tagar is found to be effective for epilepsy due to its anticonvulsant properties. Certain constituents present in Tagar minimize the seizures and prevents epilepsy[9][17].

What are the benefits of Tagar for Muscle pain?

scientific
Scientific View
Tagar helps reduce pain and inflammation in muscles due to its analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties[10].

What are the benefits of Tagar for Joint pain?

scientific
Scientific View
Tagar helps reduce pain and inflammation in joints due to its analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties[10].

How effective is Tagar?

Likely effective
Insomnia, Menopausal symptoms
Insufficient evidence
Anxiety, Convulsions, Epilepsy, Joint pain, Menstrual pain, Muscle pain

Precautions when using Tagar

Advice from Experts
Important
scientific
Scientific View
The use of Tagar slows down the function of the Central Nervous System (CNS). Anaesthesia used at the time of surgery may also affect CNS. Together, the effects may magnify. So it is generally advisable to avoid using Tagar at least 2 weeks before surgery[3].
Breastfeeding
scientific
Scientific View
Since enough scientific evidence is not available, it is advisable to avoid or consult your doctor before taking Tagar during breastfeeding[3].
Minor Medicine Interaction
scientific
Scientific View
Tagar may affect the central nervous system when taken with anti-seizure medications. So it is advisable to consult your doctor while taking Tagar preparations with anti-seizure medicines[9].
Moderate Medicine Interaction
scientific
Scientific View
Tagar alters the activity of the liver to change or breakdown certain drugs and may show moderate interactions with such medications . So it is recommended to consult your doctor before taking Tagar with any medicine[3].
Patients with diabetes
scientific
Scientific View
Since enough scientific evidence is not available, it is advisable to avoid or consult your doctor before taking Tagar in diabetic patients.
Patients with heart disease
scientific
Scientific View
Since enough scientific evidence is not available, it is advisable to avoid or consult your doctor before taking Tagar in heart patients[3].
Patients with liver disease
scientific
Scientific View
Tagar may interfere with the normal activity of the liver, so it is advisable to avoid or consult your doctor before use using Tagar in liver diseases[3].
Pregnancy
scientific
Scientific View
Since enough scientific evidence is not available, it is advisable to avoid or consult your doctor before taking Tagar during pregnancy[3].
Side Effects
Important
scientific
Scientific View
1. Stomach upset
2. Uneasiness
3. Heart disturbances
4. Dry mouth
5. Vivid dreams[3].
severe medicine interaction
scientific
Scientific View
1. Alcohol- Both Alcohol and Tagar cause sleepiness and drowsiness. Taking large amounts of Tagar along with alcohol might cause too much sleepiness. So it is recommended not to take this combination[3].
2. Sedatives- Taking Tagar with sedatives might increase the effects and side effects of sedatives such as drowsiness. So it is recommended not to take this combination[3].
3. CNS depressants- Taking Tagar along with CNS depressant medications used in surgery might cause prolonged sedation. So it is recommended not to take this combination[3].

Recommended Dosage of Tagar

  • Tagar Powder - 1-3 gm twice a day or as directed by the doctor.
  • Tagar Tablet - 1 tablet twice a day or as directed by the doctor.
  • Tagar Capsule - 1 capsule twice a day or as directed by the doctor.

How to use Tagar

1. Tagar Powder
a. Take 1-3 gm of Tagar powder or as directed by the doctor
b. Swallow it with lukewarm water twice a day after taking food

2. Tagar Tablets
a. Take 1 Tablet of Tagar or as directed by the doctor
b. Swallow it with lukewarm water twice a day after taking food

3. Tagar Capsule
a. Take 1 Capsule of Tagar or as directed by the doctor
b. Swallow it with lukewarm water twice a day after taking food

Benefits of Tagar

1. Wound healing
Tagar or its oil helps in quick healing of the wound, decreases swelling and brings back the normal texture of the skin. A paste of Tagar powder with coconut oil helps in quick healing and reduces inflammation. This is due to its Ropan (healing) property.
Tips:
a. Take Tagar powder 1-6 mg or as per your requirement
b. Add honey to it and make a paste
c. Apply evenly on the affected area
d. Use this remedy three times a week to get rid of wounds and infections

2. Joint Pain
Tagar powder helps to reduce bone and joint pain when applied to the affected area. According to Ayurveda, the bones and joints are considered a site of Vata in the body. Pain in the joints is mainly due to Vata imbalance. Applying a paste of Tagar powder helps to reduce joint pain due to its Vata balancing property.
Tips:
a. Take Tagar powder 1-6 mg or as per your requirement
b. Add lukewarm water and make a paste
c. Apply evenly on the affected area and wait till 20-30 minutes
d. Then wash it with Plain water
e. Repeat this process on next day
f. To get rid of the joint pain.

Precautions when using Tagar

Allergy
scientific
Scientific View
Since enough scientific evidence is not available about allergies related to Tagar, it is advisable to avoid or consult your doctor before using it.

Recommended Dosage of Tagar

  • Tagar Powder - 1-6 gm or as per your requirement.

How to use Tagar

1. Tagar Paste
a. Take Tagar powder 1-6 mg or as per your requirement
b. Add honey to it.
c. Apply evenly on the affected area.
d. Use this remedy 1-2 times a day to get rid of wounds and infections.

Frequently asked questions

Q. Can you overdose on Tagar?

scientific
Scientific View
Tagar is safe to use in prescribed quantity but doses exceeding the recommended doses are harmful.

