Content Details
Last updated on:
19 Mar 2019 | 05:19 PM (IST)
Want to know more?
Read Our Editorial Policy

Abhrak

Abhrak
Abhrak is a mineral compound which consists of silicon, magnesium, calcium, potassium and aluminum in traces. According to modern science there are two types of Abhrak: Ferromagnesium Mica and Alkaline Mica.
According to Ayurveda, Abhrak is of four types: Pinak, Naag, Manduk, Vajra. It is again subdivided according to colors into four types: Yellow, White, Red and Black.
Abhrak is used in Ayurveda in the form of bhasma which is a fine powder. Abhrak has to undergo certain physicochemical processes described in Rasashastra (Alchemy) like detoxification and purification. The last process is reduction in which Abhrak is reduced to fine particles by burning it 100 or 1000 times to form Abhrak bhasma. These processes are known as Dashputi, Shatput, and Sahastraputi, respectively, in Ayurveda. Sahastraputi Abhrak bhasma has the highest potency as it is reduced to the finest particles[1][2][5][8].

What are the synonyms of Abhrak?

Gagan, Bhrung, Vyom, Vajra, Ghan, Kha, Girija, Bahupatra, Megh, Antariksh, Aakash, Shubhra, Ambar, Girijabeej, Gauritej, Mica

What is the source of Abhrak?

Metal & Mineral based

Benefits of Abhrak

1. Indigestion
Abhrak bhasma is used for improving digestion due to its Deepan (appetizer) and Pachan (digestive) property[8].

2. Cough
Abhrak bhasma helps in getting rid of cough and cold, chest congestion breathlessness, excessive cough due to its Kapha balancing property[8].

3. Improves sexual performance
Abhrak bhasma helps improve sexual problems like loss of libido and low sperm count in both females and male due to its Rasayana and Vajikarana property[8].

4. Diabetes
Abhrak bhasma might reduce weakness, stress, anxiety in patients with diabetes due to its Rasayana property[8].

Precautions when using Abhrak

Advice from Experts
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Abhrak bhasma should be taken in a recommended dose and for a recommended duration under an Ayurvedic doctor’s supervision.
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Avoid Abhrak bhasma in case of severe dehydration, intestinal blockage, diarrhea, hypercalcemia, hyperparathyroidism (excess parathyroid hormone production), poor functioning of kidney, bleeding disorders and ulcerative colitis.
Breastfeeding
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Avoid Abhrak bhasma during breastfeeding.
Children
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Abhrak bhasma should be given under doctor’s supervision to children below 12 years.
Pregnancy
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Avoid Abhrak bhasma during pregnancy.

Recommended Dosage of Abhrak

  • Abhrak Bhasma - (Shatputi) ½ to 1 pinch in divided doses in a day.
    Always consult your doctor before taking Abhrak bhasma.

How to use Abhrak

1. Abhrak bhasma with honey
a. Take ½ to 1 pinch of Abhrak bhasma (Shatputi) in 1 teaspoon of honey.
b. Take it twice a day after light meals.

2. Abhrak bhasma with chyawanprash
a. Take ½ to 1 pinch of Abhrak bhasma (Shatputi) in 1 teaspoon of chyawanprash.
b. Take it twice a day after light meals to improve vitality.

3. Abhrak bhasma with coconut water
a. Take ½ to 1 pinch of Abhrak bhasma (Shatputi) in ½ glass coconut water
b. Take it twice a day after light meals to control urinary infection.

4. Abhrak bhasma with guduchi satva or turmeric juice
a. Take ½ to 1 pinch of Abhrak bhasma (Shatputi) in guduchi satva or turmeric juice.
b. Take it twice a day after light meals to regulate metabolism and blood sugar level[7].

5. Abhrak bhasma with rice water
a. Take ½ to 1 pinch of Abhrak bhasma (Shatputi) in 1 cup rice water.
b. Take it twice a day after light meals to manage white vaginal discharge.

Frequently asked questions

Q. How to store Abhrak bhasma?

scientific
Scientific View
Abhrak bhasma should be stored at room temperature, away from heat and direct sunlight in dry and hygienic container. It should be kept out of reach from children and pets[2].

Q. Where do I get Abhrak bhasma?

scientific
Scientific View
You can obtain Abhrak bhasma from any Ayurvedic store. It is better to buy Abhrak bhasma sealed pack from a well known manufacturer.

Q. Is Abhrak bhasma useful in hypertension?

scientific
Scientific View
Potassium and magnesium present in Abhrak relaxes narrowed blood vessels and helps control high blood pressure[1][5][6].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Abhrak bhasma balances Pitta and Vata and helps in controlling blood pressure.
Tips:
1. Take ½ to 1 pinch of Abhrak bhasma (Shatputi) in 1 teaspoon of honey.
2. Take it twice a day after light meals.

Q. Can Abhrak bhasma be used in male infertility?

scientific
Scientific View
Yes, Abhrak bhasma might be helpful in increasing the sperm count. Animal studies suggest that Abhrak bhasma promotes sperm formation, prevents sperm cells death by maintaining the structural and functional integrity of the cell membrane and also reduces testicular damage. Therefore, Abhrak bhasma is considered to increase count of the viable sperms thereby increasing fertility[10].