Q. Can you take Tagar root after drinking alcohol?

scientific
Scientific View
Alcohol can increase certain side effects of Tagar such as dizziness, drowsiness, and difficulty concentrating. Some people may also experience impairment in thinking and judgment. You should avoid or limit the use of alcohol with Tagar.

Q. What is Tagar root tea good for?

scientific
Scientific View
Tagar tea is a herbal beverage made from the roots and underground stems of the Tagar plant. Possible benefits of drinking the tea include improved sleep, decreased stress, menstrual symptom relief, and even a reduction of menopausal symptoms.

Q. Is Tagar good for Leishmanial infection?

scientific
Scientific View
Yes, Tagar is useful in Leishmanial infection((Worm infection) due to its anti-parasitic property. It inhibits the growth of Leishmanial parasites and eventually removes it from the body. This helps prevent Leishmania infection[11].

Q. Does Tagar helps in Bronchitis?

scientific
Scientific View
Yes, Tagar help manages bronchitis. It helps in dilating the airways which increases the flow of air to the lungs. Consequently, it decreases the resistance in the airways and helps ease breathing[12].

Q. Does Tagar helps in reducing the risk of cancer?

scientific
Scientific View
Yes, Tagar help manages cancer because of the antioxidant activity. The antioxidants present in Tagar fight against free radicals and prevents cell damage. This prevents the growth of cancer cells and minimizes the risk of cancer [13][17].

Q. What are the benefits of Tagar for High blood pressure?

scientific
Scientific View
Tagar helps manage high blood pressure by relaxing the smooth muscles and increasing blood flow. This helps lower blood pressure[14].

Q. Does Tagar helps in minimizing Skin diseases?

scientific
Scientific View
Yes, Tagar is useful in managing skin diseases due to its antimicrobial and antibacterial properties. It inhibits the growth or kills the microorganisms, thereby reducing their action on the skin[15].

Q. Does Tagar works against worm infections?

scientific
Scientific View
Yes, Tagar works against worm infections due to its anthelmintic property. It prevents the growth of parasitic worms and expels them from the body[9].

References

  1. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia Of India.Part 1 Volume 1.
  2. Devi VS, Rao MG.Valeriana wallichii - A rich aroma root plant - A review.World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences.2014;3(9):1516-1525.
  3. WebMD.Valerian: Uses, Side effects, Doses, Interactions [Internet].Atlanta [last updated in 2016].
  4. Bent S, Padula A, Moore D, et al. Valerian for sleep:A Systematic Review and Meta- analysis.Am. J.Med.2015;119(12):1005-1012
  5. Mirabi P,Mojab F.The EFfects of Valerian root on Hot flashes in Menopausal women. Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research.2013;12(1):217-222.
  6. Chen MN,Lin CC, Liu CF. EFficacy of Phytoestrogens for menopausal symptoms : a meta-analysis and systematic review. 2015;18(2):260-269.
  7. Moghadam ZB,Rezaei E,Gholami RS, et al.The effect of Valerian root extract on the severity of premenstrual syndrome symptoms.Journal of Traditional and complementary medicine.2016;6(3):309-315.
  8. Biswas A, Banerjee S.Effect of Valeriana Wallichii on alcohol addiction in mice.Pharmacognosy Magazine.2018;14(59):613-618.
  9. Joseph L,Rajeesh EP, Narayan RS. Supraaddictive effect of hydroethanolic extract of Valeriana Wallichii (Indian Valerian) root and phenobarbitone against maximal electroshock seizure in mice.International Journal of Bioassays.2013;02(08):1158-1161.
  10. Khuda F,Iqbal Z, Zakiullah, et al.Antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activities of leaf extract of Valeriana Wallichi DC.Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences.2012;25(4):715-719.
  11. Ghosh S, Debnath S,Hazra S, et al.Valeriana Wallichii root extracts and fractions with activity against Leishmania spp.Parasitol Res.2011;108(4):861-871.
  12. Khan AU, Gilani AH.Antidiarrhoeal and bronchodilatory potential of Valeriana wallichii.Nat Prod Res.2012;26(11):1045-1049.
  13. Syed SN,Rizvi W, Kumar A, et al.Antioxidant and hepatoprotective activity of ethanol extract of Valeriana Wallichii in CCl4 treated rats.British Journal of Pharmaceutical Research.2014;4(8):1004-1013.
  14. Gilani AH, Khan AU, Jabeen Q, et al.Antispasmodic and blood pressure lowering effects of Valeriana wallichii are mediated through K+ channel activation.J Ethnopharmacol.2014;100(3):347-352.
  15. Udgire MS, Pathade GR.Evaluation of antimicrobial activities and phytochemical constituents of extracts of Valeriana wallichii.Asian Journal of Plant Science and Research.2013;3(5):55-59.
  16. Do-It-Yourself Herbal Medicine: Home-Crafted Remedies for Health and Beauty.Sonoma press.2015.
  17. Sundaresan N, Ilango K.Review on Valeriana Species- Valeriana wallichii and Valeriana jatamansi.J. Pharm Sci & Res.2018;10(11):2697-2701.
  18. Singhal HK.A comprehensive review on Tagara (Valeriana wallichi).Ayurpharm Int J Ayur Alli Sci.2013;2(5):144-150.
Disclaimer
The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.

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