Q. Is Abhrak bhasma useful in diabetes?

scientific
Scientific View
Yes, Abhrak bhasma might help control blood sugar level as well as its associated problems like generalised weakness and lethargy due to its hypoglycemic activity[1][5][6].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Abhrak bhasma might reduce weakness, stress and anxiety in patients with diabetes due to its Rasayana property.

Q. Can Abhrak bhasma be taken in hepatitis?

scientific
Scientific View
Abhrak bhasma might lower the risk of hepatitis as it is hepatoprotective (protects liver) in nature[1][5][7].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Abhrak bhasma might control the symptoms of hepatitis like fever, vomiting, loss of appetite and improves liver function due to its Deepan (appetizer) and Pachan (digestive) properties.
Tip:
Take ½ to 1 pinch of Abhrak bhasma (Shatputi) with honey twice a day after taking light food.

Q. Can Abhrak bhasma be used in case of paralysis?

scientific
Scientific View
Abhrak bhasma can be used in paralysis as it is a good nerve tonic. It nourishes the nerves and inhibits further damage of the nerves. Also, it helps strengthen muscles to some extent due to its rejuvenating property[1][5].
ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Abhrak bhasma might give support in case of paralysis by balancing Vata dosha. In addition to this, Abhrak bhasma nourishes nerves, inhibits further damage of nerves, reduces weakness of nerves due to its Rasayana property.
Tips:
Take ½ to 1 pinch of Abhrak bhasma (Shatputi) with honey twice a day after taking light food.

Q. Is Abhrak bhasma beneficial in Tuberculosis?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Abhrak bhasma helps reduce cough and control primary and secondary infections in tuberculosis. It also reduces generalized weakness and improve energy levels in tuberculosis patients due to its Rasayana and Dhatu poshan properties[5][6].

Q. What are the side effects of Abhrak bhasma?

ayurvedic
Ayurvedic View
Abhrak bhasma is medically useful in many diseases and its side effects are rare but if you face any problems like stomach upset, nausea, vomiting, skin rashes after taking it, you can stop using it and better consult your doctor. If Abhrak bhasma is consumed orally in high doses, it may cause increase in heartbeats. So always consume in dosage recommended by the doctor.
[1][5].

Q. Can Abhrak bhasma be taken life long as it has many health benefits?

scientific
Scientific View
No, As Abhrak bhasma is a mineral, it has to be taken under medical supervision, in proper dosage and for appropriate duration only. Long term usage or overdose may impair kidney function[5][6].

Q. Is Abhrak bhasma good for heart disease?

scientific
Scientific View
Yes, it is very useful in heart disease like cardiomegaly (enlarged heart), hypertension, heart weakness, atherosclerosis, angina pectoris (chest pain), arrhythmia (Irregular heart beats) under medical supervision. In cases of heart diseases like tachycardia (increased heartbeats) or hypercalcemia (high level of calcium in blood), it is best to avoid Abhrak bhasma[5][6].

Q. Is Abhrak good for kidney diseases?

scientific
Scientific View
Abhrak bhasma should not be given to patients with kidney impairment, kidney failure or patients who are on dialysis. This is because any kind of mineral has to be excreted through kidneys and consumption of Abhrak might exert more load on the kidney leading to worsening of the disease[5].

Q. Can I take only Abhrak bhasma to cure my tuberculosis instead of allopathic medicines?

scientific
Scientific View
Although Abhrak bhasma is beneficial in tuberculosis but a single medicine therapy will not help in treating tuberculosis completely. This is because of our unhealthy lifestyle which makes our body weaker in comparison to the highly powerful tuberculosis causing bacteria. Supportive treatment like anti tuberculosis treatment and Abhrak bhasma along with other Ayurveda medicines will be more beneficial.

References

  1. Mishra S. Synonym, types, health benefits, properties, qualities of Abhrak. Bhaishajya Ratnavali.2009;3:29-32.
  2. Vaidya SS, Dole VA. Synonyms, Types, Dosage, Usage, Adjuvant. Textbook of Rasashastra.2002;12:124-131.
  3. Chaudhary A.Ayurvedic bhasma, nanomedicine of ancient India- It’s global contemporary perspective.J Biomed Nanotechnol.2011;7(1):68-9.
  4. Subedi R, Kale P, Vartak RR.Study of general properties of abhrak bhasma: A nanomedicine.Int J Pharm Sci Rev Res.44(247):238-242.
  5. Gune GG.Mechanism of action, health benefits, precautions.Ayurvediya aushadhi Gundharm Shastra.2005;1(1):19-38.
  6. Wijenayake A, Abayasekara C.Action of Abhrak bhasma.Journal of Ethnopharmacology.2014;155(2):1001-1010.
  7. Buwa S, Patil S, Kulkarni PH, ET AL.Hepatoprotective action.Indian J Exp Biol.2001;39:1022-1027.
  8. Reddy PS.A Text Book of Rasashastra.Chaukhambha Orientalia.2017.
Disclaimer
The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.